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VI CONTENTS.

Their transport to Bagdad, 37—Layard visits the Devil-worshippers,

ib.—Grant from British Museum, ib.—Fresh excavations at Nimroud,

38—Great success, ib.—Embarcation of Marble Obelisk, ib.—Ex-

amines Mound at Kalah Sherghat, 39—Removal of Lion and Bull

from Nimroud, ib.—Operations necessary, 39, 40—Leaves Nimroud,

42—Departs for Europe, ib.

SECTION II.—HISTORICAL.

CHAPTER I.—ASSYRIA AND MESOPOTAMIA.

The Nineveh of the Bible, 44—Nimrod, ib.—His name expressive of

hib character, 45—His Kingdom, ib.—Babel, Erech, Accad, and Cal-

neh, ib.—Their present sites, 46—Asshur, 48—His kingdom, ib.

Nineveh, Calah, Resen, Rchoboth, ib.—Their localities traced, 49-—Ex-

tent and population of Nineveh, according to Jonah, 50—The Assyrian

Kings, 52—Their wars and conquests, ii.—Deportation of Samaria,

54—Mr. Dickinson's remarks, ib.—Destruction of the Assyrian army,

56—Death of Sennacherib, 57—Esarhaddon, 58—Nebuchodonosor,

59—The fall of Nineveh, 61.

CHAPTER II—THE ASSYRIA AND MESOPOTAMIA OP

CLASSICAL WRITERS.

The Nineveh of the classical writers, 63—Boundaries of Assyria and

Mesopotamia, 64-—Median Wall, 65—Ninus, ib.—Descendant of As-

shur, ib.—Asshur founder of the Assyrian monarchy, 66 —Ninus

founder of the united empire of Assyria, ib.—Semiramis, ib.—Ninyas,

67—The Chedorlaoiner of Scripture, 68—Mesopotamia named on

Egyptian monuments', 69 — Obelisk of the Atmeidan and Tablet o<

Karnak, it.—Teutamus assists Priam at siege of Troy, 70—Sardana-

palus, 71—The revolt of the Medes, ib.—Ctesias and Herodotus, 71,

72-|-Final overthrow of Nineveh, ib.—Period according to Mr. Bo-

sanquet, ib.—Rise and Fall of the Babylonian Empire, 74.

CHAPTER III.—SKETCH OF ASSYRIAN HISTORY,

BY BAjnnSL BHARPE, ESQ.

The ancient Assyrian empire ends with Sardanapalus and the conquest

of Nineveh by the Medes, 77—Rise of the modern empire, 78—

Pul, ib.—Tigkth Pileser, ib.—Shalmancser, 79—Sennacherib, ib.

The conquest, of Israel, ib.—Ksarhadilon, 81—The conquest of Baby-

lon, ib.—The Chaldees, ib.—Nabopolasser, king of Babylon, conquers

Nineveh, 82—Nebuchadnezzar, 83—The conquest of Judah, ib.

Babylon and Assyria conquered by the Medes, 84—Cyrus is king of

Persia, Media, Babylon, and Assyria, ib.—Table of Chronology, 85—

Egyptian art and fashions copied at Nineveh, at Babylon, and at

Persepolis, 86, 87.

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SECTION IV.—DISCOVERIES.

CHAPTER I.—KHORSABAD.

The Palaces of Assyria, 147—Plan and construction of Mound, 147,

143—Entrance guarded by Winged Bulls, 151—First Court, ib.

The Cherubim, 152 - Gigantic Figure of Nimrod, 154—The Bomme-

reng, anciently and universally used, ib.—Egyptian, Assyrian, South

African, and Australian Examples, 155—Court n—Four-winged Divi-

nity,157—Cronus or Ilus, 158—Presenting Fir-Cone to those who enter

the Chamber, t'6.—Similar idea on Egyptian Monuments, ib.—Tomb of

Rhamses IV. ib—Bas-reliefs of Kings, Attendants, and Officers, 159—

Their Dresses and Peculiarities, 160—North-Western side of Court,

165—Repetitions of King and Court, t'6.—Historical Frieze, 166—

Assyrian and Egyptian Ships, 166, 167—Maritime Subject, 167—

Dagon, 168—Passage Chamber between Courts, 170—Wooden lock,

ib.—Inscriptions on Bulls and Pavement, 171—Procession of Tribute-

bearers in Passage, ib.—Tartan, Chief of Tribute, ib.—Rabsaris, 172—

Rabshakeh, ib.—Governors of Provinces, ib.—Sultan Mcdinet, ib.—

Their Insignia, 173—Second upper line of Tribute-bearers, ib.—The

Deputy Chief of Tribute, ib.—Lower line of Procession, right-hand

side, 174—Sagartii, ib.—Ditto, left-hand side, 175—Tribute from ex-

tremities of the Empire, ib.—Conflagration of Wooden Door, ib.

Second Court, the King's Court, 176—The Porch for the Throne, ib.

