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Carlos would call a cocodrillo, jumping after him. The cur was out of sight in a few minutes, yelping away to the woods, and the monstrous creature, giving up the pursuit of Feo, turned upon me. Oh, what

The deepest coal mine in Great Britain is the Ashton Moss a leviathan it was! full a dozen ells long (at least he Colliery, sunk to the depth of 1,050 yards. seemed so to me !), with such a double row of grin- Up to the time of Henry III. only silver and brass were ning teeth! He stood high up on tiptoe, with his used for coinage, gold being first coined in this country in back arched like a frightened cat, and came bounding that king's reign. after me with great leaps. I just reached the

It has been estimated that cne plant of the red poppy bears guazuma where you found me, in time to catch 200,590; the charlock, 4,000 ; a groundsel 6,500 and the black

50,000 seeds; one sow-thistle, 19,000; one corn-cockle, hold of a branch and swing myself up. Indeed, the mustard, 1,200. vile monster was so close at my heels, that I hardly In one of the cavalry encounters between the armies of yet know whether his fangs did not seize the ex- Lord Wellington and Marshal Marmont, in September, 1811, tremity of my jacket. Is it not torn behind ?" a French officer, in the act of striking at the gallant Felton * It is a little ragged, indeed,” said Gomez, archly. Harvey, of the 14th Dragoons, perceived that he had only

one arm, and with a rapid movement brought down his sword " But I think the caiman was hardly guilty of that, into a salute and passed on. because I noticed it this morning."

ATTAR OF ROSES.- About 3,000 lbs. of roses are required to “Well, I was glad enough to be safe in the tree, produce 1 lb. of attar of roses. This delightful perfume is for I was never so frightened in my life, except when chiefly produced in Bulgaria, where the annual average prothe spiteful old prior shut me up for a night in the duction of attar between 1867 and 1871 was 400,000 meticals ;

that of 1873, 500,000, valued at £700,000. The produce bone-house of San Geronimo, for some trifling pec- of 1880 was estimated at the value of about £1,000,000. cadilloes. The monster, however, did not go back In the parish books at Prestwich, under 1736, the following to the river, but crouched beneath the tree, watching entry occurs:—“It is ordered that 138. a year, and a new coat me with his green eyes, that made me tremble to every other year, be given to George Grimshaw for his trouble behold them, and make me shudder now when I and pains in wakening sleepers in church, whipping out dogs,

keeping children quiet and orderly, and keeping ye pulpit and remember them. At first I hoped he would give church walls clean.” it up and retire; for I remembered the proverb,

DIVING for black pearls employs a large number of men and • One-sided courtesy does not last long, but there he boats off the coast of Lower California. Traders supply the remained hour after hour through the long day, and vessels and diving apparatus upon the stipulation that the even until it grew so dark that I could see him no pearls that are found are to be sold to them at specified rates.

These jewels are of much beauty, and highly prized. A year's longer.

production is worth on an average from £100,000 to £200,000. To add to my fear, after dark I heard several An interesting note on the consumption of food in London more of the horrid beasts prowling round in the is to be found in a little work recently published by Mr. David thickets, snorting and yelping like so many puppies, habitants of London consume annually 2,000,000


It is stated that the inand splashing in the water of the morass. Hunger of wheat, 400,000 oxen, 1,500,000 sheep, 130,000 calves, and old came, too. If I had been so lucky as to 250,000 pigs, 8,000,000 head of poultry and game, and have mounted a maimon or a guanabana, I might 40,000,000 pounds of fish.”. have satisfied myself with the fruit, but the hard PERHAPS the strangest domestic pet ever heard of was glutinous berries of that guazuma were but a sorry

recently exhibited at the meeting of the British Association affair to fill a hungry stomach. And when the norte in his possession for about three months. It now ate sugar

by Sir John Lubbock. It was a tame wasp, which had been came down at sunset, blowing chill from the Serico from his hand, and allowed him to stroke it. The wasp had mountains in hollow gusts, it seemed to pierce me every appearance of health and happiness; and although it through and through, for this thin chaqueta of mine

enjoyed an “outing” occasionally, it readily returned to its is ill fitted for the keen night wind. I shall have a bottle, which it seemed to regard as a home.

