« السابقةمتابعة »
Right Honourable Earl of Morton, President of the Royal
Society. Reverend Mr. Maskelyne, Affronomer Royal. Reverend Mr. Horníby, Savilian Professor of Astronomy at
Oxford. Reverend Mr. Betts, Savilian Professor of Geometry at Oxford. Reverend Mr. Shepherd, Plumian Professor of Astronomy and
Experimental Philosophy at Cambridge. Sir Thomas Salusbury, Judge of the High Court of Admiralty. Philip Stephens, Esq; Secretary of the Admiralty. George Cokburne, Efg; Comptroller of the Navy. Reverend Dr. Long, Lowndes's Professor of Astronomy at
Cambridge. Mr. Harrison, who was attending, was then called in, (together with his fon) and being informed that the board was now ready to fix upon a time for his making the above mentioned discovery, agreeable to the resolutions of the two last boards, which had been communicated to him, and to which he had before given kis affent; he denied ever having given such affent, and absolutely refused to do it agreeable to those resolutions ; and, at the same time, referred the board to a letter, which he faid he had delivered at their last meeting, containing his objections thereto. The board, not recollecting any thing of that letter, were naturally led into an enquiry concerning it ; and thereupon found, that such a one had been discovered, lying upon the table, by some of the Commissioners who remained after the last board broke up, and had been given by them to the Secretary ; but it did not appear to whom the said letter had been delivered, or how it came upon the table. It was then called for, and read in the words following, viz.
My Lords and Gentlemen, “ON Tuesday I received, by the hand of my son, your “ resolutions on that day; the first of which is what I thought “ you would demand, therefore my son was commissioned to 46 comply with it.
" The first part of the second resolution, viz. " That I “ 66 shall give a farther explanation by word of mouth,” may “ also be complied with ; but it must be mentioned who I am " to give this farther explanation to, for I will never attempt “ to explain it to the satisfaction of the Commissioners, and 6 who they may appoint; nor will I ever come under the “ direalions of men of theory. As to the other part of this - your second resolution, viz. • Experimental exhibitions, 56 where judged necessary, relative to the said watch, pro.““ ducing the same, taking it in pieces, and answering * “ upon oath to every question proposed by the board, and
« « such persons as may be appointed by them for th: exa« « mination thereof;" these are terms woich I cannot comply cc with,
6. As to your third resolution, that I certainly will coinply 66 with, when I have got my just reward.
“ I cannot help thinking but I am extremely ill used by gen. « tlemen who I might have expected a different treatment 66 from ; for if the Act of the 12th of Queen Anne be deficient, 6 why have I so long been encouraged under it, in order to 66 bring my invention to perfection ? and, after the completion, 66 why was my son sent twice to the West-Indies? Had it
s been said to my son, when he received the last instructions, " there will, in case you succeed, be a new Act at your return, 6 in order to lay you under new restrictions, which were not " thought of in the Act of the 12th of Queen Anne; I say, « had this been the case, I might have expected some such treat« ment as I now meet with.
" It must be owned that my case is very hard, but I hope I 66 am the first, and, for my country's sake, shall be the last ihat " suffers by pinning my faith on an English Act of Parliament. << Had I received my juft reward, for certainly it may be so 66 called after 40 years close application in the improvement of " that talent which it had pleased God to give me, then my « invention would have taken the course which all improves i ments in this world do, that is, I must have instructed work“ men in its principles and execution, which I should have been “ glad to have had an opportunity of doing : but how widely this cs is different to what is now proposed, viz. for me to instruct ct people that I know nothing of, and such as may know no« thing of mechanicks; and if I do not make thein under“ fand to their satisfaction, I may then have nothing! hard of fate indeed to me, but still harder to the world, which may 6 be deprived of this my invention, which must be the case, u except by my open and free manner of describing all the prin« ciples of it to gentlemen and workmen, who-almost, at all « times, have had free recourse to see my inftruments; and if
any of these workmen shall have been so ingenious as to have it got my invention, how far you will please to reward them “ for their piracy, must be left for you to determine; and I si muft sit myself down in old age, and thank God I can be ut more cafy in that I have made the conquest, and though I < have no reward, than if I had come short of the matter, and ( by some delusion had the reward. I am, Lords ara Gen“ tlemen, your humble Servant, .66 May 20, 1765. .
