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The exhibition appears to have given gratification to all who were present. The condition of the School is in the highest degree satisfactory. There has been a constant increase of pupils. The first year there were only nine; the second year, twenty-three ; the third year, thirty-two; and there is reason to expect that the three classes next year will contain forty. The Library has also been steadily increased. The present number of volumes, many of them very valuable, is 3000; besides 1200 volumes of text-books. The institution is free from debt, and, through the liberality of its friends, is gradually accumulating funds for the endowment of professorships and the erection of suitable buildings. It has received an act of incorporation from the legislature of Pennsylvania, is placed by this charter under the care of a Board of Trustees, and in respect to both its literary and financial interests appears to be under efficient management.
Cambridge Divinity School.— The thirty-first Annual Visitation of the Divinity School of Harvard University took place on Friday, July 16, 1847. The exercises were attended in the College Chapel, President Everett presiding. Prayers were offered by Professors Francis and Noyes, and three, of four, hymns written for the occasion by members of the graduating class, were sung by the class. The number of graduates this year was twelve ; one of them, however, Mr. William A. P. Dillingham, to whom had been assigned as the subject of his dissertation — " Justice and Mercy in the Divine Character," was necessarily absent. The other performances were as follows: - Has Christianity the Elements of a System ? ' - Mr. William R. Alger; “Milton as a Theologian,” – Mr. Rufus H. Bacon ; " What constitutes one a Christian Minister?" - Mr. Samuel F. Clark; “ The Vehement and Calm Modes of Preaching compared,” – Mr. Oliver J. Fernald; “ The Origin and Character of Allegorical Interpretation,” – Mr. Arthur B. Fuller; “ The Clergy and Reform,” – Mr. Thomas W. Higginson ; " The Bible and Science," - Mr. Henry J. Hudson ; “ The Design and Character of the Epistle to the Hebrews," – Mr. Francis B. Knapp; “ Christ's Treatment of Sin," - Mr. Frederick N. Knapp; “ The Religion of Forms and the Religion of Faith,” – Mr. George Osgood ; “ The Preacher's Views of Sin, as affecting his Preaching," Mr. Grindall Reynolds. The number of persons present at these exercises was larger than in former years, the chapel being entirely filled. We regret only one circumstance in the arrangements made for this annual Visitation. We wish that the nature of the subjects assigned, or the treatment of them by the writers, permitted more evidence to be given of the professional learning acquired in the School. If a larger number of the dissertations were strictly theological in their character, the exhibition would approach more nearly to what we conceive it should be.
After the usual dinner in Harvard Hall, the Alumni of the School met for the annual business, the attendance before the public exercises having been too small to allow of its transaction then." Rev. Convers Francis, D. D., was chosen President of the Association, in the place of Dr. Noyes, who declined a reëlection ; Rev. Ralph Sanger, Vice-President ; Rev. Chandler Robbins, Secretary; Rev. Messrs. Newell, Muzzey, and Ware, Committee of Arrangements. Rev. Mr. Robbins of Boston offered a resolution expressing the sense entertained by his brethren of the gifts and virtues and services of the late Rev. W. B. 0. Peabody, D. D., which was unanimously adopted by the Alumni rising. Rev. George W. Burnap of Baltimore, Md., was chosen Second Preacher for the next year. Rev. Dr. Parkman of Boston, who would in course be First Preacher, asked leave to resign the appointment, in consequence of his probable absence from this part of the country. After one unsuccessful balloting, it was voted that Mr. Burnap be considered as First Preacher, and Dr. Parkman Second Preacher, for the year 1848. The meeting was then dissolved, as the hour had arrived for the delivery of the Annual Address before the Alumni ; which was given by Rev. George R. Noyes, D. D., of Cambridge, on the Causes of the Alleged Decline of Interest in Critical Theology.
The Annual Discourse before the graduating class of the Divinity School was delivered on Sunday evening, July 11, 1847, by Rev. Mr. May, of Syracuse, N. Y., from Romans xii. 2.
Ordinations and Installations. - Rev. Seth SALTMARSH, of Hartford, Conn., was ordained over the Unitarian Society in WINDSOR, Vt., July 28, 1847. The Sermon was preached by Rev. Mr. Gray of Boston, from 1 Corinthians i. 2; the Ordaining Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. Crosby of Charlestown, N. H. ; the Charge was given by Rev. Mr. Barrett of Boston; the Right Hand of Fellowship, by Rev. Mr. Ware of Cambridge ; the Address to the People, by Rev. Mr. Pope of Kingston ; and the other services, by Rev. Messrs. Forbes of Chester, Vt., Pope of Kingston, and Newell of Pomfret, Vt.
