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Merchant Shipping Acts, the Employers' Liability Acts ? What was the Abolition of the Corn Laws? The Mark Lane Express has told us - a confiscation of the “ property of the landlords. What are the Irish Land Acts and the action of the Land Commissioners ? What are the proposals of official Liberals for a “just taxation of land values and ground rents,” and “ taxation (apparently not necessarily "just", " of mining royalties, and of politicians of both parties for a sliding scale of income tax, and for differentiation between earned and unearned incomes, but projects for the partial recovery for the nation of the toll which

property takes from industry? What are the Allotments and Small Holdings Acts, but the beginning of provision for the municipalisation of land ?

In what respect, then, do the supporters of these measures differ from us on grounds of principle ?

Why are these Reformers not Socialists? Why do they hesitate to join the only thoroughgoing party of social reform ? Have they not paved the way by their progressive restrictions of the depotism of the private employer ? And are they not constantly extending the sphere of social industry in the post office, the telegraphs, tramways, docks, harbors, markets, schools, the supply of gas and water, and many other public undertakings ? Are they not steadily increasing the local taxation of realised property, and recovering rent for public use, by the rates on rent for education, for parks, free libraries, public baths, and other social conveniences ?

All these are Socialistic measures, that is, they tend either to the recovery of some portion of the tribute which landlord and capitalist now levy, or to the resumption by the community of the control of land and industrial capital. These measures of resumption we would extend by increased taxation (see Fabian Tract, No. 11, “ The Workers' Political Programme ''), and by the extension of such communal administration, in the hope of leavening the Individualist society in which we have to work. Such advances serve as palliatives of existing evils, as educational examples to the slow of understanding, as encouragements to the cautious and conservative. But whether the advance be slow or rapid, this we hold indisputable, that until the workers of this and every other country own and control the instruments they must work with, till then are liberty and manhood impossible for the majority ; and that until we cease to pay to noneffectives the half of our annual sustenance, it will be impossible for the many to obtain that existence and education in youth, that security and leisure in old age, and those opportunities for human and appreciative life, which the resources of our country and our civilisation are amply sufficient to yield them.

* National Liberal Federation Resolution, 1891.

SOCIETY.—The Fabian Society consists of Socialists

its Rules, etc., and the following publications can be obtained from the Secretary, at the Fabian Office, 276 Strand, London, W.C. FABIAN ESSAYS IN SOCIALISM.

(30th Thousand.) Library Edition, 6)- ; or, direct from the Secretary for Cash, 4/6 (postage, 41d.). Cheap Edition, Paper cover, 11-; plain cloth, 2-. At all booksellers, or post free from the Secretary for 1/- and 2/- respectively.

FABIAN TRACTS. 1.—Why are the Many Poor? 100th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; 1/- per 100. 5.–Facts for Socialists. A survey of the distribution of income and the con

dition of classes in England, gathered from official returns, and from the works of economists and statisticians. 6th edition ; revised 1893. 55th

thousand. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. -7.–Capital and Land. A similar survey of the distribution of property, with

a criticism of the distinction sometimes set up between Land and Capital

as instruments of production. 4th ed.; revised 1893. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. doz. 8.-Facts for Londoners. 5th thousand. 56 pp., 6d.; or 4/6 per doz. 10.-Figures for Londoners. 20th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d. ; 1/- per 100. 11.—The Workers' Political Program. 20th thous. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. per doz. 12.-Practicable Land Nationalization. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 13.—What Socialism Is. 80th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 14.—The New Reform Bill. A draft Act of Parliament providing for Adult

