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These jointly woo'd him, envying one another,
Now, when they could no longer him enjoy,
I. M. 8.'
• If, as the Rev. Joseph Hunter contends, these admirable verses be assigned to Richard James, Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, we know not how the initials are to be reconciled : still less do we know how to account for the greater disparity of style. A man may change his initials, but cannot easily change the character and quality of his poetry. We sabjoin here, for the sake of completeness, certainly not for any excellence they possess, the following tributes to Shakespeare. The first is from John Weever's "Epigrams in the oldest Cat,” &c., 1599, and Epig. 22 is headed Ad Gulielmum Shakespeare.
“Honie-tong'a Shakespeare, when I saw thine issue,
I swore Apollo got them, and none other ;
Some heaven-born goddesse said to be their mother :
Faire fire-hot Venus charming him to love her ;
Romea, Richard, more whose names I know not,
Their sngred tongues and power-attractive beaty
For thousands yowes to them subjective dutie.
Go, wo thy Muse; more nymphish brood beget them." The above is an exact copy of the original, with its various errors, including the false concord in the twelfth line, which, as my friend Mr. W. W. Williams observes, ought to run “ For thousands vowe," &c. The next is from “The Scourge of Folly," by John Davies, called “of Hereford ” to distinguish bim from a much superior poet, Sir John Davys. It was published about 1609, and has for title " To our English Terence, Mr. Will. Shakespeare."
“Some say, good Will, which I in sport do sing,
Hadst thou not plaid some kingly parts in sport,
And beene a king among the meaner sort.
So to increase their stocke, which they do keepe." We might add some lines from the same anthor's “Microcosmus," printed in 1603, and from his “Humour's Heaven on Earth,” printed in 1605; but they have no characteristic, nor indeed any other merit, and we can only guess that Shakespeare and Barbadge are alluded to from the initials W. 8. and R. B. placed by the writer in his margin.
In reference to the portrait of Shakespeare, on the title-page of the folio, 1623, I subjoin a note furnished by the kindness of Mr. T. E. Tomlins, of Lincoln's Inn Fields. It shows that Martin Droeshont, the engraver of that portrait, a native of Brabant, and called Pictor, received Letters Patent of Denization in the year 1607: the words are “Martinio Droeshout, pictori in Brabantia in partibus transmarinis," and it was entered on the Patent roll 5 Jac. I. p. 30, mem. 39. The above reached me through the hands of my friend Mr. F. Guest Tomlins.
[The immediately ensuing leaves contain farther matter, illustrative of the text
of Shakespeare, which could not so conveniently be placed at the bottom of the page, or which subsequent reading and inquiry bave produced. We are not aware that
any part of it has before been used for the same purpose.]
VOL. I. P. 41.]— 17th June, 1555.] In the Carlton Ride has been found a Court Roll, dated 29 April, 1652, by which it appears that John Shakespeare and two others bad made a sterquinarium in “Hendley strete." It does not follow (though it is probable) that this John Shakespeare was the father of the poet: it may have been John Shakespeare, the shoemaker, regarding wbom see p. [47.
P. 99.)—Shakespeare visited Italy.] See an excellent letter by Mr. John Bruce in “The Shakespeare Society's Papers," Vol. i. p. 88, on the possibility that Shakespeare was in the Low Countries in 1586. He arrives at the conclusion that Will, " the jesting player" of Lord Leicester, mentioned in a letter from Sir P. Sidney, dated Utrecht, 24 March, 1586, was not Shakespeare but, in all likelihood, William Kempe.
P. 119.]-Add to note 9: We are, we think, bardly justified in saying that Shakespeare had once resided in the parish of Shoreditch. His name occurs in a subsidy-roll of the year 1598, as having been assessed in the sum of 6l. 138. 4d. on property in St. Helen's, Bishopgate. This may bave been some other William Shakespeare, and the nature of the property is no where hinted at.
