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I do receive your offer'd love like love,

Osr. Nothing, neither way.
And will not wrong it.

Laer. Have at you now.
I embrace it freely;

[LAERTES wounds HAMLET; then, in scafiling And will this brother's wager frankly play.

they change Rapiers, and HAMLET wows Give us the foils; come on. [Foils brought

Come; one for me. King.

Part them! they are incenz'd. Ham. I'll be your foil, Laertes: in mine ignorance Ham. Nay, come again. [The Queen falls. Your skill shall, like a star i'the darkest night,


Look to the queen there, hot Stick fiery off indeed.

Hor. They bleed on both sides.--How is it

, my Laer. You mock me, sir. Osr. How is't, Laertes ?

[lord Ham. No, by this hand.

[Hamlet, Laer. Why, as a woodcock to mine own springe, King. Give them the foils, young Osrick.-Cousin Osrick; You know the wager?

I am justly kill'd with mine own treachery. Ham.

Very well, my lord; Ham. How does the queen ? Your grace hath laid the odds o'the weaker side. King

She swoons to see them bleed. King. I do not fear it: I have seen you both; Queen. No, no, the drink, the drink.–O my dear But since he is better, we have therefore odds.

Laer. This is too heavy; let me see another. The drink, the drink: I am poison'd.


. Ham. This alikes me well. These foils have all Ham, O villainy!-How I let the door be lock'd: a length ?

[ They prepare to play. Treachery! seek it out. (LAERTES falls Osr. Ay, my good lord.

Laer. It is here, Hamlet. Hamlet, thou art skin; King. Šet me the bstoops of wine upon that table.- No medicine in the world can do thee good: If Hamlet give the first or second hit,

In thee there is not half an hour of life; Or quit in answer of the third exchange,

The treacherous instrument is in thy hand, Let all the battlements their ordnance fire ;

"Unbated, and envenom'd. The foul practice The king shall drink to Humlet's better breath : Hath turn'd itself on me: lo! here I lie, And in the cup an union shall he throw,

Never to rise again. Thy mother's poison'd; Richer than that which four successive kings I can no more. The king, the king's to blame. In Denmark's crown have worn. Give me the cups;

Ham. The point And let the kettle to the trumpet speak,

Envenom'd 100!—Then, venom, to thy work. The trumpet to the cannoneer without,

[Stabs the Ker The cannons to the heavens, the heavens to earth, All. Treason! treason ! “Now the king drinks to Hamlet !"-Come, begin ; King. O! yet defend me, friends; I am but bert And you, the judges, bear a wary eye.

Ham. Here, thou incestuous, murderous, danseed Ham. Come on, sir,

Drink off this potion :-is thy union here? (Dan Laer.

Come, my lord. [ They play. Follow my mother.


He is justly serv'd;

No. It is a poison & temper'd by himself.-. Ham.

Judgment. Exchange forgiveness with me, noble Hamlet: Osr. A hit, a very palpable hit.

Mine and my father's death come not upon the Laer.

Well :again.
Nor thine on me!

[Dia. King. Stay; give me drink. Hamlet, this pearl Ham. Heaven make thee free of it! I follow thee. : is thine;

I am dead, Horatio.-Wretched queen, adieu. Here's to thy health.–Give him the cup.

You that look pale and tremble at this chance, [ Trumpets sound; and Cannon shot off within. That are but mutes or audience to this act, Ham. I'll play this bout first ; set it by awhile. Had I but time, (as this fell hi sergeant, death, Come. ---Another bit; what say you? ( They play. Is strict in his arrest) 0! I could tell you, Laer. A touch; a touch, I do confess.

But let it be.-Horatio, I am dead; King. Our son shall win.

Thou liv’st: report me and my cause aright Queen.

He's fat, and scant of breath. To the unsatisfied. 3 Here is a napkin, rub thy brows, my son:

Hor. Never believe it: 5[ Taking the Copy
The queen carouses to thy fortune, Hamlet. I am more an antique Roman than a Dane:
Ham. Good madam,-

Here's yet some liquor left.
Gertrude, do not drink. Ham.

As thou’rt & mao, Queen. I will, my lord : I pray you, pardon me. Give me the cup: let go; by heaven I'll have it.-

* [ She drinks.

