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were a dark gray, her complexion exquisitely fine, and her hands and arms remarkably delicale, both as to shape and colour. Her stature was of an height that rose to the majestick. She danced, she walked and rode with equal grace.
Her taste for music was just; and she both sung, and played upon the lute with uncommon skill. Towards the end of her life, she began to grow fat; and her long confinement, and the coldness of the houses in which she was imprisoned, brought on a rheumatism, which deprived her of the use of her linbs. No man, says Brantome, ev. er beheld her person without admiration and love, or will read her history without sorrow.
IV.-Character of Queen Elizabeth.-HUME. THERE are few personages in history, who have been more exposed to the calumny of enemies, and the adulation of friends, than Queen Elizabeth ; and yet there scarce is any, whose reputation has been more certainly determined, by the unanimous consent of posterity. The unusual length of her adminstration, and the strong features of her character, were able to overcome all prejudices, and, obliging her detractors to abate much of their invectives, and her admirers somewhat of their panegyric, have, at last, in spite of political factions, and what is more, of religious animosities, produced an uniform judg. ment with regard to her conduct. Her vigour, her constancy, her magnanimity, her penetration, vigilance and address, are allowed to merit the highest praises ; and appear not to have been surpassed by any person, who ever filled a throne ; a conduct less rigorous, less imperi. ous, more sincere, more indulgent to her people, would have been requisite to form a perfect character. force of her mind, she controuled all her more active and stronger qualities; and prevented them from running into
Her heroism was exempted from all temerity, her frugality from avarice, her friendship from partiality, her enterprize from turbulency, and a vain ambition; she guarded not herself, with equal care or equal success, from lesser infirmities—the rivalship of beauty, the desire of admiration, the jealousy of love, and the sallies of anger.
Her singular talents for government were founded equalLy qu her temper and on her capacity. Endowed with a
addition to it.
a great command over herself, she soon obtained an uncon0
Arouled ascendant over the people; and, while she mere se kated all their esteem by her real virtue, she also engaged to e beir affection by her pretended ones. Few sovereigns of England succeeded to the throne in more difficult cir. cumstances, and none ever conducted the government with te!
such uniform success and felicity. Though upacquainted ed with the practice of toleration, the true secret for managcing religious factions, she preserved her people by her su
periour prudence, from those confusions in which theologa cal controversy had involved all the neighbouring nations ; and though her enemies were the most powerful princes of Europe, the most active, the most enterprising, the least · scrupulous, she was able, by her vigour, to make deep impressions on their state ; her own greatness, meanwhile, remaining untouched and unimpaired.
The wise ministers and brave warriours who flourished during her reign, share the praise of her success; but, instead of lessening tbe applause due to her, they make great
They owed, all of them, their advancement to her choice; they were supported by her constanY; and, with all their ability, they were never able to acquire an undue ascendant over her. In her family, in kier court, in her kingdom, she remained equally mistress. The force of her tender passions was great over her, but the force of the mind was still superiour; and the combat: which her victory visibly, cost her, serves only to display the firmness of her resolution, and the loftiness of her ambitious sentiments.
The fame of this princess, though it has surmounted the prejudices both of faction and of bigotry, yet lies still exBi posed to another prejudice, which is more durable, because more natural; and which, according to the different views in which we survey her, is capable either of exalting beyond measure, or diminishing the lustre of her character . This prejudice is founded on the consideration of
When we contemplate her as a woman, we are apt to be struck with the highest admiration of her qualities, and extensive capacity ; but we are also apt to require some more softness of disposition, some greater len
some of those amiable weaknesses by which her sex is distinguished. But the true method of estimat
ity of temper,
ing her merit, is to lay aside all these considerations, and to consider her merely as a rational being, placed in authority, and trusted with the government of mankind. We may find it difficult to reconcile our fancy to her, as a wife or a mistress; but her qualities as a sovereign, though with some considerable exceptions, are the objects of indisputed applause and approbation. V.-Charles V's Resignation of his Dominions.
ROBERTSON. CHARLES resolved to resign his dominions to his son, with a solemnity suitable to the importance of the trans action; and to perform this last act of sovereignty with such formal pomp, as might leave an indelible impression on the minds, not only of his subjects, but of his successor, With this view, he called Philip out of England, where the peevish temper of his queen, which increased with the despair of having issue, rendered him extremely unhappy, and the jealousy of the English left him no hopes of obtaining the direction of their affairs.
