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Harry the fifth's the man. I speak the truth. L 1 BEAD. If it do, you shall have a dozen of When Pistol lies, do this ; and fig me," like cushions again ; you have but eleven now. Come, The bragging Spaniard.
I charge you both go with me; for the man is Fal. What! is the old king dead ?
dead, that you and Pistol beat among you. Pist. As nail in door: the things I speak are Doll. I'll tell thee what, thou thin man in a just.
censer! I will have you as soundly swinged for FAL. Away, Bardolph ; saddle my horse.— this, you blue-bottled rogue; you filthy famished Master Robert Shallow, choose what office thou wilt correctioner! if you be not swinged, I'll forswear in the land, 't is thine.-Pistol, I will double charge half-kirtles. thee with dignities.
1 BEAD. Come, come, you she knight-errant, BARD. O joyful day!—I would not take a come. knighthood for my fortune.
Host. O, that right should thus overcome might! Pist. What! I do bring good news ?
Well; of sufferance comes ease. Fal. Carry master Silence to bed.—Master Doll. Come, you rogue, come; bring me to a Shallow, my lord Shallow, be what thou wilt, I am justice. fortune's steward. Get on thy boots; we'll ride Host. Yes; come, you starved blood-hound ! all night:40, sweet Pistol :-Away, Bardolph. Doll. Goodman death! goodman bones! [Exit Bard.)-Come, Pistol, utter more to me; Host. Thou atomy* thou! and, withal, devise something to do thyself good. Doll. Come, you thin thing ; come, you rascal ! -Boot, boot, master Shallow; I know the young 1 BEAD. Very well.
[Exeunt. king is sick for me. Let us take any man's horses ; the laws of England are at my commandment. Happy are they which have been my friends; and woe unto my lord chief justice!
SCENE V.-A public Place near Westminster Pist. Let vultures vile seize on his lungs also !
Enter two Grooms, strewing rushes.
1 Groom. More rushes, more rushes.
1 Groom. It will be two o'clock ere they come SCENE IV.–London. A Street. from the coronation : despatch, despatch.
[Exeunt Grooms. Enter Beadles, dragging along Hostess QUICKLY, and DOLL TEAR-SHEET.C Enter FalstAFF, SHALLOW, PISTOL, BARDOLPH,
and the Page. Host. No, thou arrant knave; I would I might die, that I might have thee hanged: thou hast Fal. Stand here by me, master Robert Shallow; drawn my shoulder out of joint.
I will make the king do you grace: I will leer 1 BEAD. The constables have delivered her over. upon him, as he comes by; and do but mark the to me; and she shall have whipping-cheer enough, countenance that he will give me. I warrant her: there hath been a man or two Pist. Godt bless thy lungs, good knight! lately killed about her.
Fal. Come here, Pistol; stand behind me,-0, Doll. Nut-hook, nut-hook," you lie. Come on; | if I had had time to have made new liveries, I I'll tell thee what, thou damned tripe-visaged would have bestowed the thousand pound I borrowed rascal ; ant the child I now go with, do miscarry, of you. [To SHALLOW.] But 't is no matter ; this thou hadst better thou hadst struck thy mother, poor show doth better; this doth infer the zeal I thou paper-faced villain!
had to see him.
SHAL. It doth so. he would make this a bloody day to somebody. FAL. It shows my earnestness in affection. But I pray God, § the fruit of her womb | miscarry! SHAL. It doth so.
(*) First folio, analomy. (+) First folio omits these two words.
(1) First folio omits, God.
(*) First folio, those.
(1) First folio, if. (1) First folio omits, the lord. () First folio, I would.
(ID) First folio inserts, might. a And fig me,-) This odious gesture, the Spanish higas dar, was performed by thrusting out the thumb between the fore and middle finger. See note (C), p. 160.
b Where is the life that late I led,-) This scrap from some old ballad is sung also by Petruchio in "The Taming of the Shrew," Act IV. Sc. 1.
c Enter Beadles, &c.) The stage direction in the quarto, is “ Enter Sincklo and three or foure oflicers;" and the name of Sincklo is prefixed to the speeches of the Beadle, or as the folio calls him, officer. Sincklo was an actor of Shakespeare's company.
d Nut-hook,-) This appears to have been a caut title formerly for a beadle or catchpoll.
