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Harry the fifth 's the man. I speak the truth. 1 BEAD. If it do, you shall have a dozen of When Pistol lies, do this ; and fig me,“ like cushions again ; you have but eleven now. Come, The bragging Spaniard.
I charge you both go with me; for the man is Fal. What is the old king dead ?
dead, that you and Pistol beat among you. Pist. As nail in door: the things I speak are Doll. I'll tell thee what, thou thin man in a just.
censer! I will have you as soundly swinged for FAL. Away, Bardolph ; saddle my horse.
rogue; you filthy famished Master Robert Shallow, choose what office thou wilt correctioner! if you
be not swinged, I'll forswear in the land, 't is thine.--Pistol, I will double charge half-kirtles. thee with dignities.
1 BEAD. Come, come, you she knight-errant, Band. O joyful day!—I would not take a knighthood for my fortune.
Host. O, that right should thus overcome might! Pist. What ! I do bring good news ?
Well; of sufferance comes ease. Fal. Carry master Silence to bed.—Master Doll. Come, you rogue, come; bring me to a Shallow, my lord Shallow, be what thou wilt, I am justice. fortune's steward. Get on thy boots; we'll ride Host. Yes; come, you starved blood-hound ! all night :-0, sweet Pistol :-Away, Bardolph. Doll. Goodman death! goodman bones ! [Exit Bard.]—Come, Pistol, utter more to me ; Host. Thou atomy* thou ! and, withal, devise something to do thyself good. Doll. Come, you thin thing ; come, you rascal ! -Boot, boot, master Shallow; I know the young 1 BEAD. Very well.
[Exeunt. king is sick for me. Let us take any man's horses ; the laws of England are at my commandment. Happy
Happy are they which have been my friends; and woe unto my lord chief justice !
SCENE V.-A public Place near Westminster Pist. Let vultures vile seize on his lungs also !
Enter two Grooms, strewing rushes.
1 Groom. More rushes, more rushes.
1 Groom. It will be two o'clock ere they come SCENE IV.-London. A Street.
from the coronation : despatch, despatch.†
[Esceunt Grooms. Enter Beadles, dragging along Hostess QUICKLY, and DOLL TEAR-SHEET.
Enter FALSTAFF, SHALLOW, PISTOL, BARDOLPH,
and the Page. Host. No, thou arrant knave; I would I might die, that I might have thee hanged: thou hast Fal. Stand here by me, master Robert Shallow; drawn
I will make the king do you grace: I will leer 1 Bead. The constables have delivered her over. upon him, as he comes by ; and do but mark the to me; and she shall have whipping-cheer enough, countenance that he will give me. I warrant her: there hath been a man or two Pist. God bless thy lungs, good knight! lately killed about her.
Fal. Come here, Pistol; stand behind me,-0, Doll. Nut-hook, nut-hook," you lie. Come on; if I had had time to have made new liveries, I I'll tell thee what, thou damned tripe-visaged would have bestowed the thousand pound I borrowed rascal; ant the child I now go with, do miscarry, of you. [To SHALLOW.] But 't is no matter ; this thou hadst better thou hadst struck thy mother, poor show doth better; this doth infer the zeal I thou paper-faced villain!
had to see him. IIost. O the lord, # that sir John were come! SHAL. It doth so. he would make this a bloody day to somebody. FAL. It shows my earnestness in affection. But I pray God, the fruit of her womb|| miscarry! SHAL. It doth so.
(*) First folio, those.
(1) First folio, if. (1) First folio omits, the lord. ($) First folio, I would.
(II) First folio inserts, might. a And fig me,-) This odious gesture, the Spanish higas dar, was performed by thrusting out the thumb between the fore and middle finger. See note (C), p. 160.
b Where is the life that late I led, -] This scrap from some old ballad is sung also by Petruchio in "The Taming of the Shrew,” Act IV. Sc. 1.
(*) First folio, analomy. (+) First folio omits these two words.
