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Or else for ever be a confixed here,

Duke. Respect to your great place! then let the A marble monument.

devil Ang.

I did but smile till now: Be sometime honor'd for his burning throne. Now, good my lord, give me the scope of justice; Where is the duke? 'tis he should hear me speak. My patience here is touch'd. I do perceive, Escal. The duke's in us, and we will hear you speak: These poor informal women are no more

Look, you speak justly. But instruments of some more mightier member,

Duke. Boldly, at least.-But, O, poor souls' That sets them on. Let me have way, my lord, Come you to seek the lamb here of the fox ? To find this practice out.

Good night to your redress. Is the duke gone? Duke.

Ay, with my heart; Then is your cause gone too. The duke's unjust, And punish them unto your height of pleasure. Thus to reject your manifest appeal, Thou foolish friar, and thou pernicious woman, And put your trial in the villain's mouth, Compact with her that's gone, think'st thou, thy Which here you come to accuse. oaths,

Lucio. This the rascal: this is he I spoke of. Though they would swear down each particular saint, Escal. Why, thou unreverend and unhallow'd friar! Were testimonies against his worth and credit, Is’t not enough, thou hast suborn'd these women That's seal'd in approbation ?-You, lord Escalus, To accuse this worthy man, but, in foul mouth, Sit with my cousin : lend him your kind pains And in the & witness of his proper ear, To find out this abuse, whence 'tis deriv'd. To call him villain? And then to glance from him There is another friar that set them on;

To the duke himself, to tax him with injustice? Let him be sent for.

[indeed, Take him hence; to the rack with him.-We'll k touze F. Peter. Would he were here, my lord; for he, you Hath set the women on to this complaint.

Joint by joint, but we will know your purpose. Your provost knows the place where he abides, What! unjust ? And he may fetch him.

Duke. Be not so hot; the duke dare Duke. Go, do it instantly. [Exit Provost. No more stretch this finger of mine, than he And you, my noble and well-warranted cousin, Dare rack his own: his subject am I not, Whom it concerns to hear this matter fforth, Nor here 'provincial. My business in this state Do with your injuries as seems you best,

Made me a looker-on here in Vienna, In any chastisement: I for a while

Where I have seen corruption boil and bubble, Will leave you; but stir not you, till you have well Till it o'er-run the stew: laws for all faults, Determined upon these slanderers. 1[Exit DUKE. But faults so countenanc'd, that the strong statutes

Escal. My lord, we'll do it thoroughly. - Signior Stand like the forfeits in a barber's shop, Lucio, did not you say, you knew that friar Lodowick As much in mock as kmark.

[prison. to be a dishonest person?

Escal. Slander to the state! Away with him to Lucio. Cucullus non facit monachum : honest in Ang. What can you vouch against him, signior nothing, but in his clothes; and one that hath spoke Is this the man that you did tell us of! [Lucio ? most villainous speeches of the duke.

Lucio, 'Tis he, my lord.--Come hither, goodman Escal. We shall entreat you to abide here till he bald-pate: do you know me? come, and enforce them against him. We shall find Duke. I remember you, sir, by the sound of your this friar a notable fellow.

voice: I met you at the prison, in the absence of Lucio. As any in Vienna, on my word.

the duke. Escal. Call that same Isabel here once again: Lucio. O! did you so? And do you remember [To an Attendant.] I would speak with her. Pray what you said of the duke ? you, my lord, give me leave to question; you shall Duke. Most notedly, sir. see how I'll handle her.

Lucio. Do you so, sir ? And was the duke a fleshLucio. Not better than he, by her own report. monger, a fool, and a coward, as you then reported Escal. Say you?

him to be ? Lucio. Marry, sir, I think, if you handled her pri Duke. You must, sir, change persons with me, are vately, she would sooner confess: perchance, publicly you make that my report: you, indeed, spoke so of she'll be ashamed.

him; and much more, much worse. Re-enter Officers, with ISABELLA: the Duke, in a

Lucio. O, thou damnable fellow! Did not I pluck Friar's habit, and Provost.

thee by the nose, for thy speeches ? Escal. I will go darkly to work with her.

