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of England, as by law established. The Author is thoroughly orthodox, a strict trinitarian, and a zealous maintainer of the divine institution of episcopacy. No church, he says, can be reputed true, proper, perfeet churches, nor can be cxempted from the guilt of notorious and inexcuiable fchifm; that refuses episcopal government, where it may be had, and where it is duly established. This point we leave to be settled, at leisure, between this anonymous Author and the dissenting gentleman to whom the public is indebted for the next-mentioned performance.' Art. 11. Episcopacy. A Letter to the Rev. Mr. Fofler, the Author

of a late Pamphlet, entitled, Two Letters from a late Dissenting Teacher ; with an Answer to the former, and Animadversions on the latter.' By Thomas Howe.' 8vo. 28. Dilly. We nightly mentioned Mr. Foster's performance, in our Review for Juiy 1764, p. 73. To enter more into the merits of Mr. Howe's Reply, might be deemed unfair ; and therefore we shall only say, that the present letter to Mr. F. contains a notable defence of the Disfenters, with regard to their rejection of the episcopal scheme. Art. 12. A Letter to the Jews; wherein their religious System is

confuted; the Reason asigned of their being so long excluded froin the Land of Canaan; and a Method pointed out, through the Observance whereof, they may be infallibly assured of being restoratt. To which is added, a reasonable Admonition to the Public. By Thomas Goddard, A. M. 8vo. 6d. Baldwin.

The Jews have Moses and the prophets : if they hear not them, neither will they be persuaded-by Thomas Goddard. Art. 1f. An Antidote for the Rising-age, against Scepticism and In

fidellty. Being a collective View of the Argument in Proof of a · divine Revelation. In a Series of Epistles from Credens to Step

ticus. 12mo. 25, Longman.

Rather an antidote against popery, than against scepticism. It is true, the Author does not entirely overlook the infidels, but he seems to be not half so much at enmity with them, as he is with the papists. Indeed, he looks upon the church of Rome, and we believe very juftly, as the great nursing-mother of infidelity; and therefore, his main view is, first, to demolish her. In proportion, says he, as the French, Ita. lians, or other catholics, make use of their reason, and venture to judge for themselves of the nature of evidence, popery cannot do otherwise than become the subject of ridicule; insomuch that in what degree foever they may have been led, by that superstition, to entertain contemptuous opinions either of the Jewish or Christian revelation, it could only be occasioned by those misrepresentations which have been given of them by popery.—There is no doubt a great deal of truth in this remark; which may be extended to some other denominations of Christians.

There is, however, nothing very extraordinary in these letters, which are ftrangely eked out with quotations from various un-named writers. The good intention of the Authof is what he is chiefly to be commended for. We must also acknowledge the candor of his disposition; and


X. Caleb Jeming

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the friendly regard which he expresses for the free and rational exercise
of the human understanding, on religious subjects.
Art. 13. Epiftola ad Doctissimum Virum Robertum Löwthiun,

S.T. P. In qua nonnulla, quæ ad nuperæ fuæ de Sacra He-
bræorum Poesi Prælcetionum Editionis calcem habet; expenduntur. -
A Thoma Edwards, A. M. Aul. Clar. Cantab. nuper Socio.

8vo. 19. Hooper. · This letter contains some observations on what Dr. Lowth has advanced, in the second edition of his Præle&tions, in regard to Bishop Hare's hypothesis concerning the Hebrew poetry, which Mr. Edwards calls a happy discovery, and which he endeavours to defend. As to the meric and value of the discovery, the learned, in general, are pretty well agreed ; and as to our Author's manner, our Readers may judge of it from the following specimens:

6-Frivola prorsus et fulilia profers, vir doctissime, et te indigna. Inanem eorum, quæ in prima editione contra metricam Harianam differueras, repetitionem lectoribus tuis propinas: objectiones, nimirum, quibus jam fatis, nisi omnia me fallunt, in meis prolegomenis responsum erat, denuo in medio ponis, et ad nauseam ufque iteras.'

