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considerable properly. He died at Mortlake, Then all thy triumphs fraught with strains of mirth,
Shall be cag'd up within a chest of earth: in Surrey, in May, 1605, and was buried, at Shall be ? they are: thou hast dape'd thee out of breath; bis dying request, in the chancel of the church
And now must make thy parting dance with death." of that parish, leaving his wife, Anne, executrix if his will; with this proviso, however, that if
THOMAS POPE. she married again, John Heminges, Richard Surbage, William Sly, and Timolbie Whit- He died before the year 1600. He is men
This actor likewise played the part of a clown. borne, should be his executors. His widow did
Lioned in an old book, called Humour's Ordimarty again, and John Heminges immediately proved the will, on the 16th of May, 1607, narie, where a Man may be verie merie and and assumed the trust which Philips had re
exceeding well used for Sixpence. posed in him.
......What meenes Singer then, And Pope, the clowne, to speak so borish, when
They counterfaite the clowues upon the stage ?" WILLIAM KEMPE
GEORGE BRYAN. Was the successor of Tarleton. must needs remember Tarleton," says Heywood
Nothing is known of this performer, except in his Apology for Actors, “ in his time gracious that in the exhibition of the Seven Deadly Sins with the queen his soveraigne, and in the he represented the Earl of Warwick. He was people's general applause; to whom succeeded certainly on the stage previously to the year 1588. William Kempe, as well in the favour of her majestie, as in the opinion and good thoughts
HENRY CONDELL of the general audience.” From the 4to editions of some of our author's plays, we learn
Is said by Roberts, the player, to bave been that he was the original performer of Dogberry, a comedian; but he does not mention any auin much Ado about Nothing, and of Peter, in thority for this asserlion but stage tradition. In Romeo and Juliet. From an old comedy,
Webster's Duchess of Malfy, he originally acted called The Relarn from Parnassus, we may
the part of the Cardinal; and, as when that collect that be was the original Justice Shallow; play was printed in 1623, another performer and the contemporary writers inform us that had taken the character, it is probable that he be usually acted the part of a clown, in which, had retired from the stage before that time. He like Tarleton, he was celebrated for his extem-still, however, continued to have an interest in poral wit. Launcelot, in the Merchant of Ve- the theatre, being mentioned with the other nics ; Touchstone, in As You Like It; Launce, players to whom a license was granted by ia The Two Gentlemen of Verona; and the Charles I. 1625. He had, probably, Grave-digger, in Hamlet, were, probably, also siderable portion of the shares or property in performed by this comedian. He was an au- the Globe and Blackfriars theatres. This thor as well as an actor. So early as the year actor, as well as Heminges, lived in Alderman1589, Kempe's comic talents seem to bave bury. He is honourably noticed in Shakspeare's been bigbly estimated; for an old pamphlet will, and was one of the editors of his dramas. called An Almond for a Parrot, written by Thomas Nashe, is dedicated “to that most
WILLIAM SLY comicall and conceited cavaleire monsieur du Kempe, jestmopger, and vice gerent generall
Was joined with Shakspeare in the license to the ghost of Dick Tarleton.” From a pas- granted in 1603. He is introduced personally sage in one of Decker's tracts, it may be pre- in the Induclion to Marston's Malecontent, samed that this comedian was dead in the year
1604; and from his there using an affected 1609. In Braithwaite's Remains, 1619, he phrase of Osrick's in Hamlet, we may collect us thas commemorated :
that he performed that part. He died before
the year 1612.
