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ingofthc Bar—Proceedings thereof—Reply—Withdrawal from Politics—Change
in the Position of Parties—Mr. Hunt's Opinions—His Election to Congress and
regular Re-election—Amendments to the Constitution—Lake and River Naviga-
tion—The Protective System—Ship Canal around the Falls of Niagara—The
Naturalization Laws—His Opinions thereon—The Oregon Question—Annexation
of Texas—The Mexican War—His Opinions thereon—Declaratory Resolution—
The Wilmot Proviso—Resolution of Thanks to General Scott—Bill for the Relief
of Ireland—History of that Measure—Whig Stato Convention of Syracuse—Mr.
Hunt's Address as President thereof—Committee on Commerce—Personal Ex-
planations—Private Character of Mr. Hunt Page 341-36J


District—Birth—Family—Farly Career—Studies Law—Admitted to Practice
in Virginia—Removal to South Carolina—Teaches School—His Success—Nullifi-
cation Troubles—General Jackson's Proclamation—Public Meeting—Enrollment
of Volunteers—Resolutions in Condemnation of the Proclamation—Mr. Sims's
Election to the State Legislature—Author of several Measures adopted by tho
Legislature—Takes his Scat as a Member of the Twenty-ninth Congress—State
of our foreign Relations—Politics of Mr. Sims—The Smithsonian Institute—Mr.
Sims's Opposition thereto, and its Cause—Biographical Notice of .lames Smithson
—Appropriations for Harbors and Rivers—The Oregon Notice—Mr. Sims's Opin-
ions of the relative Duties of the Legislative and Treaty-making Power respect-
ing that Measure—Views as to the Settlement of the Question—The Mexican War
—Appointment of Lientenant General—Slavery—Extract from Debates—Messrs.
Sims, Burt, and Bradford R.Wood—Local Matters—Demagogisra, and what con-
stitutes it—Pamphlet on Slavery—Bcvil Faulcon—Political Essays—Eulogy on
the late John Campbell—Mr. Sims's Marriage—Death of his Wife—His Duties in
Congress—The Retrocession of Alexandria 366-375


Fame of that State—Her Delegations in Congress—Robert C. Winthrop—His
Position at Home—Opposition to him—Its Result—Statement of George T. Curtis
—Mr. Winthrop's Absence in Europe—His Birth and Ancestry—John Winthrop
and the Massachusetts Colony—The younger Winthrop—His Character—Father
of R. O. Winthrop—Early Pursuits of the Latter—His Admittance to the Bar—
Diverted to Public Life—Abandons the Practice of his Profession—Elected to the
State Legislature—Remains there six Years—Elected Speaker—His Character in
that Capacity—Elected to Congress—His Marriage—Death of his Wife—Charac-
ter as a Debater—Extracts — The Compromise Act — Resolution of Inquiry into
tho Revenue Laws—Imprisonment of colored Seamen from Massachusetts in the
Southern States—Report and Resolutions concerning that Subject—Disposition
thereof—The same Question in connection with British Subjects—The Twenty-
first Rule—Views of Mr. Winthrop—Annexation of Texas—First Declaration of
that Policy in Congress—Resolution introduced by Mr. Winthrop—His Opposition
to the Joint Resolution of Annexation, and his Reasons—His subsequent Conduct
toward Texas—Toast at Fanenil Hall—The Oregon Controversy—Reproachc s—
Resolutions proposing Arbitration—Notices of them—Suspicions met—Extract —
Messrs. Winthrop and M'Clernand—Charges against the former at Home, stated
—History of the Act of the 13th May, 1816, declaring the Existence of War with
Mexico, and of the Preamble—Proceedings and Votes thereon—Controversies
touching the Preamble—Mr. Winthrop's Exposition of his Vote—Provisoes con-
cerning tho War—His Rule of future Conduct—The Three Million Bill—His
Opinions thereon—Aid and Comfort to the Enemy—Extract—Messrs. Winthrop

