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Our Young Authors' Page.


skilful as suc

and grass.

Ah! we need to rise up higher on the wings of faith and love, ILLARNEY. For our souls must be uplifted to the cloudless light above,

So shall life appear before us, as a grander, nobler thing, WANDER we in paths low

Then our hearts shall take fresh courage, and our voices learn

to sing; lying, near the margin of For a Father's love has sent us richest blessings ever new, the lake,

But how oft the steepest pathway leads us to the fairest view. Where the trees, in wild

MARIE A. M. (21). luxuriance, overhanging

arches make,
While upon their moss-grown
branches tenderest fern-

[Last month we inserted in Our Young Author's Page a fronds freely grow,

poem entitled, “ The Two Voices," which had been sent us And the darkly-gleaming ivy as an original contribution. We have since been informed carpets all the ground

that the piece in question appeared some six and twenty below :

years ago, in the pages of a well-known contemporary: Where the scarlet-berried

We take this opportunity of informing our readers that all arums brightly flash amid contributions to Our Young Author's Page must be strictly the shade,

original, and should any copied or second-hand pieces be sent And unnumbered

we shall publicly expose the fraud, with the name and weavers shining, silken

address of the offender.-Ed.]
webs have made,
Where the purple heather

mingles with the bramble

and the brake,
And no sound áisturbs the

stillness, save the ripple of the lake,
Or the rush of timid squirrel, startled by our passing tread,

WILL the following “Pioneer" readers kindly oblige us with

their present addresses ?—James Hardaker (Birstal); Thos. Smith Or the cooing of the woodquest to its leafy shelter filed, Or the hum of happy insects, murmuring softly as we pass

(Halifax); C. C. Pickering (Canonbury); John Cook (Blackburn);

Howard Goldsmid (Birmingham); Alfred C. Osborne (Bristol); Where the golden-rayed St. John's wort shines amid the forn Alfred Tingey (Chelsea); George Palmer (Bristol); F. T. Sim

monds (Bristol) ; Thos. A. Fawkes (Crockherbtown); John

Robson Middlesboro); William Ward (Stamford Hill). Thus engrossed with minor beauties, which our every step NOTICE.-We wish it to be understood that AMATEUR ADVERTISEsurround,

MENTS cannot be inserted by us. Will E. P. G. (Newport) and Linger we to cull some flowret, glean come berry from the

others accept this intimation. ground,

ANXIETY (Herts).-(1) No; so long as you can see to read and And we dream not of the beauty, grander, nobler, more sub

write. (2) Certainly not. (3) Candidates may sometimes have lime,

the choice of localities, according to the order in which they Of the fair, far-stretching landscape, veil'd by spreading beech pass. (4) Of course, there is promotion. (6) To Secretary of and lime,

Civil Service Commission, Dean's-yard. Your handwriting is Glorious view of lake and mountain, all unseen doth still very defective, and will need improvement if you wish to enter remain,

the Service. Only through the clust'ring branches some faint, passing DECLINED WITH THANKS.—"One Summer Mom,” by H. H.; glimpse we gain.

“The Lord's Promise," by A. S. ; "Hope," by H. L. C.;

“Charity,” by E. G. ; "Loyalty,” by H. M. ; “ The Story of But our path is winding upward, and we follow where it a Flower," by A. H. S. (Brompton); “ A Ramble over Scots leads,

Hills,” by C. J. E. ; “Thoughts on Fish,” by Sarah L. Rougher, steeper now becoming-slower, firmer step it needs. Emma SCOTT.-(1) St. Bridget's Day is on July 23rd. Her nationHigh above the lake ascending, o'er a cliff with heather ality is variously stated. According to some authorities, she crowned,

was a poetess, the daughter of Dagha, a heathen goddess of At whose rocky base the water lappeth with unceasing sound ; Ireland. Her origin may thus be entirely mythical, though Higher up the famed arbutus shows its leaves of glossy green,

some identify ber with a saint of the early Romish Church. And beyond are rowan berries radiant in their scarlet sheen,

Her festivity is still kept up, after a fashion, in the Emerald Many twining, tangled creepers straggling o'er the rocks

Isle. (2) We do not know the author. You wil find it, at between.

length, in the Congregational Hymn Book, No. 1001.