TURNER, the greatest nature-painter of this or any other pretty fit of the rheumatism to-morrow, cierto, for I age, spent hours upon hours in mere contemplation of nature, have caught a desperate cold."

without using his pencil at all. It is said of him that he was “May I venture to add one to your stock of seen to spend a whole day, sitting upon a rock and throwing

pebbles into a lake; and when at evening his fellow-painters

• The proverbs ? " said the young Spaniard.

showed their day's sketches, and rallied him upon having done hunter prepares his weapons, but he knows not nothing, he answered them,

“I have done this, at least: I what he will catch.' But your troubles are at an have learnt how a lake looks when pebbles are thrown into end, Padre, for here is your house. As to us, it is it.”—Kingsley. too late to accept your hospitality to-night: we shall The Icelanders have a curious but most effectual plan for not be home by midnight as it is. Good-night!”

preventing horses from straying away from any particular spot. If two gentlemen happen to be riding together without attendants, and wish to alight for the purpose of visiting some object at a distance from the road, they tie the head of

one horse to the tail of another, and the head of this to the tail THE STRENGTH OF TOADSTOOLS.-Mushrooms, toadstools, and of the former. In this state it is utterly impossible that the the like are known to scientific men as “fungi.” They horses can move on, either backwards or forwards. If dispossess a remarkable power of raising enormous weights, a posed to move at all, it will be only in a circle, and even then fact of which Dr. M. L. Cooke has given several curious there must be an agreement to turn their heads the same examples. A few years ago a town in Hampshire was paved, way. and shortly afterwards certain streets showed signs of un- Å FRENCH lady recently died at the advanced age of eveness that could not well be explained, until some of the ninety. Her will contained this provision :-“I leave to my heaviest stones were at length seen to be completely raised by physician, whose enlightened care and wise prescriptions have the growth of toadstools under them. Sir Joseph Banks made me live so long, all that is contained in the old oaken chest records one of the most extraordinary instances of this power. of my boudoir. The key of the chest will be found under the The wine in a cask kept in a cellar for three years was, at the mattress of my bed.” The heirs were much disturbed. The forend of that period, found to have leaked away, and to have tunate physician arrived. The chest was opened, and found produced gigantic fungi, which filled the cellar and lifted the to contain solely all the drugs and potions, still intact, which cask to the roof.

the doctor had given his patient for twenty years back.


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lad is holding a basin filled with its blood. Presently the “She hath done what she could.”—MARK xiv. 8.

father of the family comes out with a bunch of reeds in

his hand, and the boy follows. The former dips the reeds HE narrative of Mary anointing the head of our into the basin and going up to the door-posts he smears Saviour with spikenard is a very precious one. In them with the blood. They then return into the house, imagination, go to the little village of Bethany and and the lamb is got ready for supper. Several neighbours enter the house of “Simon," he whom Christ had with their children are called in to share in the meal, for cleansed from the leprosy.

the household is a small one. Later on, when the sun is Look around you on the many friends and neighbours gone down, the roasted food is set on the table, with bitter invited to the feast. Many of those present you have herbs and unleavened bread. None of the company sit heard of before: Lazarus, whom Christ raised from the down to eat; each is equipped as for a journey, with his dead, reclining at the table with Jesus ; Judas Iscariot, staff in his hand and sandals on his feet. There is an air the man who afterwards betrayed Christ, is also amongst of haste about the meal, little is said, and the faces of the the number. That young woman serving the supper is elder guests are grave and serious. At length the meal is Martha whom Jesus loves, and here, close behind our ended, but still everyone waits, silent and solemn. Lord, stands Mary with an alabaster box in her hand. The

