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Archbishop Chichele, the Founder. Oxford, printed at the
« The following tables of descents are published with a view of pointing out some of the traces of the blood of Thomas Chichele, of Higham-Ferrers, which may be found in the families of the nobility and gentry of Great Britain and Ireland; in order to facilitate the en quiries of those gentlemen who may be inclined to become candidates for Fellowships at All Souls College in Oxford, on the claim of collateral consanguinity with his son Henry Chichele, archbishop of Canterbury, the founder. This qualification is now, indeed, absolutely necessary to form their approaches to these competitions; and to endeavour to make the way plain and level before them, and to widen it, where it may be properly done, so as to admit a greater number of adventurers, and to give a larger and freer choice to the college at all future elections, will, it is hoped, be no unacceptable service to the public and to society. Pref.
These tables are numerous indeed; the founder's kindred having increased prodigiously! Archbishop Chichele filourished about three hundred years ago ; and his collateral descendants, among the nobility, gentry and commonalty of these kingdoms, are, in this work, traced (computing by the names in the index) through about 1200 families. The Editor, in his preface, acquaints his readers, by what means he has been enabled to collect such a great number of pedigrees; and makes the proper acknowledgments in respect to the gentleman who first fet about this laborious tak; as well as to those who have since contributed to the completion of the design. Art. 25. An Account of the Destruction of the Jesuits in France.
By M. D'Alembert. 12mo. 2s. 6 d. sew’d. Becket and Co.
in our last Appendix we gave, as a foreign article, a very full abstract of the performance here translated ; from which our Readers have already received a competent idea of what so excellent and so free a writer as M. D'Alembert had to say on so extraordinary a sub- ject, as the expulsion of the Jesuits from France. If our opinion of the translation be expected, we shall only say, that it is like moft other modern translations. This illustrious Frenchman has not been ? so fortunate, in this respect, as the famous citizen of Geneva ; whole Eloisa and Emilius make so respectable an appearance in the English, language. Art. 26. The Trial of Katherine Nairn and Patrick Ogilvie, for
the Crimes of Incest ard Murder. Containing the whole Proces dure of the High Court of Justiciary, upon the 5th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th Days of August, 1765. Edinburgh printed : London reprinted. 8vo. 2s. Becket and De Hondt.
Genuine;—and tolerably free from those peculiar terms and phrases which commonly render the law-proceedings in Scotland unintelligible to English Readers. Some of these, however, are, perhaps necessarily, retained in this publication; which, together with a few
valgar Scotticisms, may need explanation : and which ought to havá been explained in marginal notes, or by a gloffary at the end of the pamphlet. For instance, what will the generality of readers on this side the Tweed, understand by malicious alledgeances, by relevant, . relevancy, and irrelevant ; compeared, and compearance ; instructing a fact; a person being inhabile to be received as a witness; cause remove the said Anne Clerk from the room where she and the other two women are presently staying ;' the clashing people of the country;' • you daft dog, and are you daft? • condescending on defects,' • condescendence relative to the malice of, &c.' a fake-down for the deponent's lying all night in Mrs. Ogilvie's room ; “ he would send her a phial of laudanum, how foon his chest should arrive;' the laizb room, a laigh word, and the laigh council house ; fynding the bowl with water, or with broath ; 'rouped the flocking upon the farm;" rèmeid of law :-- this last may be easily guessed at by every reader;
but what are filling-feeds, happings, biggings, and penny-fione casi distance ? what trade is a portioner?? and what is meant, p. 46, by Mrs. O. being troublesome to her paramour? These might all have been as easily explained as the (warf; that happened to Mr. Ogilvie on the hill : i. e. he had swarfed or fainted. But our greatest objection is to the form of the criminal indi&tment raised and pursued at the instance of Thomas Miller, Esq; his Majeity's advocate, for his Majesty's interest, againit Katherine Nairn, &c. What must foreigners, especially such as have the misfortune to live under arbitrary and oppreslive governments, think of this open declaration of his Britannic Majesty being interefled in the issue of a criminal prosecution and what may they not be led to conclude when they read, at the bottom of the sentence, that all the moveable goods and gear,' of the person doomed to suffer death, “ be escheat and inbrought to his Majesty's ufe?' One of our English poets says wretches hang, that jurymen may dine;' and, from what is above quoted, may not the world be led to imagine, that in Scotland, as in Turkey, wretches hang, that their moveables may move into the royal coffers ?
CORRESPONDEN Ć E. H. F.'s letter in relation to Mr. Jeacocke's Vindication of the Moral Character of St. Paul, appears to have been quite unneceffary. Nobody, we apprehend, could ever have drawn, from the Reviewers account of that publication, any inference to the prejudice of the writer's character, as a real believer in Christianity;' for such Mr. Jeacocke undoubtedly (as H. E. remarks) ' appears to be, through thie whole of his pamphlet.' What was said of the apostle Paul's being vindicated at the expence of St. Peter, was rather pleasantly than se verily observed ; and the passage on which the observation was founded, was fairly quoted: from whence every reader might judge for himself, both as to the propriety and tendency of Mr. J.'s argument, and of what the Reviewer said on the subject. On the whole, the Reviewers da entirely concur with H. F. in his opinion, although the thought is not a new one, that it is a great evidence of the integrity, of the sacred writers, that they have recorded the faults as well as the excellencies of the characters they have mentioned."
* See Review for Auguit last, p. 156.