Enter the King, and his train, the Chief Justice
FAL. My devotion.
Fal. As it were, to ride day and night; and not to deliberate, not to remember, not to have patience to shift me.
SHAL. It is most certain.
Fal. But to stand stained with travel, and sweating with desire to see him : thinking of nothing else; putting all affairs else in oblivion ; as if there were nothing else* to be done, but to see him.
Pist. 'Tis semper idem, for absque hoc nihil est : 'Tis all in every part.
SHAL. 'Tis so, indeed.
Pist. My knight, I will inflame thy noble liver, And make thee rage. Thy Doll, and Helen of thy noble thoughts, Is in base durance, and contagious prison ; Hald thither by most mechanical and dirty hand:Rouse up revenge from ebon den with fell Alecto’s
Fal. God save thy grace, king Hal! my royal
Hal. Pist. The heavens thee guard and keep, most royal imp of fame!
Fal. God save thee, my sweet boy! [man.
what 't is you speak ?
(prayers ; King. I know thee not, old man : fall to thy How ill white hairs become a fool, and jester! I have long dream'd of such a kind of man, So surfeit-swell’d, so old, and so profane ; But, being awake, I do despise my dream. Make less thy body hence,* and more thy grace ; Leave gormandizing; know, the grave doth gape For thee thrice wider than for other men :Reply not to me with a fool-born jest; Presume not, that I am the thing I was : For God * doth know, so shall the world perceive, That I have turn’d away my former self; So will I those that kept me company.
When thou dost hear I am as I have been, | But all are banish’d, till their conversations
CH. Just. And so they are.
P. John. The king hath call’d his parliament, As I have done the rest of my misleaders,
my lord. Not to come near our person by ten mile.
Ch. Just. He hath. For competence of life, I will allow you,
P. John. I will lay odds,--that, ere this year That lack of means enforce you not to evil :
expire, And, as we hear you do reform yourselves, We bear our civil swords, and native fire, We will, -according to your strength, and As far as France: I heard a bird so sing, qualities,
Whose music, to my thinking, pleas'd the king. Give you advancement.(3)——Be it your charge, my | Come, will you hence ?
[To the Chief Justice. To see perform'd the tenor of our word.Set on.
[Exeunt King, and his train. Fal. Master Shallow, I owe you a thousand
EPILOGUE. pound. SHAL. Ay, marry, sir John; which I beseech
Spoken by a Dancer. you to let me have home with me.
Fal. That can hardly be, master Shallow. Do First, my fear; then, my court'sy: last, my not you grieve at this; I shall be sent for in speech. My fear is your displeasure; my court'sy, private to him: look you, he must seem thus to my duty; and my speech, to beg your pardons. If the world. Fear not your advancement; I will you look for a good speech now, you undo me : for be the man yet, that shall make you great.
what I have to say, is of mine own making; and Shal. I cannot perceive how ; unless you should what, indeed, I should say, will, I doubt, prove give me your doublet, and stuff me out with straw. mine own marring. But to the purpose, and so to I beseen you, good sir John, let me have five the venture.-Be it known to you, (as it is very hundred of my thousand.
well,) I was lately here in the end of a displeasing FAL. Sir, I will be as good as my word : this play, to pray your patience for it, and to promise that you heard, was but a colour.
you a better. I did mean, indeed, to pay you with SHAL. A colour, I fear, that you will die in, sir this; which, if, like an ill venture, it come unluckily John.
home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors, lose. Fal. Fear no colours ; go with me to dinner. Here, I promised you, I would be, and here I Come, lieutenant Pistol ;-come, Bardolph :-) commit my body to your mercies : bate me some, shall be sent for soon at night.
and I will pay you some, and, as most debtors do, promise you infinitely.