The hours pass by, and still no one stirs. It is midnight eating and talking has ceased, and all eyes are now con- now, quiet, calm, and dark. Some one goes to the window centrated on Mary, but she does not speak; hers are to be and looks out. All around is still : the stars are shining

deeds, not words.” She has broken the ointment-box, clear and bright overhead, and the treasure-houses at
and the spikenard is running o'er Christ's head; some few which he, the watcher, has been toiling all day, loom out
drops have fallen on His feet, but stooping she wipes them dark and massive in the moonlight. Suddenly a distant
off with her hair. Some of the company are indignant; cry breaks the stillness, and then another, followed by
300 pence- £10 our money--is wasted; it should have been many more. What can it be?
sold, and what it realised given to the poor, they murmur, " The angel of the Lord is passing by," says an old man
but Jesus silences them. He says, “Let her alone ; why | in an awestruck whisper. “He is smiting the Egyptians.”

her ? ..... She hath done what she could.“

“ Will he hurt us too ?” inquires a little child. Could Christ say of you, young friend, She [he] hath

“No, we are all safe here,” is the answer. “ The blood done what she (he) could ? If you really love Him, you which is on the door will keep us safe.” will give Him your all. You will do your best for Him. That night “ there was a great cry in Egypt," parents You cannot break an alabaster box of ointment o'er His wailing for their firstborn, from the king down to the head, but there are many little acts of kindness you can poorest cottager. The power of the Almighty was made do for Jesus, which if done from right motives will never manifest at last to the blind eyes of the heathen monarch, be forgotten. It was the moti Mary had for doing what and before dawn the Israelites were marching out from the she did that won for her the Saviour's commendation. land of bondage, on their way to the wilderness and the She sought not to glorify herself, but Christ.

promised land. Grace Darling's motive was right when she braved the

A whole people had been saved by the shedding of the tempestuous sea in order to do what she could to rescue blood of the slain lamb. If that passover-feast had not the shipwrecked mariners. The motive of the heroic been kept, if the blood had not been sprinkled on the door, fireman who not long since, at a great fire in Liverpool, the angel of death would have entered the dwelling. added his own length to the ladder to enable him to reach

And so, in a higher and far greater sense, have we been those in danger of losing their lives, was a right one; it saved by the blood of a lamb. Jesus Christ, the Lamb of was doing what he could. It was doing what she could God, has died for us. As with those Israelites of old, so when the poor old lady spun an extra hank of yarn that with us. By our sins we have merited death; punishshe might contribute a penny to God's cause.

ment was awaiting us, the angel of death was ready. doing what he could, and from a right motive, when the But the Saviour offered Himself as a sacrifice for us, and boy left his playmates to lead an old lady across the road the shedding of His blood has saved us from the penalty because “she was somebody's mother." It was doing of our sin. what she could when the little girl nightly climbed the The great event which took place that night in Egypt dark staircase to read to the blind man who lived in the was intended by God to serve as a type or foreshadowing third floor back room. It was doing what she could when of the great Redemption, which was the Messiah's life. Jane Conquest left her dying babe to the care of God, work; and even in detail, the deed was typical of the while she crept through the narrow church-window and saving power of Christ. The lamb was to be " without climbed the belfry stairs, and rang the clamorous bell blemish” or defect of any kind : so Christ was all purity which led to the saving of the helpless crew of a burning and innocence. It was to be eaten with “bitter herbs :" ship. Murmurers at what you do there will sure to be, so the last days of Jesus were the most bitter and terrible but it matters little what the witnesses say if the Judge that ever man endured. The shedding of blood saved is on your side.

from death those who believed in its efficacy or power to II.-OCTOBER 8.