Suffrage, Payment of Members and their election expenses, Second Ballot,

and a thorough system of Registration. 15th thous. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. doz. 15.-English Progress towards Social Democracy. 1d.; 9d. per doz. 16.-A Plea for an Eight Hours Bill. 4 pp., 6 for 1d. ; 1/- per 100. 17.-Reform of the Poor Law. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. per doz. 18.-Facts for Bristol. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 19.–What the Farm Laborer Wants. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 20.-Questions for Poor Law Guardians. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 21.- Questions for London Vestrymen. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 22.—The Truth about Leasehold Enfranchisement, gives reasons why Soci

alists oppose the proposal. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 23.—The Case for an Eight Hours Bill. 16 pp., 1d., or 9d. per doz. 24.-Questions for Parliamentary Candidates. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 25.—Questions for School Board Candidates. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 26.—Questions for London County Councillors. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 27.—Questions for Town Councillors. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 28.—Questions for County Councillors (Rural). 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 29.-What to Read. A List of Books for Social Reformers. Contains the best

books and blue-books relating to Economics, Socialism, Labor Movements,

Poverty, etc. 2nd ed.; revised 1893. Paper cover, 3d. each; or 2,3 per doz. 38.- A Welsh Translation of No. 1. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 39.—A Democratic Budget. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 40.—The Fabian Manifesto for the General Election of 1892. 16 pp., 1d.

each; or 9d. per doz. 41.-The Fabian Society: What it has done and how it has done it.

32 pp., 1d. each; or 9d. per doz. 42.—Christian Socialism. By the Rev. STEWART D. HEADLAM. 16 pp., 1d.

each; or 9d. per doz. 43.-Vote, Vote, Vote. 2 pp. leaflet; 5/- per 1,000. 44.-A. Plea for Poor Law Reform. 4 pp. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 45.-The Impossibilities of Anarchism. By G. BERNARD Shaw. 28 pp., 2d.

each; or 1/6 per doz.

FABIAN MUNICIPAL PROGRAM (Tracts Nos. 30 to 37). 1. The Unearned Increment. 2. London's Heritage in the City Guilds. 3. Municipalization of the Gas Supply.. 4. Municipal Tramways. 5. London's Water Tribute. 6. Municipalization of the London Docks. 7. The Scandal of London's Markets. 8. A Labor Policy for Public Authorities. Each 4 pp. The eight in a red cover for 1d. (9d. per doz.); or separately 1/- per 100.

S The set post free for 2s. 3d.; Bound in Buckram, post free for 3s. 9d. Manifesto of English Socialists. Issued by the Joint Committee of Socialist Bodies. In red cover. 8 pp., 1d. each; or 9d. per doz.

Parcels to the value of 10/- and upwards, post free.

Facts for Sondoners :

AN EXHAUSTIVE COLLECTION OF STATISTICAL AND OTHER FACTS RELATING TO THE METROPOLIS;

WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR REFORM

ON SOCIALIST PRINCIPLES.

PUBLISHED BY

THE FABIAN SOCIETY.

Hell is a City much like London."-SHELLEY.

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To be obtained of the Secretary, 180 Portselin Road, W.; of the Fire thought

Publishing Company, 63 Fleet St., E.C.; g of w. Reeves, 185 Fleet St., E.C.

1889

20.

SOCIETY.—The Fabian Society consists of Socialists

its Rules, etc., and the following publications can be obtained from the Secretary, at the Fabian Office, 276 Strand, London, W.C. FABIAN ESSAYS IN SOCIALISM.

(30th Thousand.) Library Edition, 6/- ; or, direct from the Secretary for Cash, 4/6 (postage, 4żd.). Cheap Edition, Paper cover, 1/-; plain cloth, 2-. At all booksellers, or post free from the Secretary for 1/- and 2/- respectively.

