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THE

ORDER OF BAPTISM,

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE,

ACCORDING TO THE USE OF

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ILLUSTRATED FROM

THE "USE OF SALISBURY;" THE " RELIGIOUS CONSULTATION O".

HERMAN, ARCHBISHOP OP COLOGNE;"

AND

THE SENTIMENTS OP THE COMPILERS AND REVISERS OF THE
BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER.

By The Rev. T. M. FALLOW, A.M.

CURATE OF ALL SOULS, ST. MARYLEBONE.

'If any man, who shall desire a more particular account of the several alterations in
any part of the Liturgy, shall take the pains to compare the present Book with
the former; we doubt not but the reason of the change may easily appear."—The
Preface to the Book of Common Prayer, A. it. 1661.

LONDON:
JAMES BURNS, 17 PORTMAN STREET^

PORTMAN SQUARE;

J. H. PARKER, OXFORD.

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PRINTED BY ROBsON, LEVET, AND FRANKLYN,

46 St. Martin's Lane.

ADVERTISEMENT.

The contents of the present volume, with the exception of the introductory remarks, consist of documents which more or less relate to the compilation and revisions of the Baptismal Offices of the United Church. They are offered to the public with the simple object of enabling others to ascertain for themselves the principles on which the offices in question are framed, as well as the sense in which the terms therein adopted are used. Among the documents will be found the " Ordo Baptizandi" of the Use of Salisbury, and the Baptismal Liturgy of Herman, Archbishop of Cologne,—rituals from which our own offices were compiled; the authoritative statements of Cranmer and the Church of England, on the subject of baptism, from the period of her emancipation from the Roman yoke up to the publication of the first Service-Book of Edward VI.; synoptical tables, shewing the alterations made in the offices at their several revisions in 1552, 1604, and 1661; together with a history of the conferences connected with these revisions, and exhibiting the reasons of the various changes which were then introduced into them. These are now published with the hope that they may be useful in assisting such as are desirous of ascertaining what are the real, not the supposed, sentiments of the Reformed Church of England on the subject of holy Baptism.

The author here desires to acknowledge his great obligations to the writings of his Grace the present Archbishop of Cashel, and to the Rev. Mr. Jenkyns, the able editor of Cranmer's Remains.

INTRODUCTION.

The difficulties connected with the Baptismal service of the Church of England appear, when its history is traced, to arise less from the service itself than from the sentiments which men bring to its consideration. If those individuals who object to its language had lived at the time when the Book of Common Prayer was compiled, it is more than probable they would never have entertained their present objections. Among the reformers of that period there was happily no difference of opinion respecting the sacramental nature of baptism. The German divines were unanimous in sentiment with our own on the subject; and the views of Zuingle and Calvin had not as yet reached this country. The return of the English divines from the continent, whither they had been driven by the persecutions of Mary, is the period from which we must date their first introduction among us; and, as its consequence, the rise of the Puritan school of divinity,—a school differing so widely from that of the reformers of the age preceding, as to lead ultimately to the proscription of the Book of Common Prayer in the days of the Commonwealth. The age which followed the Restoration, though ennobled by the writings of

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