So the blood of the Redeemer, shed for our sakes, Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us.”—1 Cor. v. 7. will save us—if only we trust its sufficiency-from a In a certain part of Egypt, more than three thousand terrible, an eternal death. years ago, a strange scene was taking place. It was evening, and the toils of the day were over. The sound

III.-OCTOBER 15. of spade and hammer no longer rosounded through the “ As often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the air, and save for an occasional passer-by very few persons

Lord's death till He come." -I COR. xi. 26. were to be seen. The rude huts of the king's slaves are Ar the Passover Feast our Lord put a special significance scattered here and there among the fields. Let us glance on one part of the meal. It had before suggested redempinside one of them, for something of importance is going tion, by a glorious display of Divine power and grace, on there. Theinmates have just slain a lamb, and a young from Egyptian bondage, henceforward it should recall the

It was


Talks on the “ Golden Texts."


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greater redemption from sin by the blood-shedding of grief of the young prince was very great; he seemed to God's dear Son—a yet more glorious display of Divine feel the chastisement more than the boy who really bore power and grace.

the blows. Reader, does it ever occur to you, when you When you read of Jesus speaking of the bread as His have done wrong, that there is One above who has borne body, and the wine as His blood, you are not to under the punishment that ought to have fallen upon you? stand that because Christ says this that the bread and the Christ was “wounded for our transgressions, He was wine were His real body and blood, but you are to look bruised for our iniquities : the chastisement of our peace upon the expression as an emblem or image of the thing was upon Him: and with His stripes we are healed.” spoken of.

If Jesus had not died for us, we should have died, and Joseph, when he told the chief butler that the three died the most terrible of all deaths. That death would branches of the vine he saw in his dream were three days, have meant eternal pain, eternal sorrow; we should have only meant the butler to understand that they represented been shut out from the brightness and the joys of heaven, three days. Christ, when He said in the parable of the mourning for ever our fallen and lost condition. There tares, " The field is the world," and again, when He spoke would have been no hope, nothing to look forward to but of Himself as the Door and the True Vine, intended that tears and lasting misery. From all this we have been saved His language should be taken as figurative.

by a Saviour's love. În one short life on earth He fought Now supposing I were to show you a portrait of the the fight in which we should have been overcome, and present Premier of England, and ask you who it was, you drank to the last drop the cup of bitterness that sin had would say at once Mr. Gladstone; but at the same time filled for us. you would know that the portrait was only a representacion of the Prime Minister.

V.-OCTOBER 29. It is important that you should understand Christ's language about the bread and wine as being emblematical,

Betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?"--LUKE xxii. 48. because there are those who would have you believe that " At the commencement of your journey," wrote Amos the bread used at the Lord's Supper at the present day is, Lawrence, of New England, to a young friend, “ take this after being consecrated by the priest, transformed into for your motto, that the difference of going just right or a the body of Christ.

little wrong will be the difference of finding yourself in Our Saviour, in translating the old Jewish feast of the good quarters, or in a miserable bog or slough at the Passover into a new festival, "made the broken bread the end of it." Those who saw the disciples of Jesus travel. emblem of His broken body, and the cup of thanksgiving ling about Palestine could not tell that one of these men the consecrated cup of the New Testament.” Those of was different to all the rest; he spoke the same truths, he you who eat the bread and drink the wine, spiritually seemed just like the rest, he appeared to love the Master feed on the body and the blood of Christ through faith. as much as any of them, and he was trusted by them, for All of you who truly believe that Jesus shed His blood he had the care of all their money. for the remission of your sins should, in remembrance of But he went at first a little wrong, as some would say, what He has done for you, partake of the Lord's Supper, which in the end brought upon him lasting misery. He for He says, “As often as ye eat this bread and drink pretended on one occasion to be very anxious about the this cup, ye do show the Lord's death till He come.” poor, and charged Mary with wasting upon the Saviour You pledge yourself to be on His side, and to follow His what might have been sold for three hundred pence for example. You show that you acknowledge Him as the their benefit. But the Evangelist, under the direction of Son of God, who went about doing good, who suffered the Him who knows all hearts, lets us into a little secret there, just for the unjust; and you signify your intention of and says, “not that he cared for the poor, but because he telling others of the old, old story of Jesus and His love was a thief, and had the bag.” We are to learn, then, until Christ comes again.

that Judas pilfered money at first, and went on from one

sin to another, until his greed was so great that he was IV.-OCTOBER 22.

ready to betray his Lord for money.

