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the labor which alone makes fruitful the capital bequeathed by generations of social industry.

What does it give to the many

? Their portion is poverty. This is the inevitable outcome of their competition for wages, and none know so well as the workers the full burden of that terrible and long-continued demoralisation which is brought about, not merely by the poverty of a generation, but by generations of poverty. With the smallest of chances the poor are expected to display the greatest of virtues. On scanty and uncertain wages they must struggle to maintain the independence, self-respect, and honesty of men and women, and to put by something for the rainy day that is sure to come.

Let the least depression take place in the labor market, and the worker is pitted against his fellow. The poverty of one is underbid by the greater need of another; and the competition for work reduces the highest wage of some and the lowest wage of all occupations to a pittance just above the starvation point, at which the least failure of health or work leads to pauperism.

This happens to nearly every worker; whilst the capitalist often retires with a fortune on which he, his children, and his children's children live without useful industry. Here is one out of many instances. The son of an owner of ironworks is now in the House of Lords; he has a fine town house and two or three country mansions; his children are brought up in ease and luxury. But where are the children of those whose work made the fortune? They toil from morning to night for a bare living as did their fathers before them.

This ceaseless labor of the workers continually enriches those already rich, until extreme wealth enables a privileged minority to live in careless luxury, undisturbed by the struggle for existence that goes on beneath them.

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Have laborers no right under the 80s but to work when capitalists think fit, and on such terms as competition may determine ? If the competitive standard of wage be the true one, why is it not applied all round? What, for instance, would be the competitive value of a Duke, a Bishop, or a Lord-in-Waiting ?

Do economists, statesmen, and sociologists stand hopeless before this problem of Poverty? Must workers continue in their misery whilst professors and politicians split straws and wrangle over trifles ?

No! for the workers must and will shake off their blind faith in the Commercial god Competition, and realise the responsibility of their unused powers.

If Capital be socialised, Labor will benefit by it fully, but while Capital is left in the hands of the few, Poverty must be the lot of the many.

Teach, preach and pray to all eternity in your schools and churches : it will avail you nothing until you have swept away this blind idol of Competition, this misuse of Capital in the hands of individuals.

You who live dainty and pleasant lives, reflect that your ease and luxury are paid for by the misery anil want of others! Your superfluities are the parents of their poverty. Surely all humanity is not burnt out of you by the gold your fathers left you !

Come out from your ease and superfluities and help

us!

You who suffer, think of this also; and help forward the only cure for these evils. The time approaches when Capital can be made public property, no longer at the disposal of the few, but owned by the community for the benefit of all. You can help to do this; without you it cannot be done. The power is in your hands, and chances of using that power are constantly within your reach. Neglect those chances, and you and your children will remain the victims of Competition and Capitalism--ever struggling-ever poor!

id.;

per doz.

ment of its Rules, etc., and the following publications can be obtained from
the Secretary, at the Fabian Office, 276 Strand, London, W.C.
FABIAN ESSAYS IN SOCIALISM.

(30th Thousand.) Library Edition, 61-; or, direct from the Secretary for Cash, 4/6 (postage, 43d.). Cheap Edition, Paper cover, 1/-; plain cloth, 2/-. At all booksellers, or post free from the Secretary for 1/- and 2/- respectively.

FABIAN TRACTS. 1.-Why are the Many Poor? 100th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; 1/- per 100. 5.-Facts for Socialists. A survey of the distribution of income and the con

dition of classes in England, gathered from official returns, and from the works of economists and statisticians. 6th edition; revised 1893. 55th

thousand. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 7.-Capital and Land. A similar survey of the distribution of property, with

a criticism of the distinction sometimes set up between Land and Capital

as instruments of production. 4th ed.; revised 1893. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. doz. 8.-Facts for Londoners. 5th thousand. 56 pp., 6d.; or 4/6 per doz. 10.-Figures for Londoners. 20th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d. ; 1/- per 100. 11.—The Workers' Political Program. 20th thous. 20 pp., 9d. 12.—Practicable Land Nationalization. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 13.-What Socialism Is. 80th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 14.- The New Reform Bill. A draft Act of Parliament providing for Adult

Suffrage, Payment of Members and their election expenses, Second Ballot,

and a thorough system of Registration. 15th thous. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. doz. 15.-English Progress towards Social Democracy. 1d.; 9d. per doz. ✓ 15.-A Plea for an Eight Hours Bill. 4 pp., 6 for 1d. ; 1/- per 100.

17.-Reform of the Poor Law. 20 pp., 1d. ; 9d. per doz. 18.-Facts for Bristol. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per

doz. 19.-What the Farm Laborer Wants. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 20.-Questions for Poor Law Guardians. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 21.- Questions for London Vestrymen. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 22.—The Truth about Leasehold Enfranchisement, gives reasons why Soci.

alists oppose the proposal, 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 23.—The Case for an Eight Hours Bill. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 24.- Questions for Parliamentary Candidates. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100.

25.- Questions for School Board Candidates. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. + 26.--Questions for London County Councillors. 6 for 1d.; or 17- per 100.

27.--Questions for Town Councillors. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 28.-Questions for County Councillors (Rural). 6 for 1d.; or 11- per 100. 29.--What to Read. A List of Books for Social Reformers. Contains the best

books and blue-books relating to Economics, Socialism, Labor Movements,

Poverty, etc. 2nd ed.; revised 1893. Paper cover, 3d. each; or 2/3 per doz. 38.- A Welsh Translation of No. 1. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100.

39.--A Democratic Budget. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. i 40.-The Fabian Manifesto for the General Election of 1892. 16 pp., 1d.

each; or 9d. per doz. 41.—The Fabian Society: What it has done and how it has done it.

