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tributed somewhat to lesson. At the same time by discountenancing some very fanciful investigations of their causes, and advancing others that seem more fimple and intelligible, he has evinced that strong affinity, which Hippocrates affirms between very good common and medical understanding.
Sermons on the relative Duties. Preached at Queen-street Chappel,
and St. Paul's Covent-Garden. By the Rev. Thomas Francklin, M. A. Vicar of Ware in Hertfordshire. 8vo.
45. bound. Dodsley, &c.
CHAT we usually term the Relative Duties are generally
ranked under the fix following heads,---the duty of children to parents, and of parents to children, of servants to masters, and of masters to servants; of wives to husbands, and of husbands to wives. On each of these we have here a separate discourse, together with an introductory sermon, on domestic happiness. The ingenious Author avoids entering into those minuter paris of each duty which depend on the various ranks, circumstances, and conditions of human life; he only sketches the outlines, he says, which must be filled up and finished by the Reader's own sense and observation.
As the several subjects of Mr. Francklin's discourses have been frequently treated by some of the ableft of our moral Writers, the discerning Reader will not expect any thing new upon them, nor to see them treated in a more striking and interesting manner than they have already been ; especially as the Author confines himself to general views, which, however useful or agreeable they may be to a certain class of Readers, are, perhaps, not the best adapted to impress the minds of the generality.
These fermons, however, are much superior to the common productions of this kind, and are distinguilhed by a liberal turn of thought, an easy and elegant flow of language, which must be acceptable to every Reader of taste. We shall give a specimen of his manner, from his sermon on the Duty of husbands to wives. The words he discourses from are, Let every one of you love his wife sien as himself. Ephef. v. 33.—The general term love, he tells us, comprehends regard and affection, conftancy and fidelity, tenderness and delicacy, prudence and discretion, good-nature and indulgence, care and protection, industry and fobriety, piety and virtuc.
Infidelity, says he, on the part of the husband is indeed grown fo universal, that its opposite virtue is almost out of countenance; it is treated as venial by one sex, and submitted to as
tinavoidable by the other; the world is so complaisant as to stile it gallantry, and because it is known to be fashionable, it is not condemned as unlawful: thus vice is palliated with the name of error, and that which is in reality the highest disgrace to our nature, is considered as an ornament of it. Custom hath, I know not how, given a kind of sanction to it on one side, and at the same time condemned it on the other; as if God had, like man, made his laws with partiality and injustice, and that the seventh commandment were enjoined only against the weaker vessel ; but let those who thus miserably deceive themselves remember, that the same solemn contract hath engaged both : that if they neglect the obligation, and spurn at the command, it is not the injured wife alone who will resent the infringement of it: good men will consider it as an outrage against virtue here, and God will afTuredly punish it as such hereafter.
. But to affection and fidelity, the good husband must also add tenderness and delicacy. It is the good-nature and complacency of the host, which makes the pleasure of the conqueft; and in the manner of conferring a favour, there is almost as much merit as in the bestowing it. The husband, therefore, is to consider not how much, but to whom he gives; not what he speaks only, but to whom it is spoken: in his behaviour to his wife, the heart must seem to follow the hand, and the mind to direct the tongue; he should suit that delicacy which he would oblige, and imitate that elegance which he would please. To a wife, mere civility is coldness, and, mere complaisance is indifference; to her a more expressive kindness should add a grace to every word, and a peculiar tenderness diffuse itself over every action. It is, indeed, this behaviour alone, which can foften and temper the rudeness of masculine severity, and give a polish to the rougher manners of one half of mankind; it is, this tender commerce, and this delicate connection, which throws a lustre over the conversation of the civilized world, and conftitutes in a great measure, the most elegant and refined pleasureş of human life,
. But further :
"To love, fidelity and tenderness, the husband must likewise add, prudence and discretion.
“Half the miseries and disquietudes, half the interruptions of conjugal peace and domestic felicity arise from desires too ardent, and hopes too fanguine; both parties, at their first entrance into the nuptial state, especially in youth, are apt to form to themselves ideas, very inadequate and disproportioned to the condition of human life; to entertain delusive notions of a romantic and visionary paradise, where the earth is cloathed with perpetual verdure, the flowers never fade, and the fruits are immortal; but when, instead of this, they begin, perhaps in a 02
Short time, to feel the thorns springing up under their feet, when they perceive the fruits to wither, and the verdure to decay, they are filled with unreafonable wonder and astonishment; they had accustomed themselves to look for nothing less than uninterrupted health, constant success, invariable harmony and affection: they suffer, therefore, not so much from the evil which they have as from the want of that which they have not. At the beginning of the voyage, the sky is generally clear, the waters calm and unruffled; but, to conclude from thence, that we are to fail through life, without form or tempeft, is, to the Jast degree, absurd and unreafonable. It is the duty and the interest of both therefore, and especially of him who sits at the helm, to prepare against the worst, to steer the veffel with all possible care and diligence, and conduct it safely into the harbour of peace and felicity.
