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the storm of fire overthrew the cities, the plains, the in. babitants of the cities, and all which grew upon the ground. This eternal fire did it all. These cities remain in a barren state to this day. The overthrow of those cities was meant to be an ensample of the lał day. Lot was never vexed any more with the filthy conversation of the wicked; for they were all burnt up. So will it be at the last day ; after they are burnt up, there will not be a sinner in existence any more. Peter says, 2 Pet. ii, 6, “And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live · ungodly.” Jude 7, “ Even as Sodom and Gomor. rah, and the cities about them, in like manner. giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an EXAMPLE, suffering the vengence of eternal fire.” Luke xvii. 29, “ But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brim. stone from heaven and destroyed them all.” We are told in the New Testament, that the overthrow of Sod. om was an ensample to the ungodly ; that they are set' forth for an example, and that they were destroyed by fire; and that the Lord Jesus shall at last be revealed from heaven in flaming fire, and that he will punish the wicked with everlasting destruction, from the presence of the Lord ; that they shall be burnt up like chaff, like tares, like dry trees, and that they shall utterly perih. Can all this be, and yet the wicked be restored ; or eternally exist in misery? It cannot be. We may as well prove a purgatory, as either of these. After the wicked are cast into hell at the last day, they will be as completely destroyed both foul and body, as the bodies of the people of Sodom were with their cities. If eternal fire means one that burns eternally, and yet does not con. fume what it burns, then the judgment is to last eternal. jy ; for it is called eternal judgment. Heb. vi. 2, “ And of resurrection of the dead and ETERNAL JUDGMENT." What does eternal judgment mean? It means a final fentence; nothing more beyond that can take place. Ev. fry man will be rewarded according to his works. The
wicked will go away into everlasting punishment, which Paul fays, means everlasting destruction, and the righ. teous into life eternal. Eternal judgment, eternal fire, and eternal damnation, all have the same meaning ; it means that which will decide every thing, and the wicked de. stroyed then will be no more..
« GROUND TO POWDER";" is an expression used by Christ to describe the fate of his enemies at last. Matt. xxi. 44, “ And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken ; but on whomfoever it shall fall. it shall grind him to powder.” This is meant to describe the state of the wicked at the last day, and is the same as Christ's,put ting all his enemies under his feet. Christ mentions that his enemies shall be broken like a potter's veffel, which is a striking description of the last end of the wicked. When a potter's vessel is broken it cannot be restored again, nor ever be made whole. The last expression I shall mention is that of Christ's ordering his enemies to be Nain before him. Luke xix. 27, “But those inine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slAY THEM BEFORE me." This is mentioned as what will take place when Christ returns, having received a kingdom. Then those who opposed his reign, will be slain in every sense of the word. Soul and body will then be killed, being destroyed in hell. After they are flain, they cannot live forever in misery.
I shall now mention the scriptures which are brought to prove that the wicked will exist eternally in a state of misery. Rev. xiv. 9, 10, 11, “And the third angel fol. lowed them, saying, with a loud voice, If any man wor. Thip the bea st and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, the same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixa ture into the cup of his indignation, and he shall be tor. mented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb, and the smoke of their torment afcendeth up forever and ever; and they have no rest day nor night who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name." Rey, xix, 20, “ These both were cast as live into a lake of fire burning with brimstone." Chap: XX. 10, “ And the devil that deceived them was cast in. to the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever.”
These places have reference to something before the day of judgment, or else they are a contradiction of the rest of the scripture. The torment mentioned in chap. xiv, is faid to come on those who worship the beast, and his image, and receive his mark in their foreheads and right hands. There are thousands and millions who will be hurt with the SECOND DEATH, who never worshipped the beast and his image, (which is the old Roman government and the religion of the clergy,which is the very im. age of that beast,) and who never received his mark. These are said to be tormented day and night. This must be before the day of judgment; for after that, the wicked will not have day and night, but utter darkness. Those who worshipped the beast are said to be tormented in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb. This must be before the last day. At the day of judgment, the wicked will be punished with everJasting destruction, from the presence of God, and the glory of his porwer. As long as men continue in existence, they will be in the presence of the angels and the Lamb. “ Where shall I go from thy presence.?" When they are destroyed or burnt up, they will be from the presence of the Lamb; this will be at last. This text means either the state of torment which the popish worshippers are in on earth, while they see their caufe falling by the reign of the Lamb and his servants, or the state of such souls in hell before the day of judgment. The spirits of wicked men are now in prison, reserved unto the day of judgment to be punished. The rich man was tormented in hell, in the presence of Abraham, and certainly in the presence of the LAMB. This agrees with what is said in . This text; these are said to be tormented, 'not punished. Their punishment will be when they are brought forth to the day of wrath. Their being tormented forever and ever, means without any hope of deliverance ; for after
their torment, they will be brought forth and flain. In the other place it is said, that the beast and the false prophet were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone. This does not tell of their being tormented, but caft alive into the lake of fire. This has no reference to the punishment of the wicked at the last dày, but to the destruction of the old Roman government, which is is called a beast, which is now on fire, on account of the - . increase of knowledge and liberty in the world. The false prophets are the pope and his clergy, who are now in a consumption ; choaking to death in the air, like fish, who cannot bear heat and air. In Revelation xx. 10, it is said, “ And the devil that deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night forever and ever." This means the same as the other. - At this time the devil will deceive the nations no more. All this is to take place before the resurrection, and is not the last state of wicked men, nor the devil; for it is said in the four last verses of this chapter, that the dead small and great, stood before God; that they were judged out of the books; that the sea gave up the dead; that death and hell gave up their dead ; death theans. the graves, which gave up the bodies in them. Hell gave up the fouls, and then they were judged ; and after this, the same death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is called the SECOND DEATH. Here is no mention, of day and night ; no mention of being tormented in the presence of the Lamb ; no mention of their misery ; for in fire they are all destroyed, and none to be found again forever.
When this second death takes place, there will not be a finner in existence. The devil and his angels are to be destroyed, as well as wicked men. Jesus tells us what he will say to the wicked, at the last day. Matt. xxv. 41, “ Then shall he fay to them on his left hand, Depart from me, ye curfod, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels."" " And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he 7th reserved in everlasting cbains under darkness, unto
the judgment of the great day.” The angels, as well as wicked men, are reserved unto the day of judgment. Wicked angels and wicked men are all to be brought forth at the judgment, and all are then to be destroyed. The fallen angels expect to be destroyed. They have told of it. Mark i. 23, 24, “And there was in their fynagogue, a man with an unclean spirit ; and he cried out, saying, Let us alone ; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth ? Art thou come to DESTROY Us?" It is plain that they expect to be deftroyed. That the devil will be destroyed, is plain from what Paul has said, Heb. ii. 14, “ Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same, that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is the devil.”." It is plain from this that the devil will be destroyed. He is not now destroyed, he is cast out; but he now works in the children of disobedience, and is wor. shipped to this day, as the god of this world ; but the. Lord will bruise Satan fhortly under the feet of his chil. dren. This will be at the day of judgment, not before. This is plain from the scriptures ; though it is very different from what we have been taught by our minifters. and from the primer.
We are told in the scriptures that Christ is to reign una til he has put down all rule, all authority, and all power, and till he has put all his enemies under his feet, and subdued all things unto himself. 1 Cor. xv. 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, “ Then cometh the end, when he shall have de livered up the kingdom to God, even the Father, when he shall have put down all rule, and all authority and power. For he must reign, until he has put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. For he hath put all things under his feet; but when he faith, All things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted which did put all things un. der him. And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in