« السابقةمتابعة »
A.M., LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., AND M.R.I.A.,
one of the Eight Associates of the Imperial Institute of France—Officer of the Legion of Honour—
$t to itb (obitic m.
V () L. II.
ED IN B U R G H :
x: i) C ("C. J., x.
Ergo vivida vis animi pervicit, et extra
Processit longe flammantia moenia mundi:
Atque omne immensum paraśravit mente animoque. Irror Trus. Tib. i. 1.73.
CHA PTER XVII.
Newton's health impaired—The Boyle Lectures by Bentley, who requests New-
ton's assistance—Newton's first Letter to Bentley on the Formation of the
Sun and Planets—His second Letter—Rotation of the Planets the result of
Divine power—His third Letter—Hypothesis of Matter evenly diffused—
Letter of Bentley to Newton—Reply to it by Newton in a fourth Letter—
Opinion of Plato examined—Supposed mental Illness of Newton ascribed
to the burning of his MSS.—Referred to in the Letters of Huygens and
Leibnitz—Made public by M. Biot–Mentioned in the Diary of Mr. De la
Pryme—The story referred to disproved—Newton's Papers burnt before
1684—Newton's Letter to Mr. Pepys—Letter of Mr. Pepys to Mr. Milling-
ton—Mr. Millington's reply—Mr. Pepys' second Letter to Mr. Millington—
Newton solves a Problem in Chances—His Letter to Locke—Reply of
Locke—Newton's Answer, explaining the cause of his Illness—His Critical
Letter to Dr. Mill—His Mind never in a state of derangement, but fitted
for the highest intellectual efforts, ..., - - - - ! •
Newton occupied with the Lunar Theory—His Correspondence with Flamsteed,
the Astronomer-Royal—Newton's Letters to Flamsteed, published by Mr.
Baily—Controversy which they occasioned—Flamsteed's Letters to Newton
discovered recently—Character of Flamsteed, in reference to this Contro-
versy—of Newton, and of Halley—All of them engaged, with different ob-
jects, in studying thc Lunar Theory—Newton applies to Flamsteed for
Observations on the Moon—And on the Refraction of the Atmosphere,
which Flamsteed transmits to him—Analysis of their Correspondence—
Flamsteed's bitterness against Halley—Differences between Newton and
Flamsteed—Flamsteed's ill health interferes with his supplying Newton
with Observations—Newton's impatience and expostulation with Flamsteed
—Justification of Flamsteed—Biot ascribes Newton's Letter to mental Ill-
mess—Refutation of this view of the subject—Newton never afflicted with
any mental disorder, . - - - - - - ... 108-134