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They sat them down to weep; nor only tears Rain'd at their eyes, but high winds worse within Began to rise, high passions, anger, hate, Mistrust, suspicion, discord, and shook sore Their inward state of mind, calm region once And full of peace, now tost and turbulent: : For understanding ruld not, and the will Heard not her lore; both in subjection now To sensual appetite, who from beneath Usurping over sov'reign reason claim'd Superior sway: from thus distemper'd breast Adam, estrang’d in look and alter'd style, Speech intermitted thus to Eve renew'd. Would thou hadst hearken’d to my words, and
stay'd With me, as I besought thee, when that strange 1135 Desire of wand'ring this unhappy morn I know not whence possess'd thee; we had then Remain'd still happy, not, as now, despoild Of all our good, sham’d, naked, miserable. Let none henceforth seek needless cause to approve The faith they owe; when earnestly they seek 1141 Such proof, conclude, they then begin to fail.
To whom,soon mov'd with touch of blame, thus Eve. What words have pass'd thy lips, Adam severe! Imput’st thou that to my default, or will Of wandering, as thou call'st it, which who knows
1128 both] Fenton reads • but in subjection.'
'Ατρειδη, ποϊόν σε έπος φύγεν έρκος οδόντων. Thyer.
But might as ill have happen'd thou being by,
To whom then first incens’d, Adam reply'd.
1165 Immutable] Inimitable. Bentl. MS.
1170 thy] So in the early editions ; in Tonson's, 1711, it is in my restraint,' which Tickell, Fenton, and Bentley have improperly followed.
That lay in wait: beyond this had been force,
1185 She first his weak indulgence will accuse.
Thus they in mutual accusation spent
Man's transgression known, the guardian angels forsake paradise, and return up to heaven to approve their vigilance, and are approved, God declaring that the entrance of Satan could not be by them prevented. He sends his Son to judge the transgressors ; who descends, and gives sentence accordingly; then in pity clothes them both, and reascends. Sin and Death, sitting till then at the gates of hell, by wondrous sympathy feeling the success of Satan in this new world, and the sin by man there committed, resolve to sit no longer confined in hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the place of man: to make the way easier from hell to this world to and fro, they pave a broad highway, or bridge, over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made ; then, preparing for earth, they meet him, proud of his success, returning to hell : their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandemonium, in full assembly relates with boasting his success against man: instead of applause, is entertained with a general hiss by all his audience, transformed, with himself also, suddenly into serpents, according to his doom given in paradise ; then, deluded with a show of the forbidden tree springing up before them, they greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and Death; God foretells the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing of all things; but for the present commands his angels to make several alterations in the heavens and elements. Adam, more and more perceiving his fallen condition, heavily bewails, rejects the condolement of Eve; she persists, and at length appeases him: then, to evade the curse likely to fall on their offspring, proposes to Adam violent ways, which he approves not; but conceiving better hope, puts her in mind of the late promise made them, that her seed should be revenged on the serpent, and exhorts her with him to seek peace of the offended Deity, by repentance and supplication.
MEANWHILE the heinous and despightful act
Up into heaven from paradise in haste
Soon as th' unwelcome news