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“My sister,” quoth she, “hath a living Feard of her life. At home she wished her good,

tho, And hence from me she dwelleth not a mile. And to the door, alas ! as she did skip, In cold and storm she lieth warm and dry 20 The Heaven it would, lo ! and eke her chance In bed of down, the dirt doth not defile

was so, Her tender foot, she laboureth not as I. At the threshold her silly foot did trip; Richly she feedeth and at the richman's cost, And ere she might recover it again, And for her meat she needs not crave nor cry. The traitor cat had caught her by the hip, By sea, by land, of the delicates, the most And made her there against her will remain, Her cater 1 seeks and spareth for no peril, That had forgotten her poor surety and rest She feedeth on boiled bacon, meat and roast, For seeming wealth wherein she thought to And hath thereof neither charge nor travail; reign. And when she list, the liquor of the grape Alas, my Poines, how men do seek the best 70 Doth glad her heart till that her belly swell.” And find the worst by error as they stray! And at this journey she maketh but a And no marvel; when sight is so oppressed, jape ; ?


And blind the guide, anon out of the way So forth she goeth, trusting of all this wealth Goeth guide and all in secking quiet life. With her sister her part so for to shape, O wretched minds, there is no gold that may That if she might keep herself in health, Grant that ye seek; no war; no peace; no To live a lady while her life doth last.

strife. And to the door now is she come by stealth, No, no, although thy head were hooped with And with her foot anon she scrapeth full fast. gold, Th' other for fear durst not well scarce ap- Sergeant with mace, halberd, sword nor knife, pear,

Cannot repulse the care that follow should. Of every noise so was the wretch aghast. Each kind of life hath with him his disease. At last she asked softly who was there, Live in delight even as thy lust would, 81 And in her language as well as she could. And thou shalt find, when lust doth most “Peep!” quoth the other sister, “I am thee please, here,

It irketh straight, and by itself doth fade. “Peace," quoth the town mouse, “why A small thing it is that may thy mind appease. speakest thou so loud?"

None of all there is that is so mad
And by the hand she took her fair and well. To seek grapes upon brambles or briars ;
“Welcome,” quoth she, “my sister, by the Nor none, I trow, that hath his wit so bad
Rood !”

To set his hay 3 for conies * over rivers,
She feasted her, that joy it was to tell Nor ye set not a drag net for an hare;
The fare they had; they drank the wine so And yet the thing that most is your desire 90

Ye do mistake with more travail and care. And as to purpose now and then it fell, Make plain thine heart, that it be not knotted She cheered her with “Ho, sister, what With hope or dread, and see thy will be bare cheer!”

From all effects whom vice hath ever spotted. Amid this joy befell a sorry chance,


Thyself content with that is thee assigned, That, welaway! the stranger bought full dear And use it well that is to thee allotted. The fare she had, for, as she looks askance, Then seek no more out of thyself to find Under a stool she spied two steaming 3 eyes The thing that thou hast sought so long beIn a round head with sharp ears. In France fore, Was never mouse so fear'd, for, though un- For thou shalt feel it sitting in thy mind. wise

Mad, if ye list to continue your sore, *Had not i-seen such a beast before,

Let present pass and gape on time to come, Yet had nature taught her after her guise And dip yourself in travail more and more. To know her foe and dread him evermore. Henceforth, my Poines, this shall be all The towney mouse fled, she knew whither to go;

These wretched fools shall have nought else of Th' other had no shift, but wanders sore





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For my lord's guilt thus faultless bide I pains. Yet from my lord shall not my foot remove; Sweet is his death that takes his end by love.

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The soote 1 season that bud and bloom forth

brings With green hath clad the hill and eke the vale; The nightingale with feathers new she sings; The turtle ? to her make 3 hath told her tale: Summer is come, for every spray now springs; The hart hath hung his old head 4 on the

pale ; 5 The buck in brake his winter cote he flings; The fishes flete 6 with new repaired scale; The adder all her slough away she slings; The swift swallow pursueth the flies smale; 10 The busy bee her honey now she mings.? Winter is worn, that was the flowers' bale: 8 And thus I see among these pleasant things Each care decays, and yet my sorrow springs!


