« السابقةمتابعة »
SCENE IV. The same.
Enter Lear, Fool, and Gentleman.
Lear. 'Tis strange that they should so depart from home,
As I learn'd,
Hail to thee, noble master!
SCENE IV.] Steev. SCENE VIII. Pope, 2. messenger) Messengers F,F,
3. in them] Om. Qq.
Kent.] Kent. [Waking.] Sta. Before Gloucester's castle. Mal. Dyce 5. Ha?] Ha, F, Rowe, Pope, Han. adds Kent in the stocks.
How, Qq, Jen. Steev. Ec. Var.
line, QqFf, Sta.
20, 21. Tom! ... am.] WALKER (Cril. iii, 277): So Rich. II: V, i, 92, 93, short'-heart.' What extent of license did Sh. allow himself in his rhymes ? [This qnestion has been answered by Ellis (Early Eng. Pronunciation, iii, 953) in a list of Shakespeare's rhymes and assonances. In this list there are eleven instances (of which four are in this play) of short a rhyming with short o, viz: the present instance, and soppish, apish, I, iv, 161, 163; corn, harm, III, vi, 41, 43; departure, shorter, I, v, 48, 49; dally, folly, R. of L, 554; man, on, Mid. N. D. II, i, 263, also III, ii, 348; crab, bob, Ib. II, i, 48; pap, hop, Ib. V, i. 303; cough, laugh, Ib. II, i, 54; heart, short, part, Love's Lab. V, ii, 55.]
21. am) RITSON: In assuming this character, I may preserve myself; as Edgar I am inevitably gone.
The same.] See SCHMIDT's note, II, iii, and CAPELL’s note on I, v, 1.
3. night before] COWDEN CLARKE calls attention to the effect of advancing day which is given by this allusion, thereby allowing the progress of dramatic time to take place with sufficient rapidity for the spectators to be beguiled into easy cre. dence, when, at the close of the present long scene, Gloucester says, “The night comes on," and Cornwall soon after observes, “ Tis a wild night.".
Makest thou this shame thy pastime?
No, my lord.
Lear. What's he that hath so much thy place mistook
It is both he and she:
6. this] Om. Pope, Han. thy Theob. Warb. Johns.
thy] ahy F,
Kent. No, my lori.] Om. Q7. 7-10. Ha,...nether-stocks.) Five lines, ending gartersg....beares....men....legs,.... Rockes. Qq. 7. Ha, ha!] Hah, ha, F.
he] Ff+, Knt, Dyce, Sta. Glo. +, Sch. look, he Q1 et cet.
cruel] Cruell FF, crewell Qq. crewel F,F., Rowe, Cap.
tied ] tide tide Fz 8. heads] heeles Qq. head Bos. Coll.
Del. Dyce, Wh.
8, 9. by th'] F,F,+, Jen. Wh. Sch. byt’h Q,. by' th' FF, by the Q, et cet.
9. man's] Qg, Jen. Dyce, Glo. +. mans Q, man F, man is FF F, et cet. at'] Ed.
at QqFf et cet. 10. wooden] wodden F,F,
nether stocks] neatherstockes Q, neather stockes Qg. nether socks Heath.
II, 12, What's...here?) Rowe. Prose, Qq. Three lines, ending he,...mifook ...heere? Ff.
12, 13. It...daughter.] One line, Qq.
7. cruel] The similarity in sound between this word and crewel is, as COLLIER says, a fruitsul theme for jokes in the old dramatists. Would it not be better to print crewel in the text? HALLIWELL: This word was obvious to the punster, and is unmercifully used by the older dramatists. A pun similar to that in the text is in one of L'Estrange's anecdotes :-A greate zelote for the Cause would not allow the Parliament's army to be beaten in a certaine fight, but confest he did beleeve they might be worsted. To which linsy-wolsey expression, a merry cavaleere reply'd, • Take heede of that, for worsted is a cruell peece of stuffe.'
8. by the heads] Both in the Ff and in Q, the the' before · heads' and heeles is not contracted, while it is contracted in every other instance in this speech. Can any inference be drawn from this that the h was not aspirated ?—ED.
9. at' legs] An absorption of the definite article; see II, ii, 116.
10. nether-stocks] STEEVENS: The old word for stockings. Breeches were called overstockes, according to Baret's Alvearie (s. v. Breeches; also called upper stockes, as in the following quotation). Heywood, among his Epigrams [p. 204, ed. Spenser Soc.-WRIGHT), has these lines : « Thy vpper stocks be they stufte with sylke or flocks, Neuer become the lyke a nether payre of stocks.'
11, 12, so ... To] See 1, iv, 36.
Kent. I say, yea.
They durst not do't;
My lord, when at their home
17. I say, yea.] But I say, yea. Han. Cap.
18, 19. Lear. No...have.] Om. Ff +, Cap.