P. 15.- Set her two courses : off to sea again ; lay her off,] Shakespeare seems to have drawn his boatswain according to the description of a good pilot in G. Harvey's" Four Letters," &c., 1592, near the opening of Letter iv.—“Like an expert pilot, that in a hideous tempest regardeth not the foolish shriekings, or vain outcries of disorderly passengers, but bestirreth himself, and directeth his mariners according to the wise rules of orderly navigation.”
P. 16.–Did never MEDDLE with my thoughts.] Webster, in bis“ White Devil,” 1612 (edit. Dyce i. 77), uses the word co-meddled.—“ Religion, Oh, how it is co-meddled with policy !"- How could the rev. editor, just above it, print “ Ob, horrible salary !" What sense can there be in it, and to what can "salary" refer? The speaker is alluding to the cruelty practised in Italy, where they sell justice with those weights they press men to death with,” and contrasting it with the practice in England, exclaiming “Ob, horrible slavery!" as regards the condi. tion of people in Italy.
P. 17.-Out three years old.] We meet with the same expression, with the addition only of " full,” in Barnaby Rich's tract, “Greene's Newes out of Heaven and Hell," 1593, Sign. E 4 b, “This gentlewoman had been married full out tenne yeares.”
P. 19.—He being thus LORDED.] The typographical error load for " lord" is met with in Robert Greene's " Menaphon," 1587, Sign. F 4 b, where it is asserted that the heliotropion turns to her load," instead of “ to her lord,” viz. the sun. Melody Moore has the same words—“to ber lord.”
P. 44.—That's VERITY.) We meet with this error the press in Nash's “ Have with you to Saffron Walden,” 1596, Sign 0 b, where he says “In plaine truth and in verity," "verity" being misprinted derily.
P. 54.—Why, thon DEBAUCHED fish thon,] So much had the old corrapt spelling, deboist, gone out of use in 1649, that in a popular poem published in that year, although it was to be pronounced deboist for the sake of the rhyme, it was printed “ debauch't:"
Let us go thorough and not be debauch't." " A Bartholemow Pairing," 1649, 4to.
P. 65.—and thy BROWN groves,] The use of the opithet “browo" here is much the same as in R. Barnfield's “ Legend of Cassand ” at the end of his “Cynthia,” 1595, where he speaks of the “ brown veil ” of black-mantled Night;
“And now black mantled Night with her brown vaile
Covers each thing that all the worlde might quaile." When Spenser, in his Pastorals, speaks of " the budded brooms," nobody can suppose (unless it be the Rev. A. Dyce) that he means “ broom groves."
P. 82.-And deal in her command, WITH ALL her power,] In W. Heminge's “Jew's Tragedy" there is a curious misprint of without, not for “with all," but for methought, where Zarack ought to say,
" Again, again, again mothought I saw ;". and be is made to say " without I saw,"—probably a misbearing.
P. 90.-For he was more than over shoes in love.] The same erpression occurs in R. Greene's “ Menaphon," 1587, Sign. F: “the cuntrie maides themselves fell in ve with this faire nimph, and could not blame Menaphon for being over the shoes with such a beautifull creature."
P. 29.—that's noddy.) Puttenbam in his “Art of English Poesie," 1689, p. 35, calls Thersites a "glorions noddie, whom Homer maketh mention of.”
P. 116.—Is it mine eyen,] When the note on this passage was written I was not aware that Mr. Singer might have followed Sir T. Hanmer in the emendation ; nor, of course, that it had ever been suggested before it appeared in my former edition : “mine egen ”must inevitably be right.
P. 131.-She is not to be kissed fasting,] The Rev. Mr. Dyce makes an odd blunder here, when be asserts (Shakespeare i. p. 52) that Rowe supplied the word “ fasting :” Rowe inserted “ kist” and not “ fasting."
P. 151.--Her eyes are GREEN as grass,] Yet Gascoigne praising a lady thus writes :
“Her eyes are greye as glasse, her teeth as wbyte as mylko,
A ruddy lyp, a dympled chyn, a skinne as smoothe as silke." Works : edit. 1587, p. 284. “Grey as glass," may certainly be right.
