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As Raphael, that I should much confide,

235 But solemn and sublime, whom not to' offend, With reverence I must meet, and thou retire.

He ended; and the Arch-Angel soon drew nigh, Not in his shape celestial, but as man Clad to meet man; over his lucid arms

240 A military vest of purple flow'd, Livelier than Melibean, or the grain Of Sarrah, worn by kings and heroes old In time of truce; Iris had dipt the woof; His starry helm unbuckled shew'd him prime

245 In manhood where youth ended; by his side As in a glist'ring zodiac hung the sword, Satan's dire dread, and in his hand the spear. Adam bow'd low; he kingly from his state Inclin'd not, but his coming thus declar'd.

Adam, Heav'n's high behest no preface needs : Sufficient that thy pray'rs are heard, and Death, Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress, Defeated of his seizure many days Giv'n thee of grace, wherein thou may'st repent, 255 And one bad act with many deeds well donc May'st cover : well may then thy Lord appeas'd Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious claim ; But longer in this Paradise to dwell Permits not; to remove thee I am come,

260 And send thee from the garden forth to till The ground whence thou wast taken, fitter soil.

He added not, for Adam at the news
Heart-struck with chilling gripe of sorrow stood,





That all his senses bound; Eve, who unseen
Yet all had heard, with audible lament
Discover'd soon the place of her retire.

O UNEXPECTED stroke, worse than of Death!
Must I thus leave thee, Paradise thus leave
Thee, native soil, these happy walks and shades,
Fit haunt of God? Where I had hope to spend,
Quiet though sad, the respite of that day
That must be mortal to us both. O flowers,
That never will in other climate grow,
My early visitation, and my last
At ev'n, which I bred up with tender hand
From the first opening bud, and gave ye names,
Who now shall rear ye to the sun, or rank
Your tribes, and water from th'ambrosial fount?
Thee lastly, nuptial bow'r, by me adorn'd
With what to sight or smell was sweet, from thee
How shall I part, and whither wander down
Into a lower world, to this obscure
And wild? How shall we breathe in other air
Less pure, accustom'd to immortal fruits?

Whom thus the Angel interrupted mild.
Lament not, Eve, but patiently resign
What justly thou hast lost ; nor set thy heart,
Thus over-fond, on that which is not thine;
Thy going is not lonely; with thee goes
Thy husband; him to follow thou art bound;
Where he abides, think there thy native soil.

ADAM by this from the cold sudden damp
Recovering, and his scatter'd spi'rits return’d,

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To Michael thus his humble words address'd. 295

CELESTIAL, whether among the Thrones, or nam'd Of them the high'est, for such of shape may seem Prince above princes, gently hast thou told Thy message, which might else in telling wound, And in performing end us; what besides

300 Of sorrow and dejection and despair Our frailty can sustain, thy tidings bring, Departure from this happy place, our sweet Recess, and only consolation left Familiar to our eyes, all places else Inhospitable' appear and desolate, Nor knowing us nor known; and if by prayer Incessant I could hope to change the will Of him who all things can, I would not cease To weary him with my assiduous cries : . 310 But pray'r against his absolute decree No more avails than breath against the wind, Blown stilling back on him that breathes it forth : Therefore to his great bidding I submit. This most afflicts me, that departing hence, 1 315 As from his face I shall be hid, depriv'd His blessed count'nance; here I could frequent With worship place by place where he vouchsaf'd Presence divine, and to my sons relate, On this mount he appear'd, under this tree 320 Stood visible, among these pines his voice I heard, here with him at this fountain talk'd: So many grateful altars I would rear Of grassy turf, and pile up every stone

Of lustre from the brook, in memory,

325 Or monument to ages, and thereon Offer sweet-smelling gums and fruits and flowers : In yonder nether world where shall I seek His bright appearances, or foot-step trace ? For though ! fed him angry, yet recall'd

330 To life prolong'd and promis'd race, I now Gladly hehold though but his utmost skirts Of glory, and far off his steps adore.

To whom thus Michael with regard benign. Adam, thou know'st Heav'n his, and all the Earth, Not this rock only'; his omnipresence fills 336 Land, sea, and air, and every kind that lives, Fomented by his virtual pow'r and warm'd: All th' earth he gave thee to possess and rule, No despicable gift ; surmise not then His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd Of Paradise or Eden : this had been Perhaps thy capital seat, from whence had spread All generations, and had hither come From all the ends of th' earth to celebrate 345 And reverence thee their great progenitor. But this pre-eminence thou' hast lost, brought down To dwell on even ground now with thy sons : Yet doubt not but in valley and in plain God is as here, and will be found alike Present, and of his presence many a sign Still following thee, still compassing thee round With goodness and paternal love, his face Express, and of his steps the track divine,



- 365

Which that thou may'st believe, and be confirm'd 355
Ere thou from hence depart, know I am sent
To shew thee what shall come in future days
To thee and to thy offspring ; good with bad
Expect to hear, supernal grace contending
With sinfulness of men; thereby to learn

True patience, and to temper joy with fear
And pious sorrow, equally inur'd
By moderation either state to bear,
Prosperous or adverse : so shalt thou lead
Safest thy life, and best prepar'd endure
Thy mortal passage when it comes. Ascend
This hill; let Eve (for I have drench'd her eyes)
Here sleep below, while thou to foresight wak’st ;
As once thou slept’st, while she to life was form’d.

To whom thus Adam gratefully reply'd. 370 Ascend, I follow thee, safe Guide, the path Thou lead'st me', and to the hand of Heav'n submit, However chast’ning, to the evil turn My obvious breast, arming to overcome

By suffering, and earn rest from labour won, 375 'If so I may attain. So both ascend In the visions of God: it was a hill Of Paradise the highest, from whose top The hemisphere of earth in clearest ken Stretch'd out to th' amplest reach of prospect lay. 380 Not high'er that hill, or wider looking round, Whereon for diff'rent cause the Tempter set Our second Adam in the wilderness, To shew him all earth's kingdoms and their glory.

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