AN INQUIRER.—You have overlooked one of our rules. We Now what vision lies before us, nothing limiting our gaze!

require all correspondents to enclose their proper name and Far away the distant mountains, veiled in palest azure haze, address, even if a nom de plume be used for the reply. And the nearer heights more rugged, clothed with heather and BIANCA.—(1) We know of no such society. with brake,

ENCOURAGING WORDS.-A Lancashire correspondent, in a recent In response to passing challenge, here will wondrous echoes letter, writes :wake;

“I am pleased to inform you that YOUNG ENGLAND is rapidly On the wooded bills there resteth mist of dark, intensest blue, becoming a favourite in this part of the country: A year or Every moment is revealing some fresh beauty to our view.

two since I was the only person in L— who took your valuHere is swollen mountain torrent, white as lingering drift of

able paper, but now it is the magazine most largely circulated

in this district. I consider the Prize Competitions one of the enow,

most attractive features of the periodical. They are varied to There a sunbeam strikes a bill-top, lighting it with sudden

suit all readers, and the prizes are worth competing for. I glow;

wish YOUNG ENGLAND every success, and I hope to have to Just beneath us lies the water, flecked with many a varied report to you the still greater popularity of your magazine." isle,

T. H. R. (Battersea), says: Yonder one all densely wovded-here a barren rocky pile ;

“If you would kindly send me some leaflets I would disNow a sail in the far distance gliding onward, gleameth tribute them in our school and to my friends; for, of all the white,

books I take in (thirteen in number), I look forward for YOUNG Or a dripping oar uplifted flasheth in the summer light, ENGLAND, and count it as the best and the cheapest of the While across the sun-kissed water wing the rooks their lazy bunch." flight.

A PRIZE WINNER, in acknowledging the receipt of his books,

concludes thus :Thus in life too long we wander, with the lower paths con- “As for answering competitions, I do not think there is a tent,

single periodical that is more expeditious in letting anxious On the trifling cares and pleasures that surround our way competitors know the results of their efforts." intent,

J. A. E. (Watford).—You can purchase the “Autocrat of the Looking at our fairest blessings with enfeebled, narrowed right, Breakfast Table at Chatto & Windus, for 2s. Working by dinu-bui ning tapers, shutting out the “larger G. HOOLE and B. HOLBECK.- Thank for your offer ; but we light:

have already more than sufficient poetry ready for use.





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AVE the readers cocoon. If so, the first "tiger" would doubtless have of YOUNG ENGLAND searched in vain for outside help, and in the end have been ever seen an owl's obliged to fall back upon materials to whicn it had no right. nest ? though Secondly, does not the writer fall into a slight error when he “ nest” can says, "and so could not want its cocoon "'? The use of the hardly call it, as cocoon is the preservation of the pupa from injury, more Mr. and Mrs. Owl especially injury to the wing cases, and when such a covering take very little is found naturally, it is always necessary to the species so tronble to have a provided. In answer to the second part of Mr. Wrench's comfortable home / query, it may be pointed out that cases of cannibalism are for their babies. rare among this order of insects.

A pair of Barn I apperd a few curious "finds” made by myself and my Owls build every brothers during the last seven years. In 1876, two varieties year in the roof of of the Six Spotted Burnet (Zygæna filipendulæ), in which our church, and the usual six crimson spots of each fore.wing are replaced by many a time, when two only. In 1879, five varieties of the Common Meadow getting dusk, have Brown Butterfly (Satyrus Janira); four of these have blotches I stood under the of white, instead of the more sober brown, and the fifth, a elms and watched large female specimen, has a double-pupilled spot on each

them hunting for fore.wing, instead of the usual single "eye,” this spot being mice along the brooks; the number they catch and bring to followed by two black dots. In 1880, I bred an interesting their nest, is astonishing. Such a hissing and snoring the variety of the Common Garden White (Pieris rape), in little owls make when they hear the old birds returning, as wbich the ground colour of all the wings is a decided yellow. if a dozen cats were fighting together. Many people have In November, 1881, a cousin, who was then staying at Suodbeen qnite frightened at their noise, on hearing it for the land, Kent, sent me up a large butterfly which he had taken first time.