If my tongue cannot entreat you to acquit me,
will you command me to use my legs? and yet Re-enter PRINCE John, the Chief Justice, that were but light payment,—to dance out of your - Officers, &c.
debt. But a good conscience will make any possible
satisfaction, and so will I. All the gentlewomen Ch. Just. Go, carry sir John Falstaff to the here have forgiven me; if the gentlemen will not, Fleet ;(4)
then the gentlemen do not agree with the gentleTake all his company along with him.
women, which was never seen before in such an Fal. My lord, my lord,-
assembly. Ch. Just. I cannot now speak : I will hear you
One word more, I beseech you. If you be not soon.
too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author Take them away.
will continue the story, with Sir John in it, and Pist. Se fortuna me tormenta, la speranza me make you merry with fair Katharine of France: contenta.
where, for any thing I know, Falstaff shall die of [Exeunt Fal. SHAL. Pist. Bard. Page, and a sweat, unless already he be killed with your hard Officers.
opinions ; for Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is P. John. I like this fair proceeding of the not the man. My tongue is weary; when my legs king's :
are too, I will bid you good night: and so kneel He hath intent, his wonted followers
down before you ;—but, indeed, to pray for the Shall all be very well provided for ;
(1) SCENE II.-- The Lord Chief Justice.) This was Sir | words being abashed, and also wondering at the marWilliam Gascoigne, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, to vailous gravitie of that worshipful Justice, the noble Prince whom tradition ascribes the honour of having vindicated laving his weapone aparte, doing reverence departed ar the authority of the law, by committing Prince Henry to went to the Kinge's Bench as he was commaunded. Whereprison for insulting him in the execution of his office. at his servaunts disdayned, came and shewed to the King According to Holinshed, whom Shakespeare copied, the al the whole affayre, whereat he a whiles studying, after prince on this occasion so far forgot himself and the dignity as a man all ravished with gladnesse, holding his eyes and of the judge, as actually to strike him on the seat of judge handes up towards heaven, abrayded with a loud voice : 0 ment. “Where on a time hee stroke the chiefe justice on mercifull God, how much am I bound to your infinito the face with his fiste, for emprisoning one of his mates, he goodness, specially for that you have given me a judge was not only committed to straighte prison himselfe by who feareth not to minister Justice, and also a son who the sayde chief Justice, but also of his father putte out of can suffer semblably and obey Justice.'” the privie counsell and banished the courte." The blow For this occurrence, which Shakespeare repeatedly ad. was probably an exaggeration, as it is not mentioned in verts to in the play, he had, then, historical authority-but the earliest and most interesting account of the incident in making Henry, upon his accession to the throne, mag. which we possess, that by Sir Thomas Elyot, in his collec nanimously forgive and re-appoint the lord chief justice :tion of moral discourses, entitled “The Governor," which
_ is as follows:
“You did commit me : “A good Judge, a good Prince, a good King.--The
For which, I do commit into your hand
The unstain'd sword" most renouned Prince, King Henry the Fift, late King of Englande, duringe the lyfe of his father was noted to be he has rendered himself amenable to the charge of de. fierce, and of wanton courage. It happened, that one of parting from history for the sake of elevating his hero. It his servants, whom he favoured well, was for felony by him is true, indeed, that Sir William Gascoigne survived King
mitted arreyned at the King's Bench; whereof the Henry, notwithstanding his biographers have fixe prince being advertized, and incensed by light persons death to have happened the 17th of December, 1412; for about him, in furious rage came hastily to the barre, where Mr. Foss, in his "Judges of England," has shown, first, his servaunt stood as a prisoner, and commaunded him that he is judge in a case reported in Hilary term, 1413; to be ungived and sette at libertie. Whereat all men were secondly, that he was summoned to the first parliament abashed, reserved the chiefe Justice, who humbly exhorted of Henry V., in Easter, 1413; and, lastly, that his will the Prince to be contented that his servaunt might be has been found in the ecclesiastical court at York, bearing ordered, according to the aunciente lawes of this realme: date, December 15th, 1419 : but it is equally indisputable or if he would have him saved from the rigour of the lawes, that he was not present at the parliament in question, and that he should obtayne, if he might, of the king his father that the appointment of his successor, Sir William Hankhis gracious pardon, whereby no Law or Justice should be ford, took place March 29th, 1413, only eight days after derogate.
