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thirteen hundred miles. Then the ice breaking up with a thousand thunders into huge masses, like so many Titanic war-galleys, charges down upon the groaning barque, which, gallantly fronting the onset, cuts her way through the foc. Escape from impending destruction is the signal for encountering fresh perils. Again that little vessel penctrates the empire of ice—and again its stern monarch clasps her in his cold embrace, chains her to his glittering throne, and draws around her the dark curtain which no rising sun for many weeks shall pierce.
What is the object of her brave crew? They hope that the blessing of those that are “ready to perish” may fall upon them, and that “the widow's heart may sing for joy." Yet how slight their encouragement! Expedition after expedition has failed to discover any trace of Franklin and his brave companions. Twelve years have elapsed. Still another attempt is made. The little vessel “Fox” is fitted out. M'Clintock, in the true spirit of a British sailor, allured rather than repelled by hardship and danger, at woman's* call in the cause of philanthropy, undertakes the command. Volunteers, in embarrassing numbers, ask to serve in any capacity. They are now (1858) spending their second winter in journeys over the ice, with a temperature seventy degrees below freezing. At length they discover relics of the long-lost voyagers, some of whom may still survive in the huts of the Esquimaux. Alas, they find a record of disaster. Then a bleached skeleton. A native reported that Franklin's party “fell down and died as they walked along.” And now they come to a boat. In it are two other skeletons also precious relics, a watch, a fragment of slipper worked by loving fingers, a Bible with texts interlined. The problem is solved. They are too late to receive the blessing of men ready to perish— too late to make the widow's heart sing for joy.
Yet their heroism was not wasted. Nothing kindly, bravely done, ever is. The doer at least is bettered. Valuable discoveries were made, agonizing suspense was ended, fresh testimony was afforded of the value set on human life, additional pledges were given that no Englishman imperilled in the discharge of duty will be abandoned, the moral nature of those heroic seekers was raised, and their work of charity was looked on with approbation from above!
* Lady Franklin.
SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.
The Polar clouds uplift—a moment and no more,
Through the snow's dazzling blink, into the dark they've
No pause : the weaker sink, the strong can but strive on,
Unharmed the wild deer run, to graze along the strand,
The river of their hope at length is drawing nigh-
die ! Thank God, brave Franklin's place was empty in that band! He closed his well-run race not on the iron strand.
Not under snow-clouds white, by cutting frost-wind driven,
His heart ne'er ached to see his much-loved sailors ta'en ;
“YOU WILL REPENT IT." A YOUNG officer) had sò far forgotten himself, in a moment of irritátion, as to strike a private soldier, full of personal dignity (as sometimes happens in all ranks), and distinguished for his courage. The inexorable laws of military dísciplinel forbade to the injured soldier' any pràctical redress. He could look for no retaliátion by acts. Wòrds only! were at his command; and, in a tumult of indignation, as he turned away, the soldier said to his officerl that he would “make him repènt it." This, wearing the shape of a ménace, naturally rekindled the officer's anger, and intercepted any disposition which might be rising within him towards a sentiment of remòrse; and thus the irritation between the two young mén' grew hótter than before.
Some weeks after thisl a partial action took place with the ènemy. Suppose yourself a spectàtor, and looking down into a válley occupied by two armies. They are facing each other, you see, in martial arrày. But it is no more than a skirmish which is going on; in the course of which, however, an occasion suddenly aríses! for a desperate sèrvice. A redoubt, which has fallen into the enemy's hands, must be recaptured at any price, and under círcumstances of all but hopeless difficulty. A strong párty' has volunteered for the sèrvice; there is a crý for somebody to head them; you see a soldier step out from the ranksl to assume this dangerous leadership; the párty' moves rapidly fòrward; in a few mínutesl. it is swallowed up from your eyes in clouds of smòke; for óne hàlf-hour from behind these clouds! you receive hieroglyphic reports of bloody strife-fierce repeating signals, flashes from the gùns, rolling mùsketry, and
exulting hurráhs, advàncing or recéding, sláckening or redoùbling.
