« السابقةمتابعة »
suits so unexpected and glorious, our gratitude and adoration are due to that wonder-working God, who •till "maketh the wrath of man to praise him, while the remainder of that wrath he restrains." (Psalm liifi. 10.)
SuolnJ, That in the recent acts of Congress, abolishing slavery forever in the District of Columbia and ii the Territories, and in the noble proclamation of the President of the United States, declaring freedom to the slave in States in rebellion, we sec cause for congratulation and joy, and we think wo behold the dawn of that glorious day, when, as in Israel's ancient jubilee, " liberty shall be proclaimed throughout all the Und, unto all the inhabitants thereof." (Leviticus xxv. W.)
The Publication Society issued, in tho course' of the year, twenty-one Sunday-school books, and eighteen children's tracts. Of these, with the Baptist Almanac, Report, and Catalogues, there were printed 81,300 copies. Including the new editions of former publications, tho total number of books and tracts issued during the year amounted to 343,850 copies. Tho Society employed 35 missionary colporteurs, 14 of whom labored in Sweden, the rest in the United S'ates. Tho receipts were $65,044 (against $56,306 in 1862).
The Home Mission Society employed 87 misnonaries, 9 of whom preached in foreign languages. Its receipts amounted to $39,647 (against $37,894 in 1862).
The American and Foreign Bible Society hold its twenty-sixth annual meeting on May Uth, in New York city. Receipts for the ve3r$l'J.247 (against $16,688 during the preceding year).
The American Baptist Free Mission Society held its twentieth anniversary on May 27th, at Mount Holly, New Jersey. Its receipts for the year were $19,538. A series of resolutions pledging strong support to the Union of the States, and demanding the abolition of slavery, were unanimously passed. A report expressing fraternal sympathy with the anti-slavery masses of Great Britain, was also unanimously adopted.
Through tho agency of the secretary of tho Hume Mission Society, and Mr. Harris, U. S. senator from New York and a prominent member of tho Baptist communion, the Secretary of War gave full and formal authority to the Home Mission Society to take possession of every abandoned Baptist meeting iiouse within tho insurrectionary districts, and of every other Baptist church edifice in the lands of tho Confederates. Tho Government Promised the Society every practicable protection in their new fields of labor, and corro^lond'mg facilities for reaching them.
Tho General Convention, as well as tho Missionary, Educational, and Publishing Societies of the Seventh-Day Baptists, was held at Adams Centre, Jefferson county, New York, on •eptember 9th. Tho receipts of tho Missionary 8 iciety during the year were $2,634. Tho following resolutions wero unanimously adopted:
Raolitd, That the General Conference reaffirms its Jterest and confidence in the General Government, Vol. in.—11 A
and desires to see the war prosecuted, on its part, until the rebellion is entirely crushed, and the authority of the Government fully restored ; and that it will render, to this end, all the support at its command.
Steolved, That we approve the incipient steps taken by the Executive Board to establish a mission among the frecdmen, and would recommend its prosecution as soon as possible.
At the meeting of the Baptist Missionary Convention of Canada West, which was held at Hamilton, an attempt to introduce two Confederate chaplains who had escaped from Fort Mcllenry, and wished to get funds to run the blockade, was met with a storm of hisses, and was utterly fruitless, and a resolution was subsequently passed condemning slavery, and sympathizing with the North.
The Baptist churches in the Confederate States continued to suffer greatly from the effects of the war. Their foreign missions in China and Africa were entirely cut off from communication with the churches and the Missionary Society from which they derived their support. The Board of Foreign Missions appointed, therefore, n committee at Baltimore, to secure and transmit funds for the use of tho Southern Baptist missionaries, and otherwise to promote the interests of their missions in foreign lands. The Government of the United States gave permission to Rev. Dr. Fuller, ono of the Baltimore committee, to go to Richmond, to receive $2,000, which had accumulated there. The Baltimore committee made an urgent appeal to the Border State Baptists to maintain tho Southern Baptist Mission. The General Convention of Kentucky resolved to do all in its power for this purpose.