in a meadow near the village the preceding September. It One afternoon I took a ladder over to the church, because I is noi an English insect at all, being the North-American wanted to have a peep at the little owls, never having seen Danaus Archippus, and may possibly have been bred and one. When first I looked under tbe eaves nothing was to be turned out by someone wishing to acclimatise the species. seen but a row of shining eyes, but by the time mine had

F. W. Hawes (Wood Green, N). become accustomed to the darkness, I saw the funniest sight possible. Five little owls sat in a row, all as solemn as judges.

DOUBLE PRIMROSE.-Early in April I found a very The first one was almost full-grown, and had all his feathers, handsome double variety of the wild primrose (Primula which were lemon and white, with dark spots on.

Next to vulgaris); the blossom resembles that of the garden primala; him was one much smaller, a ball of soft downy fluff, and so

the corolla is large, and has two rows of petals (or rather on to the end, each a size smaller than the one before it; till lobes) equal in length, and crimped and frilled like a dainty the last, the very picture of ugliness, was about the size of a ruffle; the heart of the flower is larger and yellower than in sparrow, and had no feathers on at all ; in fact they looked so ordinary specimens, and displays more openly both stamens comical that I burst out langhing at them, upon which they and pistil. The calyx is also singular, being cleft into two one and all began to spit and swear at me, especially namber wide wings or sheaths, with a double number of nerves, two, who made more noise than all the rest put together. which extend beyond the edges fringe-like. There were three Not being able to reach them with my arm I climbed down or four large full-blown blossoms on the plant, and several the ladder and cut a stick about two feet long, with a hook at buds, all equally double. I found it by the roadside in a the end. This I poked under the eaves and with the hook ditch, which seemed specially adapted for the growth of caught hold of the leg of number one, and drew him towards

pale primroses," for they bloomed there in such luxariance, me bissirg and spluttering, unbooked him, and put him into a all the blossoms being remarkably large; the warm southern basket ; doing the same to all the rest except namber five, aspect of the ditch had no doubt something to do with this, which being so small and devoid of clothing, I was afraid it as they grew much less abundantly along the wall at the might take cold. I then carried the basketful home to show opposite side of the road. I secured the plant, root and all, my brothers and sisters. When all had seen them, I took the but I am not at all sure that it will retain its curious double family home again, and though I put them back anyhow, they form after being transplanted. at once arranged themselves as they were when I found them, in their ages, and did not seem any the worse for their short

CUP-LICHEN.—Yesterday I found such a quantity of journey, as they had quite as many mice that evening as on

cap-lichen growing on a wall. The “cups" were unusually others, for their supper.

large, and many of them held four or tive, or even more, PETER (Arundel, Sussex).

smaller cups. I enclose a bit for you to examine. Is this

method of growth anything uncommon ? I have never noticed PEACOCK BUTTERFLY.-In the 'Ology Page for De.

it before.

M. A. M., Camp Tralee, co. Kerry. cember, there was a query as to the Peacock Butterfly hybernat.

[Your enclosures are fine specimens of the Cap Lichen ing as egg, chrysalis, and imago, and the writer asks, Is it 80 ? (Cladonia pyxidata). The mode of growth is not uncommon.In our school we have a large blind (which is drawn up,

W. H. G.] not on a roller, bat in folds) to keep out the sun from the HERON'S NEST.--- Yesterday I was much interested in southern window. During the winter we did not need to let watching the movements of a heron, which has built its nest it down, but when the first sunny days returned, we drow in a tree not far from our house. down the blind, and out flew a Peacock Butterfly, which flut. While walking in the fields near a small rush-grown pond, tered against the window all the afternoon.

my attention was attracted by a curious sound, a contindons FREDERICK TAYLOR (Littleport, Cambs). sort of “Chip! chip!” evideutly proceeding from something [Here is an example of the “Peacock” hybernating in its overhead. Looking up, I saw a large bird hovering around. last stage, as we pointed out. Now, who can voach for finding By its grey and white plumage, long legs, orange.coloared the egg, larva, or chrysalis, in winter?—W. H. G.]