Henry's accession, and ten days before his coronation. “With which aunswere the Prince nothing appeased, but “ The peculiar period chosen for this act,” Mr. Foss rather more inflamed, endeavoured himselfe to take away observes, “and its precipitancy in contrast with the delay his servaunt. The Judge, considering the perilous example in issuing the new patents to the other judges, tend and inconvenience that might thereby ensue, with a strongly to show that it resulted from the king's perempvalyant spirite and courage, commaunded the Prince up tory mandate, rather than Gascoigne's personal choice ; pon his alleagaunce, to leave the prisoner and depart his | and, consequently, to raise a suspicion that the indignity way; at which commaundemet the Prince beinge set all he had laid upon the prince was not 'washed in Letho in a furye, all chaufed, and in a terrible maner, came up and forgotten by the king." to the place of Judgement, men thinking he would have It is just to add that Sir William Gascoigne's claim to slain the Judge, or have done to him some domage: But the distinction of having punished the wild young prince the Judge sitting still without moving, declaring the is not undisputed. In the memorandum book of Sir majestie of the King's place of Judgement, and with an Robert Markham, preserved in the British Museum, assured and bold countenaunce, had to the Prince these “Add. MSS. 18,721," the first few leaves contain numerous words following: “Sir, remember your selfe. I keepe heere extracts from early historians respecting Sir John Mark. the place of the king your sovereigne lord and father, to ham, a judge of the Common Pleas, in the time of Henry whom ye owe double obedience : wherefore eftsoones in IV. and Henry V., at the end of which the writer rebis name, I charge you to desist of your wilfulnesse and marks :-“Now, the reason I have thus diligently inquired unlawfull enterprise, and from hencefoorth give good ex into the authorities among the historians, concerning the ample to those which hereafter shall be your proper sub name of the judge that committed Henry V., then Prince jects. And now, for your contempte and disobedience, of Wales, is, because my own father alwais persisted in goe you to the prison of the Kinge's Bench, where unto I it as a tradition in our family, that it was Sir John Markcommit you, and remaine ye there prisoner until pleasure ham whom the prince struck, for which he was comof the kinge your father be further knowen.' With which mitted."
(2) SCENE II.---Setting my knighthood and my soldiers which is headed “DELA DIVISIONE DEL MENTIRE." ship aside, I had lied in my throat if I had said so. and which contains the following remarks on giving the To lie in the throat, an expression which is frequently lie: met with in Shakespeare, and other of our early writers, “Eda notare che uno honesto mentire se suole dire tu appears to have borne a deeper meaning than is usually non dice il uero, anchora ue e laltro mentire dicendo tu ne supposed. In a curious old treatise on War and the menti per la gola, & laltro mentire se dice tu ne menti Duello, which has escaped the researches of all the com- per la gola como ad un tristo, laltro anchora se dice tu ne mentators, entitled “VALLO LIBRO Continente apper menti p la gola como ad un tristo che tu sei, siche luno tenentie ad Capitanii, retenere & fortificare una Citta co procede dallaltro, & luno e differente dallaltro, prendendo bastioni con noui artificii de fuoco aggioti, come nella el caso che un dicessi tu, ne menti per la gola como un tabola appare, & de diverse sorte poluere, et de expugnare tristo, no se intēde chel sia tristo, ma che lhabia mentito una Citta co poti, scale, argani, trobe, trenciere, artegliare, come fa un tristo in qulla uolta, & lui non deue combattere caue, dare auisa menti senza messo allo amico, fare ordi per querela chel sia ditto tristo, ma dicendo tu ne menti nanze, battaglioni, Et ponti de disfida con lo pingere, opera per la gola, come un tristo che tu sei la querela e de cobatmolto utile con la experientia de l'arte militare," 1524, | tere che li e ditto tristo per causa che dice tu sei." there is a chapter in the part devoted to the duello, 1