The London "Freeman," the leading organ of the English Baptists, gives tho following statement of the strength and other statistics of tho Baptists of tho three kingdoms ns follows: England contains 1,782 churches, with 188,374 members; Wales 455 churches, and 53,783 members; Scotland 97 churches, 7,940 members; Ireland 86 churches, 1,348 members. Total number of churches, 2,370; membership, 251,445. It is to be remarked that these totals are estimated, the averago membership of all the churches known being taken for those whoso membership is not ascertained. England*has 478 churches without pastors; Wales 116; Scotland 19, and Ireland 8. Certain of the churches included in these estimates are claimed as well by the Congregationalists.
The Baptist Societies of England had, for tho year 1863, tho following income: Baptist Missionary Society, £27,189; Baptist Homo Mission, £1,700; Bible Translation Society, £1,809.
An interesting legal decision was obtained on the question of open communion. The court had been called upon to restrain a Baptist minister, by injunction, from permitting the chapel to be used by any other persons than Particular Baptists, and for a declaration that on the true construction of the trust deeds none but Particular Baptists were entitled to participation in the Lord's Supper. The ViceChancellor minutely examined the trust deeds, as well as the " Confession of Faith " published by tho body in 1643 and 1080 and at other times. lie did not see that the delegates from the churches, who took part in the meetings where the Confessions were drawn up, held strict communion to be an essential and fundamental doctrine, and he did not see that it was insisted upon in the trust deeds of the chapel in question. He decided, therefore, to dismiss the case.
The Baptist Union of England, at one of its quarterly meetings, adopted an address to the American Baptist churches, expressive of its views on the American war and slavery. The following are the most important passages of this address:
It will not be needful for us to prove that the fatal origin of your present national discords has been the existence in vour midst of the sinful institution of slavery. In former times we have ventured to urge upon you the duty of denouncing and extirpating this baneful and unholy institution; hut now we rejoice to believe that nearly all classes among you are convinced that it is wholly opposed to the will of God, and fruitful only in calamity to those who uphold it. Yes, brethren, it is slavery that ha3 prevented our maintaining with you that close and brotherly intercourse which your hearts ardently desired; it is slavery that has so lamentably alienated one portion of your people from the other; it is slavery that has excited fierce and ungovernable passions, which will neither listen to reason nor submit to law. And it is the foul pollution and gross injustice of slavery that have brought upon you the chastisement of Heaven, and deluged your once happy and prosperous'land with seas of human blood. Brethren, it has grieved us beyond all our power to express, to know that this uunallowed and accursed institution has been upheld and defended by many who profess to believe with us in the Scriptures of eternal truth; men who bear among Christians tho honored name of Baptists, and claim the same spiritual lineage with ourselves. And in proportion to our former grief is the joy we now experience in learning from one of our official correspondents amongst you, that the Baptist churches and associations in your Northern States have generally, if not universally, arrived at the conviction that slavery must bo forthwith destroyed. We deprecate with nil our heart the efforts of interested or malicious men in this country to exasperate strife between us, or help the abettors of slavery in yours; and we shall use our utmost endeavors to strengthen the patience of our suffering countrymen, and to encourage our rulers to maintain that wise policy of non-interference which they have hitherto observed. Be assured, brethren, that our hatred of slavery is as intense as it ever was, and that our sympathies are altogether with those who strive fur its total abolition throughout the entire world.
The sixth Triennial Conference of the German Baptists was held in Hamburg in July. About ninety pastors, missionaries, and delegates were present. From the report of tho Committee of the Union it appeared that during the last three years 4,658 persons had been baptized; that there was a clear increase in the membership of the churches during that time of 3,367; and that the present number of members was 11,?75. It also stated that nine new churches had been formed, and 327 stations established for preaching the gospel.
The progress of the Baptists in Sweden continues to be marked. According to a report of
Rev. Mr. AViberg, the founder of the Swedish mission, in the whole of Sweden, during the year, there were formed 14 new churches, baptized 850, restored 60, excluded 288. At the 1st of January, 1863, there were 161 churches, with 5,515 members; 4,231 children gathered in Sunday schools, with 90 teachers. Cases of persecution constantly occur all over the country. Baptist parents are often fined or charged to pay godfathers and policemen for assisting the priests. The Baptist Executive Committee published five baptismal tracts. Twenty-one of the churches now have places of worship of their own; the others assemble in private houses.