and Seaborn Jones—Object in making the Extracts—The War of 1812—Politi-

cians—Our People—Their Temper—Destiny—Extract from Mr. Clay,s Speech at

Lexington—Mr. Wiuthrop,s Services on Committees—As a Commercial Repre-

sentative—Views on the Naturalization Laws—The Arts and Sciences—Internal

Improvements—Private Claims—Literary Accomplishments—Visit to Europe—

Opinion of Edward Everett, &c.—Springfield Convention—Election of Mr. Win-

throp as Speaker of the National House of Representatives—Correspondence with

Mr. Palfrey—Inaugural Address Page 376-424


Solicitude for the Reader—The Representative Body—" A Call"—Its Utility—

Opinion of J. Q. Adams—Heroes—Rules governing a Call—Causes of the Ab-
sence of a Quorum—Mode of socuring a Listener—A Parenthesis—The Bell of
the Capitol—Proceedings on a Call—Captives—Excuses—Maryland—Georgia—
Virginia—Teunessee—Kentucky—The Member from Alabama—Descent down
the granite Pillar—Daylight—Its Revelations—Results of the Call—Adjournment



Parentage, &c.—Judge Cabell—E. C. Cabell graduates—Removes—Some Par-

ticulars as to Florida and her probable Destiny—Convention to frame a Constitu-

tion—Admission of Florida into the Union—Mr. Cabell,s Participation therein—

Politics—F.lections—Senator Yulee—Contested Election between Mr. Cabell and

Mr. Brockenbrough—Particulars of that Contest—Proceedings in the House and

their Result—Mr. Cabell deprived of his Seat—The Feeling of the House person-

ally toward him—His Election to the Thirtieth Congress—His Letter concerning

the Election of Speaker 431-445


Parentage—Removal—Early Career and Pursuits—Practices Law—Removes
to the West—Settles at St. Louis—Political Struggle—Purchases a Newspaper
and conducts it—Elected Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives of Missouri
—Returns to his Profession—Elected to the Legislature—Marriage—Appointed
District Attorney—Resigns—Nominated for the Legislature—Elected Judge—
Lynch Law in St. Louis—Judge Bowlin,s resolute Conduct in its Suppression—
Extract from his Charge—Results—Resigns the Office—Martin Van Buren,s Visit
to St. Louis—Mr. Bowlin nominated for Congress—Elected—Regularly re-elected
—Banks and Banking in Missouri—The Currency Bill—Currency Reform—Di-
visions in the Democratic Ranks—Resolutions of Mr. Bowlin—Struggle between
the " Hards" and " Softs"—Results thereof—Reunion of the Democratic Party—
Mr. Bowltn a Candidate for Speaker of the National House of Representatives—
Withdraws—Single District System—Western Rivers—Disasters thereon—Texas
—Oregon—Western Interests—The Mexican War—Tax on Tea and Coffee—The
Wilmot Proviso—Return of Colonel Doniphan,s Regiment from Mexico—Their
Reception by the Citizens of Missouri—Address of Mr. Bowlin . . . 446-45G


Birth—Early Struggles and Pursuits—Studies Law—Admitted to Practice—Mar-

riaze—Investments—Success—Election to Congress—Character as a Member of

that Body—His re-election—The Mexican War—His Course and Votes thereon

—His Business and Estate* 457-463

SMITH, ROBERT, Of Illinois.