[Struggling : Hamlet gets the Cur. King. It is the poison’d cup! it is too late. O God !--Horatio, what a wounded name,

[ Aside. Things standing thus unknown, shall live behind me Ham. I dare not drink yet, madam; by and by. If thou didst ever hold me in thy heart, Queen. Come, let me wipe thy face.

Absent thee from felicity awhile, Laer. My lord, I'll hit him now.

And in this harsh world draw thy breath in pain, King

I do not think it. To tell my story Laer. And yet it is almost against my conscience.

[March afar of, and Shot eike

. [ Aside.

What warlike noise is this! Ham. Come, for the third, Laertes. You but dally:

Osr. Young Fortinbras, with conquest come from I pray you, pass with your best violence. To the ambassadors of England gives I am afeard, you make a wanton of me.

This warlike volley. Laer. Say you so ? come on. [They play. Ham.

O! I die, Horatio ; ** Likes me," i. e., pleases me.-By stoope are here meant I cannot live to hear the news from Englandi

potent poison quite lo'er-crows my spirits: ing of pearls in a draught was an ancient royal and mercan. to thy, good success. -- You make a wanton of me," 1. e, perid, "Ite, mixed

. Of A vergeant was a bailif's or sberits

Unbated," i.e., not blunted ; without a button *The you trifle with me as if I were a child.

officer.iwo'ercrows," I. e., overcomes; subdues.



But I do prophesy the election lights

Are here arriv'd, give order that these bodies On Fortinbras: he has my dying voice ;

High on a stage be placed to the view; So tell him, with the occurrents, more and less, And let me speak to the yet unknowing world, Which have solicited—The rest is silence. [Dies. How these things came about: so sball you hear Hor. Now cracks a noble heart.-Good night, of carnal, bloody, and unnatural acts, sweet prince;

Of accidental judgments, casual slaughters, And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest! Of deaths put on by cunning, and forc'd cause, Why does the drum come hither? [March within. And, in this upshot, purposes mistook Enter FORTINBRAS, the English Ambassadors, and Fall'n on the inventors' heads. All this can I others.

Truly deliver.

Fort. Fort. Where is this sight?

Let us haste to hear it, Hor.

What is it ye would see ? And call the noblest to the audience. If aught of woe, or wonder, cease your search.

For me, with sorrow I embrace my fortune : Fort. This quarry cries on d havock.-0 proud | Which now to claim my kvantage doth invite me.

I have some rights of imemory in this kingdom, death!

Hor. Of that I shall have also cause to speak, What feast is e toward in thine eternal cell,

And from his mouth whose voice will draw on more: That thou so many princes at a shot So bloodily hast struck ?

But let this scene be presently perform'd, 1 Amb. The sight is dismal,

Even while men's minds are wild, lest more misAnd our affairs from England come too late :

chance, The ears are senseless that should give us hearing,

On plots and errors, happen.

Fort. To tell him his commandment is fulfilla,

Let four captains That Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are dead.

Bear Hamlet, like a soldier, to the stage; Where should we have our thanks ?

For he was likely, had he been put on, Hor.

To have prov'd most royally: and for his passage,

Not from his mouth, The soldiers' music, and the rites of war,
Had it th' ability of life to thank you:
He never gave commandment for their death.

Speak loudly for him.-
But since, so 'jump upon this bloody question,

Take up the body.-Such a sight as this You from the 6 Polack wars, and you from England, Becomes the field, but here shows much amiss.

Go, bid the soldiers shoot. [ A dead March.

[Exeunt, marching; after which, a Peal Occurrences.—"Solicited," i. e., incited; the sentence is left unfinished.- Quarry was the term for a heap of

of Ordnance is shot off. slaughtered game. Havock, a word of censure, when more game was destroyed than was reasonable.-- " Toward," "Put on," i. e., instigated; produced._i "Rights of Ie., at hand; near; in preparation.--" So jump," i. e., 60 memory," i. e., rights which are remembered. Vantage is exactly at the time.-3" Polack," i, e., Polish.

here used for opportunity, convenience.

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LEAR, King of Britain.

Old Man, Tenant to Gloster. King of France.

Physician. Duke of Burgundy.

Fool. Duke of Cornwall.

An Officer, employed by Edmund. Duke of Albany.