Considerable additions to the number of Baptists were made in Poland and in the Russian province of Corn-land. In the latter great efforts were made to put them down. The congregation of Libau sent two of its members as delegates to St. Petersburg, who had an interview with the emperor. This interview did not arrest persecution, for the district court of Courland condemned two Baptists to exile from Russia for preaching Baptist sentiments. Toward tho close of the year, however, the Directing Senate of Russia reversed this decision of tho district court of Courland, and the emperor issued an ukase, which forbids the restraining of Baptist preachers by force, and declares such force all the "more to bo deprecated in a doctrine of religion, which may later find acknowledgment." So great an advance on tho past policy of the Russian authorities was hailed as a wonderful sign by the Baptists of Germany, and Rev. Mr. Oncken, of Hamburg, the founder of the German mission, resolved to proceed to St. Petersburg, to organize a congregation in tho capital of the Russian empire.
Tho first impulse to the establishment of a Baptist mission in Italy was given in October, I860, by the "True Union," a Baptist paper of Maryland. In 1802, two Baptist clergymen of England, Rev. Edward Clarke, of Tiverton, and Rev. James "Wall, of Calne, visited Italy, and on their return made an appeal to the English Baptists for the establishment of an Italian mission. This appeal was warmly responded to, and in October, 1863, Rev. James Wall took his departure from England as the first Baptbt missionary to Italy.
BEAUCHAMP, Iiexey BEArcriAMP Ltoox, Earl, nn English peer, born in Powyke, "Worcestershire, in 1784, died at Madresfiehl Court, Great Malvern, Sept. 8th, 1863. He entered the army July 9th, 1803, served in tho Peninsula with the 16th Dragoons at the capture of Oporto, battles of Talavera and Busacaand elsewhere, and was severely wounded at Busaco. He eventually became a general in tho army, colonel in succession of the 10:Hussars and the 2d Life Guards, and chamberlain in waiting to the Queen. lie sat in the House. of Commons for the county of Worcester, before the passing of tho Reform Bill, and afterward for the Western Division of the county, altogether for more than a quarter of a century, lie was first elected for the county in 181G; and during the Reform agitation, being opposed to tie measure, was defeated. The Reform Bill passed during the next year, and Worcestershire was separated into two divisions, East and West; Gen. Lygon, having been elected for the latter, continued to sit for that division until Lis elevation to the Upper House. In politics lie was a conservative. In 1853 he succeeded Lis brother to the earldom. In his death the nation lost a faithful and trustworthy servant and soldier, and the county of Worcester, a benefactor who was always ready to aid in any charitable or benevolent work. •
BEECIIER, Lyman, D. D., an American clergyman and author, born in New Haven, Conn., September 12th, 1775, died in Brooklyn, K. Y., January 10th, 1863. His early life was spent in the family of his uncle, Lot Benton, of Xorth Guilford, where ho was fitted for college bj Rev. Thomas W. Bray, the minister of the parish. He entered Yale Cyllege in 1793, at the age of 18, and graduated in 1797, having spent part of his senior year in the study of theology, under President Dwight. Ho continued these studies till September, 1798, when he was licensed to preach, and soon afterward began to supply the pulpit of the Presbyterian church at East Hampton, Long Island, where he was ordained, in September, 1799. In 1810 he accepted an invitation to the pastorate of the First Congregational church, in Litchfield, Conn., and was installed in June of that year. He remained at Litchfield until March, 1826, and he says, in his autobiography, "it was the most laborious part of his life." His eloquence and zeal as a preacher, and the fearlessness and resolution with which he attacked the prevalent vice of intemperance, and led the way ic the organization of Bible, Missionary, and Educational Societies, had gained him already a high reputation throughout New England. The rapid and extensivo defection of the Congregational churches in the vicinity of Boston, • under the lead of Dr. Ohanning and others, Lad excited much anxiety throughout New England, and, in 1826, Mr. Beecher was called to Boston to the pastorate of the Hanover street church, at the urgent request of his clerical brethren, to uphold the ancient doctrines of Puritanism against the onset of the able and adroit leaders of the Unitarian party. He remained there six years and a half, and battled against his opponents with an eloquence, a logical vigor, and an overwhelming lower, which won for him the admiration of the members of his own denomination, and the resect and esteem which men always feel for an ardent, earnest, and honest fighter. It was daring his residence here, also, that his "Sermons on Intemperance," most' of which had L.cn preached in Litchfield, wero first published. No moro pungent and effective portraitures and denunciations of a national vice have