The Prophet Daniel, ib.—King's Gate at Babylon and Shushan, ib.

Facade, 177—Doorways, ib.—South-Easter n Side—Repetition of Hub,

King and Court, 178—North-Western Side, 179—Pavement, ib.

Secret Cavities containing images, ib.— Inscribed Slabs in Doorways,

180—Teraphim, 180, 181—Superstition of the Evil Eve, 181—South-

eastern side of Court, 182—Isolated Building, ib.—Historical Cham-

bers, ib.—Symbolic Tree, t'6. — Egyptian Symbol, ib.—Historical

Illustration, 183—Siege of Fortified City, t'6.—Nysians, a Colony of

Lydians, 184—War engines, 185—Inner Chamber, 186—Sack of

City, ib.—Gable Roof, 187—Sacred Edifice, to.—No Upper Story,

188—Divining Chamber, t6.—Magic, 189—Interior of the Palace,

190—Chamber VIII., t'6.—The Hall of Judgment, it.—Fettered Pri-

soners, 191—Flaying a Man alive, 192—The Chief of the Slayers,

tA.—Second scene, Introduction of Prisoners—Sagartii, a pastoral

people, 193—Third sccno, King thrusting out the eyes of a Suppli-

cant, 194—Prisoners led by rings in their Lower Lips, t6.—Fourth

scene, similar representation—Chamber IV., 195—Chamber of Judg-

ment—Repetition of King Judging Prisoners, t'6.—Bridle in lips,

196, 198—Jews, 197—Isaiah's Prophetic Message embodied on Walls,

198—Chamber VII., t6.—Pleasure House, 199—Altars in high places,

ib.—King following the Chase, 200—King's Sons, ditto, ib.—Shoot-

ing at Target, 201—King's Foresters, 202—Hunting and Huntsmen,

ib.—Chamber V., ib.—Hall of Historical Records, 203—Battle Scenes,

204—Chamber VI., 209—The Chamber of Audience—King giving

CO.TTENTS. IX

audience to Deputy Governors—Milyas from Coast of Cilicia, 210—

Chamber XI., 211—Inner Presence Chamber, 212 — Teraania, or

Porters, ib.—Chamber XII., ib.—Private Council Chamber—Cham-

ber II., Banqueting Hall, 213—Sieges, 214—Banquet; Wine Vase,

215—Drinking Cups, ib.—Assyrian and Greek, 216-—Lvres, ib.

Assyrian, Greek, and Nubian, li.—The Guests, 217—High Seats, ib.

—Ahasuerus' Feast, it.—Second line of Friezes, 218—Battles and

Conquests, ib.—Impalement of Prisoners, 219—Numbering the Heads

of the Slain, 220—Cities and Fort in Flames, 221, 222—Circular-

headed Tablet represented on Frieze, 223—Spare Bow-string, 224—

Moveable Breastwork, 225—Chamber III., 22(5—Retiring Chamber-

Castellated Hills, i6.—Jerusalem, 227—Court L., ib.—Wheeled Chair,

229—High Seat or Throne, ib.—Seat of Judgment for Master of

House or Heads of Tribes, ib.—Ancient Customs—Altar, 230— Heavy

Chariot, 231—Mighty Men, ib.—Horses, 232—Tables, ?33—Cham-

ber I., 234, Divining Chamber—Curvetto Moulding, 235—The Temple,

236—Court, Court of the King's House, 237—King's Private Way

ib.—Chaldeeans on Walls, Ezckiel xxiii. 14, 238—Instructive charac-

ter of Sculptures and Animus displayed in the details, 240, 241—

Construction of Assyrian Palaces, 241—Walls, ib.—Roofs, 242,243—

Roller, ib.—Means of Lighting; Windows; Sleeping Apartments,

243—Columns in Court, 244—Awnings fastened to rings in Pave-

ment, and in backs of bronze Lions, »*.—Gable or Pitched Roofs, ib.

Fergusson's Restorations, 245—Botta's Opinion on the Destruction

of the Khorsabad Palace, 245, 248.

CHAPTER II.—NIMROUD AND THE SCULPTURES IN THE

BRITISH MUSEUM.

The Assyrian Relics in the British Museum, 249—Layard's Contri-
butions, 250—North-western ruins of Palace of Nimroud, 250, i51 —
Antechamber, 251—Colossal Winged Figures, ib.—King and Eunuchs,
ib.—Winged Lions at entrance, ib.—Great Hall with historical sub-

jects, ib.—Nisroch, 252, 295—Siege of City by King in person, 255—

Assyrian and Egyptian Chariots, 255, 256—Return after Victory,

258—Procession of Standard-bearers, 260—Eunuch receiving Pri-

soners of rank, 261—Mummers, 262—Cittern and Plectrum, 262,

263—Modern Example, Taniboura, ib.—Curry-combing Horse, ib.

