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the following inscription, in letters of gold:

PEACE ON EARTH-GOOD WILL TO MAN. Ah why will men forget that they are breth


This article also provides for ornamenting this room with appropriate emblems and pictures, and the performance of "odes and anthems in praise of the blessings of peace."

“ In order the more deeply to affect the minds of the citizens of the United States, with the blessings of peace, by contrasting them with the evils of war, let the following inscriptions be painted on the sign, which is placed over the door of the War Office.

1. An office for butchering the human species.

2. A widow and orphan-making office.
3. A broken bone-making office.
4. A wooden leg-making office.

5. An office for creating private and public vices.

6. An office for creating public debt.

7. An office for creating speculators, stockjobbers and bankrupts.

8. An office for creating famine. 9. An office for creating political diseases.

Philadelphia, while many physicians, from motives of personal safety, deserted the city, he was always found at his post, and regardless of danger and fatigue, spent his days and nights in visiting the sick, whether poor or rich, and counselling the public authorities, and having survived all those dangers, died at a good old age in 1813. Who says this man was not a republican ?

NO. 33.


I had fully determined not to give the opinions of living authors, on war, because they crowded so fast upon me, that the selection of them had become too difficult, and I meant to have closed my extracts from the testimonies of great and good men in favor of peace, with my last number. But, since that conclusion, and even after I had completed this series, the remarks of the celebrated Lacon fell in my way, and I was pleased to find,

that the sentiments which I had been endeavoring to inculcate on this side of the Atlantic, were so much more ably supported on the other,--not only by the friends of peaoe, but, also, by an author, who, never-as far as I know-has been connected with peace societies. Indeed, you can hardly take up a new book, on any subject, from a sermon to a novel, but that you find opinions against war expressed, where you little expected them. Straws shew the course of the current, and these things, as well as others,shew that the current of public opinion has changed and is changing, on the subject of war and military glory, and many, who do not openly espouse our cause, are, almost unconsciously, assisting our endeavors.

I am sorry, that I am obliged to abridge the remarks of the author of “Many things in few words.” Indeed, on no other subject has he expended so many, but I must have a regard to the length of my papers.

“As I mean to confine myself, in this article, to war, and warriors, I think it right to premise that policy is a much more common ingredient in sach characters, than enthusi

10. An office for creating poverty, and the destruction of liberty, and national happiness.”

“In the lobby of this office, let there be painted representations of all the common military instruments of death, also human skulls, broken bones, unburied and putrefying dead bodies, hospitals crowded with sick and wounded soldiers, villages on fire, mothers in besieged towns, eating the flesh of their children, ships sinking in the ocean, rivers dyed with blood, and extensive plains without tree or fence, or any other object but the ruins of deserted farm-houses."

“ Above all this groupe of woeful figures, let the following words be inserted in red characters, to represent human blood :

NATIONAL GLORY." Some have been prejudiced against peace societies, because they ignorantly suppose, that they were commenced while the nation was at war. This is not the fact, and if it were, Doctor Rush gives a very pertinent answer above ; for if a war office is instituted in a time of peace, why should not a peaceoffice be instituted in a time of war?

Some are prejudiced against peace societies, because they suspect them to be anti-republican. Prejudice and ignorance go together they are mutually the cause and effect of each other. No one has ever doubted the republicanism of Doctor Rush, but as some of my readers, especially the younger, may be unacquainted with the biography of this great man, who excelled as much in political and moral knowledge, as he did in the healing art, I subjoin a hasty sketch of his life.

Doctor Benjamin Rush was born in Pennsylvania, in 1745,-graduated at Princeton college in 1760, being but about 15 years old, and' very early in life became an eminent physician. He took an active part in the revolution,

-was a member of the congress of ’76, “the time that tried men's souls,”was a signer of the declaration of independence-served in the revolutionary war-was the intimate friend of Washington and used his influence for the adoption of the new constitution. No one ever suspected Doctor Rush of being deficient in personal courage. During the time of the first yellow fever in

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