Profecto vix a me impetrare possum ut non putem, te a metrica Hariana animo jam olim abhorruisse, eamque adeo quo jure quaque injuria damnare et peffundare tibi decretum effe,'

' Quousque tandem, vir doctiffime, petitione principii nos obtundes,
et Crambe tua ad nauseam ufque repetita miseros occides?
. "Verum, ut vides, cum animo ftatutum habes viam, quam insti.
tuisti, tenere ; hoc est, quod non probe expendisti, neque adeo fatis in-
telligis, oppugnare :

Servatur ad imum, en
Qualis ab incepto processerat, et fibi conftat.
16-Sed apage petitionem principii! jum diu mihi nauseam creat." R..
Art. 14. A Harmony of the Four Gospels, so far as relateth to the

History of our Saviour's Resurrection, with a Commentary, and
: Notes. By Richard Parry, D. D. 4to. 15. Whiston.
· "The History of our Saviour's resurrection having been strangely em-

barrassed, both by friends and enemies, Dr. Parry thinks it neither un-feasonable nor unneceffary to review it; in order, if possible, he says, to fatisfy the one, and to filence the other. And for this purpose, little

rore is requisite, he apprehends, than to lay before the Reader, at one 'view, the several accounts of this important transaction, as we find it re. corded by the Four Evangelists. This he does by dividing the page into four columns, and afligning a separate column to what is said upon the Subje& by each Evangelift.

According to his Harmony, the whole evangelical account of our Sa. viour's refurreéiion, he tells us, is plain and easy; the several narrations are rerfectly confiftent with each other, and every subsequent relation naturally ariseth from the preceeding. "

The Harmony is followed by a Commentary, wherein the Doctor gives the history of the resurrection in one continued narration, at the


close of which he considers an obječtion, that may be drawn from St. Marthew, to the uniform faith of the apostles. It is in his account of the appearance in Galilei, where, having told us, that the ELEVEN fars Jefus, and worshipped him, he immediately addech, os da edição cy, which our translators, the Dactor says, have very improperly rendered, BUT fome, that is, some of the eleven, doubled. Ch. xxviii. 16, 17. If the particle de was away, we are told, there would be no difficulty'; she construction being, Kai cortes autov, oi edisoodi, a posexuincav avtwi" Why then should that harmless particle, he asks, which is so frequently pleonaftical, occasion any ?-After producing several passages, where the particle de is pleonastical, he tells us, that the passage in St. Mauber may be thus rendered :-When they (the eleven) who had doubted, (of his resurrection) saw him, they worshipped him. · The Commentary is followed by Notes, which the Doctor introduceth thus- If, notwithstanding the foregoing Harmony and Commentary, any doubt should fill remain in the reader's mind, he may porn fibly find a solution in the Notes. But he must not expect from me a particular refutation of such convict impertinencies, as differences under the name of inconsistencies, and variations under the name of contradice tions. Every thing, however, that seemeth to have the appearance of a real difficulty, shall be fully and impartially considered.' : We thall only add, that the judicious Reader will find some just and pertinent criticisms in the Notes, but nothing that is new,



. Art. 15. Political Logic displayed : Or, a key to the Thoughts on

Civil Liberty, Licentioufness, and Faction. 8vo. 1 s. 6d. Newbery. Mr. Pope, in his Emay on Criticism, observes, that there are certain writers, who, . .

Having store of wit Yet want as much again to manage it. .. The Author of the pamphlet before us appears to be one of this stamp; his witticisms and criticisms being so preposterously blended together, : that it is with difficulty the Reader can dilinguish when he is in jelt or in earnest, ferious or comical, or even his own thoughts from those of his opponent. From his title-page we are led to cxpect a key to Dr. Brown's Political Cabinet : on looking farther, however, we find that he hath either broke this pretended key in the lock, ör so entangled it in the multiplicity and tortuofity of the various wards, as not to be able to open the door or get his key fairly out again. In a word, 'this Antagonift fcems much too young and unexperienced to encounter so practised a veteran'as Dr. Brown. - Fie hath one advantage indeed, which redounds however but little to his honour, and this is, the Doctor's having been already so heartily mauled by others. There is yer after all, one thing more to be considered, viz. the superior force of the Erimator to withstand the attacks of his adversaries. Not that either bis ability to offend others, or defend himself, is the formidable part of his character ; but the patience, the perseverance, the happy indifference with which he hath learned to bear a beating, as effeétually bafile the designs of his opponents, as if he were clad in an iron doublet. It is


doubtless the consciousness of this, his forte, that makes him lay himself so notoriously open : for to those who can so magnanimously support a defeat, it is of little consequence who gets the victory. Kan be Art. 1$. A Dialogue in the Elysian Fields, between two D-k-se

Folio. 6d. Hooper. The Dukes here meant, are their late Graces of Dev-n-re and B-la-n; who are both represented as owning themselves to have been the dupes of party and faction. The pamphlet is a very insignificant performance.

