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nine years; and I trust I have ever in my loss, that along with my emacted with fidelity to the crown, with- ployment I have not loft your esteem. out oppressing his Majesty's subjects. My situation in life will make the for

The prerogative which had a right to mer fit very easy on me: but I truk conter it on me had the same right I shall never meet with so severe a to resume it at pleasure. And though trial, as to be deprived of the approI may differ from his Majesty's mini- bation of men so much regarded, and fters in some of their measures, yet so much respected by, Gentlemen, far be it from me to arraign their

Your's, &c. wisdom with respect to myself.

" WILLIAM SHARMAN.* “ 'I have, however, one satisfaction Moira-Caftle.

• To the GENTLEMEN of the CONSTITUTION CLUB, “ GENTLEMEN,

" PERMIT me to return you at large; but still more curtailed by my warm thanks, for the approbation the ufurpations of the Oligarchy:you bestow on my public conduct;- How long this kingdom is to groan of the value of such approbation I am under their chains, and how long the extremely sensible, when I consider Protestants themselves are to laboer the body from whence it comes-a under a more grievous favery, the fociety instituted for the nobleft pur- llavery of the mind, and the thraldom pose; the restoration and extension of of bigotry, is known only to the Socivil liberty. Your good opinion, preme Dispenser of liberty and truth. therefore, I shall ever regard, as a But, I trust, through his influence we strong evidence of the rectitude of my are beginning to see the injustice of actions; and which, next to that of our conduct, and the inconfiteza cf my constituents at large, I shall stu- our principles, with one hand graip ng diously cultivate.

at liberty for ourselurs, and rivetting “ 'l he very signal fervices already with the other the shackles of our rendered by your efforts to the cause countrymen. of liberty, and freedom of election, “ Be perfuaded, Gentlemen, my must make every man, who has a wish conduct in the House of Commons for the preservation of either, with has been the result of conviction, and that every county in the kingdom may of the most disinterested motives; and have its Conítitution Club. The men- having been follicited to represent a mongers of Ireland would then find virtuous community, I shall never contheir trade effectually diminished; and taminate my mind with the admision the right of private judgement and of any object distinct from the pablic choice restored to the Protestant elec- good. I remain, Gentlemen, &c. tors of Ireland: a small body, indeed, “ WILLIAM TODD JONES." to return the legillators for the ifland Lisburn.

The following is an exact copy of a paper sent to every volunteer corps in Ireland, and if the sentiments meet with approbation, to be signed by the commanding officer:

“ THERE is no form of govern- “ All authority in this world has ment which has the prerogative to be begun either by the consent of the immutable.

fubjects, or by the power of the master. “ No political authority, created In both one and the other case it may yefierday or a thousand years ago, juftly end. There is no prescription that may not be abrogated in ten years in favour of tyranny against liberty. time or to-morrow.

« The truth of these principles canNo

power, however respectable, not be denied, and whoever thinks however facred, that is authorised to otherwise is a llave, by allowing to regard the state as its property.

his ancestors the right of ftipulating for

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him, when he existed not, and in ar- Upon these principles we understand rogating to himself the right of fti- the proceedings of the Volunteer Depulating for a progeny that does not legates are to be founded.

c yet exiii.”

Zens.

on.

Dublin, Sept. 28. Yesterday, at ele- is scarce a doubt of their compliance ven o'clock, the Tholsel was filled with the desires of their fellow-ciriwith freemen and freeholders, in ex- Should they, however, follow pectation of the Parliamentary Reform the example of their courtly predecef

businefs being brought on, a requisi- fors in office, and barter the rights of Vrion of upwards of one hundred and the people for a smile, or an empty

seventy electors having been presented title, the electors are determined to

to the high sheriffs for this purpose, follow the constitutional example set TUNS when, lo! no sheriffs appeared; 'inti- them by the counties of Antrim, Kil

midated, it is supposed, by the empty kenny, &c. and convene themselves; threats of an attorney-general, and the conceiving, with justice, that the same meeting of course was not proceeded mandate which prevented them from

