صور الصفحة
PDF
النشر الإلكتروني

Colony," in the Texas State Historical Association, Quarterly, VIII., 95-192. A brief survey of the colonizing movement will be found in George P. Garrison, Texas (1902), in the American Commonwealths series. A treatment of the same subject on an enlarged scale that is, on the whole, excellent, is in Henderson Yoakum, History of Texas from its First Settlement in 1685 to its Annexation to the United States in 1846 (2 vols., 1856), which is reprinted in A Comprehensive History of Texas, with valuable annotations, but without the appendices, which are also highly valuable.

For the immigration to Oregon and California, works that are all more or less useful, are: Gustavus Hines, A Voyage Round the World, with a History of the Oregon Mission, etc. (1850); W. H. Gray, A History of Oregon, 1JQ2-184Q (1870); Robert Greenhow, The History of Oregon and California, etc. (1844); Francis Parkman, The California and Oregon Trail, being Sketcltes of Prairie and Rocky Mountain Life (1849), fifth edition, illustrated by Remington, entitled The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky Mountain Life (1892); Lee and Frost, Ten Years in Oregon (1844); Mrs. Frances Fuller Victor, The River of the West (1870); Josiah Royce, California (1886), in the American Commonwealths series; J. C. Fremont, Report of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains in the Year 1842, and to Oregon and North California in the Years 1843-44 (1845), printed as Senate Documents, 28 Cong., 1 Sess., No. 174; Peter H. Burnett, Recollections and Opinions of an Old Pioneer (1880); J. Tyrwhitt Brooks, Four Months among the Gold-Finders in California (1849); Hinton Rowan Helper, Land of Gold; Reality vs. Fiction (1855); Alfred Robinson, Life in California during a Residence of Several Years in that Territory (1846).

ANNEXATION OP TEXAS

A detailed description of the earliest phase of this movement is George P. Garrison, "The First Stage of the Movement for the Annexation of Texas," in the American Historical Review, X., 72-96. Useful monographs dealing with the subject are Sam Bell Maxey, "The Annexation of Texas to the United States," in A Comprehensive History of Texas, 1685-i8g?, I., pt. ii., chap. xiv.; Z. T. Fulmore, "The Annexation of Texas and the Mexican War," in Texas State Historical Association, Quarterly, V., 28-48; and J. L. Worley, "The Diplomatic Relations of England and the Republic of Texas," ibid., IX., 1-40. Among the most important sources for the history of annexation are: House Documents, 25 Cong., 1 Sess., I., 40 (correspondence relative to the first proposition from Texas); House Documents, 27 Cong., 2 Sess., V., 271 (correspondence relative to the relations with Texas, submitted by Tyler to the House, July 22, 1842); Senate Documents, 28 Cong., 1 Sess., V., 341, 345, 349 (treaty and correspondence relative thereto); ibid., VI., 351, 361, 367 (concerning attitude of England towards slavery and annexation); House Documents, 28 Cong., 1 Sess., VI., 271 (Tyler's message of June 10, 1844, to House with accompanying documents, largely identical with Senate Documents, V., 341); Senate Documents, 28 Cong., 2 Sess., III., 79 (report of Senate committee on foreign relations adverse to joint resolution as passed by House); House Documents, 29 Cong., 1 Sess., I., 2 (correspondence submitted with Polk's first annual message). Various documents of the 25th to the 29th Congresses contain petitions and resolutions of groups of individuals, public meetings, legislatures, etc., relating to annexation, which can be located by using the Table and Index mentioned under "Bibliographical Aids."

THE MEXICAN WAR

A detailed account of the war will be found in H. H. Bancroft, History 0} Mexico (6 vols., 1883-1888), V. William Jay, A Review of the Causes and Consequences of the Mexican War (1849), while maintaining the untenable "conspiracy" theory and unduly emphasizing the influence of slavery, supports his argument with a collection of facts well worth attention. Abiel Abbot Livermore, The War with Mexico Reviewed (1850), was written for a prize offered by the American Peace Society; it should be read. by those who wish to understand the different contemporaneous views of the war. Of special value for insight and judicial illuminating exposition are Edward G. Bourne, "The United States and Mexico, 1847-1848," in The American Historical Review, V., 491-502; and Jesse S. Reeves, "The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo," ibid., X., 309—324. The most satisfactory account of the military operations is R. S. Ripley, The War with Mexico (2 vols., 1849); but worthy of mention are also Marcus J. Wright, General Scott