Art. if. A Letter to the Em of B-, 8vo. Is. Wilkie.

Arraighs the political conduct of his lordship; sets forth the odium of being a favourite, and concludes with the following piece of advice : '. If any thing contained within these sheets, my Lord, should be so

fortunate to stir within your breast some faint emotion, whether of re·morse, fear, shame, or a sensation compounded perhaps of all together ; cherish, my Lord, the gracious instinct; ripen it into virtue, and endeavour, in some measure, to repair the injuries you have done your *country, by voluntarily absenting yourself from it for ever.'

POETICA L. Art. 1$. Churchill, an Elegy. Bristol, printed by S. Farley;

and sold by Baldwin, in London. 4to. '6d.
Sweet, Pen,

Quill, Liberty,

Again. Feel. He. : The above are specimens of this Author's rhimes : we have observed nothing more remarkable in his poem. Art. 1$. The Will of a certain Northern Vicar : Carefully copied

frond the Original, deposited in his own Cabinet at N upon I—, 4to. 6d. Bunce.

Here are rhimes and couplets infinitely transcending any contained in
the foregoing elegy:



Caustics. With many others, equally curious. Perhaps the humourous Author thought such barbarisms allowable in a burlesque performance ; but we Should imagine them intolerable to every ear accustomed to harmony. If a writer professes to entertain his readers with shime, he should, certainly, give them shimes ; and not couple his lines with words that have no fimilarity of found. Such ridiculous verse-tagging, reminds us of the publican who, succeeding another, that had kept the sign of the Robin Hood, to which had been affixed a proper rhime taken from geomen good; thus altered the couplet :

Since Robin Hood is dead and gone, .
• Come in, and drink with--Simon ll'elpier,




As to the design of this pamphlet, entitled The Will of a certain Northern Vicar, we know nothing of the person here attempted to be held up to public ridicule. The last paragraph will let our Readers as much into the secret as we have been from a perusal of the whole :

But as to all my stock of wealıb,
By G.., I'd keep that to myself.--
Sign'd, seal’d, deliver'd, in Sixty-one.

By me, the Vicar of B-d-og--.
B-do--go-n is, probably, some vicarage in the neighbourhood of New
calle upon Tyne.
Art. 2d. An Ode to the People of England. 4to. 6d. Longford.

The common.placc objection against the new ministry, as, that it is composed of young, inexperienced men,' with other depreciating circumstances, are here thrown into the form of an ode; and the stanzas are smart enough : as for example:

See here a knave, and there a fool,
With many a boy, just come from school,

Grim sages old as Priam;
A motly tribe, you'll say to rule,
The best of them, to B- a tool,

Or fame doth much belye 'em. This, however, is rather abuse than wit; and merits only cudgela criticism.

MISCELLANEOUS.' Art. 2. The Chinese Spy, or Emissary from the Court of Pekin,

cornmisioned to examine into the present State of Europe. ' 6 Vols. 12mo. 18 s. Bladon. Having offered our opinion of this work in general, on the appear. ance of the French original", there remains nothing for us to say far. ther on the subject, than to give our Readers some specimen of the translation ; which is full as spiritless and inelegant as the original is quaint and insignificant. It must be owned, indeed, that the pertness and vivacity of style in the French seemed better adapted to the superficial, common place sentiments of the work, than the dullness and frigidity of expression, generally made use of by the Translator.

In Lecter 56 of the third volume, our supposed emissary gives the following account of Purgatory:

"There was formerly a terrible circumstance in the Chriftian religion. Believers, who had finned, though but fightly, were condemned to eternal burnings: this was very hard for those who had not finned on purpose. After many deliberations, about an expedient for preventing fäch numbers of well-meaning finners from being hurled down to hell for ever, purgatory was hit on.

"I wish I could explain to you what this same purgatory is. The Europeans, who are full of fi&tions in all things, have a fable of the

• See our Appendix to Review, Vol. XXXI. p. 534.

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