Birth—Family—Jeremiah Smith—Epitaph—Samuel Smith—John, the Father

of Robert—His Death and Character—The Mother of Robert Smith—Early Par-

suite of the latter—Teaches School—Learns a Trade—Becomes a Partner in the

Smithville Manufacturing Company—Returns to the Machine-shop—Learns the

Process of converting raw Cotton into Cloth—Superintends a Store and Factory

—Health fails—Travels—Resumes his Station in the Firm—Preaching and Dancing

—Creation of a new Town—Difficulties growing out of it—Commencement at

Hanover—Strangers of Distinction—Marriage of Mr. Smith—Preparations for emi-

gration Westward—Studies Law—Journey to Michigan—Departs for Illinois—

Condition of Things there—Lands—Mr. Smith elected Captain of the Militia

Company—Does Lawyer's Services without Fees—Purchases large Tracts of

Land—Lays it out into Building Lots—Makes a Road—Builds Houses—Makes a

Fortune—Loses it—Nominated for the Legislature—Defeated by Trick—Again

nominated and elected—Internal Improvements in Illinois—Bank Suspension—

Eo-clected—The Cumberland Road—Elected enrolling and engrossing Clerk of

the House of Representatives of Illinois—State newly districted—Mr. Smith elect-

ed to the Twenty-eighth Congress—Regularly re-elected—Has announced his De-

termination not again to be a Candidate—His Position at Home—Ilis Course in

the National Councils—Rivers and Harbors—Continuation of the Cumberland

Road—Donations of Land to actual Settlers—Reduction and Graduation—Oregon

—The Wilmot Proviso—Pay of the Army—Bills, Reports, &c. . Page 464-477

KING, DANIEL PUTNAM, Op Massachusetts.

Birth—Ancestors—Occupations—Agricultural Societies—Amendment to the

Smithsonian Institute—Addresses and Education—Marriage—His good Luck—

Election to the State Legislature—President of the Senate—Speaker of the House

—Character in that Capacity—Service on Committees—Measures reported by

him—The State Lunatic Hospital—Election and re-election to Congress—His

Course in that Body—Revolutionary Pensioners—Marine Hospital Fund—Pen-

sions to wounded Privateersineu—Spirit Rations—Fishing Bounties—Local Mat-

ters—His Vote on tuo Mexican War Bill—Amendment—His Opinions on the War

—Slavery 478-484


District—Birth—Education—Early Entrance into Public Life—Election to

Congress, and re-election—His Ancestors—His political Opinions—The only Rep-

resentative from a Slavoholding State who voted in favor of the Wilmot Proviso

—Slavery in Delaware—His Reasons for the Vote referred to—Joint Resolution

of Thanks to General Taylor—Proceedings of the House thereon—Amendment of

Mr. Henley concerning the War—Amendment of Mr. Ashmun—Vote thereon—

Subsequent Proceedings on the same Day 485-492


District—Parentage—Ancestors—Education—Studies Law—Practices—Suc-
cess—Elected to the Legislature—Elected Brigadior General—Manner of the
Election—Ex-Senator Rives—Controversy between New York and Virginia—Mr.
Bayly's Connection therewith—Elected to the Bench—Public Testimonial—Re-
signs his judicial Office—Election and re-election to Congress—His Course—
Oregon—Internal Improvements—Ex-President Tyler—Mr. Polk's Veto of the
Harbor Bill—The Protective System—Mr. Bayly's Opinions and Speeches—His
political Consistency attacked and vindicated—The Naturalization Laws—The