(1) SCENE I.-For thy walls, a pretty slight drollery, 1 duced, between the end of the sixteenth, and the middle or the story of the prodigal, or the German hunting in of the seventeenth century. They comprised representawater-work, is worth a thousand of these bed-hangings, and tions of low tavern-parties, soldiers' quarters, country. these fly-bitten tapestries. In this, and in another passage fairs and mountebanks; and in some of them apes and cats where he declares his recruits to be “slaves as ragged as were represented as drinking, playing on musical instruLazarus in the painted cloth,” Falstaff intimates the sub ments, or acting as constables and watchmen. There were jects usually found in the decoration of houses formerly. several very common specimens of this kind of tavernThe mural-painting referred to, appears to have both painting formerly existing in an apartment of “The Elepreceded and followed the use of tapestry-hangings; and phant" in Fenchurch Street. it also became a substitute for them, when it was executed on loose cloths to be suspended against the walls. In palaces and mansions, both the art and the subject
(2) SCENE II.-A red lattice.)-The lattice, or crossed were of a much superior kind. Martial scenes, classical
| laths, the ordinary denotement of an ale-house, was proand romantic histories, armorial ensigns or heraldical
bably derived from the ancient sign of the chequers, comdevices, adorned the apartments of the great ; and, not
mon among the Romans. The designation, Douce remarks, unfrequently, moral sentences in Latin, French, or English,
“is not altogether lost, though the original meaning of the were inscribed in golden letters on richly-coloured panels,
word is, the sign being converted into a' green lettuce ; of All of which would have been out of place in any such
which an instance occurs in Brownlow Street, Holborn. houses as that referred to by Falstaff : where the popular
In The Last Will and Testament of Lawrence Lucifer, the taste was shown in familiar Scripture narratives, forest
old Batchiler of Limbo, at the end of the Blacke Booke,' sports, or scenes of broad humour. There is a curious
1604, 4to, is the following passage : '-watched sometimes indication of this difference of decoration in the two poems
ten houres together in an ale-house, ever and anon peeping called “Chaucer's Dream ;” in one of which, the author, forth, and sampling thy nose with the red Lattis.'" imagining an apartment embellished in the highest style of art, says that it was,
(3) Scene IV.-
When Arthur first in court-
And was a worthy king.)
The old ballad of which Sir John hums a snatch, was In the second poem, on his waking, he sees nothing better one in honour of Sir Launcelot du Lake, and is given at in his owu chamber
length in Percy's Reliques, vol. i. p. 198, ed. 1767, and "Save on the walls old portraiture
with the tune to which it was sung, in W. Chappell's Or horsemen, hawkis, and houndis,
Popular Music, &c., I. 271. The opening stanza runs : And hurt dere, all full of woundis."
# When Arthur first in court began, It is thus evident that hunting-subjects had been com
And was approved king,
By force of armes great victoryes wanne, monly employed, in the fourteenth century, for the
And conquest home did bring." adornment of interiors; and “The German Hunting" appears to have been one of the most popular of the class at the period. There is more than one explanation to be (4) SCENE IV.- Quoit him down, Bardolph, like a shove. offered of this expression. The first is, that it implied | grout shilling. The following is Strutt's account of Shoneno more than the representation of a chase after the groat, which appears to have been originally played with manner of the Germans, as if the passage had been written, the silver groat, and afterwards with the broad shilling of “your German hunting :” and the picture might then Edward VI. “Shove-groat, named also Slyp-groat, and have consisted of a wild-boar hunt, in a German forest, Slide-thrift, are sports occasionally mentioned by writers of taken from some old foreign print. But the words may the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and probably were possibly have reference to the famous German legend of analogous to the modern pastime called Justice Jervis, or to the Wild Huntsman,” which had, perhaps, found its Jarvis, which is confined to common pot-houses, and only way to England during the reign of Elizabeth.
practised by such as frequent the tap-rooms. It requires • There can be no doubt, from the very name, that the a parallelogram to be made with chalk, or by lines cut “ drolleries" proposed by Falstaff for the garniture of upon the middle of a table, about twelve or fourteen inches “The Boar's Head,” were some of those scenes of coarse in breadth, and three or four feet in length; which is humour which the painters of the Dutch school intro divided, latitudinally, into nine equal partitions, in every