Duke. I protest, I love the duke as I love myself. Lucio. That's the way; for women are light at

Ang. Hark how the villain would glozel now, midnight.

after his treasonable abuses. Escal. Come on, mistress. [ To ISABELLA.] Here's

Escal. Such a fellow is not to be talk'd withal :a gentlewoman denies all that you have said.

Away with him to prison.--Where is the provost ? Lucio. My lord, here comes the rascal I spoke of; -Away with him to prison. Lay bolts enough uphere, with the provost.

on him, let him speak no more.-Away with those Escal. In very good time :-speak not you to him,

mgiglots too, and with the other confederate comtill we call upon you.

panion. [ The Provost lays hand on the DUKE Lucio. Mum.

Duke. Stay, stir; stay a while. Escal. Come, sir. Did you set these women on

Ang. What! resists he? Help him, Lucio. to slander lord Angelo? they have confess'd you

Lucio. Come, sir; come, sir; come, sir; foh! sir. did. Duke. 'Tis false.

"Witness of his proper ear," i.e., hearing of his own ear. Escal. How! know you where you are ?

Rend; tear. Nor here provincial," I. e., nor of this province. * Barbers' shops were anciently

places of great

resort, and to enforce order, the violation of certain written a Fixed ; fastened." Informal women," i. e., women de- laws, usually hung up, was punished with forfeits; which ranged in mind. - Conspiracy.- Confederate." Seal'd were "as much in mock as mark," because the barber had in approbation," i. e., confirmed in favor.--"Forth," i. e., no authority to enforce them. To "gloze" is to flatter, to out; to the end.

wheedle.-- Wantons.

Why, you bald-pated, lying rascal! you must be The very mercy of the law cries out
hooded, must you ? show your knave's visage, with Most audible, even from his * proper tongue,
a pox to you! show your a sheep-biting face, and be “An Angelo for Claudio, death for death !"
hang'd an hour. Will't not off?

Haste still pays haste, and leisure answers leisure, [Pulling off the DUKE's disguise. Like doth quit like, and Measure still for Measure. Duke. Thou art the first knave, that e'er made a Then, Angelo, thy fault's thus manifested, [tage. duke.

*[ All start and stand. Which, though thou would'st deny, denies thee 1 vanFirst, provost, let me bail these gentle three. We do condemn thee to the very block (haste.Sneak not away, sir; [ To Lucio.] for the friar and Where Claudio stoop'd to death, and with like Must have a word anon.-Lay hold on him. [you Away with him. Lucio. This may prove worse than hanging.

Mari.

O, my most gracious lord ! Duke. What you have spoke, I pardon ; sit you I hope you will not mock me with a husband. down.

[To EscALUS. Duke. It is your husband mock'd you with a husband. We'll borrow place of him :-Sir, by your leave. Consenting to the safeguard of your honor,

ITO ANGELO. I thought your marriage fit; else imputation, Hast thou or word, or wit, or impudence,

For that he knew you, might reproach your life, That yet can do thee boffice? If thou hast, And choke your good to come. For his possessions, Rely upon it till my tale be heard,

Although by confiscation they are ours, And hold no longer out.

We do instate and m widow you withal, Ang.

0, my dread lord ! To buy you a better husband. I should be guiltier than my guiltiness,

Mari.

O, my dear lord ! To think I can be undiscernible,

I crave no other, nor no better man. When I perceive your grace, like power divine, Duke. Never crave him: we are definitive. Hath look'd upon my passes. Then, good prince, Marr. Gentle my liege,

[Kneeling. No longer session hold upon my shame,

Duke.

You do but lose your labor. But let my trial be mine own confession:

Away with him to death.--Now, sir, [ To Locio.] Immediate sentence then, and d sequent death,

to you.

[part : Is all the grace I beg.