• Proceed we then to another necessary branch of the husband's duty, good-nature and indulgence. In a world fo full of miferies and misfortunes, errors and inadvertencies, passions and follies, differences both in opinion and practice must arise, where the connection is close and intimate; mutual complacency and forbearance, therefore, are absolutely and indispenfably necessary in the married ftate; power is never so amiable, as when clcathed with meekness and humility; and the superiority of our own understanding will be always most evident, when it condescends to forgive or to relieve the weakness of another. When women offend, therefore, they are to be confidered as women; as beings whose power and faculties are not fo extenfive, whose judgment and reason are not so strong and solid as our own; whole experience is confined within a much narrower circle; whole understandings are limited and enfeebled by education ; who are liable therefore, with the greater ease. to be feduced or imposed on ; not fufficiently aware of arts which they are themselves ignorant of; nor upon their guard against. that guilt, which they never practice.
Vanity and extravagance are the stale and trite excufes for, cruelty, inconftancy, and inhumanity in the worst of husbands ; and yet, certain it is, that he who is the cause ought not to murmur at the effecl.; and he who makes his own misery, hath no right to complain of it: what fhail we say, if the weeds, which thus overrun the garden, are planted there and cultivated, too by our own hands ? Flattery, too lavishly bestowed, will naturally produce that pride which is thus condemned; and that, pride enfamed and encouraged will as naturally beget luxury and extravagance; is it not most absurd then to be surprised, that the idol expects worship, when men have taken so much pains to raise it ; or that when they have been at such expence.
to feed a vice, they should be astonished at the fize and the in-
- If the husband is already possessed of love, fidelity, ten-
The superior strength, power, and capacities of one sex, as I have before observed to you, were originally designed to protect and preserve the other: woman is left by nature, weak and defenceless, unable to struggle with the troubles and difficulties, or contend with the fraud and malice of an ill-natured and designing world : on man, who is more able, she must rely for aid and support; this aid and support, this necessary care and assistance, the husband is bound constantly to afford hér: he receives her, for the most part, from the hands of those, under whose wing she had till that time been safe and happy; from those whose goodness he promiseth to supply, and whose indulgence he hath sworn to imitate : he snatches her from the bosom of parental tenderness to feed and cherish her in his own : as he hath taken her therefore from one protection, it is incumbent on him to provide her with another : to give her, without selfishness or reluctance, as her indisputable right, a share of all that he hath, of all the good things which God hath pleased to bestow upon him; she hath an undoubted claim to all his joys and pleasures, and he hath no right to withhold any thing from her, but his forrows and misfortunes.'
R. The foregoing extract may suffice for a specimen of Mr. Francklin's manner, in regard to pulpit-compositions; those who are desirous of becoming acquainted with his performances in different branches of literature, are referred to our accounts of his Poem on Translation; of his Sophocles ; and of his Dis. fertation on ancient Tragedy: for all which, See the * GENERAL INDEX to our first twenty-four volumes.
6. # To be had of T. Becket ; in two parts.
Specimens of abbreviated Numbers, or, an Introduction to an En.
tire New Species of Arithmetic : Calculated in a more especial Manner for the Counting house and Public Offices, particularly the Cuftoms, Exchequer, and Excife : The Principle being founded on a new Method of finding the Decimal for any Coin, Weight; or Time, &c. &c. By' one single Multiplication only, without the Use of a Vulgar Fraction. And also (on a Method hitherto undiscovered)
of finding the Interest of any Sum, at any Rate, and for any Time: By one single Multiplication, not exceeding three Figures, without the Asistance of Statings, or Reference to Tables : reducing the whole Body of Arithmetic, (so far as it relates to General Calculations) to a Synopsis confined to the four first Rules of Arithmetic, The whole founded on a principle hitherto unattempted, and now first offered to the Public. By William Weston. 8vo. 45. bound. Marsh, &c.
to understand, that the piece before us is nothing more than a specimen of what he intends hereafter (on proper encouragement) to produce on the same subject; that the work is replete with novelty ; and that this discovery will tend to render the doctrine of vulgar and decimal fractions rather curious than useful. He adds that he does not at present think proper to inform the world, by what method this species of figures was first discovered ; that being reserved for his future work.
This new method, as our Author calls it, is performed by the multiplication of certain factors, or numbers, a specimen of which he has giyen us in the following table.
A TABLE « Of Factors, to be used as Multipliers, for the reducing any Coin, Weight, Measure, Time, &c. &c. &c. into a De: cimal Fraction, by one single Operation only, viz.
AVOIRDUPOISE Weight, the Integer an Hundred Weight. Niultiply by 893 to find the Decimal of any Number of Pounds, 558
any Number of Ounces. 349
any Number of Drams, Troy WEIGHT, the Integer a Pound. Multiply by 834 to find the Decimal of any Number of Ounces. 417
any Numter of Pennywts, 174
any Number of Grains, COIN, the Integer a Pound Sterling. Multiply by 5 to find the Decimal of any Number of Shillings. 417
any Number of Pence. 1042
any Number of Farthing sa Time, considered as a Calendar Year of 12 Months. Multiply by 275 to find the Decimal of any Number of Days, 834
any Number of Months, 193
any Number of Weeks. · N. B. As this is intended but as a specimen, I have only introduced examples of the three most useful cases, viz. Weight,