The friends of freedom, how- affembling (as cuitomary, time imme-
ever, are not to be intimidated.- As morial) may be extended to their meet-
soon as the new sheriffs are sworn into ing in any public place for either their
office, we are assured that a similar amusement or business.
requisition will be presented, and there

ROSCOMMON MEETING.
AT a numerous and respectable meet- at the bar of the House of Lords, or

ing of the free citizens and inhabi- of transmitting an address to our most
tants of the town of Roseommon, gracious Sovereign, praying his re-
held at Roscommon, on the 25th of moval for ever from his Majetty's coun-
September, 1784, pursuant to pub- cils, or to pursue such other temperate
lic notice,

and conftitutional means as may be best Counsellor CHRISTOPHER Lyster in calculated to redress an insulted people. the chair,

Resolved unanimously, That the Resolved unanimously, That as the copy of a letter in the public papers, present imperfect representation of the figned John Fitzgibbon, containing people in parliament is felt and com- the above accusation, be committed to plained of as a national grievance, we the fames by the hand of the common conceive a national association, to de- hangman. liberate upon the redress of the same, Resolved unanimously, That we as perfectly warrantalyle and constitu- agree with our fellow-citizens of Antional.

trim in the expediency of holding Refolved unanimously, That we re- the National Congress in some place gard the accusation of the high fhe- more central than Dublin, and that we riffs of the city of Dublin (and conse- take the liberty of recommending Athquently of the majority of the high lone, both on account of its situation, theriffs throughout the kingdom) by and the very liberal offer of its indehis Majesty's Attorney-General of Ire- pendent sovereign and inhabitants, as land, as a most desperate attempt to well entitled to the seat of Congrefs. overawe the free spirit of the people, Counsellor Lyfter having left the and to misinterpret the free principles chair, and Colonel Thomas M-Derof the constitution.

mott having been called thereto, Refolved unanimously, That we so- Resolved, That the thanks of this lemnly recoinmend it to our fellow- meeting be given to Counsellor Lykter, citizens to consider of the expediency for his fpirited, able, and patriotic of instructing their representatives to conduct in the chair. impeach the present Attorney-General Resolved, That the thanks of this

meeting

meeting be given to Mr. Ignatius Pur- By a letter from Cork we learn, cell, for his ready and obliging com- that a gentleman of eminence in that pliance with our requisition, in ac- city having been repeatedly malcepting the office of secretary. treated by several officers of the regu(Signed by order)

lars, to whom he had given permision IGN. PURCELL, Sec. to shoot in his demesne, gave orders

to his game-keeper not to admit one Dublin, Sept. 30. The plan for dif- of them, without a written order from arming the Volunteers does no finall him, to sport there. On Thursday honour to the contriver.—The system last three of them, on being refused of maneuvre, we are well informed, admittance, made a grand attack on is as follows:- To begin at a distance his gate, and broke it down; but on from the capital, where the volunteers the game-keeper and his man coming are feweit in number, and lordly in- and thooting their dogs, at the fare fluence at the highest. Several corps, time declaring, if they proceeded farof similar principles with the Carrick- ther, he would shoot themselves, they fergus Royals or Lsyals, who are com- thought proper to retire. On their remanded by men that embraced the Vo- turn to the barracks a council of war lunteer cause only with the intention was held, when they magnanimously of betraying it, have been already resolved to kill every dog in town, founded; as have also some other corps, which act of heroism they were abiowhose leaders were bribed over, and lutely performing, when they were are ready, at a moment's warning, to met by a corps of Volunteers, who, lay down their arms for the good of with true native courage, drove those their country: when all the court dags of war to kennel. flaves have prevailed on their depend- We are assured, that surveyors hare ants and wretched tenantry to lay been ordered to inspect the wate down their arms, then a military scale ground at the rear of the merchant's of the remaining national forces will quay, for the purpose of erecting barbe drawn; and should they succeed to racks for two regiments of horse; the their wishes in thinning the Volunteer troops to occupy this part of the garranks, they will boldly push forward rison are to arrive as soon as accogito compiete the goodly work, by modations can be provided. forcibly taking the arms from the remainder.