Mari. O, my good lord !-Sweet Isabel, take my Duke.

Come hither, Mariana. Lend me your knees, and all my life to come, Say, wast thou e'er contracted to this woman? 5 I'll lend you all my life to do you service. Ang. I was, my lord.

Duke. Against all °sense you do importune her: Duke. Go take her hence, and marry her instant- Should she kneel down in mercy of this P fact, Do you the office, friar; which consummate, Her brother's ghost his paved bed would break, Return him here again.--Go with him, provost.

And take her hence in horror. [Exeunt ANGELO, MARIANA, PETER, and Provost. Mari.

Isabel, Escal. My lord, I am more amaz'd at his dishonor, Sweet Isabel, do yet but kneel by me: Than at the strangeness of it.

Hold up your hands, say nothing, I'll speak all. Duke.

Come hither, Isabel, They say, best men are moulded out of faults, Your friar is now your prince: as I was then And, for the most, become much more the better Advertising and "holy to your business,

For being a little bad: so may my husband. Not changing heart with habit, I am still

O, Isabel! will you not lend a knee?
Attorney'd at your service.

Duke. He dies for Claudio's death.
Isab.
O, give me pardon, Isab.

Most bounteous sir, [Kneeling.
That I, your vassal, have employ'd and pain'd Look, if it please yon, on this man condemn'd,
Your unknown sovereignty!

As if my brother liv'd. I partly think, Drike.

You are pardon'd, Isabel: A due sincerity govern'a his deeds, And now, dear maid, be you as 5 free to us.

Till he did look on me : since it is so,
Your brother's death, I know, sits at your heart; Let him not die. My brother had but justice,
And you may marvel, why I obscur'd myself, In that he did the thing for which he died :
Laboring to save his life, and would not rather For Angelo,
Make rasb 'demonstrance of my hidden power,

His act did not o'ertake his bad intent;
Than let him so be lost. O, most kind maid! And must be buried but as an intent
It was the swift celerity of his death,

That perish'd by the way. Thoughts are no subjects,
Which I did think with slower foot came on, [him ! Intents but merely thoughts.
That bbrain'd my purpose: but * all peace be with

Mari.

Merely, my lord. That life is better life, past fearing death,

Duke. Your suit's unprofitable : stand up, I say: Than that which lives to fear. Make it your comfort,

[They rise. so happy is your brother.

I have bethought me of another fault.-
Re-enter Angelo, Mariana, Peter, and Provost. Provost, how came it Claudio was beheaded

At an unusual hour!
Isab.
I do, my lord.

Prov.

It was commanded so.
Duke. For this new-married man, approaching here,
Whose i salt imagination yet hath wrong'd

Duke. Had you a special warrant for the deed ? Your well-defended honor, you must pardon,

Prov. No, my good lord: it was by private message. For Mariana's sake. But, as he adjudgʻd your brother, Give up your keys.

Duke. For which I do discharge you of your office: (Being criminal, in double violation

Prov.

Pardon me, noble lord: Of sacred chastity, and of promise-breach,

I thought it was a fault, but knew it not, Thereon dependent, for your brother's life,)

Yet did repent me, after more advice; " Sheep-biting," i. e., thievish.- Service.-Trespasses. * Own. i.e., "To deny which will avail thee nothing."

Following - Consummated; completed.- ?" Adverti. m Endow.- Positive.-- 0* Against all sense," i, e., against sing and holy," i. e., attentive and faithful.-- Generous, i.e., reason and affection.-p" In mercy of this fact," i e., bepardon us, as we have pardoned you._"Brain'd," i. e, seeching mercy for this deed, the execution of Claudio.thwarted. - Salacious; lecherous.

9 "More advice," i, e., more mature reflection.

For testimony whereof, one in the prison,

I find an apt remission in myself,
That should by private order else have died, And yet here's one in place I cannot pardon.-
I have reserv'd alive.

You, sirrah, [ To Lucio,] that knew me for a fool, a
Duke.
What's he?