(1) First folio omits, God. c Enter Beadles, &c.] The stage direction in the quarto, is “ Enter Sincklo and three or foure oflicers;" and the name of Sincklo is prefixed to the speeches of the Beadle, or as the folio calls him, officer. Sincklowas an actor of Shakespeare's company.
d Nut-hook,-) This appears to have been a cant title formerly for a beadle or catchpoll.
FAL. My devotion.
Enter the KING, and his train, the Chief Justice SHAL. It doth, it doth, it doth.
among them. Fal. As it were, to ride day and night; and not to deliberate, not to remember, not to have Fal. God save thy grace, king Hal! my royal patience to shift me.
Hal. SHAL. It is most certain.
Pist. The heavens thee guard and keep, most Fal. But to stand stained with travel, and royal imp of fame ! sweating with desire to see him : thinking of Fal. God save thee, my sweet boy ! (man. nothing else; putting all affairs else in oblivion ; King. My lord chief justice, speak to that vain as if there were nothing else* to be done, but to Ch. Just. Have you your wits ? know you see him.
what 't is you speak ? Pist. 'Tis semper idem, for absque hoc nihil est : Fal. My king ! my Jove ! I speak to thee, my 'Tis all in every part.
(prayers ; Shal. 'T is so, indeed.
KING. I know thee not, old man : fall to thy Pist. My knight, I will inflame thy noble liver, How ill white hairs become a fool, and jester ! And make thee rage.
I have long dream'd of such a kind of man,
For thee thrice wider than for other men :-
Presume not, that I am the thing I was : [Shouts without, and the trumpets sound. For God * doth know, so shall the world perceive, Pist. There roar'd the sea, and trumpet-clangor That I have turn'd away my former self ; sounds.
So will I those that kept me company.
(*) First folio omits, else.
(*) First folio, heaven.
When thou dost hear I am as I have been,
But all are banish’d, till their conversations
Ch. Just. And so they are.
Ch. Just. He hath. For competence of life, I will allow you,
P. John. I will lay odds,—that, ere this year That lack of means enforce you not to evil :
expire, And, as we hear you do reform yourselves, We bear our civil swords, and native fire, We will,--according to your strength, and As far as France: I heard a bird so sing, qualities,
Whose music, to my thinking, pleas’d the king. Give you advancement.(3)— Be it your charge, my Come, will you hence ?
[ To the Chief Justice. To see perform’d the tenor of our word.
[Exeunt King, and his train. Fal. Master Shallow, I owe you a thousand
EPILOGUE. pound. SHAL. Ay, marry, sir John; which I beseech
Spoken by a Dancer. you to let me have home with me.
Fal. That can hardly be, master Shallow. Do First, my fear; then, my court'sy: last, my not you grieve at this ; I shall be sent for in speech. My fear is your displeasure; my court'sy, private to him: look you, he must seem thus to my duty; and my speech, to beg your pardons. If the world. Fear not your advancement; I will you look for a good speech now, you undo me: for be the man yet, that shall make you great. what I have to say, is of mine own making; and Shal. I cannot perceive how ; unless
should what, indeed, I should say, will, I doubt, prove give me your doublet, and stuff me out with straw. mine own marring. But to the purpose, and so to I beserin you, good sir John, let me have five the venture.—Be it known to you, (as it is very hundred of my thousand.
well,) I was lately here in the end of a displeasing Fal. Sir, I will be as good as my word : this play, to pray your patience for it, and to promise that you heard, was but a colour.
you a better. I did mean, indeed, to pay you with SHAL. A colour, I fear, that you will die in, sir this; which, if, like an ill venture, it come unluckily John.
home, I break, and you, my gentle creditors, lose. Fal. Fear no colours ; go with me to dinner. Here, I promised you, I would be, and here I Come, lieutenant Pistol ;-come, Bardolph :-1 commit my body to your mercies : bate me some, shall be sent for soon at night.
and I will pay you some, and, as most debtors do, promise you infinitely.