Rev. Frederick Richards NEWELL, a graduate of the Meadville Theological School, was ordained as an EVANGELIST (with a view to his preaching for the present in Pomfret, Vt.) in the meetinghouse of the Cambridgeport Parish, on Sunday evening, August 1, 1847. The Sermon was preached by Rev. Mr. Stebbins of Meadville, from 2 Timothy iv. 2, 3, 4 ; ill. i, 5; the Ordaining Prayer was offered by Rev. Dr. Pierce of Brookline; the Charge was given by Rev. Mr. Clarke of Boston ; the Right Hand of Fellowship, by Rev. Mr. Newell of Cambridge; and the other services, by Rev. Messrs. Whitney of Brighton, and Clarke of Boston.
Rev. Mark A. H. Niles, late of Lowell, was installed over the First Congregational Society in Belfast, Me., August 11, 1847. The Sermon was preached by Rev. Mr. Gannett of Boston, from 1 Timothy i. 15 ; the Prayer of Installation was offered by Rev. Mr. Cole of Hallowell, Me.; the Right Hand of Fellowship was given by Rev. Mr. Judd of Augusta, Me.; the Charge, by Rev. Mr. Wheeler of Topsham, Me.; the Address to the People, by Rev. Mr. Miles of Lowell ; and the other services, by Rev. Messrs. Wheeler and Judd.
Rev. George Murillo Bartol, of Portland, Me., a graduate of the Cambridge Divinity School, was ordained as Pastor of the First Congregational Church and Society in LANCASTER, Mass., August 11, 1847. The Sermon was preached by Rev. Mr. Bartol of Boston, from John xiv. 6 ; the Prayer of Ordination was offered by Rev. Mr. Allen of Northboro'; the Charge was given by Rev. Mr. Hill of Worcester ; the Right Hand of Fellowship, by Rev. Mr. Thayer of Beverly ; and the other services, Rev. Messrs. White of Littleton, Hale of Worcester, and Frothingham of Salem.
Rev. George Faber CLARK, of Dublin, N. H., a graduate of the Cambridge Divinity School, was ordained as an Evangelist (with a special view to his preaching in Charlemont and the immediate vicinity) at CHARLEMONT, Mass., August 11, 1847. The Sermon was preached by Rev. Mr. Gray of Boston, from 2 Timothy iii. 7; the Prayer of Ordination was offered by Rev. Mr. Field of Charlemont; the Charge was given by Rev. Mr. Brown of Brattleboro', Vt.; the Right Hand of Fellowship by Rev. Mr. M'Intyre of Brattleboro', Vt. ; and the other services, by Rev. Messrs. Everett of Northfield, Nightingale of Cabotville, and Stearns of Rowe.
Dedication. — The meetinghouse erected by the Unitarian Society of Ware, Mass., was dedicated June 30, 1847. The Sermon was preached by Rev. Mr. Lincoln of Fitchburg, from Genesis xxviii. 17; the Dedicatory Prayer was offered by Rev. Mr. Hill of Worcester ; and the other services were conducted by Rev. Messrs. Nute and Wilson, of Petersham, and Tilden of Concord, N. H.
Harvard University. - The annual Commencement at Cambridge was attended on Wednesday, August 25, 1847, when sixty-one members of the Senior class were graduated. Besides the degrees of A. M., M.D., and LL. B. granted in course, the honorary degree of A. M. was conferred on Mr. Evangelinus A. Sophocles, Mr. Henry W. Torrey, and Professor Eben N. Horsford, of Cambridge, and Rev. Frederick T. Gray of Boston ; that S. T. D. on President Woolsey of Yale College, Rev. Emerson Davis of Westfield, Rev. Samuel Barrett of Boston, and Rev. William H. Furness of Philadelphia ; and that of LL. D. on Henry Holland, M. D., of London, Professor Edward T. Channing, and Professor William Kent, of Cambridge, Hon. Peleg Sprague of Boston, Hon. John B. Gibson of Pennsylvania, Hon. John T. Lomax of Virginia, and Hon. Timothy Farrar of New Hampshire. On Thursday the usual declamation for the Boylston prizes took place, and the annual Oration was delivered before the Phi Beta Kappa Society by Hon. George P. Marsh of Burlington, Vt.