One all of d luxury, an ass, a madman: [coward, Prov.

His name is Barnardine. Wherein have I so * well deserv'd of you,
Duke. I would thou had'st done so by Claudio. That you extol me thus ?
Go fetch him hither: let me look upon him.

Lucio. 'Faith, my lord, I spoke it but according

[Exit Provost to the trick. If you will hang me for it, you may; Escal. I am sorry, one so learned and so wise but I had rather it would please you, I might be As you, lord Angelo, have still appear'd,

whipp’d. Should slip so grossly, both in the heat of blood, Duke. Whipp'd first, sir, and hang'd after. And lack of temper'd judgment afterward.

Proclaim it, provost, round about the city, Ang. I am sorry that such sorrow I procure ; If any woman's wronged by this lewd fellow, And so deep sticks it in my penitent heart,

(As I have heard him swear himself there's one That I crave death more willingly than mercy: Whom he begot with child) let her appear, 'Tis my deserving, and I do entreat it.

And he shall marry her: the nuptial finish’d, Re-enter Provost, BARNARDINE, CLAUDIO "(muffled),

Let him be whipp'd and hang'd. and JULIET.

Lucio. I beseech your highness, do not marry me Duke. Which is that Barnardine?

to a whore! Your highness said even now I made Prov.

This, my lord. you a duke: good my lord, do not recompense me Duke. There was a friar told me of this man.

in making me a cuckold. Sirrah, thou art said to have a stubborn soul,

Duke. Upon mine honor, thou shalt marry her.

Thy slanders I forgive; and therewithal That apprehends no farther than this world, And squar’st thy life according. Thou’rt condemned; Remit thy other 'forfeits.- Take him to prison,

And see our pleasure herein executed. But, for those à earthly faults, I quit them all,

Lucio. Marrying a punk, my lord, is pressing to And pray thee, take this mercy to provide For better times to come.-Friar, advise him:

death, whipping, and hanging. I leave him to your hand.—What muffled fellow's

Duke. Slandering a prince deserves it.

She, Claudio, that you wrong'd, look you restore.that?

Joy to you, Mariana !-love her, Angelo: Prov. This is another prisoner that I sav’d,

I have confess'd her, and I know her virtue.That should have died when Claudio lost his head,

Thanks, good friend Escalus, for thy much goodness: As like almost to Claudio as himself.

There's more behind that is more gratulate. [Unmuffles

? him.
Duke. If he be like your brother, [ To Isabella,] We shall employ thee in a worthier place.-

Thanks, provost, for thy care, and secrecy;
for his sake,
3 Claudio and ISABELLA embrace. The head of Ragozine for Claudio's:

Forgive him, Angelo, that brought you home
Is he pardon'd; and for your lovely sake,

Th' offence pardons itself.-Dear Isabel, Give me your hand, and say you will be mine,

I have a motion much imports your good;
He is my brother too. But fitter time for that.

Whereto if you'll a willing ear incline,
By this lord Angelo perceives he's safe :
Methinks, I see a quick’ning in his eye.-

What's mine is yours, and what is yours is mine.Well, Angelo, your evil 6 quits you well: (“yours.

So, bring us to our palace; where we'll show Look that you love your wife ; her worth, worth What's yet behind, that's meet you all should know.

5[Curtain drawn. al e., so far as they are punishable on earth. Requites. --"Her worth, worth yours," i. e., her worth is equal to

d Incontinence. Thoughtless practice - Punishments.yours.

8"More gratulate," i. e., more to be rejoiced in.

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DRAMATIS PERSONÆ. SOLINUS, Duke of Ephesus.

A Merchant, friend to Antipholus of Syracuse. Ægeon, a Merchant of Syracuse.

Pinch, a Schoolmaster.
ANTIPHOLUS of Ephesus, Twin Brothers, Sons to
ANTIPHOLUS of Syracuse, ) Ægeon and Æmilia.? Æmilia, Wife to Ægeon.3
DROMO of Ephesus, Twin Brothers, Attendants ADRIANA, Wife to Antipholus of Ephesus.
DROMIO of Syracuse, ) on the two Antipholuses. LUCIANA, her sister.
BALTHAZAR, a Merchant.