" JOHN HARRISON." Mr, Harrison was then told, by a majority of the Commilfioners present, that with regard to experimental exhibitions,'
caring, “ drop of Ethat he never hush he left the might be operations
uten Upon whilupposed "thene of those me
to which he seemed to make so much objection, all that the board meant thereby, was, that in case there should be any particular operations relating to the construction of his time keeper, which could not be sufficiently explained by words, so as to convey a full and clear idea of the method of executing the same, in such case the board would expect to see the operation performed, or the experiment made. The method of tempering his springs was instanced as one of those operations or experiments; and it was supposed there might be others of the like nature. Upon which he left the board abruptly, declaring, “That he never would consent to it, so long as he had a “ drop of English blood in his body.”
The form of an oath (grounded upon the above-mentioned resolutions of the 28th and 30th of last month) was then drawn up, and Mr. Harrison's son (his father being gone) was called in; and the said form having been shewn to him, he was asked, if he thought his father would take it previous to the discovery; he answered in the negative, and told the board, that his father had declared, before he went, “ that he would have nothing fur. “ ther to do with it."—He was then desired to withdraw.
Resolved, nem, con. • That it iş the opinion of this board, that the terms which have been proposed to Mr. Harrison, for a discovery of the principles and construction of his watch, or time-keeper, are reasonable and proper ; and that, as he has so peremptorily refused to comply therewith, they do not think themselves authorized to give him any certificate, or that it is to any purpose to treat with him any further upon the matter, till he alters his present sentiments.
On a very attentive and impartial perusal of the above miputes, we cannot help being of opinion with the Commissioners, that the terms proposed to Mr. Harrison, are by no means unreasonable or improper ; and cannot conceive why he should object to them ; unless he hath some private reason for distrusting his own discovery or their honour; against the latter of which we think he hath thrown out some groundless insinuations.
· For JUL Y, 1765. Art. 12. The Contrall: l'ith Corrections and Restorations. And an Introductory Differtation on the Origin of the Feuds and Anio , anglities in tbe State. Small 8vo. 35, 6d. Kearney.
T HE Contraster was originally a political Essayist in the Daily Ga.
1 zetteer, in which paper he first made his appearance, on the 29th of June, 1763, and was continued, on Wednesdays only, till the hath of December following ; when the Author took leave of the public, in
The Farewell Contrast,' No.24. His essays having excited fome degree of attention, he has here collected them into a decent volume, with corrections (which they much needed) and a restoration of such passages as, in their firft form, the printer's caution induced him to omit. · The Contraster is a bold, spirited, but irregular huffar kind of Writer ; hasty to assert; keen at invective; mean and scurrilous in his language : incorrect and inelegant in his style : partial to the people whose cause he espouses, and prejudiced, in the highest degree, against those whom he attacks. Of the firfi, Mr. Pitt stands foremost ; and he is an hero,.a patriot, a character immaculate : equalled only by the patriotic common council of the city of London. Among the latter, the most diftinguished are, the disenters, the Earl of Bute, and the Scotch ; and they are-horrible monsters ! hated by Gods and men!
