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CORRESPONDENCE.
To the MONTHLY REVIEWERS.

SOUTHAMPTON, Sept. 10, 1765.
Gentlemen,
THE reprinting old books, and imposing them on the public, as

1 new productions, if not a direct fraud, is at least very unfair and disingenuous; and as such, (if I mistake not) has been sometimes taken notice of in the Review. But it cannot be expected that the gentlemen concerned in that useful work should be acquainted with every antiquated pamphlet; which time and its own worthlessness seemed to have consigned to utter oblivion. I therefore take the freedom to acquaint you, that I have now by me a tract intitled “The Plain Man's Guide, &c.' with every tittle expressed, as in the titlepage of the new publication ; and in the body of the book the very sentence transcribed in the last Review, p. 161, from comparing of which, I make not the least doubt of its being the very book printed by B. Motte, for R. Clavel, at the Peacock in St. Paul's church-yard, 1708. But, Gentlemen, though the detection of this stale fallacious pamphlet was the immediate occasion of this address, yet I cannot take my leave without returning thanks for the improvement I have received by your solid answer to Philaleches *. The subject has been made fo intricate by learned pens, that a plain unlettered understanding, like mine, instead of receiving satisfaction, is like to meet with perplexity; school-jargon, and profound darkness, from the labours of molt divines, who have professedly undertaken to investigate the subject. Indeed, it did always appear to me a strange kind of logic to assert, that the sufferings of an innocent person, was a mark of God's detestation of fin; and that an act of the highest injustice and cruelty, had in its own nature a tendency to induce God to be merciful, and bestow pardon on the guilty : this seemed to me unaccountable, yet I acquiesced in it, as a mystery unfathomable by the human mind; which I supposed so unhappily constituted, as to be uncapable of discerning the harmony of the divine perfections in the work of redemption, I am, Gentlemen, your most humble servant,

A. G. .*.* We are obliged to A. G. for his information relating to the • Plain Man's Guide," which we jufpected to be an old tract revived ; but not being certain of the fact, did not think ourselves authorized to mention that circumdance, .

* Vid. the Article, CORRESPONDENCE, at the end of last month's . Review.

+++ We are much obliged to the Author of the Leiter from Cheapfide. The Medical performance therein mentioned was really over. looked; but a copy thereof is now procured, and due notice will be taken of it, in a subsequent Review.

TTAVING seen a Letter signed S. Dunn, wherein that gentleman

11 complains that we have not given a fair account of his pam- phlet *; and particularly that we fould have sherun in what parts his principles are wrong; and that what we have trasferibed from Maupertais is nothing : it will perhaps be expected that we should offer something in our own vindication. .

We were always persuaded that experience was the best, and often the only criterion of metaphysical principles. It was this, we know, that demolished the system of Ptolemy, and the vortices of Descartes; and on this touchstone we think those of Mr. Dunn should be tried..

In the passage we transcribed from Maupertuis, that able mathematician very justly observes, that if the declination of the stars be found to be the same in different latitudes, the plumb-line must be every where perpendicular to the surface of the earth. Now it is sufficiently proved from observations in England, in France, in Russia, in Jamaica, in St. Helena, at the Cape of Good Hope, and at the Mouth of the Ganges, that these declinations are the same ; consequently the plumb-line must have the same tendency in different latitudes. Does not this abundantly prove that the direction of the plumb-line doth not vary in different places, both in longitude and latitude, as Mr. Dunn has asserted it does ?

Besides, if the large corrections of our Author were abfolutely necerary, it would be impossible to conduct a ship across the ocean to the West-Indies, by any time-keeper, however correct, without losing her longitude more than half a degree. But it is well known that Mr. Harrison has carried a ship twice to that part of the globe without lofing his longitude even a quarter of a degree. · If therefore we take experience for our guide, we shall surely conclude, that no corrections of this kind are necessary.

We shall now leave the Reader to judge whether we did not give a fair account of Mr. Dunn's work, and whether the paffage we tranfcribed from Maupertius was, or was not, any thing to the purpose.

. ...See our laft, p. 143. : " B.

The Author of The Tutor, a Poem, in MS. mistakes the province of the Reviewers : they have nothing to do with manuscripts. They do not recollect the Ode on Virtue which he mentions:

151 The Author of the Antidote, see our last, p. 161, seems diffatisfied with the moderate share of praise we have bestowed on his performance. No doubt he thinks it excellent: had the Reviewers been of the same opinion, he may be afsured, they would honestly have expresied their sentiments, in the fullest and most liberal manner. He is wrong in talking about friendship; for every Reviewer is, or ought to be, a MELCHISI DEC.

A. B. who, in a Letter from Bath, enquires about a passage in Diofcorider, will pleafe to obferve, that the reference to which he alludes, was not made by the Reviewer; it being a quotation from the book which is the subject of that article.

