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Reynét; the inhabitants of which, generally speaking, are much more friendly disposed towards the English, than those of the Lange-Kloof and the easternmost parts of the Colony.

On the northern side of the Gariep, there is a village called Klaarwater, and several smaller Kraals or settlements, speaking the Dutch language, and inhabited by Hottentots who, for the greater number, have formerly lived under the Colonial government; many of whom have been brought up in the service of the Boors. These may be found useful neighbours ; especially as there are two or three missionaries of the London Society living with them, who ought naturally to feel every desire of aiding their country. men as far as their influence over these Hottentots may extend.

Owing to its situation so far inland, apparently there may be less facility in disposing of the surplus produce of this northern colony, than of the Zuureveld: but that an inland situation does not necessarily prevent the prosperity of the inhabitants, is proved by the fact of some of the richest Boors of the Cape Colony having gained their affluence in that division of the district of Graaff-Reynét, called Sneeuwberg, or the Snow Mountains.

The nearest colonial village is Graaff-Reynét, which is daily increasing in size, and bids fair to become a considerable town. From this place various necessary supplies may be obtained.

The nearest sea-port is Algoa bay, where a jutty is all that is required for making landing safe and easy. Here the emigrants would disembark; and taking a military escort at Uitenhage, would proceed by the way of Graaff-Reynét, to the place of their destination.

In placing the proposed British settlements on the outside of the present Dutch Colony, no impediment as to extent of land need be feared, to cramp the progress of their population : while the Boors will gradually, by their increasing numbers, remedy the errors which their former governments committed in allowing them to disperse so widely over the territory they had taken possession of. Emigrants settling in these British districts, would, if they preferred it, have many opportunities of changing their abode for one in any other part of the Cape Colony, as soon as they should have become rich enough to purchase a Dutch farm ; the price of which would be thought very low by an European.

The legislative regulations for this colony, would be the same as for that on the coast; but a law prohibiting the settlers passing the boundary without special permission, would be strictly enforced, in order to prevent irregularities which might injure the good understanding with the natives. The same official persons, and the same trades would be indispensable from the moment of its first establishment; with the addition of that of a boat-builder. A magistrate provided with sufficient authority, would watch over all its affairs; and to him would be given the power to remove out of his jurisdiction, all persons whose improper conduct might endanger the peace and well-being of the community. A regular communication with Cape Town, and consequently with England, would be established by post to Graaff-Reynét; whence a mail is forwarded on horseback by the way of Uitenhage, every first and second Wednesday in each month.

If an English town were founded in the vicinity of the Gariep, it would more than probably become the metropolis of the interior; and be resorted to as a place of trade and barter, by all the Transgariepine nations. It would be the intermediate point of connecting the great town of Litaakun (Letárkoon) with the Cape of Good Hope, as it would lie in the direct route between them : and the peaceable, friendly, and half-civilized nation of the Bachapins (Batjapeens) would gladly avail themselves of the opportunity of establishing a sort of commerce with the Colony, which hitherto the great distance of Cape Town has prevented. They would bring cattle, taking beads, tobacco, and some other trifles in exchange. Their country could furnish ivory, were it not for the difficulty of transporting it on the backs of oxen, their only mode of conveyance. But this difficulty might not, on trial, bé found

be to be so great as to deter them from the trade. They might also be encouraged to collect gum, which may be obtained to a large amount, as the southern part of this continent every where abounds in trees that yield it; though, from the scarcity and value of labor, it could not repay the expense of collecting it within the Colony. Whether gold dust be to be found in the extratropical part of Southern Africa, remains to be discovered ; and the valuable productions of the interior lie hidden and unknown.

By the means of this Gariep town, through its communication with these people, the English language and a better knowledge of Europeans would be diffused amongst the natives of the inte rior ; affording an opportunity of becoming acquainted with a portion of this continent, of which much less is known than of its northern half: and in short, of which it may be said, Europe is totally ignorant, or very nearly so. A door would thus be opened for a friendly connection with its inland inhabitants, who, possessing none of those prejudices which prevent a cordial friendship between Christian and Mahometan nations, would the more readily enter into an acquaintance with the British. And, on the part of our countrymen, it would be required, only that their dealings be fair and honorable, and that their policy towards them be just and firm, in order to perpetuate that acquaintance, to the profit of both nations. Nor would the introducing amongst these tribes, of the comforts and advantages of civilised life, and the benefits of a purer morality and religion, be an unimportant object in the minds of those persons of our own country, who themselves know, and are daily enjoying, that superiority and satisfaction which are the natural consequences of virtue, and of a due developement of the nobler faculties of the mind and of the better feelings of the human heart.








Academical Jlnstitution,






1. I am long since perswaded, that to say or doe ought worth memory and imitation, no purpose or respect should sooner move us, then simply the love of God and of mankinde. Neverthelesse, to write now the reforming of Education, though it be one of the greatest and noblest designs that can be thought on, and for the want whereof this nation perishes, I had not yet at this time been induc’t but by your earnest entreaties and serious conjurements ; as having my minde for the present halfe diverted in the persuance of some other assertions, the knowledge and the use of which cannot but be a great furtherance both to the enlargement of truth and honest living, with much more peace. Nor should the lawes of any private friendship have prevail'd with me to divide thus or transpose my former thoughts, but that I see those aims, those actions which have won you with me the esteem of a person sent hither by some good providence from a farre country, to be the occasion and the incitement of great good to this Iland. And, as I hear, you have obtain'd the same repute with men of most approved wisdom, and some of highest authority among us; not to mention the learned correspondence which you hold in foreigne parts, and the extraordinary pains and diligence which you have used in this matter, both heer and beyond the seas, either by the definite will of God so ruling, or the peculiar sway of nature, which also is God's working. Neither can I thinke that so reputed and so valu'd as you are, you would to the forfeit

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