Luce, 4 Servant to Adriana.
Angelo, a Goldsmith.

A Courtezan.
Jailor, Officers, and other Attendants.

SCENE, Ephesus.

ACT I.

Come to the bay of Ephesus, he dies;

His goods confiscate to the duke's dispose,
SCENE I-A Hall in the Duke's Palace. Unless a thousand marks be levied,
Enter Solinus, Duke of Ephesus, Ægeon, a Mer- Thy substance, valued at the highest rate,

To quit the penalty, and to ransom him. chant of Syracuse, Jailor, Officers, and other At-Cannot amount unto a hundred marks; tendants.

Therefore, by law thou art condemn'd to die. [done, Æge. Proceed, Solinus, to procure my fall

, Æge. Yet this my comfort; when your words are And by the doom of death end woes and all. My woes end likewise with the evening sun.

Duke. Merchant of Syracusa, plead no more. Duke. Well, Syracusian; say, in brief, the cause I am not partial, to infringe our laws;

Why thou departedst from thy native home, The enmity and discord, which of late

And for what cause thou cam'st to Ephesus. Sprung from the rancorous outrage of your duke Æge. A heavier task could not have been impos’d, To merchants, our well-dealing countrymen, Than I to speak my griefs unspeakable ; Who, wanting gilders to redeem their lives, Yet, that the world may witness, that my end Have seald his rigorous statutes with their bloods, Was wrought by fortune, not by vile offence, Excludes all pity from our threat’ning looks. I'll utter what my sorrow gives me leave. For, since the mortal and intestine jars

In Syracusa was I born; and wed 'Twixt thy seditious countrymen and us,

Unto a woman, happy but for me, It hath in solemn synods been decreed,

And by me too, had not our hap been bad. Both by the Syracusians and ourselves,

With her I liv'd in joy: our wealth increas'd, To admit no traffic to our adverse towns:

By prosperous voyages I often made Nay, more, if any, born at Ephesus,

To Epidamnum ; till my factor's death, Be seen at 5 Syracusian marts and fairs ;

And the great care of goods at random left Again, if any Syracusian born

Drew me from kind embracements of my spouse :

From whom my absence was not six months old, Had not their bark been very slow of sail,
Before herself (almost at fainting under

And therefore homeward did they bend their course.
The pleasing punishment that women bear) Thus have you heard me sever'd from my bliss,
Had made provision for her following me,

3 And by misfortune was my life prolong'd, And soon, and safe, arrived where I was.

To tell sad stories of my own mishaps. There had she not been long, but she became

Duke. And, for the sake of them thou sorrowest for, A joyful mother of two goodly sons ;

Do me the favor to dilate at full And, which was strange, the one so like the other, What hath befall’n of them, and thee, till now. As could not be distinguish'd but by names.

Æge. My youngest boy, and yet my eldest care, That very hour, and in the self-same inn,

At eighteen years became inquisitive A poor mean woman was delivered

After his brother; and importun'd me, Of such a burden, male twins, both alike.

That his attendant (so his case was like, Those, for their parents were exceeding poor, Reft of his brother, but retain's his name,) I bought, and brought up to attend my sons. Might bear him company in the quest of him; My wife, not meanly proud of two such boys, Whom whilst the labor'd of all love to see, Made daily motions for our home return:

I hazarded the loss of whom I lov'd. Unwilling I agreed. Alas, too soon we came aboard! Five summers have I spent in farthest Greece, A league from Epidamnum had we sail'd,

Roaming clean through the bounds of Asia; Before the always-wind-obeying deep

And, coasting homeward, came to Ephesus, Gave any tragic a instance of our harm:

Hopeless to find, yet loath to leave unsought But longer did we not retain much hope ;