Having assembled the states of the Low Countries at Brussels, on the twentyfifth of October, one thousand five hundred and fiftyfive, Charles seated himself, for the last time, in the chair of state, on one side of which was placed his son, and on the other, his sister, the Queen of Hungary, regent of the Netherlands; with a splendid retinue, of the grandees of Spain, and princes of the empire, standing behind him. The president of the council of Flanders, by his command, explained, in a few words, his intention in calling this extraordinary meeting of the states. He then read the instrument of resignation, by which Charles surrendered to his son Philip all his territories, jurisdiction and authority in the Low Countries, absolving his subjects there, from their oath of allegiance to him, which he required them to transfer to Philip, his lawful heir ; and to serve hin, with the same loyalty and zeal which they had manifested, during so long a course of years, in support of his govern
Charles then rose from his seat, and leaning shoulder of the Prince of Orange, because he was upable to stand without support, he addressed the audience ;
and from a paper which he held in his hand, in order to assisk
bis memory, he recounted with dignity, but withoat ostentation, all the great things which he had undertaken and performed, since the commencement of his adıninistration. He observed, that from the seventeenth year of his age, he had dedicated all his thoughts and attention to public objects, reserving no portion of his time for the indulgence of his ease, and very little for the enjoyment of private pleasure; that either in a pacific or hostile manner, be had visited Germany nine times, Spain six times, France four times, Italy seven times, the Low Countries ten times, England twice. Africa as often, and had made eleven voyages by sea ; that, while his health permitted him to discharge his duty, and the vigour of his constitution was equal, in any degree, to the arduous office of governing such extensive dominions, he had never shunned labour, por repined under fatigue; that now, when his health was broken and his vigour exhausted, by the rage of an incurable distemper, his growing infirmities admonished him to retire; nor was he so fond of reigning, as to retain the sceptre in an impotent hand, which was no longer able to protect his subjects, or to render them happy; that, instead of a sovereign worn out with disease, and scarcely half alive, he gave them one in the prime of life, accustomed already to govern, and who added to the vigour of youth, all the attention and sagacity of maturer years; that if, during the course of a long administration, he had committed any material errour in government, or if, under the pressure of so many, and great affairs, and amidst the attention which he had been obliged to give them, he had either neglected or injured any of his subjects, he now implored their forgiveness; that, for his part, he should ever retain a grateful sense of their fidelity and attachment, and would carry the remembrance of it along with him to the place of his retreat, as the sweetest consolation, as well as the best reward for all his services; and, in his last prayers to Almighty God would pour forth his ardent wishes for their welfare.
Then, turning towards Philip, who fell upon his knees, and kissed his father's hand, "If," said he," I had left you, by my death, this rich inheritance, to which I have made such large additions, some regard would have been justly due to my memory on that account; but now, when I voluntarily resign to you what I might have still retain ed, I may well expect the warmest expressions of thanks on your part. With these, however, I dispense; and shall consider your concern for the welfare of your sub jects, and your love of them, as the best and most accep table testimony of your gratitude to me.
It is in you power, by a wise and virtuous administration, to justify the extraordinary proof, which I this day give, of my pa ternal affection, and to demonstrate that you are worthy o the confidence which I repose in you. Preserve an invio lable regard for religion ; maintain the Catholic faith in its purity; let the laws of your country he sacred te your eyes; encroach not on the rights and privileges ‘o! your people; and, if the time shall ever come, wlien yor shall wish to enjoy the tranquility of a private life, may you have a son endowed with such qualities, that you can resign your sceptre to him, with as much satisfaction as give up mine to you."
As soon as Charles had finished this long address to his subjects, and to their new sovereign, he sunk into the chair, exhausted and ready to faint with the fatigue ol such an extraordinary effort. During this discourse, the whole audience melted into tears; some, from admiration of his magnanimity, others softened by the expressions of tenderness towards his son, and of love to his people and all were affected with the deepest sorrow, at losing sovereign, who had distinguished the Netherlands, his native country, with particular marks of his regard and altachment.
A few weeks thereafter, Charles in an assembly no less splendid, and with a ceremonial equally as pompous, re signed to his son the crown of Spain, with all the territories depending on them, both in the old; and in the new world. Of all these vast possessions, he reserved nothing for himself, but an annual pension of an hundred thousand crowns, to defray the charges of his family, and to afford him a small sum for acts of benficence and charity.
The place he had chosen, for his retreat, was the mon. astary of St. Justus, in the province of Estremadura.It was seated in a vale of no great extent, watered by a small brook,and surrounded by rising grounds, covered with lofty trees. From the nature of the soil, and, as well as