If my tongue cannot entreat you to acquit me,
will you command me to use my legs ? and yet Re-enter PRINCE John, the Chief Justice, that were but light payment,—to dance out of your Officers, &c.
debt. But a good conscience will make any possible
satisfaction, and so will I. All the gentlewomen Ch. Just. Go, carry sir John Falstaff to the here have forgiven me; if the gentlemen will not, Fleet ;(4)
then the gentlemen do not agree with the gentleTake all his company along with him.
women, which was never seen before in such an Fal. My lord, my lord,
assembly. Cu. Just. I cannot now speak : I will hear you One word more, I beseech you. If you be not
too much cloyed with fat meat, our humble author Take them away.
will continue the story, with Sir John in it, and Pist. Se fortuna me tormenta, la speranza me make you merry with fair Katharine of France: contenta.
where, for any thing I know, Falstaff shall die of [Exeunt Fal. SHAL. Pist. Bard. Page, and a sweat, unless already he be killed with your hard Officers.
opinions ; for Oldcastle died a martyr, and this is P. John. I like this fair proceeding of the not the man. My tongue is weary; when my legs king's :
are too, I will bid you good night: and so kneel He hath intent, his wonted followers
down before you ;—but, indeed, to pray for the Shall all be very well provided for ;
(1) SCENE II. - The Lord Chief Justice.) This was Sir William Gascoigne, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, to whom tradition ascribes the honour of having vindicated the authority of the law, by committing Prince Henry to prison for insulting him in the execution of his office. According to Holinshed, whom Shakespeare copied, the prince on this occasion so far forgot himself and the dignity of the judge, as actually to strike him on the seat of judgment. " Where on a time hee stroke the chiefe justice on the face with his fiste, for emprisoning one of his mates, he was not only committed to straighte prison himselfe by the sayde chief Justice, but also of his father putte out of the privie counsell and banished the courte. The blow was probably an exaggeration, as it is not mentioned in the earliest and most interesting account of the incident which we possess, that by Sir Thomas Elyot, in his collection of moral discourses, entitled “The Governor,” which is as follows:
"A good Judge, a good Prince, a good King.—The most renouned Prince, King Henry the Fift, late King of Englande, duringe the lyfe of his father was noted to be fierce, and of wanton courage. It happened, that one of his servants, whom he favoured well, was for felony by him committed arreyned at the King's Bench; whereof the prince being advertized, and incensed by light persons about him, in furious rage came hastily to the barre, where his servaunt stood as a prisoner, and commaunded him to be ungived and sette at libertie. Whereat all men were abashed, reserved the chiefe Justice, who humbly exhorted the Prince to be contented that his servaunt might be ordered, according to the aunciente lawes of this realme: or if he would have him saved from the rigour of the lawes, that he should obtayne, if he might, of the king his father his gracious pardon, whereby no Law or Justice should be derogate.
“With which aunswere the Prince nothing appeased, but rather more inflamed, endeavoured himselfe to take away his servaunt. The Judge, considering the perilous example and inconvenience that might thereby, ensue, with valyant spirite and courage, commaunded the Prince uppon his alleagaunce, to leave the prisoner and depart his way; at which commaundemet the Prince beinge set all in a furye, all chaufed, and in a terrible maner, came up to the place of Judgement, men thinking he would have slain the Judge, or have done to him some domage: But the Judge sitting still without moving, declaring the majestie of the King's place of Judgement, and with an assured and bold countenaunce, had to the Prince these words following : “Sir, remember your selfe. I keepe heere the place of the king your sovereigne lord and father, to whom ye owe double obedience : wherefore eftsoones in his name, I charge you to desist of your wilfulnesse and unlawfull enterprise, and from hencefoorth give good ex. ample to those which hereafter shall be your proper subjects. And now, for your contempte and disobedience, goe you to the prison of the Kinge's Bench, where unto Í commit you, and remaine ye there prisoner until pleasure of the kinge your father be further snowen.' With which
words being abashed, and also wondering at the marvailous gravitie of that worshipful Justice, the noble Prince laying his weapone aparte, doing reverence departed and went to the Kinge's Bench as he was commaunded. Whereat his servaunts disdayned, came and shewed to the King al the whole affayre, whereat he a whiles studying, after as a man all ravished with gladnesse, holding his eyes and handes
up towards heaven, abrayded with a loud voice : 0 mercifull God, how much am I bound to your infinito goodness, specially for that you have given me a judge who feareth not to minister Justice, and also a son who can suffer semblably and obey Justice.'”