Or that, or any place that harbors men. For what obscured light the heavens did grant But here must end the story of my life; Did but convey unto our fearful minds

And happy were I in my timely death, A doubtful warrant of immediate death;

Could all my travels warrant me they live. Which, though myself would gently have embrac'd, Duke. Hapless Ægeon, whom the fates have mark'd Yet the incessant weepings of my wife,

To bear the extremity of dire mishap! Weeping before for what she saw must come, Now, trust me, were it not against our laws, And piteous plainings of the pretty babes,

Against my crown, my oath, my dignity, That mourn'à for fashion, ignorant what to fear, Which princes, would they, may not disannul, Forc'd me to seek delays for them and me.

My soul should sue as advocate for thee. And this it was,-for other means were none. But though thou art adjudged to the death, The sailors sought for safety by our boat,

And passed sentence may not be recall'd, And left the ship, then sinking-ripe, to us.

But to our honor's great disparagement, My wife, more careful for the latter-born,

Yet will I favor thee in what I can: Had fasten'd him unto a small spare mast,

Therefore, merchant, I'll limit thee this day, Such as sea-faring men provide for storms

To seek thy 6 hope by beneficial help. To him one of the other twins was bound,

Try all the friends thou hast in Ephesus; Whilst I had been like heedful of the other. Beg thou, or borrow, to make up the sum, The children thus dispos'd, my wife and I,

And live; if no, then thou art doom'd to die.Fixing our eyes on whom our care was fix'd, Jailor, 6 now take him to thy custody. Fasten'd ourselves at either end the mast;

Jail. I will, my lord.
And floating straight, obedient to the stream, Æge. Hopeless, and helpless, doth Ægeon d wend,
Were carried towards Corinth, as we thought. But to procrastinate his lifeless end. [Exeunt.
At length the sun, gazing upon the earth,
Dispers'd those vapors that offended us,

SCENE II.-A public Place.
And by the benefit of his wish'd light
The seas wax'd calm, and we discovered

Enter AntiPHOLUS and DROMO of Syracuse, and a Two ships from far making amain to us;

Merchant. Of Corinth that, of Epidaurus this:

Mer. Therefore, give out you are of Epidamnum,
But ere they came,-0, let me say no more! Lest that your goods too soon be confiscate.
Gather the sequel by that went before.

This very day, a Syracusian merchant
Duke. Nay, forward, old man; do not break off so, Is apprehended for arrival here;
For we may pity, though not pardon thee.

And, not being able to buy out his life
Æge. O, had the gods done so, I had not now According to the statute of the town,
Worthily term'd them merciless to us!

Dies ere the weary sun set in the west. For, ere the ships could meet by twice five leagues, There is your money that I had to keep. We were encounter'd by a mighty rock,

Ant. S. Go, bear it to the Centaur, where we host, Which being violently borne upon,

And stay there, Dromio, till I come to thee. * Our helpful ship was splitted in the midst;

Within this hour it will be dinner-time: So that in this unjust divorce of us

Till ? then, I'll view the manners of the town, Fortune had left to both of us alike

Peruse the traders, gaze upon the buildings, What to delight in, what to sorrow for.

And then return and sleep within mine inn, Her part, poor soul! seeming as burdened For with long travel I am stiff and weary. With lesser weight, but not with lesser woe,

Get thee away. Was carried with more speed before the wind, Dro. 8. Many a man would take you at your word, And in our sight they three were taken up

And go indeed, having so good a mean. By fishermen of Corinth, as we thought.

[Exit, & shaking money-bag. At length another ship had seized on us;

Ant. S. A trusty villain, sir; that very oft, And knowing whom it was their hap to save, Gave bhealthful welcome to their shipwreck'd guests; And would have reft the fishers of their prey,

• It appears, from what goes before, that it was the eldest, and not the youngest. He says: "My wife, more careful

of the latter-born," &c.-Go-Lodge; put up.--'"A *Symptom.- Kind.

trusty villain," i. e., a faithful slave.

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