Royal Kitchen, 263—Second Series of Battle Scenes, 265—Trained

Birds of Prey, 267—Lower line of Illustration, 268—Siege of City,

Celts, 269, 270—Damascus, 272—Procession of King and Officers,

and Reception of Prisoners, 273—Passage of River by King and

Troops, 274, 275, 276—Ancient and Modern Boats and Rafts, 277,

278, 279—Colossal Figures of winged beings, 279—King and Eu-

nuchs, ib.—Winged Bulls at Entrance, 280—Siege, i'6.—Lion Hunt,

283—Claw in Lion's Tail, 283, 284—Bull Hunt, 284—Prisoners with

Spoil, 285—The Treaty of Peace, 287—Royal Sceptre-bearer, ib.—

'Return from the Chase, 288, 291—Royal Cup-bearer, 289—Colossal
Group at end of Hall, 291—Baal, ib.—Compariaon and Original,

£ CONTENTS.

292—Remains of Bones and Fragments of Gold Leaf under stone

slab, 293—Sacrificial Stones and Conduit, ib.—Four-winged Divinity,

t'6.—Winged Lions with Human Heads and Arms, ib.—Parthian

Bowmen, 294—Deified man with Fallow-deer, ib.—Lions with Human

Heads and Arms, carrying Stag and Flower, 295—Divinity with Fir-

Cone, ib.—Irregular Arrangement of Subjects, 297—Inference, ib.—

Selikdar, or Sword-bearer, ib.—Outer Chamber, 300—King and Offi-

cers receiving Tribute, ib.—Winged Bulls, ib.—Symbolical form in

allusion to name of people, 301. See M. A. de Longperier—Hall

of Nisroch, 303—Figures of Nisroch before Symbolic Tree, ib.

The Hall of Divination, ib.—The King drinking in the presence of

the Divinities of Assyria, ib.—Metaphor in the Psalms, 306—Alter-

nation of subjects, King with Attendants, and King with Divinitios,

ib.—Square Slabs with Hole in the Centre, ib.—Divining Cup, 306,

307—Cup of Jemshid, 307—Babylon, a Golden Cup, 308—Divining

by Cup and Arrows, ib.—Recesses in the Walls, 309,314—Tho Hall of

the Oracle, 309—Chamber entirely covered with Inscriptions, ib.

Chamber of Divinities, 309—Divinities and Symbolic Tree, ib.—Tho

Oracle, 310—Beardless Figure with four Wings, ib.—Mysterious

Bites, 311—Simmon, 312—The King, ib.—Inscribed Chamber, 314

—Chamber with Inscribed Walls, ib.—Central Court, ib.—Second

Hall of Divinities, ib.—Hall with Slabs inscribed across the middle,

but without sculpture, 315—Small chamber where ivories and or-

naments were found, ib.—Deified Man with Goat and Ear of

Wheat, ib.—Images in Fiery Furnace, ib.—Representations on Walls

of Babylon and Nineveh, 317—South-western and Centre Ruins, ib.

Assault on City containing Date Tree, ib.—Impalement of Prisoners,

Evacuation of City, and taking account of the Spoil, 320—Shalma-

neser, 321—Not a City of Samaria, ib.—Date Trees do not bear fruit

in Northern parts of Syria, id.—Attack on a Citadel near a Torrent,

322—Pursuit of Enemy, Vulture above, ib.—Arab on Dromedary,

pursued by Spearmen, 323—Female Captive followed by Camels, 324

—Warrior hunting the Lion, ib.—Eunuch introducing Prisoners, ib.

King holding two Arrows, and addressing Warrior, 325—Man driving

Flock of Sheep and Goats, ib.—Fragments, ib.—King and Selikdar, 326

—Priests, ib.—Griffon pursued by Ilus, ib.—Contention of Good and

Evil Spirits, 328—Oannes, the Chaldaean Dagon, 329 —Miss Fanny

Corbeaux on the Rephaim, 330—Colossal Lion, t'6.—Statue of High

Priest, ib.—Portrait of King in Chronological Tablet, 332—Circular Al-

tar,334—Cup bearer,335—Kingandcup-bearer, t6.—Priest,ib.—Four

other Fragments, 335,336—Colossal Heads, 336—Portraits of Kings,

ib.—Glass, Ivories, Bronzes,! 6.—TerraCottaVases, &c. I'6.—Small Lions,

Weights—Inscribed Slabs, 337—Mode of Reading, ib.—Basaltic

Statue, I'6.—The Obelisk and Description of ita Four sides, 338,

347—Mr. Hector's Contributions, 347—Sir H. Rawlinson's Collec-

tion from Khorsabad, 354—Resemblance and Comparisons between

the Palaces of Khorsabad and Nimroud, ib.—Sculptures integral Part

of Plan at Khorsabad, 355—Sculptures adapted at Nimroud, ib.—Regal

and Historical Character of Palace of Khorsabad, 355—Regal and

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