LOVE GERALDINE From Tuscan came my lady's worthy race; Fair Florence was sometime her ancient scat; The Western isle whose pleasant shore doth

face Wild Camber's cliffs did give her lively heat ; Fostered she was with milk of Irish breast; Her sire, an earl; her dame, of princes'

blood; From tender years in Britain she doth rest, With a king's child, where she tasteth costly

food; Hunsdon did first present her to mine eyes; Bright is her hue, and Geraldine she hight;' Hampton me taught to wish her first for

mine; And Windsor, alas, doth chase me from her

sight :
Her beauty of kind, her virtues from above.
Happy is he, that can obtain her love!

Martial, the things that do attain
The happy life be these, I find:
The riches left, not got with pain;
The fruitful ground; the quiet mind;
The egall ^ friend; no grudge, no strife;
No charge of rule, no governance;
Without disease, the healthful life;
The household of continuance;
The mean. diet, no delicate fare;
True wisdom joined with simpleness;
The night discharged of all care,
Where wine the wit may not oppress;
The faithful wife, without debate;
Such sleeps as may beguile the night:
Contented with thine own estate,
Ne wish for death, ne fear his might.



Love, that liveth and reigneth in my thought,
That built his seat within my captive breast,
Clad in the arms wherein with me he fought,
Oft in my face he doth his banner rest.
She that me taught to love and suffer pain,
My doubtful hope and eke my hot desire
With shamefast cloak to shadow and refrain,
Her smiling grace converteth straight to ire.
The coward Love then to the heart apace
Taketh his flight, whereas he lurks and

plains, His purpose lost, and dare not show his face.





They whisted 6 all, with fixed face attent,
When Prince Æneas from the royal seat

1 is named 2 from nature 3 inherited 4 equal 5 moderate 6 became silent

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Willed it to drown, or underset with flame, 50
The suspect present of the Greek's deceit,
Or bore and gauge the hollow caves uncouth;
So diverse ran the giddy people's mind.

Lo! foremost of a route that followed him,
Kindled ? Laöcoön hasted from the tower,
Crying far off: () wretched citizens,
What so great kind of frenzy fretcth you?
Deem ye the Greeks, our enemies, to be gone?
Or any Greekish gifts can you suppose
Devoid of guile? Is so Ulysses known? 60
Either the Greeks are in this timber hid,
Or this an engine is to annoy ? our walls,
To view our towers, and overwhelm our town.
Here lurks some craft. Good Troyans give

no trust Unto this horse, for, whatsoever it be, I dread the Greeks, yea when they offer gifts."


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Thus 'gan to speak: “O Queen, it is thy will
I should renew a woe cannot be told;
How that the Greeks did spoil and overthrow
The Phrygian wealth and wailful" realm of

Those ruthful things that I myself beheld,
And whereof no small part fell to my share;
Which to express, who could refrain from

tears? What Myrmidon? or yet what Dolopes? 10 What stern Ulysses' wagèd soldier? And lo! moist night now from the welkin

falls, And stars declining counsel us to rest; But since so great is thy delight to hear Of our mishaps and Troyës last decay, Though to record the same my mind abhors And plaint eschews, yet thus will I begin : The Greekës chieftains, all irked with the war, Wherein they wasted had so many years, And oft repulsed by fatal destiny, A huge horse made, high raised like a hill, By the divine science of Minerva, Of cloven fir compacted were his ribs, For their return a feignèd sacrifice, The fame whereof so wandered it at point.? In the dark bulk they closed bodies of men Chosen by lot, and did enstuff by stealth The hollow womb with armed soldiers.

There stands in sight an isle hight Tenedon, Rich and of fame while Priam's kingdom stood, Now but a bay and road unsure for ship. 31 Hither them secretly the Greeks withdrew, Shrouding themselves under the desert shore; And, weening we they had been fled and gone, And with that wind had fet 3 the land of Greece, Troy discharged her long continued dole.4 The gates cast up, we issued out to play, The Greekish camp desirous to behold, The places void and the forsaken coasts. Here Pyrrhus' band, there fierce Achilles

pight; 5 Here rode their ships, there did their battles

join. Astonied some the scathful 6 gift beheld, 42 Behight? by vow unto the chaste Minerve, All wondering at the hugeness of the horse. And first of all Timætes gan advise Within the walls to lead and draw the same, And place it eke amid the palace court, Whether of guile, or Troyës fate it would. Capys, with some of judgment more discreet,

" lamentable ? conformably 3 fetched, reached * sorrow 6 camped, tendebat harmful ? promised


If your scholer do misse sometimes, in marking rightlie these foresaid sixe thinges, chide not hastelie: for that shall, both dull his witte, and discorage his diligence: but monish him gentelie: which shall make him, both willing to amende, and glad to go forward in love and hope of learning. I have now wished, twise or thrise, this gentle nature, to be in a Scholemaster: And, that I have done so, neither by chance, nor without some reason, I will now declare at large, why, in mine opinion, love is litter then fcare, gentlenes better than beating, to bring up childe rightlie in learninge.

