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Methinks, it should have power to steal both his, You saw the mistress, I beheld the maid;
Your fortune stood upon the caskets there,
For wooing here, until I sweat again,
And swearing, till my very * tongue was dry
With oaths of love, at last, if promise last,
I got a promise of this fair one here,
To have her love, provided that your fortune
Achiev'd her mistress.
Is this true, Nerissa ?
Ner. Madam, it is, so you stand plens'd withal.
Bass. And do you, Gratiano, mean good faith? A gentle scroll.–Fair lady, by your leave;
Gra. Yes, 'faith, my lord.
[marriage. I come by note, to give, and to receive. [Kissing her. Bass. Our feast shall be much honord in your Like one of two contending in a prize,
Gra. We'll play with them the first boy for a thouThat thinks he hath done well in people's eyes, Ner. What, and stake down? [sand ducats. Hearing applause, and universal shout,
Gra. No; we shall ne'er win at that sport, and Giddy in spirit, still gazing, in a doubt
stake down. Whether those peals of praise be his or no; But who comes here! Lorenzo, and his infidel? So, thrice fair lady, stand I, even so,
What! and my old Venetian friend, Salerio?
Enter LORENZO, Jessica, and SALERIO.
Bass. Lorenzo, and Salerio, welcome hither,
Have power to bid you welcome.-By your leave To wish myself much better; yet for you
I bid my very friends and countrymen,
Sweet Portia, welcome. I would be trebled twenty times myself; [rich,
Por. A thousand times more fair, ten thousand times more
So do I, my lord : That only to stand high in your account,
They are entirely welcome:
Lor. I thank your honor.–For my part, my lord, I might in virtues, beauties, livings, friends, Exceed account; but the full sum of me
My purpose was not to have seen you here, Is sum of nothing; which, to term in gross,
But meeting with Salerio by the way,
He did entreat me, past all saying nay, Is an unlesson'd girl, unschool'd, unpractis'd:
To come with him along. Happy in this, she is not yet so old
I did, my lord,
And I have reason for it. Signior Antonio
Commends him to you. [Gives Bassanio a letter.
Ere I ope this letter,
I pray you, tell me how my good friend doth. Myself, and what is mine, to you, and yours
Sale. Not sick, my lord, unless it be in mind; Is now converted: but now I was the lord
Nor well, unless in mind : his letter there Of this fair mansion, master of my scrvants,
Will show you his estate. [Bassanio 5 reads. Queen o'er myself; and even now, but now,
Gra. Nerissa, cheer yon stranger; bid her welcome.
Your hand, Salerio: what's the news from Venice ? This house, these servants, and this same myself,
How doth that royal merchant, good Antonio?
I know, he will be glad of our success;
We are the Jasons, we have won the fleece. [lost !
Sale. I would you had won the fleece that he hath And be my vantage to exclaim on you. ' [ Giving it.
Por. There are some shrewd contents in yon same Bass. Madam, you have bereft me of all words: Only my blood speaks to you in my veins;
That steal the color from Bassanio's cheek: (paper, And there is such confusion in my powers,
Some dear friend dead, else nothing in the world
Could turn so much the constitution
Of any constant man. What, worse and worse?
With leave, Bassanio; I am half yourself,
And I must freely have the half of any thing
That this same paper brings you. Turns to a wild of nothing, save of joy,
O sweet Portia Express'd, and not express'd. But when this ring Here are a few of the unpleasant'st words Parts from this finger, then parts life from hence:
That ever blotted paper. Gentle lady, 0! then be bold to say, Bassanio's dead.
When I did first impart my love to you,
I freely told you, all the wealth I had
Ran in my veins—I was a gentleman:
And then I told you true, and yet, dear lady,
Rating myself at nothing, you shall seo
How much I was a braggart. When I told you For, I am sure, you can wish none from me; And, when your honors mean to solemnize
My state was nothing, I should then have told you,
That I was worse than nothing; for, indeed,
I have engag'd myself to a dear friend,
Engag'd my friend to his mere enemy,
• Delay - True; real. Steadfast; grave.
The paper as the body of my friend,
Jailor, look to him. And every word in it a gaping wound,
Hear me yet, good Shylock. Issuing life-blood.-But is it true, Salerio ?
Shy. I'll have my bond; speak not against my bond: Have all his ventures fail'd? What, not one hit ? I have sworn an oath that I will have my bond. From Tripolis, from Mexico, and England, Thou call'dst me dog before thou hadst a cause, From Lisbon, Barbary, and India ?
But, since I am a dog, beware my fangs. And not one vessel 'scap'd the dreadful touch The duke shall grant me justice.--I do wonder, Of merchant-marring rocks?
Thou naughty jailor, that thou art so fond Sale.