FABIAN TRACTS. 1.—Why are the Many Poor? 100th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; 1/- per 100. 5.-Facts for Socialists. A survey of the distribution of income and the con.

dition of classes in England, gathered from official returns, and from the works of economists and statisticians. 6th edition; revised 1893. 55th

thousand. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 7.–Capital and Land. A similar survey of the distribution of property, with

a criticism of the distinction sometimes set up between Land and Capital

as instruments of production. 4th ed.; revised 1893. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. doz. 8.-Facts for Londoners. 5th thousand. 56 pp., 6d.; or 4/6 per doz. 10.-Figures for Londoners. 20th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; 1/- per 100. 11.—The Workers' Political Program. 20th thous. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. per doz. 12.—Practicable Land Nationalization. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 13.-What Socialism Is. 80th thous. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 14.—The New Reform Bill. A draft Act of Parliament providing for_Adult

Suffrage, Payment of Members and their election expenses, Second Ballot,

and a thorough system of Registration. 15th thous. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. doz. 15.-English Progress towards Social Democracy. 1d.; 9d. per doz. 16.--A Plea for an Eight Hours Bill. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; 1/- per 100. 17.-Reform of the Poor Law. 20 pp., 1d.; 9d. per doz. 18.-Facts for Bristol. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 19.-What the Farm Laborer Wants. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100.

Questions for Poor Law Guardians. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 21.--Questions for London Vestrymen. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 22.—The Truth about Leasehold Enfranchisement, gives reasons why Soci

alists oppose the proposal. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 23.—The Case for an Eight Hours Bill. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 24.-Questions for Parliamentary Candidates. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 25.- Questions for School Board Candidates. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 26.—Questions for London County Councillors. 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 27.-Questions for Town Councillors. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 28.-Questions for County Councillors (Rural). 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 29.—What to Read. A List of Books for Social Reformers. Contains the best

books and blue-books relating to Economics, Socialism, Labor Movements,

Poverty, etc. 2nd ed.; revised 1893. Paper cover, 3d. each; or 2,3 per doz. 38.- A Welsh Translation of No. 1. 4 pp., 6 for 1d.; or 1/- per 100. 39.—A Democratic Budget. 16 pp., 1d.; or 9d. per doz. 40.—The Fabian Manifesto for the General Election of 1892. 16 pp., 1d.

each; or 9d. per doz. 41.—The Fabian Society : What it has done and how it has done it.

32 pp., 1d. each; or 9d. per doz. 42.—Christian Socialism. By the Rev. STEWART D. HEADLAM. 16 pp., 1d.

each; or 9d. per doz. 43.-Vote, Vote, Vote. 2 pp. leaflet; 5/- per 1,000. 44.-A. Plea for Poor Law Reform. pp. 6 for 1d. ; or 1/- per 100. 45.—The Impossibilities of Anarchism. By G. BERNARD SHAW. 28 pp., 2d.

each; or 1/6 per doz.

FABIAN MUNICIPAL PROGRAM (Tracts Nos. 30 to 37). 1. The Unearned Increment. 2. London's Heritage in the City Guilds. 3. Municipalization of the Gas Supply.. 4. Municipal Tramways. 5. London's Water Tribute. 6. Municipalization of the London Docks. 7. The Scandal of London's Markets. 8. A Labor Policy for Public Authorities. Each 4 pp. The eight in a red cover for 1d. (9d. per doz.); or separately 1/- per 100.

B The set post free for 2s. 3d.; Bound in Buckram, post free for 3s. 9d. Manifesto of English Socialists. Issued by the Joint Committee of Socialist Bodies. In red cover. 8 pp., 1d. each; or 9d. per doz.

Parcels to the value of 10/- and upwards, post free.

4

Facts for Londoners :

AN EXHAUSTIVE COLLECTION OF STATISTICAL AND OTHER FACTS RELATING TO THE METROPOLIS;

WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR REFORM

ON SOCIALIST PRINCIPLES,

PUBLISHED BY

THE FABIAN SOCIETY.

Hell is a City much like London."-SHELLEY.

PRICE SIXPENCE.

To be obtained of the Secretary, 180 Purisilown Road, W.; of the Frecthought

Publishing Company, 63 Fleet St., E.C.; go of w. Reeves, 185 Fleet St., E.C.

1889

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