bill, and the slender feather drooping back from its head, I

recognised it as a heron, but having never heard one make A KNOWING “TIGER.”—I have been reading Mr. H. that sound before, I continued to watch it, and presently is Wrench’s remarks under this heading in the April number. alighted on the branch of an elm tree, when I was able to obFirst of all, it occurred to me to ask whether "the cylinder" serve it more closely. I then discovered that the sound was of glass, tin, or of any other bard smooth substance which which had attracted me was not uttered by the bird, as I had could not be used by the caterpillar in the formation of its at first imagined, but seemed to come from another tree, twe

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Our Young Naturalists' Look-Out.


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or three yards from that on which the heron was porched. becanse they had no earthy bank in which to burrow when This pazzled me, as I was unable to perceive anything on this the time came for them to change into the pupa state; and tree, bat I noticed that the bird was in a disturbed state of the freshwater shrimps, though very lively and interesting mind, as she cast most anxious glances alternately at me and at first, only lived a few weeks. I think they can only live in at the tree. After a little closer observation I solved the running water. The tadpoles passed through all their , mystery. The second tree (also an elm), at the distance of a metamorphoses until they arrived at “frog's estate,” when I few feet from the ground, became forked into two large set them at liberty, and it was most interesting to watch branches, one of which, after projecting upwards in a slanting their gradual development. It was also interesting to see the direction, grew out horizontally over the pond, and at the caddis.worms enlarging their cases, as they readily did, angle thus formed I perceived something that looked like a mostly using the stems of water plants for the purpose ; and loose bundle of sticks. This was tho heron's nest, and a very to watch the water-snails shaving off the growth on the glass insecure and unsheltered one it appeared to be, surrounded by sides of the aquarium with their curions tongues. I had three no protecting branches, but just laid on the bough, and look. kinds of water-snails, Limneus stagnalis, Planorbis corneus, ing as if the next storm would blow it off into the water, but and Physa fontinalis. These snails, especially Physa, produce no doubt it was secured in some clever way. I could just great numbers of eggs in the spring of the year, which are discern two or three little heads moving to and fro in it, so I readily hatched. I bave hundreds of small snails now a few waited near in the hope of seeing the mother-bird return to days old. I had some larvæ oi Dyticus, the Great Water her young, but in vain, as Mrs. Heron showed no intention of Beetle, but they were so ferocious had to keep them in stirring while I was in view, so I gave up watching and con- solitary confinement. Not only would they attack each other, tinued my walk.

but even small fish fell victims to their formidable pincer. I had not gone very far however, when a redoubled chorus like jaws. of “Chip! chip! chip!" caused me to look back just in time A great drawback to the pleasure of keeping an aquarium to see the heron settle down on her little ones. Cautious bird ! sometimes is the trouble of frequently changing the water ; she had waited until she thought I had forgotten her, and was but I found that with the help of plenty of water plants, and at a safe distance.

by occasionally forcing fresh air into the water by means of a I went out again to have a look at the nest. The old bird small garden syringe, it would keep pure and clear for was in it, but as soon as she saw me approaching she left it, months, and would always prove much more interesting, both and stalking with great dignity along the branch took up her for study and amusement, than the ordinary globe of gold and station at a distance of a yard or so from her family. There silver fish. she stood regarding me with a grim “mind-your-own-busi

M. J. B. (Salisbury.) ness” sort of air. As well as I could see, there were only two

A GIGANTIC NETTLE.-Last year, a nettle, near little ones in the nest, and they protested strongly against rockwork in our shrubbery, grew to the enormous height of their mother's absence, craning out their long, thin little upwards of seven feet, and measured two inches in circumnecks, but the mother only answered them with an occasional

ference at the base. It apparently died down to the roots hoarse note ; so, finding no redress from that quarter, I regret during the winter (as we know is the habit of such plants), but to say that the two little heads began to bob together in a

this spring I was surprised to find that it was budding and most suspicious manner, in no way proving the truth of the throwing out new branches from the joints of the old stem. oft-quoted words—“Birds in their little nests agree."