Annexation of Texas—The Mexican War Bill—The Wilmot Proviso—The Ordi-

nance of 1787—The Missouri Compromise—Slavery—Marriage—Position and

Character in the House Page 493-509


Parentage—Birth—Family—Education—Labor—Studies Law—How encour-

aged to do so—Admitted to the Bar—A Soldier—A Trader—An Editor—Practices

Law—Success—His political Principles—Elected to the Legislature—State of

Politics and Parties--The Contest and its Result—Internal Improvements in Illi-

noi»—Mr. M,Clemand,s Vote under Instructions—His Regret—Subsequent Opin-

ions^—Extract—Illinois and Michigan Canal—Mr. M,demand elected Commis-

sioner and Treasurer—Resigns—Complimentary Resolutions—Nominated for

Lieutenant Governor—Declines—Democratic Resolutions—Nominated for the Of-

fice of Secretary of State of Illinois—Some Account of the Controversy arising

oat of that Act, and its Result—Mr. M,Clernand re-elected to the Legislature—

New Judiciary Bill—Reform—The Debate thereon—Challenge—Mr. M,Clernand

chosen Presidential Elector—The Canvass—Its Results—Re-elected to the Legis-

Utore—Financial Crisis in Illinois—Banks, Internal Improvements, &c.—Meas-

ures proposed and adopted—His Election to Congress—His Marriage—His Course

in Congress—Fine imposed on General Jackson—Extracts—The second Section

of the Apportionment Law—The Rhode Island Controversy—Grant of Land to

the Illinois and Michigan Canal — Mr. M,Clernand nominated for Governor of

Illinois—Declines—His re-election to Congress—Texas—The Tariff—Oregon—

Tennessee Lands—The Mexican War—Reduction and Graduation of the Price of

the Public Lands—Bills concerning those Objects—The Mineral Lands—The

Wilmot Proviso—Internal Improvements—Jackson Monument Committee—Eulo-

gy on General Jackson—Mr. M,Clemand,s re-election—His Address to the Illi-

nois Volunteers—His public Life—Style of Speaking, &c 510-526


District—Residence—Ancestors—Birth—Early Life—Education—Studies Law

—Enters the Bar—Practices—Elected to the Legislature—Gradually retires from

the Profession—Re-elections to the Legislature—Services therein—Elected Speak-

ers—Re-elected to the Legislature—Elected to the Senate—President thereof—

Retires from public Life—Again elected—Repudiation—His Opinions thoreon—

Nominated for Governor—Elected again to the House of Delegates—Conciliatory

Temper of the opposition Party—Opinion of a Cotemporary—Insolvent System

of Maryland—Imprisonment for Debt—Costs in Civil Suits—Land Titles—Finan-

cial Condition of the State—Internal Improvements—Direct Taxation—School

System in Charles County—The Washington Monument in Baltimore—Em-

barrassed Finances of Maryland—The Responsibility thereof—Position of Mary-

land toward the Trade and Commerce of the West in the Event of a Dissolution

of the Union—Mr. Chapman,s Election to Congress—His Course there—Restrictive

Duties upon Tobacco—Amendment to the Tariff Bill—The Measures required, in

the Opinion of Mr. Chapman, to restore Prosperity to the Tobacco Interest—Ex-

tract—Eastern Branch of the Potomac—Mr. Chapman,s Services in Committee

—His Marriage, Character, and Pursuits 527-545

BRODHEAD, RICHARD, Of Pennsylvania.

District—Birth—Residence—Ancestry—Admitted to the Bar—Three times
elected to the Legislature—Elected to the Twenty-eighth Congress—Regular re-
election—His political Principles—Course on the Tariff—Defense of the Protective

Principle—National Foundries—Tonnage Duties on Canal Boats—Compilation of

the Pension Laws—The Mexican War—Oregon—Territorial Acquisition—Slavery

—The Wilmot Proviso—Extracts—Personal Appearance, &c. . Page 546-555

HUDSON, CHARLES, Of Massachusetts.

Parentage—Education—Labors on a Farm—Studies Theology—Licensed as a

Universalist Minister—Marriage—Doctrine of Retribution beyond Death—Con-

troversy—Separation—New Religious Denomination—Sabbath-schools—Sacred

Memoirs—Mr. Hudson elected to the Legislature—Serves in both Branches—

Internal Improvements in Massachusetts—Reports—Appointed a Member of the

Board of Education—Director of the Western Rail-road—Member of the Execu-

tive Council—Elected to Congress—Reports—Personal Appearance—Style of

Speaking—Political Principles—The Protective Policy—Speech on the Corn

Laws—The Right of Petition—Texas—His Vote on the Mexican War Bill—The

Wilmot Proviso—Parents, &c 556-560


A new Member—Birth—Parentage—Early Studies—Admitted to the Bar—

Removes to Oswego—Returns to New York—Publishes—Candidate for the Legis-

lature—Defeated—Removes to New Orleans—Admitted to the Bar there—Mar-

riage—Again removes to Oswego—Elected to the Legislature—Anti-rentiBm—The

Governor's Massage to the Legislature—Mr. Duer's Report—Bill passed—Criti-

cisms—Re-elected to the Legislature—Committee on Literature—Journals of the

New York Provincial Legislature, &c.—Common Schools—The North River Bank

—Case of Alexander M- Leod—Qualification of Voters—Candidate for Congress—

Defeated—Delegate to the National Whig Convention—Candidate for State Con-

vention—Defeated—District Attorney—Election to Congress—Personal Appear-

ance 561-565

ABBOTT, AMOS, Of Massachusetts.

Birth—Ancestry—Pursuits—Cause of Education—Elected to the Legislature—
Public Charities—Internal Improvements in Massachusetts—The Boston and
Maine Rail-road—Elected to Congress—District—Re-elected—Personal Appear-
ance, &c.—Political Principles—Marriage—Religion .... 5G6-568

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