*** In answer to F.'s enquiry concerning the Englifh translation of PLATO, we can only inforin our Correspondent, that Mr. Sydenham has not publifhed any part of that work, befide what 'hath been'mentioned in our Review : nor do we know whether or not that gentleman intends to prosecute his defign any farther. The other parts of Fi's Letter require no particular notice here. :)

.. : ADDITIONS to the POETICAL Articleso. : Art. 32. Free Thoughts on Love and Marriage. By Mr. Ingle

. dew. 4to. 1S. Flexney: • Mr. Ingledew had, in our opinion, better have kept his thoughts on love and marriage to himself, as they are neither calculated to infpire the one, nor give any great relish for the others

We cannot omit, on this occasion, taking notice of the prevailing absurdity of modern authors, annexing Mr. to their names ; contrary to the custom of the ancients, whom in other refpects they are so fond of copying.---MR! a vague indiscriminate term, equally claimed by the son of a peer, or a porter ; an opulent merchant, on the master of a green fall. Besides, it is attended with one disadvantage to themselves, which, perhaps, they do not foresee, that for want of their Christian names, the world may plant the laurels on the wrong head: however, Mr. Ingledew, we apprehend, can be no loser on this 00cafion.

After telling us of an amour with one Mrs. Delia, he is ingenuous enough to acknowledge himself spurned from the arms of a Mrs. Cloe, whom he confesses he loves notwithstanding : we doubt not the Reader will be as perfectly satisfied with Mr. Ingledew's poetry as with his generosity, on this occasion : . .

.
And notwithstanding all the lewd may fayini
I really love her to this very day.

. Sh-W. - Art. 33. The Female Barbers; in Irish Tale. 460. 68.

. Williams.

An unsuccessful attempt at being obscenely witty and profane ; faid to be sent in an anonymous letter from Ireland. If the faet really happened there, as the Writer alledges, we cannot conceive his reasons for transporting it hither; as he has, in all -probability, defeated the very end he proposed, by making nobody contemptible or ridiculous but himself.

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A New and complete Syfem of Practical Husbandry; containing all

that Experience has proved to be most useful in Farming, either in the Old or New Method ; with a comparative View of both; and whatever is beneficial to the Husbandman, or conducive to the Ornament and Improvement of the Country-gentleman's Efate. By John Mills, Esq; Editor of Duhamel's Husbandry. Vols. III. IV: and V. 8vo. 155. sewed. Printed for the Au. 'thor, and fold by J. Jolinson.

IT seems that some disputes have happened between Mr.

| Miils and the booksellers concerned in the publication of the two former volumes of this work ; with the particulars of which it is altogether needless to trouble' our Readers. If, however, the said bookseliers have acted somewhat arbitrarily towards the Author, we are glad to see that he had spirit enough to take the work into his own hands, and to continue the publication of it at his own risque ; and we hope he will have no reason to repent of his resolution to emancipate himself from the supposed tyranny of which he complains *. - In the Preface to the third Vol. Mr. Mills very juftly ob. serves, that our utmost attention to Agriculture was never more neceflary than at this period, if we would preserve that superiority therein, which we have. hitherto enjoyed over almost every nation in Europe.

Not having been able to comprise, in his second volume, every article relative to the management of grain; he has, in this, treated first of the enemies to corn, beginning in Chap. III. (which allo

:* This complaint is not made in the Work is felf, but in a private Letter addresied to the Reviewers; which we think rather too long for insertion here, as we are not at all inclined to enter into any personal altercations, if poñible to be avoided. VOL. XXXIII,

begins , begins the Vol.) with weeds, than which nothing requires more

the attention, industry, and perseverance of the farmer, who must extirpate them, before he can have complete crops (of any thing else.]—But, $. 1. • The judicious farmer will not attempt to weed his corn before the beginning of spring, on account of the great danger of pulling up many of the young useful plants, with those which he wants to extirpate : and yet he Thould not wait too long before he sets about this very necessary work; because the noxious growth will multiply apace, and speedily rob the soil of great part of its nutritive juices. His eye muft help to direct him when to perform this essential operation; and he ruft, above all, be particularly careful never to let any weeds grow so big as to choak or overtop his corn, or stand till their feeds ripen and low themselves.' ."If.the spring is wet and warm, and if it rains much in May, abundance of weeds will then spring up, and great care should be taken to destroy them immediately.'- The perennial rooted kind (of weeds ] are best destroyed by repeated summer fallows, wherein it is essentially material that every piece of root be taken away and burnt, because, in many of such, every joint will produce a new plant.'-He then enumerates the several species of weeds most hurtful to the farmer, and most apt to abound; and points out the most effectual means of eradicating them entirely. This Sect. is concluded with an observation, that-Upon the whole, it may be looked upon as a general rule, that sowing of clean fced, and laying the ground down to grass, will at length overcome all sorts of weeds ; and the more in heart the land is, laid down to grass, the thicker the grass, or clover, will grow, and the better effect it will have.'

Sect. 2. Treats of quadrupeds, birds, vermin, and infeets, as enemies to corn: and points out the most approved methods of guarding against, or destroying them. In particular, a full account is here given of that formidable insect which has long desolated, and had at length almost entirely laid waste a whole province in France, viz. that of Angoumois. But as the description of this insect is attended with various drawings, we must refer the inquisitive, to the book iiself.

As the preservation of corn, both in granaries and ships, is an article of considerable importance to every maritime nation, Chap. IV. is employed in treating upon that subject. But berore he enters upon the point, he mentions the article of threshing; and says, p. 79, that some engine or other, provided with a number of fails, or other pieces answering the same end, might surely be made to move by water, wind, or a horife, so as to perform the business of threshing still cheaper and more expeditiously, (than] in the common way.'_ This (he adds ]

well

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