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Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to the Universe

ibid. That Happiness depends upon our Ignorance of future Events, and the hope of a future State

159 The folly of craving for Perfections which Providence has denied us

160 The madness of Man's defiring to be other than what he is

161 Absolute Submission due to Providence

ibid. Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to himself as an individual

ibid. Of Self-love, and Reason, with their use

162 Of the Passions, and their use

163, 164 Of the Nature and State of Man with respect to Society 165 That no Creature fubfifts wholly for itself, nor wholly for

another, the happiness of Animals therefore is mutual 165 Reason instructed by Instinct in inventing of Arts, and in forming Societies

166 The true end of Government, and the use of Self-love

to Society Of the Nature and State of Man, with respect to Happiness

ibid, Happiness balanced among Mankind by the two Passions of Hope and Fear

168 But that good Men have the Advantage

ibid. Eternal Goods are so far from being the Rewards of Virtue that they are often destructive of it

169 That Virtue only constitutes Happiness

ibid, Of the Universe, a Poem, by Mr. Baker

170 Of Virgil's Georgics

The Prodigies supposed to have preceded the death of Cæfar
The manner of grafting Trees

175 Of transplanting Trees A beautiful description of Italy

177 'The Pleasures of Rural Life

ibid. Of training upCalves to the Yoke,and breaking of Horses 178

180 Description of a War Horfe

ibid. Description of a Diftemper among the Caitle The Nature and Government of Bees

182 Of Gay's Rural Sports

of Angling Of Setting Of Shooting

188 Of Hunting,

189 Of Gay's Trivia, or Art of walking the Streets The Rise of the Patten, a Fable

ibil, The Rise of the Shoe-blacking Trade

192 Defcrintinn of Frott-Fair on the Thames











That a Critic should Itudy his own Abilities

197 Nature the best Guide to the Judgement

ibid. But the Judgement may be improved by Art, and by study,

ing the Ancients, especially Homer and Virgil ibid. Of the Licences allowed in Poetry

198 Pride and imperfect Learning the source of Error 199 Of judging of a Performance by a Part of it Of being pleased with glittering Thoughts only ibid. Of judging only from the Language of a Piece, or from the Numbers

ibid. Of being too hard to please, or too apt to admire Of judging partially, and collectingOpinions from others202 Wit is ever pursued with Envy; but the true Critic will temper his Mind with good Nature

203 Characters of an incorrigable Poet, an impertinent Critic and a good one

204 An Admonition to the Critics

205 Of Dr. Armstrong's Art of preserving Health

206 Invocation to the Goddess of Health

207 Of Air, and particularly of that breathed in London ibid. Of the benefit of burning Pit-coal

ibid, Of the choice of Air, and of a Country Situation 208 Diseases arising from a Situation too marshy or too dry ibid. Of the force of Custom, and the friendly Power of native

Air The necessity of a free Circulation of Air, and of draining Bogs, and clearing away Trees

ibid. Of the regard which ought to be paid to Diet and Exercise,

by those who live in Countries that are very dry or very marshy

ibid. Advice to those who would avoid an over moist Air

That gratifying the Fancy contributes to Health
The Effect which running Water has on the Air ibid,
The benefit of sunny Situations, with a House rather airy

than warm, proved from the languishing state Plants

are in when confined to the Shade Of Diet

213 Of the Circulation of the Blood, its waste, and how fuly'd

ibid. Of the use of Labour in concocting the Food into Chyle and then into Blood

ibid. of the choice of Food ; liquid Food, Vegetables, and

young Animals, easiest of Digestion; but not those made fat by unnatural means

ibid. Every Brute is directed by Instinct to its proper Aliment,

but voluptuous Man feeds with all the Commoners of Nature, and is led in pursuit of Pleasure to his own

Destruction. Eating to excess, of any Aliment, dangerous, and espe

cially after long Abstinence



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The use of fometimes indulging the Appetite, and of Fait

ing occasionally to unload the Wheels of Life 216 The Regimen to be observed in the several Seasons of the

Year. That each Month and each Clime produces the Food which is most proper, but Winter demands more generous Liquors than the other Seasons

ibid. Of the Choice and proper use of Water

217 The only Liquors drank in the first Ages of the World ibid. That which is most pure, which is foonest evaporated, and

which generally falls from the sides of Mountains, or rises from a fandy Spring is best

218 Of fermented Liquors, and their use.

itid, When drank unmixed with Water they retard Concoc

tion, as appears by their Property of preferving Reptiles, and animal Food from Putrefaction

ibid. That Generous Liquors may sometimes be drank freely and

to good purpose, tho'but feldom ; for whatever too much accelerates the motion of the Fluids, whether it be Wine, high season'd Meats, or laborious Exercise long continued, impairs the Constitution

ibid, Of Exercise

219 The Importance of Exercise to those of a delicate Frame ib. The Pleasures of a rural Life and Conversation 220 That the Fancy is to be indulged in our choice of Exercise,

since it is this only which distinguishes Exercise from

That in all our Exercifes we Mould begin and end leisure-

ly; avoiding the use of cold Liquors while we
hot, and taking care to cool by degrees

ibid. Of Bathing, and of the use of the Cold Bath (to fortify the

Body against inclement Weather) to thofe whose Ćon.

