The Alphabet of Nature: Or, Contributions Towards a More Accurate Analysis and Symbolization of Spoken Sounds; with Some Account of the Principal Phonetic Alphabets Hitherto Proposed

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S. Bagster, 1845 - 194 من الصفحات
 

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الصفحة 10 - Jessica. Look how the floor of heaven Is thick inlaid with patines of bright gold. There's not the smallest orb which thou behold'st But in his motion like an angel sings, Still quiring to the young-eyed cherubims : Such harmony is in immortal souls ; But whilst this muddy vesture of decay Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it.
الصفحة 29 - These considerations soon induced me, upon entering on this investigation, to lay down a different plan of operations; namely, neglecting entirely the organs of speech, to determine, if possible, by experiments upon the usual acoustic instruments, what forms of cavities or other conditions, are essential to the production of these sounds, after which, by comparing these with the various positions of the human organs, it might be possible, not only to deduce the explanation and reason of their various...
الصفحة 147 - With the isolated villages of the desert it is far otherwise. They have no such meetings; they are compelled to traverse the wilds, often to a great distance from their native village. On such occasions, fathers and mothers, and all who can bear a burden, often set out for weeks at a time, and leave their children to the care of two or three infirm old people. The infant progeny, some of whom are beginning to lisp, while others can just master a whole sentence, and those still further advanced, romping...
الصفحة 153 - That sounds within a determined degree of likeness, be represented by signs within a determined degree of likeness ; whilst sounds beyond a certain degree of likeness, be represented by distinct and different signs, and that uniformly.
الصفحة 154 - N'as-tu pas commencé par faire la grimace A ce méchant enfant qui cause ton dépit? — Oui. — 'Regarde à présent : tu souris, il sourit ; Tu tends vers lui les bras, il te les tend de même ; Tu n'es plus en colère , il ne se fâche plus. De la société tu vois ici l'emblème. Le bien, le mal , nous sont rendus.
الصفحة 36 - The entire series of vowels can be produced from tubes of either of his forms by merely changing its dimensions. Mr. Willis finally concludes, from his experiments, that the vowel quality, added to any sound, is merely the coexistence of its peculiar note with that sound ; this accompanying note being excited by the successive reflections of the original wave of the reed at the extremities of the added tube. This view of the matter naturally associates the phenomena of vowel-sounds with those of...
الصفحة 38 - Some kinds of sounds are better suited to produce these multiple resonances than others ; and it is an universal fact that wherever these subordinate sounds can be distinguished, there also the vowel qualities are heard ; and, reciprocally, when a sound puts on successively different vowel qualities, these multiple resonances are audible. The tongue of a Jew's harp, which so readily gives rise to these subordinate sounds, is obedient not only to the vowel sounds, but to almost all the articulations...
الصفحة 28 - ... save that experience had shewn these forms to be the best adapted to the production of the sounds in question.
الصفحة 34 - For want of a different notation, I have given in the second column the English word containing the vowel in question :— " I have found this table as correct a general standard as I could well expect; for vowels, it must be considered, are not definite sounds, like the different harmonics of a note, but on the contrary glide into each other by almost imperceptible gradations, so that it becomes extremely difficult...
الصفحة 37 - ... longer reciprocated, but its octave sound (the sound of the column when it is directly excited) was produced. By employing a graver tuning-fork and tubes of very small diameter, and successively adjusting the lengths of the columns of air so as to be one half, one third, one fourth, one fifth, &c., of the column reciprocating the fundamental sound, the octave, twelfth, double octave, seventeenth, &c., to that sound will be produced. The relative numbers of the vibrations of these sounds, considering...

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