Beware of the beginnings of sin. Surely he hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows."

An ancestor of the late Sir A. Agnew was once leading Isaias liii. 4.

his men into action, and catching sight of the enemy on THERE is a story told of St. Jerome, an old and pious an opposite hill, he thus addressed his soldiers, “ D'ye Christian who lived several hundred years ago, of how, while ken yon chiels ? If ye dinna kill them they'll kill ye !" walking along the streets of a certain city, he met a band of The attack was made with spirit and success. In a like soldiers, who were leading a wretched prisoner, heavily spirit should evil be encountered by us all. Indulgence in fettered, hand and foot. Having inquired the offence for one sin may lead to the worst of crimes. which the man had been arrested, St. Jerome took pity It was so with Judas. When he first began to go, as upon his forlorn condition, bade the soldiers remove the some would call it, a little wrong, he did not dream of ever chains and put them on him, and was led off to gaol in the betraying his kind and loving Teacher to His bitterest foes. criminal's stead.

But dishonesty in one thing soon led to a greater disIt was a grand and noble deed, a deed of which a great honesty, and he is found at the head of an arıned band, soul alone was capable, and it has crowned the name of its arrayed against his Lord. anthor with lasting honour. But history records another He carried on his wicked intention under disguise. act of a similar nature which far transcends that of St. That the people might make no mistake and lay hold of Jerome. Great and sincere was the good man's compassion the wrong man, he adopted a most treacherous contrivance. for the wretched culprit, but deeper, wider, and far more He approached Jesus as a friend, kissed Him in token of wonderful was the pity entertained towards us, while we salutation, and thus betrayed Him into the hands of His were yet sinners, by our Saviour Jesus Christ.

enemies. No chains of iron bound us, but the bonds of sin “ Betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss ? " was the held us prisoners, and it was He who set us free. We question Jesus put to him. “You have eaten with Me out deserved the pain and misery which accompany and follow of the same dish, and have always professed yourself to be wrong-doing ; but He, pitying our lost and helpless state, My friend." Yes, Judas had given way to a lying, * hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows.”

covetous spirit, and it had so got the mastery of him, that When the young king Edward VI. was a boy, he rarely he was ready to sell his Saviour for a few pieces of silver, did anything which we should call wrong; but when he and thus to repay the love, trust, and forbeararce of his had committed any fault which his tutor thought worthy Saviour by treachery and deceit ! of punishment, one of his playmates used to be whipped in Do you prefer money or pleasure to the service of Jesus ? his stead, as it was not lawful for anyone, not of royal Is your profession worth anything? or are you seeking to blood, to strike the king. It is said that at such times the gain some worldly good under false pretences ?


By Rev. F. ARNOLD, B.A.

sionary of the region was Boniface, the Englishman, who met his death amid a barbaric tribe. In the Middle Ages many a robber chief made his castle on some height in the forest, just as was done on the Rhine and on the Mosel. Many a sorrowful story of woe and trouble in later European history belongs to the Black Forest. But for many years past, and we trust, for many years to come, the region holds on its peaceful, primitive course. At the same time, education in the Grand Duchy of Baden, of which it forms so important a part, stands as high as in any other country of Europe.

The peasants have many industries of their own. They are the chief makers of those Dutch clocks which are sold all over England and in America. They form those immense timber rafts, which they get to the Rhine through the tributary streams of the forest, and which, though much of the timber is now conveyed by railway, still cause much wonderment to the Rhine tourist, for rafts are joined to rafts until there is quite a floating village. The people on the

raft village may amount to several hundreds, with Timber Cart.

quantities of food and furniture, and the rafts when

they arrive in Holland are sold for many thousand NE of the most interesting and remarkable pounds. While the men make the clocks the women railways in Europe is that which runs through pursue the straw industries. the Black Forest, half-hidden under the dark Then there are mills for wool, cotton, and cloth, dense pine trees from which the forest derives its name.