S. Millan L. L lative tonded by
An Iliustration of several Texts of Scripture, particularly those in which the Logos occurs. The Substance of Eight Sermons preached in the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, in the Years 1764, and 1765. At the Appointment of Mrs. Heathcote, and by Permission of the Lord Bishop of London ; for the Lecture founded by Lady Moyer. To which are added, Two Tratis relative to an intermediate State. By Benjamin Dawson, L. L. D. Rector of
Burgh, in Suffolk: 8vo. 45. Millar, &c. A LTHOUGH the spirit of controversy in religious matA ters seems to be much on the decline; (and perhaps the illiberal manner, in which it has been too often conducted, may have disposed moderate persons to wish a speedy end of it) yet, while mankind think religion to be of importance, and while it is found so greatly to affect the welfare of every society, we Thall have little cause to expect its absolute termination ; nor, in reason, can we hope that those we are connected with in fociety, will be totally indifferent to that which must ever support our most essential interests. Mankind are certainly formed for religion. This is so manifest, that we need no vther proof of it than the very argument generally made use of against it, viz. that the most subtle politicians, as well as the wiselt and greatest legislators, have ever encouraged some species of religion in their different plans of civil policy, having always found it ready to their hand, interwoven, as it were, in the very frame of government. Priestcraft is but the abuse which narrow-fighted politicians have made of this religious propensity, so natural to the human mind; and it would be more wisely brought as an argument for free enquiry, in order to prevent imposition, than for rejecting all religion, as meer artifice and contrivance.
Polemic divinity, which engages in scholastic questions and metaphysical subiilties, is juftly considered as the most unproVOL. XXXIII. Е е
fitable species of writing. But freedom of debate, and even a decent exprellion of zeal on the capital points of Christianity, will always be looked upon in a very different light, by the sensible and judicious. "As to those who are the professed guardians of religion, in them, a total indifference to its intereft would appear highly culpable; and an ignorance of those queftions which have exercised the pens of the ableft divines, extremely shameful.
In that part of the present work more immediately * before us, the Author, though he is far from appearing lukewarm on the subject, discovers no unbecoming zeal for the doctrines he maintains; but rather scems defirous of a cool confideration and impartial comparison of them with the principles of the New Testament. On this account he is certainly entitled to that indulgence from the public which he fo reasonably hopes to meet with from his diocefail, the Bishop of Norwich; to whom, in a short dedication, he hath exprefled his desire of serving, by this publication, the interest of religion in general, and of the established church in particular.
Seiving the church, however, has very different ideas affixed to it by different people ; and the Doctor may probably enough, in the opinion of fome of his readers, be prejudicing and betraving its interest, wbile, according to the idea which others may entertain, he is doing it real honour, and essential service.
That our Readers may judge for themselves, we shall proceed to lay before them the plan of this work, with some specimens of the manner in which it is executed.
In the courie of the following lectures (says the Author) I liave undertaken to prove from fcripture these three pofitions: ift, That he who redeemed us was very God manifested in the Piesh, not the first of created beings united to an human body, uor a nicre men in whom the fulness of the godhead dwelt not, 2d, That Jefus Christ was indeed perfeit man, of a reasonable foui and bunan icih lubrifing, but that man in whom God himjelf and no other being, in nature inferior, dwelt. 3d, That the Holy Ghujt is of a nature perfectly divine; not a distinct and Separate Bcing from the Father Almighty, inferior both to him and the Son, but true and very God; or, in other words, that he who hath jančiified is one and the same God with him that created and reiši cineil us. • The Reader will obferve with us the careful and guarded manner in which our Author hath expressed himself in opening the delign of his performance. Aware of the difficulties in which his predecessors on this subject involved themselves by the uute of metaphysical terms and scholastic forms of expreffion, he
* The Lubftance of the Lady. Moyer's Lectures.
has judiciously avoided the neceflity which they lay under, of answering such objections as are often drawn from a faile conception of the terms themselves. • If our Readers think it worth their while to consult Dr. Waterland's sermons preached on the same occasion with these of our Author, they will be abundanıly convinced of the justness of this remark; though our Author hath thought proper to take no notice of this great champion in the cause, having in his eye still more exceptionable writers.
The first of the forementioned positions the Doctor proposes to evince-from the representation given of what is generally termed the incarnation of the Son of God, from the testimony of the evangelists and apostles,—and from the testimony of Christ himself.
After having briefly observed, from the scripture account of the incarnation, that no mention is there made of any other than two natures, viz. the one perfectly human, the other perfectly divine, he concludes, against the Arians, that there is no ground for supposing that a Being who, in a pre-existant state, was distinct from and inferior to God, was united to humanity.
With regard to the testimony of the evangelists, he has shewn, that they never ascribe our redemption to any other Being than God himself, operating in the man Christ Jesus. They were far, fays he, (speaking of the people who had seen a miraculous cure performed) from giving glory to any other Being than the Mor High, nor could it ever enter their heads that it was not God, but some angel or demigod united to humanity, that wrought the cure.'
In another place, on our Saviour's restoring a dead person to life, he thus expresseth himself; ' It was man, the man Christ Jesus, that touched the bier and said Young man arise; but it was God alone that gave life to the dead. It was the power of the Almighty, and not of any finite Being, which accompanied and gave efhcacy to the command.'
Having cited many texts to this purpose, from the evange. lifts, he concludes his first lecture with the following vindication of the worship of the church of England, from the unjust reflections (as he conceives them to be) of both Socinians and Arians.
From the representation, therefore, which the evangelists have given us of Jesus Christ, and the power which manifested itself in hini, it appears, that we have good reason to ascribe, to the author of our salvation, eternal power and godhead. The Socinians may declaim ever so much against rendering to a mere mortal that worship which is due to God alone; and they are juftified in withholding it themselves. But if they supposé our church warrants such kind of worship, they are under a grofs Еe 2