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their fill, the Czar that ruled over the land began to inquire whether any had suffered injustice or wrong. And when the people began to disperse, the Czar stood at the gate and gave to every one a piece of money.

And again, after three years, he made yet another banquet, and proclaimed that all should come, both rich and poor. And all the people came and ate and drank and bowed low before the angel Czar and thanked him and made ready to depart. The unlucky Czar was also on the point of going, when the angel Czar stopped him, and took him aside into the palace, and said to him :

“Lo! God hath tried thee and chastised thy pride these many years. But me he sent to teach thee that a Czar must have regard to the complaints of his people. So thou wast made poor and a vagabond that thou mightest pick up wisdom, if but a little. Look now, that thou doest good to thy people, and judgest righteous judgment, as now thou shalt be Czar again, but I must return to heaven.” And when the angel had said this he was no more to be seen.

Then the Czar prayed gratefully to God, and from henceforth he ruled his people justly, as the angel had bidden him.

From Cossack Fairy Tales and Folk Tales."


I was born in the East Indies. I lost my father and mother when I was very young.

At the age of five, my relations thought it proper that I should be sent to England for my education. I was to be intrusted to the care of a young woman, but just as I had taken leave of my friends and we were about to take our passage, she suddenly fell sick and could not go on board.

The ship was at the very point of sailing, and it was the last that was to sail for the season. At length the captain prevailed upon my friends to let me embark alone. There was no possibility of getting any other attendant for me in the short time allotted for our preparation, and the opportunity of going by that ship was thought too valuable to be lost. No ladies happened to be going, and so I was consigned to the care of the captain and his crew, — rough and unaccustomed attendants for a young creature delicately brought up as I had been.

The unpolished sailors were my nursery mates and my waiting women. Everything was done by the captain and the men to accommodate me and make me comfortable. I had a little room made out of the cabin, which was to be considered as my room, and nobody might enter it.

The first mate had a great character for bravery and all sailorlike accomplishments; but with all this, he had a gentleness of manner, and a pale, feminine cast of face, from ill health and a weakly constitution, which subjected him to some ridicule from the officers, and caused him to be named Betsy. He did not much like the appellation ; but he submitted to it, saying that those who gave him a woman's name well knew that he had a man's heart, and that in the face of danger he would go as far as any man. To this young man, whose real name was Charles Atkinson, the care of me was especially intrusted.

Betsy was proud of his charge, and, to do him justice, acquitted himself with great diligence and adroitness through the whole voyage. This reconciled me, in some measure, to the want of a maid, which I had been used to. But I was a manageable girl at all times and gave nobody much trouble.

I have not knowledge enough to give an account of my voyage, or to remember the names of the seas we passed through, or the lands which we touched upon

in our course. The chief thing I can remember was Atkinson taking me up on deck to see the whales playing about in the sea. There was one great whale that came bounding up out of the sea; then he would dive into it again, and then he would come up at a distance where nobody expected him; and


another whale was following after him. Atkinson said they were at play, and that the lesser whale kept the bigger whale company all through the wide

But I thought it frightful kind of play, for every minute I expected they would come up to our ship and toss it. But Atkinson said that a whale was a gentle creature, that it was a sort of sea elephant, and that the most powerful creatures in nature are always the least hurtful.

Many other things he used to show me when he was not on watch or doing some duty for the ship. No one was more attentive to his duty than he; but at such times as he had leisure he would show me all the pretty sea sights, — the dolphins and the poises that came before a storm, and all the colors which the sea changed to, — how sometimes it was a deep blue, and then a deep green, and sometimes it would seem all on fire. All these various appearances he would show me and attempt to explain the reason for them to me as well as my young capacity would admit of.

There were a lion and a tiger on board, going to England as a present to the king, and it was a great diversion for Atkinson and me to see the ways of these beasts in their dens, and how venturous the sailors were in putting their hands through the gates and patting their rough coats:

Some of the men had monkeys which ran loose about; and the sport was for the men to lose them and find them again. The monkeys would run up the shrouds and pass from rope to rope with ten times greater alacrity than the most experienced sailor could follow them. Sometimes they would hide themselves in the most unthought-of places, and when they were found they would grin and make mouths. Atkinson described to me the


of these little animals in their native woods, for he had seen them. Oh, how many ways he thought of to amuse me in that long voyage !

Sometimes he would describe to me the odd shapes and varieties of fishes that were in the sea ; and tell me tales of the sea monsters that lay hid at the bottom and were seldom seen by men; and what a curious sight it would be if our eyes could be sharpened to behold all the inhabitants of the sea at once, swimming in the great deeps, as plain as we see the gold and silver fish in a bowl of glass. With such notions he enlarged my infant capacity to take in many things.

When, in foul weather, I was terrified at the motion of the vessel, as it rocked backwards and forwards, he would still my fears and tell me that I used to be rocked so once in a cradle ; and that the sea was God's bed and the ship our cradle, and we

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