ever appeared in print. In 1832, when 57 years of age, he was called to the presidency of the Lane Theological Seminary at Cincinnati, and a large amount of money was pledged to the institution on condition of his acceptance. He carried to the West the same fiery ardor, tho same earnestness in his advocacy of what he believed to bo truth, and the same power in assailing what he believed to be error under whatever form it might appear, which had characterized his ministry in Boston. He remained at the head of the seminary for nineteen years, and his name was continued in its catalogue, as president, until his death. During the first ten years of his presidency he was also acting pastor of the Second Presbyterian church in Cincinnati. It was not long after his removal to Cincinnati that ha electrified the religious public in the East, by the publication of a tract, showing the danger of Roman Catholic supremacy in the West. In the theological controversies, which led to the excision of a portion of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in 1837-8, he took an active part, though untinged with bitterness. In 1851 ho returned to Boston, where ho preached with great vigor and power, notwithstanding his advanced age. About liis 80th year ho suffered from an attack of paralysis, that affected his mental powers, which thenceforth only gleamed out occasionally with some indications of their former splendor. Ho removed about this time to Brooklyn, N. Y., where his last years wero passed. Dr. Bcccher was the author of a largo number of publu-hed sermons and addresses, most of them occasional and miscellaneous, though some are deserving of permanent preservation for their extraordinary ability and eloquence. His "Sermon9* on Intemperance," already mentioned, still have a large sale. He made a collection of some of those he deemed most valuable, which was published in 1852, in 3 vojs. 12mo. I lis autobiography, and a selection from his published works, edited by his son, Rev. Charles Beecher, are now (March, 18G4) passing through the press of Messrs. Harper and Brothers. During the period of his active ministry from 1815 to 1851, no clergyman of any denomination in the United States was more widely known, or exerted a more powerful influence on the educated mind of the country. He was the father of 13 children, of whom ten survived him, most of whom have attained literary or theological distinction. Rev. Edward Beecher, D.D., Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, the pastor of Plymouth Church, Miss Catharine E. Beecher, and Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, the authoress of " Uncle Tom's Cabin," are the best known of this remarkable family.
BERRY, Hiram Geoiwe, a major-general of volunteers in the United States service, born in Tliomaston (now Rockland), Maine, August 27th, 182-1, killed at the battle of Chancellorsville, May 3d, 1863. In early life ho had acquired tho carpenter's trade, and followed the business for a few years, but was subsequently engaged, successfully, in navigation. He represented his native town in the State Legislature several times, and was mayor of thecity of Rockland. Havingataste formilitary affairs he originated and commanded for several years the Rockland Guard, a volunteer company which had attained a very high reputation for its perfection of drill and discipline. At the commencement of the war he entered the volunteer service as colonel of the 4th regiment of Maine volunteer infantry. The regiment left Rockland on the 17th of June, 1861, arrived in Washington on the 20th, and went into camp on Meridian Hill on the 21st. On the 8th of July it crossed into Virginia, and on the 10th marched toward Centreville, where it arrived on the 18th. It participated in the battle of Bull Run, in acting Gen. Howard's brigade. After tho battle it returned to Alexandria, and on the 24th to Meridian Hill. It was afterward brigaded in Gen. Sedgwick's brigade of tho army of the Potomac, and when tho army moved to the peninsula formed part of Gen. Birney's brigado, in Gen. C. S. Hamilton's division, and in that division participated in the siege of Yorktown. On the 4th of April, 18G2, Col. Berry was made a brigadiergeneral of volunteers, his commission dating from March 17th, 1802, and was placed in charge of the third brigade of the third division of Heintzelman's third army corps. By this change he was separated from his regiment. In command of this brigade ho participated in tho battle of Williamsburg, where tho coming of his brigade brought the first relief to tho wearied and blood-stained heroes of Gen. Hooker's division; fought under Gen. Kearny at Fair Oaks, and won the special commendation of that daring and gallant officer for his indomitable bravery; bore a conspicuous