21. Kent. By...ay. Lear.] Om. Qq. 21, 22. do't...do't] do it...do it Qz.
22. could...would] would...could Q9, Jen.
25. mightst] may'p Qz mais Q..
25. impose) purpose Qq.
28. show'd] shewd Pope. thewed QqFf, Rowe. showed Coll, iii, Sch.
29. came there) came Pope +. there came Jen. (a misprint?)
30. panting) painting F.
31. salutations] falutation F,F,F. +, Сар. .
32. Deliver'd] Deliuered Qq.
23. upon respect] SINGER was the first to give the true explanation of this phrase : deliberately or upon consideration.' EDWARDS, HEATH, and Johnson all interpreted it as referring it to the respect' or reverence due to the king's messenger. MALONE supposed that respect' was personified. SINGER referred to Ham. III, 1, 68. Wright agrees with Singer, and cites a convincing passage from King John, IV, ii, 214: “To know the meaning Of dangerous majesty, when perchance it frowns More upon humour than advised respect.' • That is, rather capriciously than deliberately. Bacon frequently uses “ upon " in similar phrases. See Glossary to the Essays, ed. Wright.'
24. modest] SCHMIDT (Lex.): Filling up the measure, neither going beyond, nor falling short of what is required, satisfactory, becoming. As much haste as may consist with telling the full truth. See also IV, vii, 5.
25, 26. Thou... Coming] ABBOTT, $ 377: That is, ' since thou comest.' The participle is sometimes so separated from the verb that it seems to be used absolutely.
25. usage] According to SCHMIDT, only used by Sh. in the sense of treatment. 32. intermission] CAPELL: Message intermediate. Though he saw me then
Which presently they read; on whose contents
Fathers that wear rags
Bos. Sing. Ktly, Glo. +.
46-51. Three lines, Ff, Rowe, Knt.
in the action of presenting a prior letter. STEEVENS : Without pause, without suffer-
We think this interpretation is borne out by the only three other passages
33. presently] Immediately. See Sh. passim.
34. meiny] POPE: People. MASON: The word menial, which is derived from
Do make their children blind.
Shall see their children kind.
Ne'er turns the key to th' poor.-
Lear. O, how this mother swells up toward my heart!
Kent. With the earl, sir, here within.
52, 53. this,...daughters] this, it follows......daughters dear Coll. ii (MS), reading 52, 53 as four lines of rhyme.
52. dolours] Dolors F,F,Fz.
52. for thy) for thy deare Fz for thy dear F,F,, Rowe, Pope. from thy dear Theob. Han. Warb. Cap. Jen. Ec. from thy Sing. Ktly.
54. up toward] up to Jen.
55. Hysterica] Historica Qq, F,F.: Hystorica F,
57, 58. With...not;] One line, Steev. '93, Bos. Knt, Coll. Del. Sing. Dyce, Wh. Ktly, Glo.
57. here] 'Om. Qq.
52. dolours] STEEVENS: The same quibble on dolours' and dollars occurs in Temp. II, i, 18, and Meas. for Meas. I, ii, 50.
52. for] For other instances of 'for' equivalent to 'on account of,' see Macó. III, i, 120, or ABBOTT, $ 150.
53. tell] WRIGHT: Count or recount, according to the sense in which dolours' is understood.
54. mother] Percy: Lear here affects to pass off the swelling of his heart, ready to burst with grief and indignation, for the disease called the Mother, or Hysterica Passio, which, in our author's time, was not thought peeuliar to women only. In Harsnet's Declaration of Popish Impostures, Richard Mainy, Gent, one of the pretended demoniacs, deposes, p. 263, that the first night that he came to Denham, the seat of Mr. Peckham, where these impostures were managed, he was somewhat evill at ease, and he grew worse and worse with an old disease that he had, and which the priests persuaded him was from the possession of the Devil, viz. · The disease I spake of was a spice of the Mother, wherewith I had bene troubled ... before my going into Fraunce: whether I doe rightly term it the Mother or no, I know not. ... When I was sicke of this disease in Fraunce, a Scottish doctor of physick then in Paris, called it, as I remember, l’ertiginem Capitis. It riseth ... of a winde in the bottome of the belly, and proceeding with a great swelling, causeth a very painful collicke in the stomack, and an extraordinary giddines in the head.' It is at least very probable, that Sh. would not have thought of making Lear affect to have the Hysterick Passion, or Mother, if this passage in Harsnet's pamphlet had not suggested it to him, when he was selecting the other particulars from it, in order to furnish out his character of 'Tom of Bedlam, to whom this demoniacal gibberish is admirably adapted. Ritson: In p. 25 of the above pamphlet it is said, “Ma: Maynie had a spice of the Hysterica passio, as seems, from his youth, he himselse termes it the Moother.'