32 pp., 1d. each; or 9d. per doz. 42.--Christian Socialism. By the Rev. STEWART D. HEADLAM. 16 pp., 1d.

each; or 9d. per doz. 43.-Vote, Vote, Vote. 2 pp. leaflet; 5/- per 1,000. 44.- A Plea for Poor Law Reform. 4 pp. 6 for 1d. ; or 1/- per 100. 45.-The Impossibilities of Anarchism. By G. BERNARD SHAW. 28 pp., 2d.

each; or 1/6 per doz.

FABIAN MUNICIPAL PROGRAM (Tracts Nos. 30 to 37). I. The Unearned Increment. 2. London's Heritage in the City Guilds. 3. Municipalization of the Gas Supply. 4. Municipal Tramways. 5. London's Water Tribute. 6. Municipalization of the London Docks. 7. The Scandal of London's Markets. 8. A Labor Policy for Public Authorities. Each 4 pp. The eight in a red cover for 1d. (9d. per doz.); or separately 1/- per 100.

5 The set post free for 2s. 3d.; Bound in Buckram, post free for 3s. Id. Manifesto of English Socialists. Issued by the Joint Committee of Socialist Bodies. In red cover. 8 pp., 1d. each; or 9d. per doz.

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“No one can contemplate the present condition of the masses of the people without desiring something like a revolution for the better (Mr. R. GIFFEN, “Essays in Finance,” vol. ii., p. 393).

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SOCIETY.-The Fabian Society oonsists of Socialists. A state

its Rules, eto., and the following publications can be obtained from the Secretary, at the Fabian Office, 276 Strand, London, W.C. FABIAN ESSAYS IN SOCIALISM.

(30th Thousand.) Library Edition, 61-; or, direct from the Secretary for Cash, 4/6 (postage, 45d.). Cheap Edition, Paper cover, 1/-; plain cloth, 2/-. At all booksellers, or post free from the Secretary for 1/- and 2/- respectively.

FABIAN TRACTS. 1.-Why are the Many Poor? 100th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; 1/- per 100. 5.-Facts for Socialists. A survey of the distribution of income and the con

dition of classes in England, gathered from official returns, and from the works of economists and statisticians. 6th edition; revised 1893. 55th

thousand. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 7.–Capital and Land. A similar survey of the distribution of property, with

a criticism of the distinction sometimes set up between Land and Capital

as instruments of production. 4th ed.; revised 1893. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. doz. 8.-Facts for Londoners. 5th thousand. 56 pp., 6d.; or 4/6 per doz. 10.-Figures for Londoners. 20th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; 1/- per 100. 11.—The Workers' Political Program. 20th thous. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. per doz.

:-Practicable Land Nationalization. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 13.-What Socialism Is. 80th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 14.- The New Reform Bill. A draft Act of Parliament providing for Adult

Suffrage, Payment of Members and their election expenses, Second Ballot,

and a thorough system of Registration. 15th thous. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. doz. 15.-English Progress towards Social Democracy. 1d.; 9d. per doz. 16.-A Plea for an Eight Hours Bill. pp., 6 for 1d.; 1/- per 100. 17.-Reform of the Poor Law. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. per doz. 18.-Facts for Bristol. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 19.—What the Farm Laborer Wants. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 20.--Questions for Poor Law Guardians. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 21.- Questions for London Vestrymen. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 22.—The Truth about Leasehold Enfranchisement, gives reasons why Soci

alists oppose the proposal, 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 23.—The Case for an Eight Hours Bill. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 24.- Questions for Parliamentary Candidates. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100.

25.- Questions for School Board Candidates. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. + 26.---Questions for London County Councillors. 6 for 1d.; or 17- per 100.

27.--Questions for Town Councillors. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 28.- Questions for County Councillors (Rural). 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 29.-What to Read. A List of Books for Social Reformers. Contains the best

books and blue-books relating to Economics, Socialism, Labor Movements,

Poverty, etc. 2nd ed.; revised 1893. Paper cover, 3d. each; or 2/3 per doz. 38.- A Welsh Translation of No. I. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 39.--A Democratic Budget. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 40.—The Fabian Manifesto for the General Election of 1892. 16 pp., 1d.

each; or 9d. per doz. 41.—The Fabian Society: What it has done and how it has done it.

32 pp., 1d. each; or 9d. per doz. 42.-Christian Socialism. By the Rev. STEWART D. HEADLAM. 16 pp., 1d.

each; or 9d. per doz. 43.-Vote, Vote, Vote. 2 pp. leaflet; 5/- per 1,000. 44.-A Plea for Poor Law Reform. 4 pp. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 45.—The Impossibilities of Anarchism. By G. BERNARD SHAW. 28 pp., 2d.

each; or 1/6 per doz.

FABIAN MUNICIPAL PROGRAM (Tracts Nos. 30 to 37). 1. The Unearned Increment. 2. London's Heritage in the City Guilds. 3. Municipalization of the Gas Supply. 4. Municipal Tramways. 5. London's Water Tribute. 6. Municipalization of the London Docks. 7. The Scandal of London's Markets. 8. A Labor Policy for Public Authorities. Each 4 pp. The eight in a red cover for 1d. (9d. per doz.); or separately 1/- per 100.

5 The set post free for 2s. 3d.; Bound in Buckram, post free for 3s. 9d. Manifesto of English Socialists. Issued by the Joint Committee of Socialist Bodies. In red cover. 8 pp., 1d. each; or 9d. per doz.

Parcels to the value of 10/- and upwards, post free.

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