LUCY E. BATTERSBY (Rathowen, co. West Meath, Ireland.) M. A. M. (Camp Tralee, Co. Kerry). N.B.- I would like to know what is the difference between THE HUMBLE BEE.-A morning or two ago, whilst herons and cranes.

engaged in gardening, I turned out two very big humble [These are included by Linnæus in one genus (Ardea), but bees (Bonibus lapidarius

from a large hole I had made in the have since been separated, on the ground that the cranes

earth. This seemed rather a curious place for them to spring have blunter bills and shorter feet than the herons, and that from, but that, however, was the case. În digging I accideutally their food is more of a vegetable nature.-W. H. G.]

knocked one with my spade, thereby killing it. The scene

that followed was most touching. The live bee, observing the MAY FLY.--One warm day in February, I took a common

other was quiet, and apparently dead, hovered round his comMay Fly (Ephemero), which seemed to be dangling in a

panion, first patting him gently on the head, then lying over cobweb, beneath a hedge. Looking into the box in which I him, and at last turning him over on his back, as if to see placed it some days after, I saw that the fly had cast its what was really the matter with him. After some time, seeing skin. The cast-off coat, a perfect counterpart of the fly itself, all his efforts were fruitless, he left him whilst he went to fetch was lying at the bottom of the box, and the fly, looking all the buried him. The whole scene was very touching, as I said

another companion, who soon afterwards came back, and better for its change, was sticking to the lid. After this it

before, and, if I had not seen it enacted with my own eyes, I survived some days. I always thought that insects never cast their skins after having once attained their perfect

never could have believed it. ANNIE E. POTTER (Coggeshall). state: is this fly an exception to the rule ?

SAGACITY OF A DOG.--At Bangor, a small watering

M. J. B. (Salisbury.) place in the north of Ireland, I once saw a dog come to meet [To M. J. B's query and observation as to the May Fly, our its master, an oyster-dredger, every evening, with a bag, and friend Mr. J. R. S. Clifford has kindly replied, as follows : swim to the boat if it was not near enough to get in, and

Your correspondent is quite right; the fact she mentions when he did get in he would take the oysters in his month I have known and noticed for some years. The Libellule and pnt them in the bag. Another dog, who lived on board a (Dragon flies) and Ephemerce (May Alies), in quitting the schooner, when he saw the crew heaving up anchor, would puparium (pupa case), have a curious and most delicate investi haul at the cable with his teeth. taro of gauze, which covers the whole body. An interval of a

HARRY McTIER (103), Kingstown, Dablin. few hours elapses, and then this envelope is thrown off. It is scarcely visible until it is thus separated from the insect."'] AN AQUARIUM AND ITS CONTENTS.- Last summer

The readers and contributors of “ Our Young Naturalists' I had a fresh-water aquarium which proved a source of much devote a portion of space evory month to a Natural History

Look-Out” will be pleased to hear that we have decided to interesting study and amusement. It consisted of a large, EXCHANGE COLUMN. Young Englanders will thus be enabled rather shallow glass vessel (as large a surface of water as possible is desirable), covered at the bottom with sand, readers whose tastes and hobbies tally with their own.

to procure or dispose of various specimens to their fellow

We pebbles, and a few large stones; filled with water, and stocked would have it understood, however (1), that the full name and with minnows, dace, tadpoles, caddis-worms, water-snails, address of each party being published, all exchanges must be freshwater shrimps, larvæ of water-beetles, and any small direct, and not through the Editor, who holds himself free from life that I could find in neighbouring ponds and ditches. The fish I fed with tiny pieces of hard-boiled white of eggs, transactions in money will not be recognised.

all responsibility. (2) “Exchanges” only will be allowed ;

(3) These as not so likely to sour the water as bread crumbs, and

amateur advertisements being inserted free of charge, the these served as an occasional delicacy for the tadpoles and Editor does not bind himself to insert at once all communicasnails. The fish and water-snails I kept the whole year; the tions received, should the appearance of more important articles caddis-worms and larvæ did not live so long, probably necessitate their being temporarily “ crowded out.”