TF

BIOGRAPHY. "HE following life of Dr. Cheynel was originally printed in the Student,

or Oxford ard Cambridge Monthly Miscellany, a periodical work, whid was conducted by Thornton and Smart, in the years 1750 and 1751. But we trust that our readers will be obliged to us for the republication of this piece of Biography, not only because the collection in which it appeared is now rarely to be found, but because we have the best authority for assuring them that this life was the production of the great Dr. SAMUEL JOHNSON.

THE LIFE OF DR. FRANCIS CHEYNEL. ΤΗ HERE is always this advantage in deed eminent among his own party,

contending with illuftrious adver- and had qualities, which, emploved in faries, that the combatant is equally a good cause, would have giren him immortalized by conquest or defeat. fome claim to distinction; but no one He that dies by the fword of a hero is now so much blinded with bigotry, will always be mentioned when the as to imagine him equal either to acts of his enemy are mentioned. The Hammond or Chillingworth, nor would man, of whose life the following ac- his memory, perhaps hare been pres count is offered to the public, was in- ferved, had he not, by being conjoined

th such illustrious names, become commendam of some lordly prelate, cone object of public curiosity.

demned by the known laws of the land, Francis Cheynel was born * in 1608, and the highest court of the kingdom,

Oxford, where his father, Dr. John for some oftence of the first magnitude. heynel, who had been fellow of Cor- It is observable that he declares him. *s-Christi college, practised physicself to have almoft forgotten his injuries

ith great reputation. He was edu- and indignities, though he recounts *ted in one of the grammar schools of them with an appearance of acrimony, s native city, and in the beginning which is no proof that the imprellion the year 1623 became a member of is much weakenedl; and insinuates his e University.

design of demanding, at a proper time, ht: It is probable that he loft his father satisfaction for them.

hen he was very young; for it ap- These vexations were the conse

ars, that before 1629 his mother quence rather of the abuse of learning, tud married Dr. Abbot, Bishop of Sa- than the want of it; no one that reads

cbury, whom she had likewise buried. his works can doubt that he was tur

om this marriage he received great bulent, obftinate, and petulant, and nezvantage; for his mother being now ready to instruct his superiors when he wied to Dr. Brent, then warden of most needed information from them. comperton-college, exerted her intereft so Whatever he believed (and the warmth ( gorously, that he was admitted there of his imagination naturally made him

probationer, and afterwards obtained precipitate in forming his opinions) he fellow ship *.

thought himself obliged to profess; and Having taken the degree of Mafter what he profefied he was

was ready Arts, he was admitted to orders ac- to defend, without that modesty which rding to the rights of the Church of is always prudent, and generally neagland, and held a curacy near Ox- cessary; and which, though it was not rd, together with his fellowship. He agreeable to Mr. Cheynel's temper, and, ntinued in his college till he was therefore, readily condemned by him, valified by his years of residence for is a very useful asociate to truth, and e degree of bachelor of divinity, often introduces her by degrees, where hich he attempted to take in 1641, she never could have forced her way by it was denied his gracet for dif- argument or declamation. iting concerning predestination, con- A temper of this kind is generally ary to the King's injunctions. inconvenient and offensive in any so

This refusal of his degree he men- ciety; but in a place of education is

ons in his dedication to his account least to be tolerated; for as authority 1. "Mr. Chillingworth ; " Do not con- is necessary to instruction, whoever en

ive that I fnatch up my pen in an deavours to destroy subordination, by gry mood, that I might vent my weakening that reverence which is .ngerous wit, and ease my overbur- claimed by those to whom the guardian

ened spleen. No, no; I have almost Ship of youth is committed by their orgot the visitation at Merton-college, country, defeats at once the institution;

ad the denial of my grace, the plunder- and may be juftly driven from a society, sig of my house, and little library: 1 by which he thinks himself too wise to

iow when, and where, and of whom, be governed,and in which he is too young demand satisfaction for all these in- to teach, and too opiniative to learn. ries and indignitịcs. I have learned This may be readily supposed to have ntum plagas Spartana nobilitate conco- been the case of Cheynel; and I know

I have not learned how to not how those can be blained for cenlunder others of goods, or living, and furing his conduct, or punishing his ake myself amends, by force of arms. disobedience, who had a right to gowill not take a living which belonged vern him, and who might certainly act ) any civil, ftudious, learned delin- with equal sincerity, and with greater jent; unless it be the much neglected knowledge. LOND. Mag. Dec. 1784.