The University was never so completely furnished as now with the means of giving to students the various and thorough culture which such an institution should afford. The Theological Department, indeed, is still supplied with an inadequate number of Professors. The Medical Department has recently been enlarged by the creation of two new Professorships, filled by John B. S. Jackson, M. D., and Oliver W. Holmes, M. D. Dr. Warren having resigned the chair of instruction which he had held for forty years, Jeffries Wyman, M. D., has succeeded him as Professor of Anatomy. A new Medical College was erected the last winter in Boston, where the lectures of this Department are attended. The Law School the last term had 102 students in attendance, under the care of Professor Greenleaf and Kent. A new Department of the University has been established, designed as vanced School of Science and Literature”; and the Corporation have been enabled to organize this Department at once through the liberality of Hon. Abbott Lawrence of Boston, who has given $50,000 for this object, and in consequence of whose donation it has received the name of the Lawrence Scientific School of the University at Cambridge. Its special purpose will be to provide instruction in theoretical and practical science beyond what can be given in the usual collegiate course, and with it will be connected the Professorships now existing in the University that relate to these branches of study, with others to be hereafter established. A building for the uses of this Department will be immediately erected on the north side of the “Common.” The vacant chair of the Rumford Professorship has been filled by the choice and acceptance of Eben N. Horsford A. M. The Observatory now contains the large telescope lately received from Europe. The Library of the University, including the books deposited in the Divinity, Law, and Medical Colleges, contains 67,000 volumes. The advantages which are offered to young men at Cambridge, it is therefore much within the truth to say, are not surpassed at any similar institution in the country.
New England Colleges. - Our New England Colleges appear, almost without exception, to be in a flourishing and advancing condition. Yale College, having lost the services of the excellent and venerable Dr. Day, who, after presiding over the institution for twenty-nine years with almost unexampled success, retired in consequence of his own rather than others' perception of his failing strength, has been fortunate in electing to his place so accomplished a scholar as President Woolsey. Three new Professorships have been established by the Corporation, and a Scientific Department created, similar to that of which we have just spoken as organized at Cambridge. Williams College, under the Presidency of Dr. Hopkins, aided by the small but efficient body of professors who cooperate with him, has already obtained a prominent position among our higher seminaries. This institution is greatly indebted to the liberality of Amos Lawrence, Esq., of Boston, whose donations, for the erection of buildings and the endowment of Professorships, have exceeded $ 20,000. Amherst College, although it has met with a severe loss in the death of Professor Fiske, is emerging from its temporary eclipse, and promises, under President Hitchcock, to deserve the commendation of its friends. Brown University maintains the rank to which it has been raised by the ability of its distinguished President. Its library has lately received important accessions. Bowdoin has secured a good reputation both for learning and liberality under President Woods. At Dartmouth a Professorship of Natural Philosophy was established a year since, through a donation of $ 10,000 from Samuel Appleton, Esq., of Boston. Upon application of the Trustees of the College at Hartford, Conn., founded and patronized by Episcopalians, the legislature of the State about a year since sanctioned the absurdity or impiety - for one or the other to our ears it is - of changing the name of Washington to Trinity College. A novel feature, for an American college, has been introduced into the organization of this institution. A body called the “House of Convocation " has been constituted, as one branch of the “Senatus Academicus," of which the Trustees form the other branch. This body is composed, as we understand the plan, of all the Alumni of the college, but of its precise powers we are not informed.
PROFESSOR Upham has rendered another valuable service to the literary and religious world, by the publication of the volumes named below. They are not a compilation, but a new and carefully prepared memoir of Madame Guyon, drawn partly from her Autobiography, the whole of which has never appeared in English, and which is here used in connection with other sources of information, illustrated by passages from all her writings. Nor do they consist of a mere literal translation, either of the Autobiography or the miscellaneous writings. Professor Upham has performed the laborious task of presenting the woman and her opinions in his own language, from a careful study of her voluminous works, which make in French no less than forty volumes ; attempting, “ by studying their spirit, by readjusting their arrangement, by the separation of what is essential and what is not essential, and by a judicious combination, to give the true picture, so far as can now be done, of what she was, her thought, her feeling and action, her trials and triumphs.”
Madame Guyon is often introduced in the first person, detailing her own experience or explaining her views. The passages thus given, which make a large portion of the work,
Life and Religious Opinions and Experience of Madame de la Motte Guyon ; together with some Account of the Personal History and Religious Opinions of Fenelon, Archbishop of Cambray. By Thomas C. Upham, Professor of Mental and Moral Philo in Bowdoin College. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1847. 2 vols. 12mo. Pp. 431, 380.
VOL. XLIII. - 4th S. VOL. VIII. NO. III. 28