It passes over many & rushing river and through bits of quiet pasture land : it glides tbrough the defiles of those dark hills clothed with the forest up to their very summit: and then, with steep gradient, climbs the heights, within a few yards of the mountain's crest. The line, in its course of ninety miles, goes over six viaducts and through thirty-eight tunnels. The railway, which is considered an immense triumph of engineering skill, was commenced in 1867, but it was laid aside during the troubles of the Franco-German war, and was opened in 1874. It is extremely useful in throwing open the markets of the world to the industrious people of this region, in enabling tourists to make the acquaintance of a romantic and beautiful region, not too well known to their class, and, in à political point of view, the railway has what is called a strategical value, as enabling troops from the heart of Germany to be massed rapidly on the Rhine.

The present Black Forest forms the most considerable remains of that vast Hercynian Forest which once spread over a considerable part of Europe north of the Alps. Julius Cæsar, in his “ Commentaries,” calculates that for a swift traveller the forest was nine days' journey broad and sixty days' journey long. Indeed, Cæsar says that after sixty days' journey a man could not say that he had come to the extremity of the forest. He says that it touches the confines of many nations, and was the haunt of numerous fierce wild beasts. In later years the great mis

Shooting the Rapids.

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not associated with tall chimneys, as at home, are medicinal hot springs, which have been known but worked by water power. Then the scenic beauty ever since the time of the Romans. There is the of the neighbourhood is a real element in its pros famous old castle, with its secret dungeon and its perity, the trout streams, the exquisite valleys, the torture chamber. There is a beautiful promenade, wooded heights, the curious antiquities. There are and an immense establishment called the Conversanow fine hotels in places where once were sequestered tionstraus. Wherever the tourist turns, some patlı solitudes.

opens up which will lead him into some deep valley There is one part of the Black Forest with which or dark wood, where, under the burning midsummer most travellers on the Rhine are well acquainted. sun, he may find shadow and quietude. It is from This is Baden-Baden, the social capital of the Duchy, the immediate vicinity of Baden-Baden that most as Carlsruhe is the political capital. Carlsruhe was travellers get their idea of the Black Forest. once a hunting-seat, with forest all round it, and But I wished to know the Black Forest the Prince called it “ Charles's Rest.” A palace more intimately, to know both its solitude and replaced the hunting-seat, and gradually the capital its life, to get beyond the range of fashionable of the dominion grew up. There are pleasant woods carriages and equestrians. The railway starts all round Carlsruhe: on the west we have the out- from Offenburg, which has good hunting and

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lines of the mountains of the Black Forest. Baden- fishing, and also a statue to Sir Francis Drake, Baden is most beautifully situated amid woods at the who first introduced the potato into Europe." commencement of the great forest.

Every cottager in the Black Forest seems to have Rides and walks are cut through these woods his patch of potato ground, on which he mainly deand up the hills. Of all the German watering-places pends for subsistence; and perhaps this has something Baden is the most brilliant and the most beautiful, to do with the statue to Sir Francis Drake. The porThere is quite an English colony here, and I am tion of railway from Homburg to St. George is the sorry to hear that a heavy debt still rests upon the finest. This section of the line, a single one, cost about English Church. I remember the time when Baden- a million of money. The line, in order to gain the Baden was utterly given over to gambling.

higher curves, has to double upon itself in a kind It was pitiable to see what numbers spent the of loop, like a mazy stream. I had been strongly livelong hours here. It was not uncommon for some advised, and in my turn I would strongly advise poor wretch to blow his brains out, having lost his others, to visit Triberg, between the two places I have all upon the green table. But, happily, all this is named. It is the most foresty part of the forest, and changed now, the gambling being quite abolished. you also see the people in their most characteristic More than fifty thousand visitors, with perfectly ways. I noticed the quaint, picturesque costume of innocent aims, come to Baden every summer. There the country, I noticed their honest, industrious,

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