Not one, my lord. To come abroad with him at his request. Besides, it should appear, that if he had
Ant. I pray thee, henr me speak. The present money to discharge the Jew,
Shy. I'll have my bond; I will not hear thee speak: He would not take it. Never did I know
I'll have my bond, and therefore speak no more, A creature, that did bear the shape of man, I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fool, So keen and greedy to confound a man.
To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield He plies the duke at morning, and at night, To Christian intercessors. Follow not; And doth impeach the freedom of the state, I'll have no speaking: I will have my bond. If they deny him justice: twenty merchants,
[Esrit SayLOCK. The duke himself, and the magnificoes
Salan. It is the most impenetrable cur,
Let him alone: Of forfeiture, of justice, and his bond.
I'll follow him no more with bootless prayers. Jes. When I was with him I have heard him swear He seeks my life; his reason well I know. To Tubal and to Chus, his countrymen,
I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures That he would rather have Antonio's flesh,
Many that have at times made moan to me; Than twenty times the value of the sum
Therefore he hates me. That he did owe him; and I know, my lord,
I am sure, the duke If law, authority, and power deny not,
Will never grant this forfeiture to hold. It will go hard with poor Antonio.
Ant. The duke cannot deny the course of law; Por. Is it your dear friend that is thus in trouble ? For the commodity that strangers have Bass. The dearest friend to me, the kindest man, With us in Venice, if it be denied, The best condition'd and 'unwearied'st spirit Will much impeach the justice of the state ; In doing courtesies; and one in whom
Since that the trade and profit of the city The ancient Roman honor more appears,
Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go: Than any that draws breath in Italy.
These griefs and losses have so 'bated me, Por. What sum owes he the Jew?
That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh Bass. For me, three thousand ducats.
To-morrow lo my bloody creditor.Por.
What! no more? Well, jailor, on.-Pray God, Bassanio come Pay him six thousand, and deface the bond: To see me pay his debt, and then I care not. Double six thousand, and then treble that,
[Exeunt. Before a friend of this description Shall lose a hair through ? my Bassanio's fault.
SCENE IV.-Belmont. A Room in Portia's First, go with me to church, and call me wife,
House. And then away to Venice to your friend;
Enter Portia, NERISSA, LORENZO, Jessica, and For never shall you lie by Portia's side
BALTHAZAR. With an unquiet soul. You shall have gold
Lor. Madam, although I speak it in your presence, To pay the petty debt twenty times over:
You have a noble and a true conceit
Of god-like amity; which appears most strongly Will live as maids and widows. Come, away!
In bearing thus the absence of your lord. For you shall hence upon your wedding-day.
But, if you knew to whom you show this honor, Bid your friends welcome, show a merry cheer;
How true a gentleman you send relief,
How dear a lover of my lord, your husband,
I know, you would be prouder of the work,
Por. I never did repent for doing good, very low, my bond to the Jew is forfeit; and since That do converse and waste the time together, in paying it it is impossible I should live, all debts Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, are cleared between you and I, if I might but see There must be needs a like proportion you at my death. Notwithstanding, use your pleas. Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit; ure ; if your love do not persuade you to come, let Which makes me think, that this Antonio, not my letter." Por. O love! despatch all business, and begone. Must needs be like my lord. If it be so,
Being the bosom lover of my lord,
How little is the cost I have bestow'd,
In purchasing the semblance of my soul
From out the state of hellish cruelty !
Therefore, no more of it: hear other things.
Lorenzo, I commit into your hands
I have toward heaven breath'd a sacred vow
To live in prayer and contemplation,
therefore, be of good cheer; for, truly, I think, you Only attended by Nerissa here,
are damned. There is but one hope in it that can Until her husband and my lord's return.
do you any good, and that is but a kind of bastard There is a monastery two miles off,
hope neither. And there we will abide. I do desire you
Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee? Not to deny this imposition,
Laun. Marry, you may partly hope that your The which my love, and some necessity,
father got you not; that you are not the Jew's Now lays upon you.
Madam, with all my heart: Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, indeed: so I shall obey you in all fair commands.
the sins of my mother should be visited upon me. Por. My people do already know my mind, Laun. Truly, then, I fear you are damned both by And will acknowledge you and Jessica
father and mother: thus when I shun Scylla, your In place of lord Bassanio and myself.
father, I fall into Charybdis, your mother. Well, So fare you well, till we shall meet again.
you are gone both ways. Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy hours, attend on you! Jes. I shall be saved by my husband; he hath Jes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content. made me a Christian.
Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well-pleas’d Laun. Truly, the more to blame he: we were To wish it back on you: fare you well, Jessica. Christians denow before; e'en as many as could well
(Esceunt JESSICA and LORENZO. live one by another. This making of Christians will Now, Balthazar,
raise the price of hogs: if we grow all to be porkAs I have ever found thee honest, true,
eaters, we shall not shortly have a rasher on the coals So let me find thee still. Take this same letter,
for money. And use thou all the endeavor of a man,
Enter LORENZO In speed to Padua: see thou render this
Jes. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you say: Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario;
here he comes. And, look, what notes and garments he doth give thee,
Lor. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, LaunceBring them, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed
lot, if you thus get my wife into corners. Unto the Tranect, to the common ferry
Jes. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo: LaunceWhich trades to Venice. Waste no time in words, lot and I are out. He tells me flatly, there is no But get thee gone: I shall be there before thee.
mercy for me in heaven, because I am a Jew's Balth. Madam, I go with all convenient speed.
daughter; and he says, you are no good member of [Exit
. the commonwealth, for in converting Jews to ChrisPor. Come on, Nerissa: I have work in hand,
tians you raise the price of pork, That you yet know not of. We'll see our husbands,
Lor. I shall answer that better to the commonBefore they think of us.
wealth, than you can the getting up of the negro's Ner. Shall they see us ?
belly: the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. Por. They shall, Nerissa : but in such a habit,
Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be more That they shall think we are accomplished
than reason; but if she be less than an honest woWith that we lack. I'll hold thee any wager, When we are both accoutred like young men,
man, she is, indeed, more than I took her for.
Lor. How every fool can play upon the word! I I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two,
think, the best grace of wit will shortly turn into And wear my dagger with the braver grace;
silence, and discourse grow commendable in none And speak between the change of man and boy,
only but parrots.-Go in, sirrah : bid them prepare With a reed voice; and turn two mincing steps for dinner. Into a manly stride; and speak of frays,
Laun. That is done, sir; they have all stomachs. Like a fine bragging youth; and tell quaint lies, Lor. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are you! How honorable ladies sought my love,
then, bid them prepare dinner. Which I denying, they fell sick and died;
Laun. That is done too, sir; only, cover is the I could not do withal :-then, I'll repent,
word. And wish, for all that, that I had not kill'd them.
Lor. Will you cover then, sir? And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell,
Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. That men shall swear, I have discontinued school
Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion ? Wilt Above a twelvemonth. I have within my mind thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in an inA thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, stant? I pray thee, understand a plain man in his Which I will practise.
plain meaning: go to thy fellows, bid them cover Ner.
Why, shall we turn to men ? the table, serve in the meat, and we will come in to Por. Fie! what a question's that,
dinner. If thou wert near a lewd interpreter.
Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be served in; for But come: I'll tell thee all my whole device the meat, sir, it shall be covered; for your coming in When I am in my coach, which stays for us
to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humors and conceits At the park gate; and therefore haste away,
[Exit LAUNCELOT. For we must measure twenty miles to-day. (Exeunt. Lor. O, dear discretion, how his words are suited!
The fool hath planted in his memory
An army of good words; and I do know
A many fools, that stand in better place,
Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word Laun. Yes, truly; for, look you, the sins of the Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou, Jessica ? father are to be laid upon the children ; therefore, I And now, good sweet, say thy opinion; promise you, I fear you. I was always plain with How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife ? you, and so now I speak my agitation of the matter: Jos. Past all expressing. It is very meet,
"With imagin'd speed," i. e., with the greatest speed im. aginable.-" I could not do withal," i, e., I could not help d'Enow" is the old plural of enough. "Suited," i. e., it." I fear you," i, e., I fear for you.
arranged; fitted to each other,
The lord Bassanio live an upright life,
You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have
A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive
But, say, it is my e humor: is it answer'd ?
To have it baned ? What, are you answer'd yet?
And others, when the bag-pipe sings i' the nose,
Even such a husband Cannot contain their urine for affection :
Masters of passion sway it to the mood
Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table talk; Why he, a harmless necessary cat;
Must yield to such inevitable shame,
So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ?
Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man, SCENE I.-Venice. A Court of Justice.
To excuse the current of thy cruelty.
Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my answer. Enter the DUKE; the Magnificoes; ANTONIO, BASSA
Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not love? NIO, GRATIANO, SALARINO, SALANIO, and others.
Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill?
Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first.
Shy. What! would'st thou have a serpent sting thee
twice ? A stony adversary, an inhuman wretch
Ant. I pray you, think you question with the Jew.
You may as well go stand upon the beach,
And bid the main flood bate his usual height;
3 Or e'en as well use question with the wolf,
To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, Out of his a envy's reach, I do oppose
When they are fretten with the gusts of heaven ;
You may as well do any thing most hard,
As seek to soften that (than which what's harder ?)
His Jewish heart.-—Therefore, I do beseech you,
Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will.
Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here is six. Duke. Make room, and let him stand before our
Shy. If every ducat in six thousand dueats face.