Is said to have been an actor of a low class,
having taken the part of Verges, in Much Ado
about Nothing: he, probably, acted such parts as required dry humour ratber than splendid
SAMUEL CROSS. declamation. He was recognised as a fellow by Augustine Phillips, in 1605, and distin
This actor was, probably, dead before the year guished as a friend by a legacy of twenty 1600; for Heywood, who had himself wrillen shillings. He lived among the other players, for the stage before that time, says he had never and among the fashionable persons or that seen him. period, in Holywell-street. The exact date of his death is unknown, but he was buried,
ALEXANDER COOKE. says the register of St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, on the 13th of March, 1618, three days before It appears that this actor was the heroine of the great Burbage was laid in the same ce- the stage, even before the year 1586. He acted metery.
as a woman in Jonson's Sejanus, and in The
Fox; and it is thence reasonably supposed, lbal JOHN LOWIN
he represented the lighter females of Shak
speare's dramas. Alexander Cooke was recolWas a principal performer in Shakspeare's lected as a fellow by Augustine Philips, and plays. If the date on his picture in the Ash- distinguished as an intimale by a legacy. molean Museum at Oxford, is accurate, he was born in 1576. Wright mentions in his His
SAMUEL GILBURNE, unknown. toria Histrionica, that "before the wars, he used to act the part of Falstaff with mighty ap
ROBERT ARMIN plause;" but, without doubt, he means during the reign of king Charles I. from 1625 to 1641.
Performed in The Alchymist, in 1610, and When our poet's King Henry IV. was first ex- was alive in 1611, some verses having been hibited, Lowin was but twenty-one years old; addressed to him in that year by John Davies it is, therefore, probable that Heminges, or of Hereford, from which he appears to have some other actor, originally represented the fat occasionally performed the part of the clown or knight, and that several years afterwards the fool: part was given to Lowin. Roberts, the player, informs us, that he also performed King Henry
* To honest, gamesome, Robert Armine,
Who tickles the spleene like a harmless vermin." Vill. and Hamlet; but with respect to the
* Armine, what shall I say of thee, but this, laller, bis account is certainly erroneous, since Thou art a fool and knave; both ?-fie, I miss,
And wrong thee much; sith thou indeed art neither, it appears from more ancient writers, that
Although in shew thou playest both together." Joseph Taylor was the first representative of that character. Lowin is introduced in the
He was the author of a comedy called The Induction to Marston's Malecontent, and he and Two Maids of More-clack, 1609; also of a Taylor are noticed in a copy of verses, written book called A Nest of Ninnies, simply of themin the years 1632, soon after the appearance selves without Compound, 1608; and, at Staof Jonson's Magnetic Lady, as the two most tioners' Hall
, was entered, in the same year, a esteemed actors of that time:
book called Phantasm, the Italian Taylor, and
his Boy, made by Mr. Armin, servant to his “Let Lowin cease, and Taylor scorn to touch majesty. He was certainly one of the Lord The leathed stage, for thou hast made it such."
Chamberlain's Players at the accession of king Though Heminges and Condell had an interest James, and was received, with greater actors, in the theatre to the time of their death, yet they into the royal company.
As a fellon, Armin ceased to act about the year 1623 ; and, in the was kindly remembered by Philips, who left him next year, Lowin and Taylor look the manage
a legacy of lwenty shillings. ment. After the theatres were suppressed, Lowin became miserably poor; and, in his
WILLIAM OSTLER later years, he kept an inn, the Three Pigeons at Breolford. He died in London, aged eighty- Had been one of the Children of the Chapel, three, and was buried in the ground belonging having acted in Jonson's Poetaster, together to the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields, with Field and Underwood, in 1601, and is March 18, 1658.
sair to have performed women's parts. In
1610, both be and Underwood acted as men in | 1610. It is highly probable, however, that be Jonson's Alchymist. Ja Davies's Scourge of performed in our author's plays. Folly, there are some verses addressed to him with this title: “To the Roscius of these
JOSEPH TAYLOR. times, William Ostler.” He acted Antonio, in Webster's Duchess of Malfy, in 1623 ; but
According to Downes, the prompter, he was the period of his death is uncertain,
instructed by Shakspeare to play Hamlet ; and
Wright, in his Historia Histrionica, says, “He NATHANIEL FIELD
performed that part incomparably well.” From AND JOHN UNDERWOOD.
the remembrance of his performance of Hamlet,
sir William Davenant is said to have conveyed Both lbese actors had been Children of the his instructions to Mr. Betterton. He likewise Chapel; and, probably, at the Globe and Black- played lago, and is highly commended by friars theatres, performed female parts. Field, various contemporary authors. In the year when he became too manly to take ihecharacters 1614, Taylor was at the head of a distinct comof women, played the part of Bussy d'Ambois, pany of players, called The Lady Elizabeth's in Chapman's play of that pame. From the Servants, but he soon returned to his old friends ; preface to one edition of it, it appears that he and after the deaths of Burbage, Heminges, and was dead in 1641.