Gentleman, Attendant on Cordelia. Earl of Kent.

A Herald,
Earl of Gloster.

Servants to Cornwall.
EDGAR, Son to Gloster.
EDMUND, Bastard Son to Gloster.

CURAN, a Courtier.


Daughters to Lear.
OSWALD, Steward to Goneril.

Knights 1 of Lear's Train, Officers, Messengers, Soldiers, and Attendants.

SCENE, Britain.


Kent. I cannot conceive you.

Glo. Sir, this young fellow's mother could; where SCENE I.--A Room of State in King Lear's upon she grew round-wombed, and had, indeed, sir, Palace.

a son for her cradle ere she had a husband for her!

bed. Do you smell a fault? Enter Kent, GLOSTER, and EDMUND.

Kent. I cannot wish the fault undone, the isseo Kent. I thought, the king had more affected the of it being so proper. duke of Albany, than Cornwall.

Glo. But I have a son, sir, by order of law, stre Glo. It did always seem so to us: but now, in the year elder than this, who yet is no dearer in my division of the kingdoms, it appears not which of the account: though this knave came somewhat sawal dukes he values most; for equalities are so weighed, into the world, before he was sent for, yet was bin that a curiosity in neither can make choice of either's mother fair, there was good sport at his making, and

the whoreson must be acknowledged.- Do you know Kent. Is not this your son, my lord ?

this noble gentleman, Edmund ? Glo. His breeding, sir, hath been at my charge: I

Edm. No, my lord. have so often blushed to acknowledge him, that now

Glo. My lord of Kent: remember him hereafter I am brazed to it.

as my honorable friend.

Edm. My services to your lordship. Curiosity is scrupulous nicety, finical precision. Moiety is used by Shakespeare for part or portion._O" Brazed," i. e. d Proper is comely, handsome. _o « Some year," i en about hardened.


a year.


Kent. I must love you, and sue to know you bet- | The vines of France, and milk of Burgundy,

Strive to be 'interess'd; what can you say, to druw Edm. Sir, I shall study a deserving.

A third more opulent than your sisters ? Speak.
Glo. He hath been out nine years, and away he Cor. Nothing, my lord.
shall again.—The king is coming. [Sennet within. Lear. Nothing?

Cor. Nothing.
REGAN, CORDELIA, and Attendants.

Lear. Nothing will come of nothing: speak again, Lear. Attend the lords of France and Burgundy, My heart into my mouth : I love your majesty,

Cor. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave
Glo. I shall, my liege.

According to my bond; nor more, nor less. [little,

Lear. How? how, Cordelia ? mend your speech a [Exeunt GLOSTER and EDMUND. Lear. Mean-time, we shall express our darker Lest you may mar your fortunes.


Good my lord, purpose. Give me the map there.-Know, that we have divided, You have begot me, bred me, lov'd me: I

Return those duties back as are right fit,
In three, our kingdom ; and 'tis our fast intent
To shake all cares and business from our age,

Obey you, love you, and most honor you.

Why have my sisters husbands, if they say, Conferring them on younger strengths, while we Unburden'd crawl toward death. Our son of Corn. They love you all ? Haply, when I shall wed, And you, our no less loving son of Albany, [wall

, That lord, whose hand must take my plight, shall carry We have this hour a d constant will to publish

Half my love with him, half my care, and duty:

Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters,
Our daughters' several dowers, that future strife
May be prevented now. The princes, France and To love my father all.

Lear. But goes this with thy heart?

Cor. Great rivals in our youngest daughter's love,

Ay, my good lord. Long in our court have made their amorous sojourn,

Lear. So young, and so untender? And here are to be answer'd.-Tell me, my daughters,

Cor. So young, my lord, and true. (Since now we will divest us, both of rule,

Lear. Let it be so : thy truth, then, be thy dower; Interest of territory, cares of state)

For, by the sacred radiance of the sun, Which of you, shall we say, doth love us most?

The mysteries of Hecate, and the night,
That we our largest bounty may extend

By all the operation of the orbs,
Where nature doth with merit challenge.-Goneril, From whom we do exist, and cease to be,
Our eldest-born, speak first.