3 I

With * Vide Wood's Ath. Ox. + Vide Wood's Hist, Univ. Ox. ,

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With regard to the 'vifitation of When the war broke out, Mr. CheyMerton College, the account is equally nel, in consequence of his principles, obscure; visitors are well known to be declared himself for the parliament, generally called to regulate the affairs and as he appears to have held it as a of colleges, when the members disagree first principle, that all great and noble with their head, or with one another; spirits abhor neutrality, there is no and the temper that Dr. Cheynel dif- doubt but that he exerted himself to covers will easily incline his readers to gain profely tes, and to promote the infufpect, that he could not long live in terest of that party which he had any place without finding fome occa- thought it his duty to espouse. These fiun for debate; nor debate any quefion endeavours were so much regarded by without carrying his opposition to such the parliament, that, having taken the a length as might make a moderator covenant, he was nominated one of the 1 necefiary. Whether this was his con- assembly of the divines who were to duct at Merton, or whether an appeal meet at Westminster for the settlement to the visitor's authority was made by of the new difcipline. him or his adversaries, or any other This distinction drew neceffatik member of the college, is not to be upon him the hatred of the cavaliers; known; it appears only, that there was and his living being not far distant a visitation; that he suffered by it, and from the King's head-quarters, he rercfented his punishment.

ceived a visit from some of the troops He was afterwards presented to a who, as he affirms, plundered his hoafe living of great value near Banbury, and drove him from it. His living, where he lad fome dispute with Arch. which was, I suppose, contidered a bihop Laud. Of this dispute I have forfeited by his absence (though he was found no particular account. Calamy not suffered to continue upon it) #28 only says, he had a ruffle with Bishop given to a clergy man, of whom he fars, Laid, while at his height.

that he wcuid become a stage better Had Cheynel been equal to his ad- than a pulpit, a cenfure which I can verfary in greatnefs and learning, it had neither confute nor adınit; because I not been easy to bare found either a have not discovered who was his facmore proper opposite; for they were cefior. He then retired into Suffer to both to the last degree zealous, a dire, exercise his miniftry among his friends, and pertinacious, and would have af- in a place where (as he observes the forded mankind a spectacle of refolu- kad been little of the poreer of religion tion and boldness not otren to be seen. either known or pratiled." As no reaPut the amafement of beholding the son can be given why the inhabitants struggle would hardly have been with- of Suffex should have less knowledge out danger, as they were too fiery not or virtue than those of other places, it to have communicated their heat, may be fufpected that he means nothing though it should have produced a con- more than a place where the preitsflagration of their country.

terian discipline or principles had acre: About the year 1641, when the been received. We now observe, tha whole nation was engaged in the con- the methodifts, where they scatter their troversy about the rights of the church opinions, represent themselves and neceffity of cpiscopacy, he declared preaching the gospel to unconverted himself a presbyterian, and an enemy nations. And enthufiaits of all kinds to bishops, liturgies, ceremonies, and have been inclined to difguise their was conĝidered as one of the most learn- particular tenets with pompous appel. ed and acute of his party; for having lations, and to imagine themselves the spent much of his life in a college, it great inftruments of salvation. Yet it cannot be doubted that he had a con- must be confeffed that all places are not fiderable knowledge of books, which equally enlightened; that in the nort the vehemence of his temper enabled civilized nations there are many comers, him often to display when a more ti- which may yet be called barbarous, morous man would have been filent, where neither politeness, nor religion, chough in learning not his inferiore nor the common arts of life, have yer

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