part in the seven days' battles, and on the 4th of July, 1862, was, with Heintzelman's corps, highly complimented for his valor and endurance by the commanding general. On the loth of August he moved with his brigade to Yorktown, and thence to Alexandria; thence to Warrenton Junction and Rappahannock, and on the 29th and 80th of Aug. took part with Kenrny's division in the battles of Centreville and Manassas, or the second Bull Run. On the 1st of September he participated in the battle of Chantilly, where the gallant Kearny lost his life. During the campaign in Maryland he held with his brigado important fords on the Potomac, and thus cut off the retreat of the enemy. At the bnttlo of Fredericksburg, Dec. 13th, 1862, Gen. Berry led his brigade in a charge upon a forco considerably exceeding his own in numbers, and drove them back, thus relieving his division, then commanded by Gen. Birney, from imminent peril. For this brave act he was complimented by Gen. Birney in his report. In January, 1803, he was nominated by the President as major-general of volunteers, with rank dating from Nov. 29th, 1802, and was
confirmed by the Senate on the 9th of March, 1803. He was then placed in coulmaud of the second division of the third army corps, which was at that time under the command of Major-Gen. Sickles. At the battle of Chancellorsville, after the flight of the eleventh army corps, who were pursued with great fury by Gen. Jackson's corps, Gen. Hooker selected Berry's division, which had been formerly his own division, and was one of the finest in the army, to charge upon the advancing foe, and stem the overwhelming wave which was sweeping his army to destruction. His order was characteristic, and showed his thorough appreciation of the courage and military skill-of Gen. Berry. It was as follows: "Go in, General; throw your men into the breach; don't fire a shot—they can't see you— but charge home with the bayonet." They did charge home, and in the shock of battle which followed, the foe went down like grass before the mower's scythe. For three hours that division, almost alone, withstood the repeated assaults of a large body of Confederate troops flushed with their previous victory, and at last drove them back, and regained a portion of their lost ground. The battle was renewed early the next morning, and again Berry and his division were in front, and received the first assault of the enemy. Intent upon driving them back, Gen. Berry headed one of his brigades in several successful bayonet charges, and in one of these was instantly killed by a shot from the enemy. Gen. Berry was not only a brave and skilful commander, but a most estimable man in private and social life, and his death caused deep sorrow among a wide circle of warmly attached friends.
BIG BLACK RIVER rises in Choctaw county, Mississippi, and flowing a south-west course it empties into the Mississippi river at Grand Gulf, below Vicksburg. It is about 200 miles in length and its course is through a fertile country, which before the war abounded in cotton plantations.
BILLAULT, ArGUSTE Adoi.piie Makie, a French statesman, born atVanncs, in the department of Morbihan, November 12th, 18(5, died at Gresilieres, near Nantes, October 13th, 18C3, After f-tudying law at Rennes, he joined tho bar of Nantes at the age of 20, and practised with great success. lie was elected while yet very young a member of the municipal council of Nantes, and soon after a member of the peneral council of the department of Loire Inferieure. While holding these offices he published several pamphlets on education in France, municipal organizations, roads, &c. In 1837, before ho had attained his 32d year, his popularity was so great that he was "chosen a member of the National Chamber of Deputies, by three electoral districts, those of Nantes, Paimloeuf, and Ancenis, when he selected the last, which ho represented till 1848. In the Chamber of Deputies he soon attracted attention by bis energy, boldness, and readiness in debate, nnd took position as one of the leaders of the Constitutional Opposition. When M. Thiers formed his second cabinet, March 1st, 1840, he assigned toil. Billault the position of Assistant Secretary to the Minister of Agriculture and Commerce, and in this office lie displayed a rare aptitude for business. When the Thiers ministry was replaced by that of Guizot, M. Billault resigned, and returned to his old seat with the opposition. He was soon after admitted a member of the Paris bar, and, in his place in the Chamber of Deputies, became one of the most persistent and formidable opponents of the Guizot administration, distinguishing himself particularly by his opposition to the right of search, and to what was called the "Pritchard indemnity.'' In 1846, he was elected for the third arrondissemcnt of Paris, and also for his old constituency of Ancenis, in the department of Morbihan. He declined taking any active part in the reform banquets which preceded