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For S E P T-EM BER, 1765.
RELIGIOUS and CONTROVERSIAL., Art. II. Reliquiæ Sacræ : ..or, Meditations on Select Pasages of
Scripture ; and Sacred Dialogues between a Father and his Chil dren. By the Reverend Mr. Richard Pearsall, late Minister at Taunton, Somersetshire. Published from his Manuscripts, designed for the press; by Thomas Gibbons, D.D. 12mo.
6s. Buckland. W e have already given our Sentiments of some of Mr. Pearsall's
W writings, published in his lifetime ; fee Review, Vol. IX. p. 232; and Vol. XIX, p. 596. We have observed, that the Reader is not to look for elegance or spirit in the works of this Author; but, at the same time, it is allowed that they have their merit. His general and leading view, is to raise the thoughts of his readers, from natural to spiritual and divine objects; to warm their hearts with gratitude to the Great Parent of the universe, and to his Son, our gracious and compaflionate Saviour. He is not always happy in the transitions he snakes from earthly to heavenly things; and there are some very forced conceits to be met with in his performance : but the goodness of his des figns will, in a great measure, with candid readers, atone for the man. ner in which they are executed. Our chief objection is to the horrible representacions he fo often gives of the eternal wrath and vengeance of the Almighty, against his poor offending creatures. He lays great Itress on the eternity of hell-torments ; and seems rather desirous of terrifying than persuading finners to repentance. His system, we allow, is what many will set down as thoroughly orthodox; but orthodoxy itfélf is not, at all times, nor with all men, the same thing: and therefore, we doubt not, but there are many good Christians who will receive very little edification from such a reflection as the following, taken from his letter addrefled to the members of his congregation at Tauntong wrote but 2 little while before his his death :
"To be delivered from the curse of the law, is a moft inestimable privilege, and to behold Jesus bearing that curfe in his sorrows unto death, is as important and glorious a subject of contemplation as is possible ; an incarnate Gov dying, our furety paying the dreadful debt, the tremendous juftice of God Almighty falisfied, and meathing its flaning sword, the wraibful throne of an offended deity sprinkled and turned into a mercy-feat, are subjects fit for angels' themselves to gaze upon, and admire.'-_ This short extract will serve as a specimen both of the Author's principles, and of his manner of writing.
Art. 12. Stri&tures on the Commentary and Conference of the. Revee
rend Mr. Dodd, Chaplain in Ordinary to his Majesty: With Re-
Mr. Dodd's Biblical Annotations :---poor Mr. Dodd! never was cul. prit.commentator so unmercifully belaboured!
Mr. Angininny hath also most triumphantly reason'd against Reason :alas poor Reason!
Mr. Heathcote, too, how terribly he is' trimmed !- poor Mr. Heathcote!
In good faith, Mr. Antininny seems to be one of the most formidable champions in the whole army of modern • Cabaliftical Decypherers;!.and we will have nothing to say to him, left, the next time this Goliah thinks proper to brandith his weaver's beam, .our jackets Thould likewise come in for a dusting. Art. 13. An Attempt to restore Scripture Forms of Worship; or a
Friendly Dialogue between a common Unitarian Christian, con- verted by fome late Writings, and an Athanafian. 12mo. 4d. · Worcester, fold by S. Gamidge.
In this Dialogue, the Unitarian has greatly the advantage of the Athapasian; who becomes so far a convert to the opinion of his opponent, as to renounce the authority of councils, fathers, creeds, &c. and to declare his determination, to give the New Testament a serious review, in order to a due consideration of all those passages which refer to God the Father, the Son, and the Holy spirit. This is a plain, sensible piece, and is published by the pious Author, with a view to its being distributed among the common people, by those well-disposed persons who can afford to purchase and give away. such little tracts, in order to help forward the glorious work of another reformation : which, adds he, with great truth, though the times are favourable in several respects, is very much obstructed by irreligion on one fide, and superstition and enthus Jasm on the other.'
POLITIC A L. Art. 14. A Pair of Spectacles for Mort-fighted Politicians ; or, a
Candid Answer to a late extraordinary Pamphlet, entitled, “ An · Honest Man's Reasons * for declining to take any Part in the new
Administration. Svo. 'Is. Williams. • This optical politician does not, like the Honeft Man, see the present administration in the light of a flimsy cobweb, which every puny fly may break through. On the contrary, he regards it as a Itrong edi. fice, that promises not the fort date of a few mintbs only, but an in. creasing and permanent security. 6. It may, says he, it will, no doub“, receive additional buttresses and new ornaments; but the foundation and groundwork will still continue the same; a foundation, I trust, not to be shaken by the impotent blasts of envy and malevolence, built as it is, not on bollow ground, but on the united favour of the crown, and the almost universal approbation of the people.'--All this, however, is merely the Author's private opinion, not argument. In short, those who only have recousse to these political spectacles, to alift them in gaining
* See Review for July; F: 76
an insight into the merits of this ministerial dispute, may truly be faida as the apostle expresses it, to see through a glals darkly. Art. 15. M Letter to the Common-Council of London, on their late
very extraordinary Address to his Majesty. 8vo. 18. Nicoll.
The address on which this pamphlet is founded, hath been so much the topic of public and private animadversion, that we cannot suppose any of our Readers unacquainted with this famous chef.d'autre of the great city.
It was, certainly, a very strange and unaccountable procedure ! How, in the name of common sense, could the common council entertain the thought of so cavalierly treating the king, in a congratulatory address to his Majesty, on the birth of another prince?