in his introductory discourse on the origin of the late feuds and animo. sities in the state, he thus speaks of the FAVOURITE. s Among the Scots appointed to office about the Heir apparent, was a man whose determined resolution of opposing government, whether right or wrong. had jatly excluded him from being one of the fixteen peers, during the adminiftration of Sir Robert Walpole: and who, after his exclusion, in disgust, had retired for some years to the Ife of Bute, where, by conversing only with his vassals and dependents, he increased his natural re. ferved and tyrannical disposition, which had before rendered bim illsuited to the English. His good fortune, and his Scotch friends, procured him a very high office at Saville-house: the Scotch talent is to ac, quire favour ; he applied himself to every ingratiating art, he succeeded to the utmost of his wishes, becoming the favourite and exclusive ruler of that court.'--Thus far, p. 6 and 7. At p. 27 his lordship again appears on the Itage ; and now, indeed, he is represented as appearing on the flage, in a literal sense.—' The Scot now t assumed the whole power of the nation, and this he did, like the valiant Drawcansir, “ because he dared,” having no pretence for so doing, but that it was his humour. his country's interest, and that the power of promoting himself was in his own hands I. If Difinterestednefs herself || was to draw the negative qualities of the first officer of state in this kingdom, it would be mucha
;. In the dedication of his book, to this truly loyal and honourable' body, he styles them, the constant friends and patrons of the Virtu. Ous: the never failing opponents to the wicked and oppreflive; the zealous supporters of the JUST PREROGATIVES of the Crown; the watchful guardians of the liberties of their fellow SUBJECTS ;- who have with zeal and affection faithfully served the LLUSTRIOUS House of HaNOVER; who deteft and abhor the very name of STUART; and who glory in their steady attachment to REVOLUTION PRINCIPLES.'-Nothing can exceed this ; no, not even the late address of the imagistrates of Konierberg- To the most ILLUSTRIOUS, NOBLE, LEARNED, and VENE. RABLE, the Lord Mayor and Senators of he renowned City of London.'
+ After Mr. Piit's resignation. I 'Odd fort of prelences these! | Who the deuce is free?
Jucb a charaéter as had now assumed the reigns of government. He was a man that at no part of life had opportunity or inclination of applying to business. When young, he was disposed to gaiety; and though, as I before mentioned, having been, at the close of a seffion, elccted one of the fixteen peers, yet by his opposing, right or wrong, all measures of govern inent, was at the next election excluded, and then in disgutt re. tired to an isle in the kingdom of Scotland, where he spent many years in close monasterial retirement. This being the prime of his life, in which mott men, after the school of books, enlarge their ideas in the only + useful school, the conversation of men, he formed his from theory ; became reserved, full of strong prejudices, and unfit for any thing but the tyrannic domain of an highland clan.
When he returned, as if fate was still making him her sport, one time exalting him, the more complearly to depress him another, he was taken norice of on an occasion, that no one could have conceived in. troductory to the prime-ministership. The Dutchess of Queensberry having entertained her friends with the play of the Fair Penitent, the part of Lothario feil to the lot of his lordship, in which he fucceeded so much better than in his late performances in the character of a flater. man, that he was greatly admired, and particularly by his late Royal Highness Frederic Prince of Wales, who took great notice of this occafional Roscius, and invited him to Leicetter-houre, which laid the foundation of a connection, that I fear England will ever repent 1. .:After the death of this excellent prince, at the settling of the hour. hold at Saville house, his lord'hip became a great favourite ; his talents, however unfit for public imploy, very deservedly made him amiable to his young malter, in a private capacity; his morals were unexception. able, and he was well disposed to arts and artists, though he has ever been directed by national attachments, caprice, or private friendships, and not by a disinterested zeal for real merit. If any doubt thele affer. tions, I appeal to those miserable pictures that disgrace Guildhall. If they boaft his judgment in sculpture, I appeal to the new-invented figure at the Royal Exchange. If they say that he knows more of poetry than an Hottentot does of cookery, I appeal to those unfortunate people who yawned at the excellent Scotch performance, called Agisli, King of Sparta. Buc if it should be said that his private regard for Ramsay, Wilton, and Home, make him promote them at the expence of his own reputation for taste, I then applaud his good nature, but cannot acquiesce in his public pretensions of being a Macenas. He was in every respect adapted to the small circle of a coal-fire ; here his virtues were known, and his fincere attachmen:s made him amiable; but when viewed in the enlarged light of a minister, or Mæcenas, were truly ridiculous or contemptible, and the means of bringing those works of genius into disgrace, that he had made a parade of proinoting.
- This was the man that became so great a dupe to his pride, vanity and ambition, and the selfilhness of his dependents ; that, after the expulqon of the ableft and most approved ministry this nation ever had, during which there was the greatest union and harmony ever known be.
• Query, how many?? + All other schols, then, are of no use! Was England then guily of forming this connection?
# See Review, Vol. XVIII. p. 2750