stitutions will admit of it The warm Bath recommended to those who dwell in ful

try climes, and sometimes to the Inhabitants of our own, when the skin is parched, the Pores obstructed, and Perspiration imperfectly performed

ibid. The Seasons for Exercise should be adapted to the Con

stitution. Labour, when fafting, is best for the corpulent Frame ; but those of a lean habit should defer it until a Meal has been digested




ibid. No Labour either of Body or Mind is to be admitted

when the Stomach is full, and the Spirits are required to promote Digestion ; for it is dangerous to hurry an half concocted Chyle into the Blood

ibid. The corpulent Frame requires much Exercise, the lean less

ibid. No Labours are too hard in the Winter ; but in the Sum

mer milder Exercises are best, and those are moft proper in the Morning and Evening, avoiding the noxious Dews

of the Night


The Pleasures of Reft after Labour, and an Admonition

against eating too much, and too late at Night ibid. Caution against misapplying those Hours, either in Study

or Company, in which Nature intended we thould rest 224 The Reason why those who labour obtain so much Re

freshment from Sleep, while the Indolent find but little Relief

ibid. Of Cloathing---The neceflity of putting on the Winter Garb early, and not leaving it off till late in the Spring

225 of the sweating Sickness

ibid. Of the Passions

ibiit. Of the Soul and its Operations

ibid. That painful Thinking, or the Anxiety, which attends se

vere Study, Discontent, Care, Love, Hatred, Fear and

Jealousy fatigues the Soul and impairs the Body 226 Precepts for Reading--- The Postures molt proper, and the Advantage of reading loud

ibid. It is a great Art in Life fo to manage the restless Mind that it may not impair the Body

227 The dreadful Effects of those misguided Paffions which fill the Mind with imaginary Evils

ibid. Those chronic Passions which spring from real Woes and

not from any Disorder in the Body, are to be cured by such Diversions or Business, as fill the Mind, or remove it from the Object of its Concern

228 The Folly of seeking Relief from Drinking ibid. Of the Mischiefs that attend Drunkenness, such as doing

rash Deeds that are never to be forgotten, the Loss of Friends, Money, Health, &c.

ibid, The Poet's Tribute to the Memory of his Father ibid. The wretched Situation of those who having nothing to do are obliged to spend their

Days in quest of Pleasure 229 Indolence and Luxury are Enemies both to Pleasure and to Health

ibid. Of Virtue and good Sense--

Their Effects

ibid. Whatever supports the Mind in a State of Serenity and

Chearfulness, supports the Body also ; hente the Blesling of Hope which Heaven has kindly thrown into our Cup as a Cordial for all our Evils

230 The dreadful Effects of Anger, and of other Passions 235 Violent Sallies of Passion are fometimes useful in cold and corpulent Constitutions

ibid. But those who are subject to violent Passions should refrain from strong Liquors

ibid. Of the Use of Mufick in soothing the Passions ibid. Of the Power of Poetry and Mufick united

232 Of the great use of Didactic Poetry

ibid. Of


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Of the use of Episodes and Digressions which should be oc-

cafionally pathetic


Of the necessity of enriching the Style


Of Painting and Music


PRECEPTS for TALES in Verse, with occasional Re-


235 to 245

Those best which keep the Mind in a state of Suspense

and Anxiety to the End


The Hermit, by Dr. Parnel


The Apparition, by Mr. Gay


PRECEPTS for FABLES, with occasional Remarks

245 to 252

The great ufefulness of Fables

The Jugglers, by Mr. Gay


'The Poet and his Patron, by Mr. Moore


The Bag-Wig and Tobacco-Pipe, by Mr, Smart 250



casional Remarks

Page 1 to 39

The Business of Poetry, especially of that which is Allego-


Of Spencer


Definition of Allegorical Poetry


Allegorical Poetry most efteem'd by the Ancients 4

Of the Fable


The Fairy Queen, by Spenser


The Castle of Indolence, by Thomson


Pain and Pleasure, by Mr. Addison


Care and Generosity, by Mr. Smart


That sort of Allegory which is made up of real or historical

Persons, and of Actions either probable or possible ; and

where the Moral is obvious, and the Mind satisfied with-

out seeking for a mystical Meaning, ought to be distin-

guished by another Name


Improvement of Life. An Eastern Story, hy Mr. Johnson33

Of the Force and Propriety of Parables in the New Testa-


Of the Affinity between Poetry and Painting


The Reason why we are so affected by a beautiful Passage

in Shakespeare


The Heads and Hearts of Men not so bad as they are

generally represented


PRECEPTS for LYRIC POETRY, with occasional Re-


Of the origin of this Species of Poetry


Of invoking the Mules


Of the excellencies of Pindar


Division of Lyric Poetry into the Sublime Cde, the lefer Ode

and the Song



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