Here I disclaim all my paternal care, Gon. "I love you more than words can wield the Propinquity and property of blood, Dearer than eye-sight, space, and liberty ;

And as a stranger to my heart and me, Beyond what can be valued, rich or rare;

Hold thee from this for ever. The barbarous Scythian,
No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, honor: or he that makes his o generation messes
As much as child e'er lov'd, or father found;

To gorge his appetite, shall to my bosom
A love that makes breath poor, and speech unable ; Be as well neighbor'd, pitied, and reliev'd,

As thou, my sometime daughter.
Beyond all manner of so much I love you.

Kent. Cor. What shall Cordelia speak? Love, and be

Good my liege, silent.

[ Aside.

Lear. Peace, Kent !
Lear. Of all these bounds, even from this line to this, I lov'd her most, and thought to set my rest

Come not between the dragon and his wrath.
With shadowy forests, and with champains 5 rich’d, On her kind nursery.—Hence, and avoid my sight!-
With plenteous rivers and wide-skirted meads,
We make thee lady: to thine and Albany's issue

[To CORDELIA. Be this perpetual. - What says our second daughter, Her father's heart from her :-Call France.—Who

So be my grave my peace, as here I give Our dearest Regan, wife of Cornwall ? Speak.

stirs ? Reg. I am made of that self metal as my sister, And prize me at her h worth. In my true heart

Call Burgundy.--Cornwall, and Albany, I find, she names my very deed of love;

With my two daughters' dowers digest the third : Only she comes too short, that I profess

Let pride, which she calls plainness, marry her. Myself an enemy to all other joys,

I do invest you jointly with my power,
Which the most precious ? sphere of sense possesses, That troop with majesty.--Ourself, by monthly course,

Pre-eminence, and all the large effects
And find, I am alone i felicitate
In your dear highness' love.

With reservation of an hundred knights,


By you to be sustain'd, shall our abode [Aside.

Make with you by due turns. Only, we still retain And yet not so; since, I

sure, my love's

The name, and all th' Padditions to a king; More 3 plenteous than my tongue.

The sway, revenue, execution of the rest, Lear. To thee, and thine, hereditary ever,

Beloved son's, be yours: which to confirm, Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom;

This coronet part between you. [Giving the Crown.

Kent. No less in space, * validity, and pleasure,

Royal Lear, Than that conferr'd on Goneril.-Now, our joy,

Whom I have ever honor'd as my king,

Lov'd as my father, as my master follow'd, Although our last, not least; to whose young love

4 And as my patron thought on in my prayers, • "Deserving," i, e., to be, to make myself deserving.

Lear. The bow is bent and drawn, make from b"Our darker purpose," i. e., 'that part of our plan which

the shaft. we have not yet disclosed, or brought to light,'

Kent. Let it fall rather, though the fork invade tent," i. e., fixed resolution. -- " Constant," i. e. firm, fixed. The region of my heart: be Kent unmannerly,

"Can wield the matter," i. e., can express. ----" Beyond all manner of so much," i. e., beyond all kinds of compari. sons, expressed by so much as this, that,' &C.- Enriched.

"Prize me at her worth," i. e., estimate myself at her 1 Interested. :-*" Propinquity," I. e., kindred ; relationvalue.--I "Felicitate," i. e., made happy.- Validity is used ship.-"From this," i. e., from this time.- "His generafor value,

tion," i. e., his offspring.-p" Additions," i, e., titles.

Then, poor

Fast in

When Lear is mad.-What would'st thou do, old | But now her price is falln. Sir, there she stands : man ?

If aught within that little 'seeming substance, Think'st thou, that duty shall have dread to speak, or all of it, with our displeasure piec'd, When power to flattery bows? To plainness honor’s And nothing more, may fitly like your grace, bound,

She's there, and she is yours. When majesty stoops to folly. Reverse thy doom; Bur.

I know no answer. And in thy best consideration check

Lear. Will you, with those infrmities she bowes, This hideous rashness: answer my a life my judgment, Unfriended, new-adopted to our hate, Thy youngest daughter does not love thee least; Dower'd with our curse, and b stranger'd with our Nor are those empty-hearted, whose low sound

oath, b Reverbs no hollowness.

Take her, or leave her?
Kent, on thy life, no more. Bur.

Pardon me, royal sir;
Kent. My life I never held but as a pawn Election makes not iup on such conditions.
To wage against thine enemies; nor fear to lose it, Lear. Then leave her, sir; for, by the power that
Thy safety being the motive.

made me, Lear.