For this occurrence, which Shakespeare repeatedly adverts to in the play, he had, then, historical authority—but in making Henry, upon his accession to the throne, mag. nanimously forgive and re-appoint the lord chief justice :
“You did commit me :
The unstain'd sword" he has rendered himself amenable to the charge of departing from history for the sake of elevating his hero. It is true, indeed, that Sir William Gascoigne survived King Henry, notwithstanding his biographers have fixed his death to have happened the 17th of December, 1412; for Mr. Foss, in his “Judges of England," has shown, first, that he is judge in a case reported in Hilary term, 1413; secondly, that he was summoned to the first parliament of Henry V., in Easter, 1413; and, lastly, that his will has been found in the ecclesiastical court at York, bearing date, December 15th, 1419 : but it is equally indisputable that he was not present at the parliament in question, and that the appointment of his successor, Sir William Hankford, took place March 29th, 1413, only eight days after Henry's accession, and ten days before his coronation.
“ The peculiar period chosen for this act,” Mr. Foss observes," and its precipitancy in contrast with the delay in issuing the new patents to the other judges, tend strongly to show that it resulted from the king's peremptory mandate, rather than Gascoigne's personal choice; and, consequently, to raise a suspicion that the indignity he had laid upon the prince was not 'washed in Letho and forgotten' by the king."
It is just to add that Sir William Gascoigne's claim to the distinction of having punished the wild young prince is not undisputed. In the memorandum book of Sir Robert Markham, preserved in the British Museum, “Add. MSS. 18,721," the first few leaves contain numerous extracts from early historians respecting Sir John Mark. ham, a judge of the Common Pleas, in the time of Henry IV. and Henry V., at the end of which the writer remarks :-“Now, the reason I have thus diligently inquired into the authorities among the historians, concerning the name of the judge that committed Henry V., then Prince of Wales, is, because my own father alwais persisted in it as a tradition in our family, that it was Sir John Markham whom the prince struck, for which he was committed."
(2) SCENE II.-Setting my knighthood and my soldier
which is headed “ DELA DIVISIONE DEL MENTIRE," ship aside, I had lied in my throat if I had said so.}- and which contains the following remarks on giving the To lie in the throat, an expression which is frequently
lie :met with in Shakespeare, and other of our early writers, “Eda notare che uno honesto mentire se suole dire tu appears to have borne a deeper meaning than is usually non dice il uero, anchora ue e laltro mentire dicendo tu ne supposed. In a curious old treatise on War and the menti per la gola, & laltro mentire se dice tu ne menti Duello, which has escaped the researches of all the com- per la gola como ad un tristo, laltro anchora se dice tu ne mentators, entitled “VALLO LIBRO Continente apper- menti p la gola como ad un tristo che tu sei, siche luno tenentie ad Capitanii, retenere & fortificare una Citta co procede dallaltro, & luno e differente dallaltro, prendendo bastioni con noui artificii de fuoco aggioti, come nella el caso che un dicessi tu, ne menti per la gola como un tabola appare, & de diuerse sorte poluere, et de expugnare tristo, no se intēde chel sia tristo, ma che lhabia mentito una Citta co poti, scale, argani, trobe, trenciere, artegliare, come fa un tristo in qulla uolta, & lui non deue combattere caue, dare auisa menti senza messo allo amico, fare ordi- per querela chel sia ditto tristo, ma dicendo tu ne menti nanze, battaglioni, Et ponti de disfida con lo pingere, opera per la gola, come un tristo che tu sei la querela e de cobatmolto utile con la experientia de l'arte militare," 1524, tere che li e ditto tristo per causa che dice tu sei." there is a chapter in the part devoted to the duello,
duced, between the end of the sixteenth, and the middle of the seventeenth century. They comprised representations of low tavern-parties, soldiers' quarters, countryfairs and mountebanks; and in some of them apes and cats were represented as drinking, playing on musical instruments, or acting as constables and watchmen. There were several very common specimens of this kind of tavernpainting formerly existing in an apartment of “ The Elephant” in Fenchurch Street.