Condell, became manager of the King's ComNothing more is known of John Underwood pany, in conjunction with Lowin and Swanston. but that he performed the part of Delio, in The In September, 1639, he was appointed Yeoman Duchess of Mally, and that he died about the of the Revels in Ordinary to his Majesty, in
the room of Mr. William Hunt; there were year 1624.
certain perquisites annexed to this office, and a
salary of sirpence a day. When he was in atNICHOLAS TOOLEY
tendance upon the king, he had a salary of
31. 68. 8d. per month. Was one of the unnamed associates of Shak
Taylor died in the speare, Burbage, and Heminges, at the Globe, year 1653, and was buried at Richmond. He
must bave been pearly seventy years of age at and was one of the original actors in our bard's
his death. He is said by some lo have painted dramas. He, too, represented women, as early as 1589, and acted Rodope, in Tarleton's Plate the portrait of Shakspeare, now in the possession
of the duke of Chandos; but, if genuine, it is of the Seven Deadlie Sinns. He performed in
much more likely that Burbage was the artist, the Alchymist, in the year 1610. Tooley, from some expressions in his will seems to have for there is a picture in Dulwich College, which
he is known to have painted. been the servant or apprentice of Burbage, to whose last lestament he was a witness. Tooley made his own will on the 3d of June, 1623;
ROBERT BENFIELD be died soon after, in the house of Cuthbert Burbage, in Holywell-street; to whose wife,
Was but a second-rate aclor. He acted the Elizabeth, the leslalor left a legacy of ten King, in the Deserving Favourite ; Ladialaus, pounds, "as a remembrance of his love, in in The Picture; and Junius Rusticus, in The respect of ner motherly care of him.” Tooley Roman Actor. He was living in 1647, being was a most benevolent man; while he bustled one of the players who signed the dedication to in the world he did many kind acts, and when the folio edition of Fletcher's plays, published becould no longer perform, he gave considerable in that year. legacies to the poor of St. Leopard's Shoreditch, and St. Giles's Cripplegale, which administer
ROBERT GOUGHE. to the comfort of the needy even to the present day.
This actor performed female characters : in
the Seven Deadly Sins be played Aspatia; but WILLIAM ECCLESTONE. in 1611 he had arrived to an age which entitled
him to represent male parts; for in The Second All we know of this actor is from Ben Jonson's Maiden's Tragedie, which was produced in that Alchymist, in which his name occurs, in the year year, he performed the Tyrant.
RICHARD ROBINSON he performed the Marquis of Pescara, an inActed in Jonson's Cataline in 10!1; and He was, perhaps, the brother of Stephen Rice,
considerable part in The Duchess of Malfy. from a passage in The Devil is an Ass, 1616, who is mentioned in the will of John Heminges
. it appears that at that period he usually took female characters
We have thus enumerated all those per..We had The merriest supper of it there, one night
formers who appear, with any certainty, to have The gentleman's landlady invited him
distinguished themselves in the original proTo a gossip's feast : now he, sir, brought Dick Robinson Drest like a lawyer's wife.”