Out of my sight! I tell you all her wealth.–For you, great king, Kent. See better, Lear; and let me still remain

[ To FRANCE The true blank of thine eye.

I would not from your love make such a stray, Lear. Now, by Apollo,

To match you where I hate: therefore, beseech you Kent.

Now, by Apollo, king, T avert your liking a more worthier way, Thou swear'st thy gods in vain.

Than on a wretch whom nature is asham'd Lear.

O, vassal ! recreant! Almost t' acknowledge hers. [Laying his Hand upon his Sword. France.

This is most strange Alb. Corn. Dear sir, forbear.

That she, that even but now was your * blest object, Kent. Do;

The argument of your praise, balm of your age, Kill thy physician, and the fee bestow

Most best, most dearest, should in this trice of time Upon the foul disease. Revoke thy gift;

Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantle Or, whilst I can vent clamor from my throat, So many folds of favor. Sure, her offenee I'll tell thee, thou dost evil.

Must be of such unnatural degree, Lear.

Hear me, recreant ! * That 'monsters it, or your fore-vouch'd affection On thine allegiance hear me.

Fall'n into mtaint: which to believe of her, Since thou hast sought to make us break our vow, Must be a faith that reason, without miracle, (Which we durst never yet) and, with strain'd pride, Could never plant in me. To come betwixt our sentence and our power,


I yet beseech your majest. (Which nor our nature nor our place can bear) (If A for I want that glib and oily art, Our « potency made good, take thy reward. To speak and purpose not, since what I well indeed Five days we do allot thee for provision

I'll do't before I speak) that you make known To shield thee from diseases of the world, It is no vicious blot, "nor other foulness, And on the sixth to turn thy hated back

No unchaste action, or dishonor'd stoop, Upon our kingdom : ? if the seventh day following, That hath depriv'd me of your grace and favor; Thy banish'd trunk be found in our dominions, But even for want of that for which I am richer, The moment is thy death. Away! By Jupiter,

A still-soliciting eye, and such a tongue This shall not be revok'd.

[appear, That I am glad I have not, though not to have it, Kent. Fare thee well, king: since thus thou wilt Hath lost me in your liking. Freedom lives hence, and banishment is here. Lear.

Better thou The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid, Hadst not been born, than not to have pleas'd me

[TO CORDELIA. better. That justly think'st, and hast most rightly said ! France. Is it but this 1 a tardinesg in nature, And your large speeches may your deeds approve, Which often leaves the history unspoke,

[To Regan and GONERIL. That it intends to do ?-My lord of Burgundy, That good effects may spring from words of love. What say you to the lady 1 Love is not love, Thus Kent, O princes! bids you all adieu; When it is mingled with Prespects, that stand He'll shape his old course in a country new. Aloof from the entire point. Will you have her!

[Exit. She is herself a dowry. Flourish. Re-enter GLOSTER, with France, BUR- Give but that portion which yourself propos'd


Royal Lear,
GUNDY, and Attendants.

And here I take Cordelia by the hand,
Glo. Here's France and Burgundy, my noble lord. Duchess of Burgundy.
Lear. My lord of Burgundy,

Lear. Nothing; I have sworn; I am firm,
We first address toward you, who with this king Bur. I am sorry, then, you have so lost a father,
Hath rivall'd for our daughter: what, in the least, That you most lose a husband.
Will you require in present dower with her,


Peace be with Burgundy Or cease your quest of love ?

Since that respects of fortune are his love, Bur.

Most royal majesty, I shall not be his wife. I crave no more than hath your highness offer'd, France. Fairest Cordelia, that art most rich, being Nor will you tender less.

poor, Lear.

Right noble Burgundy, When she was dear to us, we did hold her so;

" Seeming," i. e, specious.--$" Owes," i e, owes

possessed of. * Stranger'd," i, e., Klienated; estranged“ Answer my life," i. e., let my life be answerable for. for ds.es Monsters it1. et, makes it monstrou - ! good on thice. 2. Diseases is used here for troubles, incom ruined me in your good opinion --- With respect:" l. es

"Our potency made good," i, e., our power shall be made for because.... Hath lost me in your liking, "Le veniences.

with prudential considerations,

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