With the common use of teaching and beating in common scholes of England, I will not greatlie contend: which if I did, it were but a small grammaticall controversie, neither belonging to heresie nor treason, nor greatly touching God nor the Prince: although in very deede, in the end, the good or ill bringing up of children, doth as much serve to the good or ill service, of God, our Prince, and our whole countrie, as any one thing doth beside.


1 excited a injure 3 This is a proverbial expression.


I do gladlie agree with all good Schole- therefore the quickest wittes commonlie may masters in these pointes: to have children prove the best Poetes, but not the wisest brought to a good perfitnes in learning: to all Orators: readie of tonge to speake boldlie, honestie in maners: to have all fautes I rightlie not deepe of judgement, either for good counsel amended: to have everie vice severelie cor- or wise writing. Also, for maners and life, rected: but for the order and waie that lead- quicke wittes, commonlie, be, in desire, neweth rightlie to these pointes, we somewhat fangle,' in purpose unconstant, light to promdiffer. For commonlie, many scholemasters, ise any thing, readie to forget every thing: some, as I have seen, moe, as I have heard both benefite and injurie: and thereby neither tell, be of so crooked a nature, as, when they fast to frend, nor fearefull to foe: inquisitive meete with a hard witted scholer, they rather of every trifle, not secret in greatest affaires : breake him than bowe him, rather marre him bolde, with any person : busie, in every matter: then mend him. For whan the scholemaster sothing? soch as be present: nipping any that is angrie with some other matter, then will he is absent: of nature also, alwaies, flattering sonest faul to beate his scholer: and though their betters, envying their equals, despising he him selfe should be punished for his folie, their inferiors: and, by quicknes of witte, yet must he beate some scholer for his plea- verie quicke and readie, to like none so well as sure: though there be no cause for him to do them selves. so, nor yet fault in the scholer to descrvé so. Moreover commonlie, men, very quicke of These, ye will say, be fond 3 scholemasters, witte, be also, verie light of conditions : 3 and fewe they be that be found to be soch. and thereby, very readie of disposition, to be They be fond in deede, but surelie overmany caried over quicklie, by any light cumpanie soch be found everie where. But this will I to any riot and unthriftiness, when they be say, that even the wisest of your great beaters, yonge: and therfore seldome, either honest do as oft punishe nature as they do correcte of life, or riche in living, when they be olde. faultes. Yea, many times, the better nature For, quicke in witte and light in maners, is sorer punished: For, if one, by quicknes of be, either seldome troubled, or verie sone wery, witte, take his lesson readelie, an other, by in carying a verie hevie purse. Quicke wittes hardnes of witte, taketh it not so speedelie: also bc, in most part of all their doinges, overthe first is alwaies commended, the other is quicke, hastie, rashe, headie, and brainsicke. commonlie punished: whan a wise schole- These two last wordes, Headie, and Brainmaster should rather discretelie consider the sicke, be fitte and proper wordes, rising natright disposition of both their natures, and urallie of the matter, and tearmed aptlie by not so moch wey 4 what either of them is able the condition, of over moch quickenes of witte. to do now, as what either of them is likelic to In yougthe also they be readie scoffers, privie do hereafter. For this I know, not onelie by mockers, and ever over light and mery. reading of bookes in my studie, but also by In aige, sone testie, very waspishe, and alwaies experience of life, abrode in the world, that over miserable: and yet fewe of them cum to those which be commonlie the wisest, the best any great aige, by reason of their misordered learned, and best men also, when they be olde, lise when they were yong: but a great deale were never commonlie the quickest of witte, fewer of them cum to shewe any great countewhen they were yonge. The causes why, nance, or beare any great authoritie abrode in amongst other, which be many, that move the world, but either live obscurelie, men know me thus to thinke, be these fewe, which I will not how, or dye obscurelie, men marke not recken. Quicke wittes, commonlie, be apte whan. They be like trees, that shewe forth to take, unapte to keepe: soone hote and faire blossoms and broad leaves in spring time, desirous of this and that: as colde and sone but bring out small and not long lasting fruite wery of the same againe: more quicke to enter in harvest time: and that, onelie soch as fall spedelie, than hables to pearse 6 farre: even and rotte before they be ripe, and so, never, or like over sharpe tooles, whose edges be verie seldome, cum to any good at all. For this ye soone turned. Soch wittes delite them selves shall finde most true by experience, that in easie and pleasant studies, and never passe amongest a number of quicke wittes in youthe, farre forward in hie and hard sciences. And fewe be found, in the end, either verie fortu