But we need not expatiate on the absurdity of their conduct; they have been pretty well chastised for it already, not only in the spirited pamphlet now before us, but by a whole army of writers, in the public papers :- beside the universal censure passed on them in all companies, as well in the city, as out of it. Yet, while we condemn the misbehaviour of those few representatives of the citizens, concerned in drawing up and presenting this ridiculous and obnoxious paper, let us not indiscriminately involve their constituents in the same sentence ; for we are well satisfied, that the offensive part of that address, is by no means agreeable to their sentiments. The paragraph in question appcars rather to have been the sole atchievement of one factious citizen, who had, somehow, gained a great ascendency in the councils of his brethren; (an ascendency which we shall not here pretend to account for) but who possibly hath, by this rash behaviour, effeétually opened the eyes of those who have suffered themselves to be hood-winked, and guided, till they have found themselves in the fțuation of the blind led by the biind. Art. 16. Remarks on the Importance of the Study of Political Pam. .pblets, Weekly Papers, Periodical Papers, Daily Papers, Polis tiial Music, Sc. 8vo. 1S. Nicoll.
Attacks the political writers, in a strain of irony, not unlike that of ih: grcat Swift; nor much, if at all, inferior to the spirit and energy of that adınired writer, The main drift of the Author, is to ridicule the popular çlamour raised against the Scotch : which he does with temper, humour, and pleasantry. Art. 17. The Mcrits of the New Administration truly flated; in
Answer to the several Pamphlets and Papers published against them.' 8vo.' is. Williams.
In this sensible defence of the New Ministry, the pretended charges against them, contained in the several papers and pamphlets lately pub isthed on the subject, (and which the Author considers as maliciously urged by the agents of their late predecessors in power) are reduced to the following inconsiderable nnmber, viz. · That the new ministers are under the influence of the favorite; - which appears to be falje. That they are recommended to the crown by the D- of C- ~ -—which
* Written by Kelly,
does them honour.' That they are disavowed by Mr. Pitt;—which has not yet been proved. That they are young ;-which is partly true and not pertinent. And that their administration will not be l fling, which is more than either they can deny, or their enemies affirm, with certainty.'
This mixture of falfhood, encomium, presumption and conjecture, as our Author terms it, is, says he, repeated and diversified every day in order to make the impression, which a plain and interesting truth would have made upon the understandings of men, without repetition or ornament.' He confiders each of these charges; premising that the only one which, in his opinion, deferves confideration, is that of the favorite's influence: upon which the greatest : stress has been laid, as being the most popular.What he says upon this capital article, as well as upon the others, is fpecious, if not fully satisfactory; and, to say the least, deserves to be well attended to. The Writer gives us to understand that he has a seat in the house; which may be true; but whether true or not, this is a circomstance that can neither add to, nor detract from the merit and weight of his reasonings.
MEDICAL. Art. 18. The Practice of Inoculation impartially consider'd; its signal
Advantages fully proved; and the popular Objections against it confuted : In a Letter to Sir Ed. Wilmot, Bart. By John An.. drew, M. D. 8vo. Is. Exeter printed, and sold by Wile son and Fell in London. S
i Published by Dr. Andrew, with the view of obviating the prejudices which have obitructed the practice of inoculacion in the city and neighbourhood of Exeter. To his own account of the practice, and his great success therein, he has added the sentiments of Dr. Huxham , and several other eminent physicians, relative to this very interesting subject.
* As communicated in private letters to the Author,
POETICA L. Art. 19. Original Poems on several Subjects. By William Ste: venson, M. D. 8vo. 2 Vols. 55. Hawes, &c.
Whatever may become of Dr. Stevenson's poetical character, he is certainly a man of good sense and sound judgment; for he advises his readers not to take up his poems till they have dined well, and drank plentifully. We heartily recommend the Doctor's prescription to every reader of these Original Poems; though hard is the fate of us Ree viewers, who, it is well known, never dine at all.
Specimen of Dr. Stevenson's poems: from his Character of Churchiii's * Writings: 2 Not nature juft in ev'ry part,
But transcripts of the writer's heart ; .
Vagaries of a troubled brain, ... Ineffably absurd and vain.
MONTHI Y CATALOGUE
C o ls frantic pencil draws,
So little human in his plan. As Mr. Churchill is not living, to return this blow, the Author, to avoid the imputacion of meanness, on account of this posthumous ata tack of our late dreaded satiritt, declares that what he has let fall, with segard to Mr. C. was written before that gentleman's decease. C
Art. 20. kimbolton-Park, a Poem. Folio. 1S. Dodfley.
The subject of this poem seems to have given more occasion to 'refection than description : and the poem itself appears to have proceeded rather from the gratitude of the Author than the importance of the object. Kimbolion is a seat of, the Duke of Manchester, if we mistake not, in the neighbourhood of Huntingdon, and was the place where Catherine, queen of Henry VIII. retired, after being divorced from * her cruel and brutal husband. The poet avails himself of that circum. stance, and throws is into the following pathetic verses :. .
When hapless England felt å tyránt's fway,
For not the fragrant breath of rosy morn; .
In England then the fons of freedom slept,
Till Fate in pity call'd her to the shore,
Where luft and tyranny oppress no more. Sentiments of great humanity and goodness of heart are scattered through different parts of the poem; and, though not without some ; weak, inaccurate and unpolished lines, it is upon the whole a pretty
Art. 21. A Tranpation of the Psalms of David, attempted in the Spirit of Christianity, and adatted to the Divine Service. By