At léngth' áll is over; the redoubt bas been recovered; that which was lost' is found again ; the jewel which had been made cáptive' is ransomed with blood. Crimsoned with glorious gore, the wreck of the conquering party is reliéved, and at liberty to retùrn. From the river' you see it ascènding. The plume-crested officer in command rushes fòrward, with his left hand raising his hátl in homage to the blackened fragments of what önce was a ilag; whilst with his right hand he seizes that of the leader, though no more than a private from the rànks. Thát perplexes you not: mystery you see none in thàt. For distinctions of order pèrish, ránks are confounded,“ high and low" are words without a meaning, and to wrèck goes every notion or féeling that divides the noble from the noble, or the bráve man from the bràve. But wherefore is it that now, when suddenly they wheel into mutual recognition, suddenly they paùse? This sòldier, this ófficer—who are they? O, réader ! ónce befòre they had stood face to face-the sòldier it is that was strúck; the officer it is that struck him. Once agàin they are meeting; and the gaze of armies! is upon them. If for a mòmenti a doubt divídes them, in a moment! the doubt has pèrished. One glànce exchanged between them! publishes the forgiveness that is sealed for ever. As one who recovers a brother whom he had accounted dead, the officer sprang forward, threw his arms around the neck of the soldier and kissed him, as if he were some màrtyr' glorified hy that shadow of death' from which he was retùrning; whilst on his part, the sòldier, stopping back, and carrying his open hand through the beautiful motions of the military salute to a supérior, makes this immortal answer—thát answer' which shut
of the indignity offered to him, even whilst for the last time allúding to it:
“Sir," he said, “ I told you beförel that I would make you repent it."
THE HEAVY METALS.
Alloy, (allier, F.; ad, ligo, L.)
Loadstone, (lead) Lit, the stone that Amalgam, (malagma, malasso, G.) leuds or draws.
Hence amalgamate, amalgamation. Magnetic, of the nature of a magnet or Barometer, (baros, metron, G.) an in- loadstone.
strument for ascertaining the weight Malleable, (malleus, L.) that may be of the air; a weather-glass.
hammered or pressed out into thin Carbonaceous, containing carbon. plates. Conical, having the shape of a cone. Meteoric, (meteoros, G.) Ductile, (duco, L.) that may be drawn Pyrites, (pyr, G.) out into wire.
Sonorous, (sono, L.) giving sound Elastic, (elauno, G.) springy: having when struck.
the power of recovering its form and Spathose, (spath, German for spar) dimensions after pressure.
sparry. Flexible, (flecto, L.) that may be bent Specular, (speculum, L.) having a mir. without breaking.
ror-like surface. Fusible, (fundo, L.) that may be Sulphuret, a compound with sul. melted.
phur. Hoematite, (haima, G.) blood-stone. Thermometer, (thermos, metron, G.) Lava, a melted substance thrown out an instrument for ascertaining the by volcanoes.
temperature of anything.
PLATINUM, GOLD, MERCURY. From the metallic bases of soda, lime, and alumina, and a few others of like character, the metals proper are distinguished by their great weight, in which they surpass all other substances. Some of them are found in a pure, or (as it is usually called) native state; but a much greater number have to be separated, by artificial means, from compounds called ores.
These ores always contain one or more nonmetallic elements. When two metals combine together, the result is not called an ore, but an alloy, unless one of them is mercury, in which case it is called an amalgam.
The most important metals are platinum, gold, mercury, silver, copper, tin, lead, and iron.
Platinum is chiefly procured from the Ural mountains and from South America. It is the heaviest substance known, weighing more than twenty times its own bulk of water. But it is chicfly remarkable for its refractory and unalterable nature, even when exposed to intense heat, or to the action of those acids by which most other metals are dissolved. It is capable of taking a good polish, and is not liable to rust or tarnish. These qualities render it extremely useful in the construction of many philosophical instruments, such as crucibles, mirrors for telescopes, measuring rods, pendulums, watch wheels, and the like.