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nate for them selves, or verie profitable to and whereas in his clothes hee appeared a serve the common wealth, but decay and withered and crooked sillie olde man, he now vanish, men know not which way: except a stood bolt upright, as comely a father as one very fewe, to whom peradventure blood and might lightly behold. happie parentage may perchance purchace a Then Master Ridley, standing as yet in his long standing upon the stage. The which trusse,' said to his brother: “It were best for felicitie, because it commeth by others pro- me to go in my trusse still." "No," quoth his curing, not by their owne deservinge, and brother, “it will put you to more paine: and stand by other mens feete, and not by the trusse will do a poore man good.” Wheretheir own, what owtward brag so ever is borne unto Master Ridley said: "Be it, in the name by them, is in deed, of it selfe, and in wise of God;" and so unlaced himselfe. Then mens eyes, of no great estimation.

being in his shirt, he stood upon the foresaid stone, and held up his hande and said: "O heavenly Father, I give unto thee most heartie thanks, for that thou hast called mee to be a

professour of thee, even unto death. I beJOHN FOXE (1516-1587)

seech thee, Lord God, take mercie upon this

realme of England, and deliver the same from ACTS AND MONUMENTS OF THESE

all her enemies." LATTER AND PERILLOUS DAYES Then the smith took a chaine of iron, and

brought the same about both Dr. Ridleyes and FROM THE BEHAVIOUR OF DR. RIDLEY Maister Latimers middles; and as he was AND MASTER LATIMER AT THE knocking in a staple, Dr. Ridley tooke the TIME OF THEIR DEATH

chaine in his hand, and shaked the same, for it did girde in his belly, and looking aside to the

smith, said: “Good fellow, knocke it in hard, Incontinently 1 they were commanded to for the flesh will have his course. Then his make them readie, which they with all meek- brother did bringe him gunnepowder in a bag, nesse obeyed. Master Ridley tooke his gowne and would have tied the same about his necke. and his tippet, and gave it to his brother-in- Master Ridley asked what it was. His lawe Master Shepside, who all his time of im- brother said, “Gunnepowder." "Then," prisonment, although he might not be suffered sayd he, “I take it to be sent of God; thereto come to him, lay there at his owne charges fore I will receive it as sent of him. And have to provide him necessaries, which from time to you any," sayd he, "for my brother?” meantime he sent him by the sergeant that kept ing Master Latimer. “Yea, sir, that I have," him. Some other of his apparel that was little quoth his brother. “Then give it unto him, worth, hee gave away; other the bailiffes sayd hee, “betime; 2 least ye come too late." took. He gave away besides divers other So his brother went, and caried of the same small things to gentlemen standing by, and gunnepowder unto Maister Latimer. divers of them pitifullie weeping, as to Sir In the mean time Dr. Ridley spake unto my Henry Lea he gave a new groat; and to divers Lord Williams, and saide: “My lord, I must of my Lord Williams gentlemen some napkins, be a suter unto your lordshippe in the behalfe some nutmegges, and races ? of ginger; his of divers poore men, and speciallie in the cause diall, and such other things as he had about of my poor sister; I have made a supplication him, to every one that stood next him. Some to the Queenes Majestie in their behalves. I plucked the pointes of his hose. Happie was beseech your lordship for Christs sake, to be a he that might get any ragge of him. Master mean to her Grace for them. My brother Latimer gave nothing, but very quickly here hath the supplication, and will resort tu suffered his keeper to pull off his hose, and his your lordshippe to certifie you herof. There other array, which to look unto was very is nothing in all the world that troubleth my simple: and being stripped into his shrowd, conscience, I praise God, this only excepted. hee seemed as comly a person to them that Whiles I was in the see of London divers poore were there present as one should lightly see; men tooke leases of me, and agreed with me for

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