Summer affords such a variety of amusements. I think archery is a splendid and most worthy pastime. Some girls are adepts at swimming, though this truly enviable pleasure is

beyond the reach of many. One would hardly attempt it in SUMMER AND WINTER AMUSEMENTS,

the duck pond! Boating is most enjoyable. I remember last

July suddenly making the acquaintance of a party seated in WHICH ARE PREFERABLE ?

their boat (which was resting amid sedges by the bank of the

Avon) sketching. Summer claims lawn-tennis, croquet, and (Senior Prize Paper.)

almost countless games for boys and men,-riding, rowing, and

sports of agility; bowls, troco, or lawn-billiards, quoits, and DIFFICULT ques- rackets, &c., &c.' A pleasant amusement has just fitted over tion to answer, for my mind. It is a country expedition by a town girl on her almost as bright a tricycle in the company of her brother bicyclist. I know two glow gilds the realm who often take such an excursion. They love botanising, and of

season's leave home early, taking luncheon with them, in order to spend amusements as that the day in the country in their favourite pursuit. Their capital of the other. As the mode of locomotion facilitates their reaching those localities temperature of our beyond the pedestrian's reach. Maude occasionally sketches climate varies, the (whiist Wilfred "naturalises "), for some lovely land and seaprogramme of our

scapes surround their home. I believe our brothers consider outdoor games also cricket the king of summer games, and it is a splendid sport. I changes. A hot delight in watching a good match, and always wish I too could summer's day ren- | join. ders the more ener- But I must turn to winter's amusements, or summer's will getic (consequently have most attention. Though I give winter the preference, I

the more healthy) think summer's entertainments are purest. Some of winter's sogames untenable, and then-whoever heard of a picnic in called pleasures bring sin into the world. Evenings devoted to January !

card-playing and other forms of gambling are deplorable. Every leisure half-hour I could muster during the past few But I must confess the latter sports of the cold season seem days has been spent in my study arm-chair, where, wrapped in enjoyed in a pre-eminent degree. Football is a charming meditative solitude, I have pondered over the query, ". Which winter recreation. I was interested lately to behold some of amusements do I most enjoy—those of summer, or winter?the Harrow Public School boys returning from a football Though summer-time has many fascinating recreations, the match, and carrying a vast amount of mud upon the lower half very repetition of the words sending a glad ring through my of their clothing. This game seems becoming rarer. Why mind, I have decided to give the casting vote in favour of old don't all our villages boast of their football club in winter, Winter. His pleasures are so delightfully bracing and exhil. as they do of their cricket club in summer-time? I think arating! A languishing game až lawn tennis in July is I have the clue. There are the reading-rooms, with their nothing to be compared with the splendid skating we get wealth of literature, and attractions of bagatelle, chess, &c. during the icy monarch's reign. And don't the boys love The mutual improvement societies, with their readings, recitasnowballing-and, for the matter of that, girls too! It may tions, lectures, debates, &c. These are some of winter's not be a very

“ lady-like" pastime-but I must admit (yes, belongings, and few pleasures can equal them. Or home from experience !) that it is most animating. Certainly, there amusements may be preferable. is no chance of being sentimental during a snowballing tourna. Then we have our brothers all to ourselves. And we may ment with our brothers ! And, then, what can be compared unitedly revel in music, reading, acting charades, draughts, with a thorough battle with the March winds on the common? chess, or natural history curiosities collected in summer, or Flying tangled locks and rose-dyed cheeks always predominate our elder brothers may turn entertainers and give ourselves after such an expedition. A lively warfare with the elements and a few friends a dissolving view entertainment, or magic is not to be despised, and it is cowardly for a strong person to lantern. Boys are so exceedingly clever in constructing shrink from it.

