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ther valuable for the pomp and beauty of the idpression, or for the notes with which the text 2 accompanied, or for any controversy or persecution that it produced, or for the peculiarity of any fingie passage. With the same care have tl.: various editions of the book of common-prayer been selected, from which all the alterations which have been made in it may be easily remarked.

Amongst a great number of Roman millais ari breviar:es, remarkable for the beauty of their cus and illuminations, will be found the Akira mifal and breviary, that raised such commot:03 in the kingdom of Spain.

The controversial treatises written in Engine, about the time of the Reformation, have been diligently collected, with a multitude of remarkacis tracts, single fermons, and small treatises; which, however worthy to be prelerved, are, perhaps, to be found in no other place.

The regard which was always paid, by the co!lectors of this library, to that remarkable period of time, in which the art of printing was invented, determined them to accumulate the ancient impresions of the fathers of the church; to which the later additions are added, left antiquity should have feemed more worthy of escem than accuracy.

· History has been considered with the regard due to that study by which the manners are molt cafily formed, and from which the moit etficacious instruction is received ; nor will the most extenfire curiosity fail of gratification in this library; from which no writers have been excluded, that relate cither to the religious or civil affairs of any natior.


* Not only those authors of ecclefiaftical history have been procured, that treat of the state of religion in general, or deliver accounts of sects or nations, but those likewise who have confined themselves to particular orders of men in every church; who have related the original, and the rules of every fociety, or recounted the lives of its founder and its members; those who have deduced in every country the succession of bishops, and those who have employed their abilities in celebrating the piety of particular saints, or martyrs, or monks, or nuns.

The civil history of all nations has been amassed together; nor is it easy to determine which has been thought most worthy of curiosity.

Of France, not only the general histories and ancient chronicles, the accounts of celebrated reigns, and narratives of remarkable events, but even the memorials of single families, the lives of private men, the antiquities of particular cities, churches, and monafteries, the topography of provinces, and the accounts of laws, customs, and prescriptions, are here to be found.

The several states of Italy have, in this treasury, their particular historians, whose accounts are, perhaps, generally more exact, by being less extensive; and more interesting, by being more particular.

Nor has less regard been paid to the different nations of the Germanic empire, of which neither, the Bobemians, nor Hungarians, nor Austrians, nor Bavarians, have been neglected; nor have their antiquities, however generally disregarded, been less Audiously searched, than their present state.

The northern nations have supplied this co!lection, not only with history, but poetry, *11 Gothic antiquities, and Runic inscriptions; which a: least have this claim to veneration, above the remains of the Roman magnificence, that they are cu: works of those heroes by whom the Roman empire was destroyed; and which may plead, at least ia this nation, that they ought not to be neglected by those that owe to the men whose memories they preserve, their constitution, their properties, and the.: liberties.

The curiosity of these collectors extend equaliz to all parts of the world; nor did they forget to a to the northern the southern writers, or to adura their collection with chronicles of Spain, and te conquest of Mexico.

Even of those nations with which we have less in. tercourse, whose customs are less accurately known, and whose history is less distinctly recounted, there are in this library reposited such accounts as the Europeans have been hitherto able to obtain ; nor are the Mogul, the Tartar, the Turk, and the Sarasin, without their historians.

That persons so inquisitive with regard to the tranfactions of other nations, should enquire yet more ardently after the history of their own, may be naturally expected; and, indeed, this part of the library is no coinmon instance of diligence and accuracy. Here are to be found, with the ancient chronicles, and larger histories of Britain, the narratives of single reigns, and the accounts of remarkable revolutions, the topographical hiitories of countics, the pedigrees of families, the antiquities


of churches and cities, the proceedings of parlia. ments, the records of monasteries, and the lives of particular men, whether eminent in the church or the state, or remarkable in private life; whether exemplary for their virtues, or detestable for their crimes; whether persecuted for religion, or executed for rebellion.

That memorable period of the Englis history, which begins with the reign of king Charles the First, and ends with the Restoration, will almost furnish a library alone, fuch is the number of voJumes, pamphlets, and papers, which were published by either party; and such is the care with which they have been preserved.

Nor is history without the necessary preparatives and attendants, geography and chronology: of geography, the best writers and delineators have been procured, and pomp and accuracy have both been regarded : the student of chronology may here find likewise those authors who searched the records of time, and fixed the periods of history.

With the historians and geographers may be ranked the writers of voyages and travels, which may be read here in the Latin, English, Dutch, German, French, Italian, and Spanish languages.

The laws of different countries, as they are in themselves equally worthy of curiosity with their history, have, in this collection, been justly regarded; and the rules by which the various communities of the world are governed, may be here examined and compared. Here are the ancient editions of the papal decretals, and the com


mentators on the civil law, the edicts of Spain, and the statutes of Venice.

But with particular industry have the various writers on the laws of our own country been collected, from the most ancient to the present time, from the bodies of the statutes to the minuteft trea. tise; not only the reports, precedents, and readings of our own courts, but even the laws of our W::. Indian colonies, will be exhibited in our catalogue.

But neither history nor law have been so far abic to engross this library, as to exclude physic, philosophy, or criticisin.

Those have been thought, with justice, worthy of a place, who have examined the different species of animals, delineated their forms, or described their properties and instincts; or who have penetrated the bowels of the earth, treated on its different strata, and analysed its metals; or who have amused themselves with less laborious ípeculations, and planted trees, or cultivated flowers.

Those that have exalted their thoughts above the minuter parts of the creation, who have observed the motions of the heavenly bodies, and attempted fystems of the universe, have not been denied the honour which they deserved by so great an attempt, whatever has been their success. Nor have those mathematicians been rejected, who have applied their science to the common purposes of life; or those that have deviated into the kindred arts, of tactics, architecture, and fortification.

Even arts of far less importance have found their authors, nor have these authors been despised by the boundless curiosity of the proprietors of the blarleisa library. The writers on horsemanship and fencing

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