the revolution of 184S, though expressing his sympathy with their views and purposes. He held, however, the professional relation of legal adviser to the Due d'Aumale, the wealthiest of Louis Philippe's sons. Immediately after the revolution, he wa* elected to the Constitutional Assembly for the department of the Loire Inferieure, being tho third on a list of 13, and receiving 88,838 votes. In this body he took, on most questions, the extromo republican view, supporting Louis Blanc's doctrine of the "right of labor." He, however, voted with tho Moderates, for the banishment of the Orleans family, and against the bills requiring security from the journals, and providing for two Legislative Chambers. He was not reelected for the Legislative Assembly in 1849, but had become an influential and intimate friend of the Prince President, who consulted him frequently on important questions. Meantime, he devoted himself assiduously to his legal practice, which was now large, and bided his time. It came soon. Immediately after the coup d'etat of December 2d, 1851, he was returned for St. Girons, in the Ariege, and was named President of the new Corps Legislatif, in which capacity he greatly contributed to tho reestablishment of the empire. In July, 1854, he succeeded M. Persigny as Minister of tho Interior, and in December of the same year was made a senator. While occupying this position, the attempted assassination of the emperor by Orsini and his associates occurred (January 14th, 1858), and M. Billault drew up, and succeeded in passing the law of public safety, popularly known as tho Loti den Suspects, and soon after resigned to give place to Gen. Espinasse, who was considered tho man best adapted to carry out its provisions The emperor was, however, mnwilling to lose the benefit of M. Iiillault's eminent abilities, and, accordingly, named him nnd M. Baroche ministers without portfolio, their duty being to defend, in the Corps Legislatif, the acts of tho Government. Tho labor thrown
upon him by this unpleasant office (for he had often to defend measures of which ho did not approve), undermined his health. At the next change of ministry he was appointed Minister of State in place of Count Walewski, and he still continued to be the official advocate of the Government in the Senate and Corps Legislatif; this seems to be the first step toward a return to the old system of responsible ministers. Tho result of the elections of 1863 greatly affected M. Billault, us, notwithstanding tho utmost efforts of the Government to prevent it, thirtyfive opposition candidates were elected to the Chambers, nearly all of them men of eminent abilities. This untoward result aggravated a disease of tho heart, under which he labored for some years, and probably caused his death. He was a ready, able, and eloquent speaker, of mild and unassuming manners, and singularly skilled in presenting a case, however bad, in fair and attractive colors. In private life ho was greatly beloved for his strong domestic affections, and his kindness and affability to all, and especially to the young, and to those who were struggling to obtain an honorable position.
BLOCKADE. (See Phizes.)
BOLTON, a village in Hinds county, Mississippi, seventeen miles west of Jackson, on the railroad to Vicksburg and twenty-seven miles from Vicksbnrg. It was onthe route over which Gen. Grant's armv moved.
BOTFIELD, Bekiaii, M. P., born at Northamptonshire, Eng., in 1807, died at his residence in Ludlow, Aug. 7th, 1863. Ho was educated at Harrow, and from thence went to Christ Church, Oxford, and took his degree of B. A. in 1828. He early evinced a taste for botany, and purchased many valuable publications on that branch of science, but in after years devoted more attention to bibliography, which eventually became the favorite study of his life. In 1840 he sat in Parliament for the borough of Ludlow, and again the following year. At tho ensuing election, in 1847, he contested that borough unsuccessfully, but iu 1857 was solicited by his former constituents to represent them once more, and remained member for Ludlow during the rest of his life. In his early political career he was a follower and personal friend of Sir Robert Peel, and voted for free trade when that measure was first introduced into Parliament. He was remarkably successful as a book-collector, deeming neither time, labor, nor money in that service as ill spent, and his library at Norton Hall was one of the finest collections in England. Its specialty consisted in a valuable collection of Edition** Principe* of classical authors, and costly folio editions of illustrated works, many of them in the French language. At different periods he has appeared before tho world as an author, having published in 1849 " Notes on Cathedral Libraries in England," and in 1861 collected and edited the " Prefaces to the first Editions of the Greek nnd Roman Classics, and of the Sacred Scriptures." He also contributed articles