Were in six parts, and every part a ducat,
I would not draw them: I would have my bond.
Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rendering To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought,
[wrong? Thou'lt show thy mercy and bremorse, more strange
Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no Than is thy strange apparent cruelty;
You have among you many a purchas'd slave, And where thou now exact'st the penalty,
Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules,
You use in abject and in slavish parts,
Because you bought them :-shall I say to you,
Let them be free; marry them to your heirs ?
Why sweat they under burdens ? let their beds
Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates That have of late so huddled on his back,
Be season'd with such viands? You will answer,
The slaves are ours.-So do I answer you:
The pound of flesh, which I demand of him,
Is dearly bought, 'tis mine, and I will have it.
If you deny me, fie upon your law !
There is no force in the decrees of Venice.
Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I
Duke. Upon my power I may dismiss this court,
Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,
Whom I have sent for to determine this,
Come here to-day.
My lord, here stays without
• Fancy.-! "Bollen," i. e., swollen.- Reason; debats.
A messenger with letters from the doctor,
Are you acquainted with the difference New come from Padua.
That holds this present question in the court ? Duke. Bring us the
letters: call the messenger. Por. I am informed throughly of the cause.Bass. Good cheer, Antonio! What man, courage Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew?
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, Por. Is your name Shylock ? Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood.
Shylock is my name. Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock,
Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow; Meetest for death : the weakest kind of fruit Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me. Cannot b impugn you, as you do proceed. You cannot better be employed, Bassanio,
You stand within his danger, do you not? Than to live still, and write mine epitaph.
[TO ANTONIO Enter Nerissa, dressed like a lawyer's clerk.
Ant. Ay, so he says.
Por. Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario?
Do you confess the bond ?
Ant. I do. Ner. From both, my lord. Bellario greets your
Por. Then must the Jew be merciful. grace. [Presenting a letter.
Shy. On what compulsion must I ? tell me that. Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly? [Saylock whets his knife
. It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd, Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt there. Upon the place beneath : it is twice bless’d;
Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh Jew, It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : Thou mak'st thy knife keen; but no metal can,
'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes No, not the hangman's axe, bear half the keenness
The throned monarch better than his crown: of thy sharp envy. Can no prayers pierce thee? Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. The attribute to awe and majesty,
His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, Gra. O, be thou damn'd, inexorable dog,
Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;
But mercy is above this sceptred sway:
It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
It is an attribute to God himself,
And earthly power doth then show likest God's, Govern'd a wolf, who, hang'a for human slaughter, Though justice be thy plea, consider this,
When mercy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet,
That in the course of justice none of us
And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Shy. Till thou can'st rail the seal from off my bond, To mitigate the justice
of thy plea,
The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much, Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud.
Which if thou follow, this strict court of Venice Repair thy wit, good youth, or it will fall
Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there. To cureless ruin.--I stand here for law. Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend
Shy. My deeds upon my head. I crave the law;
The penalty and forfeit of my bond. A young and learned doctor to our court.
Por. Is he not able to discharge the money
y? Where is he? Ner. He attendeth here hard by,
Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court;
Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suffice,
On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart.
If this will not suffice, it must appear Go give him courteous conduct to this place.
That malice bears down truth: and, I beseech you, Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. [ Clerk reads. ] “ Your grace shall understand, that to do a great right, do a little wrong,
Wrest once the law to your authority: at the receipt of your letter I am very sick; but in And curb this cruel devil of his will. the instant that your messenger came, in loving visitation was with me a young doctor of Rome; his Can alter a deeree established :
Por. It must not be. There is no power in Venice name is Balthazar. I acquainted him with the 'Twill be recorded for a precedent, cause in controversy between the Jew and Antonio, And many an error, by the same example, the merchant: we turned o'er many books togeth-Will rush into the state. It cannot be. er: he is furnish'd with my opinion ; which, betterd with his own learning, the greatness whereof 0, wise young judge, how I do honor thee!
Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yea, a Daniel ! I cannot enough commend, comes with him, at my importunity, to fill up your grace's request in my
Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond.
Shy. Here'tis, most reverend doctor; here it is. stead. I beseech you, let his lack of years be no
[Showing it. impediment to let him lack a reverend estimation,
Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money
offer'd thee. for I never knew so young a body with so old a head. I leave him to your gracious acceptance; Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven: whose trial shall better publish his commendation." And here, I take it, is the doctor come.- [writes: And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he No, not for Venice.
Why, this bond is forfeit, Enter Portia, dressed like a doctor of laws. A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Give me your hand. Came you from old Bellario? Nearest the merchant's heart.-Be merciful; Por. I did, my lord.
Take thrice thy money: bid me tear the bond. Duke. You are welcome: take your place.
Oppose; controvert. -6"Within his danger," i. e., Malice; hatred.
within his power.