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1668

PREFACE

H E present volume, as its title imports, relates a complicated series of conflicts of which the origin or the pretext has for the most part to be sought in the great religious schism with which the preceding volume was concerned. But the cause of the restoration of Catholic unity in the West was, in the minds of both the supporters and the opponents of that cause, inextricably interwoven with the purposes of dvnastic ambition, and powerfully affected by influences traceable to tile rapid advance of the monarchical principle and to the gradual growth of the conception of the modern national State. Although in grave-:- peril than evcr before from the persistent advance of the Ottoman Power, Europe no longer finds a real unifying force in either papacy or Empire. The spiritual ardour of the Catholic Reaction, which might have served to strengthen the resistance to the general enemy of Christendorn, is expended largely on internecine conflicts. It allies itself with the settled resolution of Philip of Spain to control the destinies of Western Europe; and thus there is not a phase of the relicus and political struggle here described which remains unconnected with the rest- The Religious Wars of France, with an account of which this volume Opens, furnish the most complete instance of the constant intersection of native and foreign influences; but it is illustrated by almost- every portion of the narrative. Since, therefore, the story of no European country or group of countries in this troubled period admits of being told as detached from the contemporary history of its neighbours, allies, or adversaries, the same series of events must nece .ly appea; more than once in these pages as forming an organic pan of the his?ryl of several countries, but treated in each case from a - - ' t o Vlew. d5t$?:hli):1:he division of Modern History treated in this volume falls h 50 tion by the majority of European governments of the New t e a . groduced into the Calendar by Pope Gregory XIII. Events Style m fled in the history of any country after the adoption by it

21:11; hggge Style are dated in that Style accordingly. For the con0

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venience of readers a table showing the several dates of the adoption of the New Style by the chief European governments is printed at the close of this volume.

Among the chapters included in it we are fortunately able to print two, contributed by two eminent historians, whose loss we, in common with all British historical students, deeply deplore. The chapter by the late Mr T. G. Law had the benefit of his own revision; such was not the case with the contribution of the late Professor S. R. Gardiner, one of the earliest received in the course of our undertaking.

It is the intention of the Syndics of the University Press, after the issue of Vol. XII of this History, to supplement its narrative by the publication of a volume of Maps, and by that of another volume containing Genealogies and other auxiliary information, with a General .Index to the entire work.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

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Massacre of Valley, 1562 . - . . . . . . . 1

The First War . . . . . . . . . . . 2

English intervention. Capture o! Rouen . . . . . . . 8

Huguenor attempt on Paris . . . . . . . . . 4

Battle of Dreux. Murder of Henry Duke of Guise, 1563 . . . . 6

Peace of Amboise. Havre recaptured . . . . . . 6

Meeting of Bayonne, 1664 . . . . . . . . . - 7

The Politiques. L’HOpiLal. Ordinances of Moulins . . . . 8

The Second War. Battle of Saint-Denis, 1567 . . . . . 9

Peace of Longjumeau. . . . . . . . . . 10

The Third War . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

Barrie or Jamac. Death of Condé, 1569 . . . . . . 12

Battle of Monconmur . . . . . . . . . . 13

Peace of Saint-Germain, 1570 . . . . . . . . . 14

Marriage negotiations . . . . . . . . . . 15

Proposal action in the Netherlan . . . . . . . . 16

Defensive alliance with England. Capture of Mona . . . . . 17

Marriage of Henry of Navarre . . . . - . . . 18

Massacre of Sr Bartholomew, 1672 . . . . 19

The Fouth War . . . . . . . . . . . 20

Henry of Anjou King of Poland. Peace of La Rochelle, 1573 . . . 21

The Fifth \Var . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

Plot of Vinccnnes . . . . . . . . . . . 23

Death of Charles IX, 1574 . . . . . . . . . . 24

Return of King Henry . . . . . . . . 26

His coronation . . . . . . . - - . . 26

Dupe of Monsieur . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Fight of Dormans and Trace of Marigny . . . . . . . 28

Invasion of German troops . . . . . . . . 29

Peace of Monsieur, 1576. Beginnings of the League . . . . 80

Meeting of the Estates General at Bloia. The Sixth War . . . 81

Peace of Bergerac, 1578 . . . . . . . . . . 82

The Seventh War . . . . . . . . . . . 8348

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Siege of Rouen. Death of La Noue . . . . . . . .

Siege of Rouen raised. Death of Parma . . . . . . .

Absolution of Henry IV, 1693 . . . . . . . . -

CHAPTER II

Change in the character of French humanism

Turnebe. Lambin. Dorat . . . . . . . The Pléiade. Ronsard. Du Bellay . . . . . . .

Dorat. Amyot . . . . . .

Henri Estieune. Ramus and his logic .

Jurists. Cujas . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dumoulin. The Massacre of St Bartholomew and humanism. Scaliger

Casaubon. P. Pithou . . . . . .

Jesuit learning. Desportes. Du Bartas .

Other Huguenot writers. Historical research.

Hotman. Bodin .

Montaigne and the Wars of

His scepticism . . .

His relations to humanism .

Satyr: Ménippée. Du Vair.

Malherbe. Regnier . . .

Malherbe and French prose . . . . .

Pasquier. Modern French history . . . . . .

De Thou. D‘Anbigné. Moniuc . . . . . . .

La. Noue. BrantOme. Montaigne . . . .

Montaigne’s Essays . . . .

Religion .

Charron . . .

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