P. 161.-We will CONCLUDE all jars] If include be taken in the sense of “conclude," the following from R. Hobart's “ Life and Death of Edward II.” st. 405, shows that to “conclude " was sometimes used for to include.
"And in that compasse he concluded me," meaning " included me :" in the very next line we bave “concluded " in the sense of ended,
“ And so concluded, I should be depos'd.” P. 182.-the HUMOUR of this age,] “Humour" and honour wore often confounded by old printers and transcribers, but the blunder of “honour" for
horror was less frequent. Nevertheless we have an undoubted instance of it in Webster's “ Duchess of Mall," A. iv. sc. 2, where Bossola, in a fit of remorse, throwing off the disguise of a Bellman, in which he had strangled the beroine, exclaims
“Off, my painted borror!” In the old copies, and in modern reprints, “ borror" stands honour. In what way was the Bellman's disguise Bossola had worn for the purpose of murder an honour? See Dyce's Webster, i. 283, and Hazlitt's Webster, ü. 250.
P. 190.- to the tune of “ GREEN SLEEVES.”] There is a passage in “ Fennes Frutes," 1590, fo. 50 b, showing that " green sleeves " became a sort of cant name for a beloved lady—“ Did not noble Achilles purchase great dishonour by doting love ? For when he lay at the siege of Troy, because Atridas bad taken his sweet love, and green sleeves from him, he would no longer fight," &c.
P. 202.—and flying what pursues.] The same thing is said, in nearly the same words, in Marston's “ Fawn," 1606, A. iv.
“So we may learn that nicer love's a shade,
It follows fled, pursued flies as afraid.”
“ Lad of
” is addressed to Justice Shallow, wbo was of the peace. Those who print “ lads of peace
" from the 4to. do not perceive this: the Host bas previously called Evans and Caius“ boys of art."
P. 218.-- how you DRUMBLE] The active participle is met with in Nash's “ Have with you to Saffron Walden," 1596, Sign. E 2 b. • Though, graybeard, drumbling over a discourse be no crime I am subject to.”
P. 223. — And bowled to death with TURNIPS.] Yet turnips were not then by any means a common vegetable: both they and carrots had been imported from Holland, and in “ The Shoemaker's Holiday,” 1600, by Dekker and Wilson, Firk, speaking of the rich contents of a ship from abroad, says that she was laden with pranes, almons, suger-candy, carrat roots, turnups; ob brave fatting meate !"
P. 242.—You may not CONCEAL them, sir.] It would be just as reasonable to say that Marston did not know the difference between “conceive" and conceal, when in his “ Fawn," 1606, A. iii., we find the following:
“Dulcimel. May I rest sure thou wilt conceive a secret?
Philocalia. Yes, madam.
Dul. Why, canst thou not conceal a secret ?"
P. 272.-Save that we do the DENUNCIATION lack] The same use of " denounce,” for pronounce, is found in Webster's “ White Devil" (edit. Dyce, i. 107), where Monticelso, just elected Pope, excommunicates Brachiano and Vittoria :
“ We do denounce excommunication
Against them both." Sentence of excommunication was formerly denounced. It would be easy to multiply instances : pronounce was of later use.
P. 292.-Not with fond SHEKELS] In Richard Johnson's “Seven Champions of Christendom," edit. 1608, p. 43, we hear of a corslet of the value of “a thonsand sickles of silver."
P. 294.–With all her double vigour, art, and nature,] So Browne in his “Britannia's Pastorals,” edit. 1625, Book i. song 2, calls prostitutes
“ Insatiate gulphs, in your defective part,
By art help nature, and by nature art." P. 296.- Oh, injurious Love,] Sir T. Hanmer altered "love" to law, with considerable plausibility, but the change is by no means necessary; and as there is no trace of it in the corr. fo. 1632, we refrain from varying from the received reading in all the old impressions.