(2) SCENE II. —A red lattice.]-The lattice, or crossed laths, the ordinary denotement of an ale-house, was probably derived from the ancient sign of the chequers, common among the Romans. The designation, Douce remarks, “is not altogether lost, though the original meaning of the word is, the sign being converted into a' green lettuce ; of which an instance occurs in Brownlow Street, Holborn. In The Last Will and Testament of Lawrence Lucifer, the old Batchiler of Limbo, at the end of the Blacke Booke,' 1604, 4to, is the following passage : '-watched sometimes ten houres together in an ale-house, ever and anon peeping forth, and sampling thy nose with the red Lattis.'"
(1) SCENE I.- For thy walls, a pretty slight drollery, or the story of the prodigal, or the German hunting in water-work, is worth a thousand of these bed-hangings, and these fly-bitten tapestries. In this, and in another passage where he declares his recruits to be “slaves as ragged as Lazarus in the painted cloth,” Falstaff intimates the subjects usually found in the decoration of houses formerly. The mural-painting referred to, appears to have both preceded and followed the use of tapestry-hangings ; and it also became a substitute for them, when it was executed on loose cloths to be suspended against the walls. In palaces and mansions, both the art and the subject were of a much superior kind. Martial scenes, classical and romantic histories, armorial ensigns or heraldical devices, adorned the apartments of the great ; and, not unfrequently, moral sentences in Latin, French, or English, were inscribed in golden letters on richly-coloured panels. All of which would have been out of place in any such houses as that referred to by Falstaff: where the popular taste was shown in familiar Scripture narratives, forestsports, or scenes of broad humour. There is a curious indication of this difference of decoration in the two poems called “Chaucer's Dream ;” in one of which, the author, imagining an apartment embellished in the highest style of art, says that it was
“Full well depainted
And all the Romaunt of the Rose."
“ Save on the walls old portraiture
And hurt dere, all full of woundis."
the Wild Huntsman,” which had, perhaps, found its way to England during the reign of Elizabeth.
There can be no doubt, from the very name, that the “ drolleries” proposed by Falstaff for the garniture of "The Boar's Head,” were some of those scenes of coarse humour which the painters of the Dutch school intro
(3) Scene IV.
When Arthur first in court
And was a worthy king.) The old ballad of which Sir John hums a snatch, was one in honour of Sir Launcelot du Lake, and is given at length in Percy's Reliques, vol. i. p. 198, ed. 1767, and with the tune to which it was sung, in W. Chappell's Popular Music, &c., I. 271. The opening stanza runs :
" When Arthur first in court began,
And was approved king,
And conquest home did bring."
(4) SCENE IV.-Quoit him down, Bardolph, like a shove. groat shilling. 1-The following is Strutt's account of Shonegroat, which appears to have been originally played with the silver groat, and afterwards with the broad shilling of Edward VI. “Shove-groat, named also Slyp-groat, and Slide-thrift, are sports occasionally mentioned by writers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and probably were analogous to the modern pastime called Justice Jervis, or Jarvis, which is confined to common pot-houses, and only practised by such as frequent the tap-rooms. It requires a parallelogram to be made with chalk, or by lines cut upon the middle of a table, about twelve or fourteen inches in breadth, and three or four feet in length; which is divided, latitudinally, into nine equal partitions, in every