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the breadth. And he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs ; the length, and the breadth, and the height of it are equal."
How exceedingly great must this city be? Twelve thousand furlongs fquare, that is fifteen hundred miles in length and breadth. This makes it fix thousand miles in circumference; but when the new earth appears, without any sea there will be room enough to receive it. It must be remembered, that when this city comes down, it will be prepared as a bride adorned ; its builder and Maker is God; and it will come down with the foundation, wall, street, and all done. Some have thought the beight of the wall will be equal to the length and breadth of the city ; but this is a mistake, the wall is said to be one hundred and forty four cubits high, this I shall no. tice hereafter.
The meaning of the height being equal is, that there is one entire level to the street and top of the wall. Ic is not like Jerusalem, or Rome, built on mountains. Though this city is to be so large ; yet we are not to fuppofe that this city is to contain all that will be saved ; for it is mentioned that the kings of the earth, (which means the new earth) do bring their glory and honor to it. There are principalities and powers, now in heaven. ly places, among angels; and in the world to come, there will be principalities and powers, this Paul has men. tioned, Eph. i. 21, chap. iii. 10,—This city thus large will be the chief place of resort from all parts of the earth where faints immortal will dwell; for when the new heaven and earth are created, the righteous will dwell all over the earth. Peter says, “We according to his promise look for new heavens and earth, wherein dwell eth righteousness.” O how the glory of God will shine in such an holy city, of such magnitude !
« This heavenly city is the masterpiece of architecture ever reared by the great builder. Its very form, a cube, is perfection itself, no other form could equal it, and its ftupendous greatness astonishes us beyond measure! Fifteen hundred miles in length, and breadth! What a city is this? Whole superfices contain two millions and a.
quarter of square miles, and its folid contents, three thou-
The use of these calculations is to shew the amazing
3. The measure of the wall of Jasper around the city.
Verse 17, 18, “ And he measured the wall thereof, an
life, and enter in through the gates into the city.
Verse 14, 19, 20, “And the wall of the city had
fapphire ; The third, chalcedony; the fourth, an Em.' erald; The fifth, fardonyx, the sixth, fardius ; the fev. enth, chrysolite ; the eighth, beryl ; the ninth, a topaz;: the tenth, a chrysoprasus ; the eleventh, a jacinth, the twelfth, an amethyst.”
In the temple built by Solomon there were twelve. stones or foundations on which it ftood; three on each. fide, and in the days of Christ, the adorning of the tem ple was such, that the disciples were charmed with the glory of it; but what was all that compared to the grourious foundations of the new Jerusalem which John faw. when he had a vision of things to come! These foun. dations are described as very glorious on two accounts ;
1. On account of the precious stones with which the foundations were garnished; these are said to be twelve, s one precious stone to each foundation.
As it is likely, many of my readers are unacquainted ! with these precious stones mentioned as the garnishing of the foundations of this city; and as many wish to have an account of them; I shall-here give a short de. scription of them, that each one may have an increasing. idea of the glory of that city prepared; which shall ere. long come down from God out of heaven.
1. The first foundation was garnished with JASPER. .
This is a precious stone. There are fourteen varieties of Jasper. The first colour is green. ' 2 Red. 3 Yellow. 4 Brown. 5.Violet colour. 6 Black. 7 Bluish gray. 8 Milkey white. 9 Variegated with green, red and yellow clouds. 10 Green with red specks. 11 Veined with various clouds. 1 2 Jasperwith variouscloudcoloured zones. 13 That which has various colowrs mixed promiscuouily without any order. 14 That which contains some par. ticles of agate, called agatized Jasper. A foundation, garnished with Jasper of either of those colours must be glorious indeed. The Jasper which is mort, valued, is the green, spotted with red or purple. .
2. The second foundation was garnished with sapa PHIRE. The fapphire is a genus of precious stones, and of a blue colour, and is the hardest of all except the ruby and diamond.
. 5. The third foundation was garnished with CHALCE. DONY. This is a Gem, there are four known species of the chalcedony. A bluish white one. 2 The dull, milkey veined chalcedony. 3. The third is a brownish black, dull, and cloudy one. 4. The fourth is the yellow and red chalcedony, superior to all the rest in Beauty.
4. The fourth foundation was garnished with an emerald. The emerald is a precious stone and the foftest of all precious stones, it is considered the most beautiful of, all the gems, being in general of a green colour. There are two kinds, the pale green, and dark green.
5. The fifth foundation had a SARDONYX. This is another of the precious stones, consisting of a mixture of the chalcedony and carnelian. It is found, i Striped with: white and red ftrata ; 2 white with red dentritical figures.
6. In the sixth foundation was the SARDIUS, this precious stone is of the colour of blood.
7. In the seventh foundation was the stone called CHRYą. SOBITE, the colour of this stone is yellow like gold.
8. In the eighth foundation was the stone called beryl ; this stone is of a bluish green colour, it never receives any admixture of colour into it, nor looses the blue and green, but has its genuine tinge in the degrees from a very deep and dulky to the palest imaginable of the hue : of sea-water.
9. In the ninth foundation was the TOPAZ ; this stone : is of the same colour as the chrysolite, having the colour of gold.
10. In the tenth foundation was the chrysoprasus; the colour of this stone is green, having a yellowish tinge in clining to blue, like the green leeki
II. In the eleventh foundation was the jacinth; this, stone is of a purple or violet colour, from whence it has : its name.
12. In the twelfth foundation was the amethyst. The.. Amethyst is a transparent gem,of a purple colour, which : feems composed of a strong blue and deep red, and, ac- -cording as either of these prevails, affording different tinges of purple, sometimes approaching to violet, and sometimes, even fading to a pale rose colour.y “
These precious Atones are all small in this earth, and appear to me as samples, to let all know the glory of the new Jerusalem by, like a translated Enoch as a sample of all the saints ; how a few of these things draw our attention ; but what are all these compared to a city great and glorious, garnished all around with fuch precious Itones.
2. These foundations are described as being very glorious, on account of the names in these precious stones.
There are three foundations on the east, three on the 'north, three on the south, three on the west ; and in each foundation one of the names of the Apostles of the lamb. While the names of the wicked shall rot, the apostles who have had their names cast out as evil, here shall have their names in everlasting remembrance, engraved on the foundations of the city, while they within enjoy glo. ry forever.
As there are three foundations on a side, there will be three names upon each side, in a length of fifteen han dred miles, thus.
On the east three names;'. -PETER.--ANDREW.----JAMES.-
... On the north three ; .
On the south three;
On the west three ; --THADDEUS.----SIMON. -PAUL. · It is impoffible for mortals to describe what Christ promised his apostles and all who follow him, in the world to come.