ductions of Shakspeare's dramas. Of their In The Second Maiden's Tragedie he per
real merits it is impossible lo speak; yet some formed the Lady of Govianus. In The Deserv- of them, doubtless, particularly Burbage, Tay. ing Favourite, 1629, he played Orsino; and lor, and Lowin, were very excellent actors; in The Wild Goose Chase, Le Castre. Hart, and though the mechanical part of stage reprethe celebrated actor, was originally his boy or sentations was, in their time, extremely imapprentice. In the civil wars he served in the persect, we may be certain that they were able king's army, and was killed in an engagement to furnish the public of that age with an enterby Harrison, who was afterwards hanged at tainment highly acceptable. The drama, inCharing-cross. Harrison refused him quarter deed, was much more a national pastime then after he bad laid down his arms, and shot him than at present, for it furnished a source of dein the head, saying at the same time, “Cursed light to all ranks, and was highly patronised. In is he that doeth the work of the Lord Degli
our own more enlightened age, dicing, boxing, genlly.”
and horse-racing have superseded, among the JOHN RICE.
higher classes, the antiquated allraclions of that
slage, which Shakspeare, Jonson, and Massinger Nothing is known of this player, except that illustraled by their transcendent genius.
fac-Simile of an ancient Engraving
Little more of this theatre is known than that it formerly stood on a plot of ground, called till within these twenty years, Red Bull Yard, near the upper end of St. John Street, Clerkenwell.
During the civil wars, it was much reputed for the representations of Drolls, to a collection of which pieces, published by Francis Kirkman in 1672, the annexed view forms a frontispiece. This relique derives much interest from its throwing some light on the interior economy of the ancient theatres. The figures on the stage are supposed to be portraits of the popular actors in these drolls. The one playing Simpleton is know a to be Robert Cox, then a great favourite, of whom the publisher thus speaks in his preface : « I have seen the Red Bull Playhouse, which was a large one, so full, that as many went back for want of room as had entered. Robert Cox, a principal actor and contriver of these pieces, how I have beard him cryed up for his. John Swabber, and Simpleton the Smith : in which latter, he being to appear with a large piece of bread and butter on the stage, I have frequently known some of the female spectators to long for it,".
The following Table contains the Name, Situation, and Time of Erection of
the Theatres on which the preceding Actors appeared.
THEATRES IN LONDON, BETWEEN 1570 AND 1666.
Built or Licensed. Palenlees or Hold- Ceased Performing.
er's. Licensed by the Qery : Richard Anno 1570; but
Lord Mayor. &c. Tarlton, who was played occasionbefore an. 1579 a celebrated co- ally afterwards,
median at those subject to the replaces: and his gulations of the
fellow-players? Lord Mayor
73, 1st Patent keyn, Wilson, an. liament, 1648
dell, &c. an. 1603 First Circus for bear- | Master, 1586, Mor- Shut up for plays baiting built reg. gan Pope – Pa
in 1648, open for Hen. VIII. Hore tentees, Alleyn &
other performanreg. James I.
Henslowe, till 1621 ces till an. 1656-7, - Master, 1642— demolished 1689 Godfray-Master,
1686, Henry Bayly Between 1570-80 Query : Tarlton, By ordinance of Par
who was the prin- liament, 1648
cipal actor there? Between 1570-80 Tarlion, &c. and du- As above. 1643, but
perRobert Cox, co- form Drolls durmedian, &c.
ing interregnum Built 1599 ; burnt Edward Alleyn By ordinance, 1648
1624 : rebuilt 1629
1647 Began 1617 — Fi- Edward Alleyn By ordinance, 1648
nished 1618 Anno 1617. Same Anno 1623. Rhodes, 1648; but re-opened
year pulled down of the Blackfriars for operas from by the mob; re
Company, & Pe- 1653 to 1660 built 1618
ter Wadlowe; af-
By ordinance, 1648
By ordinance, 1648
Built and opened Killigrew, original While re-building,
hy Patent 1663— Patentee (whose 1791 - 1794; and Burnt 1672- Re- dormant Patent again after Fire built 1674 Incor- the present Com- 1809, till rebuilt porated 1812 pany hold) play- 1812- Performing ing themselves by
Act of Parliament
moved to Dorset by Patent first the king's and
N.B. The above were exclusive of St. Paul's School, and other occasional theatres. of the more modern theatres, the PORTUGAL STREET THEATRE was opened 1695; Covent Garden in 1733 ; GOODMax's Fields in 1729; and the HAYMARKET near the same time.