instruments now-a-days. The pleasure a scientific youth is But, firstly, summer amusements shall have attention. Ah ! capable of giving on a winter's evening is wonderful ! I have In the depths of this old arm-chair I have lately in imagination already mentioned optical amusements—there are, besides, lived last summer over again, revelling in by-past glories, magnetic and chemical amusements, which are not only till I have suddenly started to find my cogitative peregrinations recreative, but instructive. nothing but dreams after all, and the basket of dog-roses I bore I think winter's entertainments cultivate one's mind far on my arm has faded into oblivion, and snow and snowdrops more than summer's. A charming evening may be spent by have taken its place. Furthermore, the coldness of my finger, originating a home recitation, or by tableaux-vivants. Then tips has made me spring up, poke the fire vigorously, and there are numerous card games requiring skill. On special finally resolve to prepare for a walk (or scamper !) over the occasions, such as Yuletide, many love those noisy, happy frosty fields, in company with our black retriever, Jet. And, games of " hide and seek," "and • blind man's buff. Few, how truly delicious such a walk is! I love winter-I per- however, have space around them for the former. How I pity fectly glory in ice and snowdrifts, frost and angry elements. them! It is a most charming game for outdoors, at a farm.

Last summer was a glad, happy time, and pleasant house especially. In summer particularly, I have often played recollections of outdoor amusements crowd my memory-fair with others, climbing straw ricks, creeping stealthily behind oasis spots of bright pleasure with friends during sunny stacks, into shrubberies, haylofts and sheds, &c., or concealing months. These were chiefly picnic-like excursions to spots of oneself beneath hay in some cart or waggon. A stack-yard is yore, or scenic beauty.

such an advantageous place for the game. Of all amusements I think nothing is more enjoyable than a thoroughly good we enjoy those best in which all may join. “ gipsy party," to some wood or suitable locality, taking, say, I think skating is the monarch of our winter pleasures. It a donkey, to bear all requisites,—the members of the party is so very enchanting to glide so easily over the ice, catching walking-and then having the enjoyable task of pitching one's blushes on one's face, and taking from winter's shivering tent and spending the sweet succeeding hours in perfect bliss. hand strength of body and limb, without price, independent Our brothers are splendid acquisitions to such an excursion, of the amusement given us. But some are too weak to but, alas ! summer often draws them away; cricket matches, wrestle with winter-we would not forget them. Summer is &c., abounding—and we poor girls have to make the most of a tender friend to such, and we love her for it. To the our own society. (A slight whisper at this point, please. We healthy, winter is a good companion, and though I am fond of have the pleasure of our brothers' company more in winter the recreations summer days grant us, I, without hesitation, time, and the union of our society crowns our pleasures, a cry, WINTER FOR ME! great thing in winter's praise.) Occasionally, our brothers are And thus I conclude, sounding the praises of the snowable to join our summer pleasures. How well I remember mantled king with Cowper's words :one bygone excursion. After we had tired ourselves we rested on a mossy knoll, and one girl's brother drew from his pocket “I crown him king of intimate delight, a tiny volume of Tennyson, and—seated on an old tree-stump

Fireside enjoyments, home-born happiness." -read “Enid” to us. He was a good reader, and how we enjoyed it! Poor boy ! he is dead now.


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THE following report from the Examiner, Rev. R. Tuck,

B.A., who has had large experience in furnishing lessonhelps for teachers, will be read with interest.

DEAR MR. EDITOR, -I send you the result of my examination of the papere sent in for competition in response to your announcement in Young ENGLAND.

I may say that no one of the papers was wholly unworthyAll indicated thought, study, and care. But many of them failed to meet your requirements, because they were not properly Lesson Outlines or material arranged as a teacher's preparation, but were only such papers as members of senior clusses prepare to read in their classes as contributions to the general interest. Some were essays, others were expositions. Very few would stand the test of a teacher's precise requirements. Taking one and another, I asked myself how I should proceed to teach a class with this paper as my help? How would it aid me to secure interest with a pleasant and attractive intro. duction? How would it bring out specific points which I could dwell on, illnstrate, and impress? What help would it. give me in questioning, review, and application ?

