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TIMOCLES.

Of this name we have two comic poets upon record, one of whom was an Athenian born, and to him Suidas ascribes fix comedies; of the other's birth-place we have no account, but of his plays we have eleven titles, and the fragments of both are quoted" indiscriminately: Amongst these I have selected one, which is fo far matter of curiosity as it gives fome defcription of the illustrious orator Demosthenes

“ Bid me say any thing rather than this ; " But on this theme Demosthenes himfelf « Shall sooner check the torrent of his speech " Than I-Demofthenes ! that angry orator, « That bold Briareus, whose tremendous throat, « Charg'd to the teeth with battering-rams and spears, “ Beats down opposers; brief in speech was he, « But, croft in argument, his threat'ning eyes - Flash'd fire, whilft thunder vollied from his lips."

To one of the poets of the name of Timocles, but to which I know not, we are also indebted for a complimentary allusion to the powers of Tragedy; it is the only instance of the fort, which the Greek Comedy now furnishes, and I am gratified by the discovery, not only for the intrinsic merit of the passage, but for the hand. fome tribute which it pays to the moral uses of the tragic drama.

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“ Nay, my good friend, but hear me! I confefs. " Man is the child of sorrow, and this world, #6 In which we breathe, hath cares enough to plague us, as But it hath means withal to footh these cares, " And he, who meditates on other's woes, * Shall in that meditation lose his own : 6. Call then the tragic poet to your aid, : “ Hear him, and take instruction from the stage : « Let Telephus appear; behold a prince, " A spectacle of poverty and pain, 6 Wretched in both. And what if you are poor? Are you a demi-god? are you the son 66 Of Hercules ? begone ! complain no more. “ Doth your mind struggle with diftracting thoughts ? " Do your wits. wander & are you madt Alas! or So was Alcmxon, whilf the world ador'd « His father as their God. Your eyes are dim ; 6. What then the eyes of Oedipus were dark, “ Totally dark: You mourn a fon; he's dead; 56. Turn to the tale of Niobe for comfort, " And match your loss, with her’s. You're lame

" of foot; * Compare it with the foot of Philoctetes, " And Inake no more complaint. But you are old, « Old and unfortunate; consult Oëneus; « Hear what a king endur'd, and learn content. “ Sum up your miseries, number up your lighs, " The tragic stage shall give you tear for tear, " And wash out all afflictions but it's own,"

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With the poet:XENARCHUS; author of eight" dramas, I conclude my catalogue of the writers.: of the Middle Comedy; one short but fpirited apostrophe I collect from this poet, and I offer it in, it's naturalized state as a small remem, brance, of, my zeal to catch at every relique of his shipwrcoked muse.

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“ Ah faithless avomen! when you sweari.
" I-registet: your oaths in air...... some

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MEUTE VIIVOJ I Have i now produced a tift' of comic poets, thirty-two in number, who were celebrated writers for the Athenian.ftage within the period we have been reviewing, and in these tranflations the” reader 'has before him every thing that time has spared of their productions except a few, thort and insignificant sentences, which had nothing to recommend them. The imperfer'anécdotes hicre given of the several authors may be thought to contain, very little interesting matter, but it has been no flight task to collect even thesc, and I am persuaded that my fearch has left nothing behind; which can give any

furs ther elucidation to the subject; if I were as secure of not having trespassed upon the public patience through too much diligence and minuteness, I should disinils my anxiety,

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-The-period of the Middle Comedy was of Mort duration, and thirty-two comic, authors are no inconsiderable number to have fourished within that ærazi yet we (may well, fuppose others, and probably many others, did exist within the time, of whom no memorial whatever now survives: Most of these names, which I have now for the firft time brought together, will I dare fay be new even to my learned readers, for not inany men of à ftudious turli, and fewer ftill of claslical taste, will dedicate their time to those dry and deterring books, in which these scattered reliques were deposited, and on which they have hitherto depended for their almost desperate chance of being rescuedí from extinction. I mention this not oftentàtiously as taking credit on the score of industry and difcovery, but hoping that the labour of the task will be fome apology on my behalf to such of my 'readers (if any such to my forrow shall be found) who, having purchased these volumes with an eye to amusement only, may have been tired by the perufal of these papers, or, not caring to peruse them, have been cashiered of the just proportions of a volume.

To the candour of all thofe monthly publications, which are concerned in the review of new books, I profefs myself to be very highly

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indebted;

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indebted ; that they have admitted and com-
mended the fincere and moral motives of my
undertaking, is above measure gratifying to me;
in this particular I know I have a just claim to
their good report, because they cannot credit
me for more real love to mankind and more
cordial zeal for their social interests, than I truly
have at heart, but for my success as an author,
(which has so much exceeded my expectations)
I cannot deceive myself so far as to ascribe it
wholly to my own merits, when I must know
how
great a

share of it was the natural result of their recommending me to the world.

As I have not found any hints in these Ren views, nor in the reports which have come home to me, that have tended to discourage me in the prosecution of these researches into the characters and remains of the Greek dramatists, I have gone on with ardour, and shall go on, if life is granted me, to the end ; the writers therefore of The New Comedy will come next under my review, and as we descend in time, we shall encrease in matter; the celebrated names of Menander, Philemon, Diphilus, Apollodorus and fame few besides, are not wholly left without record, every fragment that bears their stamp has been accounted so venerable, that some of the greatest scholars of modern

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