Two of the papers only can be said to have fully met your NHIS

our readers who are willing to assist us in extending Marie A. Macintosh was the fuller, the more suggestive, and the circulation of our Magazine, either by distributing our provided the more efficiently for actual teaching. The one by illustrated prospectus leaflets among their friends, or by per. Charlotte Wood indicated quickness of mind, and power to sonally recommending them to become readers and subscribers. observe points of interest. Both showed skill in outline. We have had a fresh lot of leaflets printed, different and superior The papers to which I have awarded certificates are those to the old kind, and we shall be happy to supply any of our which came nearest to the idea of a lesson preparation. I have readers with a packet if they will send us their name and honourably mentioned ” those which seemed to me to indicate address. We rely, of course, on the good faith of such readers most care and effort, and most ability in the department of to see the prospectuses put to a proper use.

Bible exposition. The papers show the necessity there is in Since we started this scheme no less than 309 young people all parts of our country for training classes for Sunday-school of both sexes have come forward as volunteers. The following teachers.

ROBERT TUCK. are the latest additions to the list :

The PRIZE is therefore aw ir lel to MARIE A. MACIN. Charles O'Hare, Penzance F. J. Dilloway, Kensington TOSH (21), Knockglass House, Camp Tralee, co. Kerry, G. Hamilton, Horsham Hugh R. Dukes, Dalbeattie, Ireland. A. E. Collier, Ramsgate

Kircudbrightshire We have also awarded a second prize of lesser value to Annie Tomes, Swanage F. W. Loasby, Welling. CHARLOTTE WUOD (20), 222, Lynton-road, Bermondsey. Thos. Atkinson, Stockton-on

borough CERTIFICATES are gained by ELEANOR F. ARCHER (Harbury, Tees S, A. Cresswell, Colchester

Leamington), Rosa Johnson (Withington, Manchester), JAMES William Ward, Stamford Aquila Wright, Bradford E. ARCHIBALD (Alston, near Preston.) Hill Robert Armstrong,

We HONOURABLY MENTION R. J. Tart, M. A. HOCKING, J. H. Reynolds, Chelsea

Dalbeattie HARRIETT L. ELMES, GERTRUDE LISTER, FRANCIS S. PAYNTER, H. F. Graham, Wandsworth Emily J. Naylor, Kirton, ARTHUR CHRIMES, MARY N. MORELAND. William Thomas, Tredegar,

near Boston Monmouth Arthur B. Hicks, Hammer



E have been disappointed at the small number who Sydney Barrett, Bristol Albert G. Smith, Chelsea J. W. Watkins, Chelsea W. A. Evans, Peckham

view of giving non-literary readers an opportunity of exerting Bernard Weller, Brixton. Lawrence Kingham, Pancras, their abilities, and though we know that the vumber of lads road


who excel in this branch of carving is comparatively limited, Jane G. Theakston, West Ellen Maude Theakston,

yet we had hoped a larger pile of specimens would have awaited Holloway

West Holloway our inspection.

The SENIOR PRIZE has been gained by FLORENCE METCALFE (17), The Elms, Ringwood, Hants.

In the INTERMEDIATE DIVISION we have awarded the PRIZE TO


Mile End-road, E.


The JUNIOR PRIZE has been gained_by EDGAR CROFT 1. JAMES

Thessalonians. - Athens. (131), Street House, Dudley Hill, near Bradford. 2. SI EBA Elisha. Ananias. Suinte.

SIX NURSERY RHYMES. 3. no Ses Sion. Silas. Elias. Hosea.


WILLIAM LUMMIS (16), Stanhope Villa, Birchfield5. GOLIATH


road, Birmingham. 6. LEBANON

Stephen. — 1. Samaritan; 7.

2. Thessalonica ; 3. Emmaus;

4. Patmos ; 6. Herod; 6. whose verses were embellished with some exceedingly clever
7. Naaman.

pen-and-ink sketches; and CAROLINE MAUDE BATTERSBY, Rath-
owen, co. Westmeath, Ireland.


Northumberland. 2. SOLOMON


Kelvedon, Essex. 4. DELILAH

The result of the Proverb Competition will be made known 5. LEBANON

next month; but winners of Prizes and Cir.ificates will be 6. 8 ABBATI

apprised of their succees much earlier. 7. NINEVEH

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