(1894), and Oliver Otis Howard, General Taylor (1892)

both in the Great Commanders series. Scott's share in the war may be studied in his Memoirs (usually cited as his "Autobiography"), which, however, must be used with caution, U. S. Grant, Personal Memoirs (2 vols., 1885— 1886; revised ed., 1895), I., deals at some length with the Mexican War, and is a valuable authority. The campaigns in northern Mexico may be followed in John T. Hughes, Doniphan's Expedition; containing an Account of the Conquest of New Mexico, etc. (1847); H. H. Bancroft, History of California (7 vols., 1886-1890), V. and VI., and History of Arizona and New Mexico (1889); Josiah Royce, California (1886).

The documents of the 24th to the 30th Congresses contain an enormous amount of material relating to the causes of the war and the war itself, through which the reader can best find his way with the help of the Table and Index to that series already named. This material consists mainly of congressional reports, correspondence, etc., concerning the relations of the United States with Mexico, and various aspects of the war, such as the enlistment and organization of the troops, transportation and supplies, operations in the field, the government of the conquered territory, etc. Some of the most important documents are House Documents, 24 Cong., 2 Sess., III., 139 (relative to authorizing reprisals against Mexico); House Documents, 25 Cong., 2 Sess., XII., 351 (correspondence with Mexico, 1828-1838); Senate Documents, 28 Cong., 1 Sess., I., 1 (the same, during the latter part of 1843); House Reports, 29 Cong., 1 Sess., IV., 752 (report of House committee of foreign affairs on causes of the war); Senate Documents, 29 Cong., 2 Sess., I., 1 (Polk's annual message of December 8, 1846, and the accompanying documents); Senate Executive Documents, 30 Cong., 1 Sess., I., 1 (Polk's annual message of December 7, 1847, and the papers transmitted therewith); Senate Executive Documents, 30 Cong., 1 Sess., V., 33 (Fremont's court-martial); House Executive Documents, 30 Cong., 1 Sess., VII., 60 (presidential messages and correspondence as to the Slidell mission, the war, etc.), in which are reprinted House Documents, 29 Cong., 1 Sess., VI., 196, House Documents, 29 Cong., 2 Sess., IV., 119, and several other documents; House Reports, 30 Cong., 1 Sess., IV., 817 (claims for expense of military operations and of Stockton's civil government in California); Senate Executive Documents, 30 Cong., 1 Sess., VII., 52 (treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, Slidell's instructions, the Trist correpondence, etc.).

BOUNDARIES

The most useful authority for the whole northern boundary of the United States is John Bassett Moore, History and Digest of the International Arbitrations to which the United States has been a Party, etc. (6 vols., 1895; published as House Miscellaneous Documents, 53 Cong., 2 Sess., XXXIX., 212), I., with detailed maps. Valuable assistance in tracing the history of both northern and southern boundaries will be had from American State Papers, Foreign Relations. A good authority on the northeastern boundary is Albert Gallatin, The Right of the United States of America to the Northeastern Boundary Claimed by Them (1840). William F. Ganong, A Monograph of the Evolution of the Boundaries of the Province of New Brunswick (in Royal Society of Canada, Transactions, second series, 1901-1902), will be found very useful. For the northwestern boundary, the argument for the United States claims is in Robert Greenhow, The History of Oregon and California, etc. (1844); while the English side of the controversy is presented in Travers Twiss, The Oregon Question (1846). A thorough and satisfactory treatment of one of its aspects is William Ray Manning, The Nootka Sound Controversy (American Historical Association, Report, 1905, 179-478). An outline of the history of the southwestern boundary is Isaac J. Cox, "The Southwestern Boundary of Texas," in. Texas State Historical Association, Quarterly, VII., 81— 102, which, in spite of needing some revision, remains the most useful summary of the subject. The foot-notes to this article serve as a partial guide to the fragmentary and scattered materials which must be used in dealing with the question.

ELECTIONS AND PARTY RELATIONS

In dealing with this topic, Theodore Clarke Smith, The Liberty and Free Soil Parties in the Northwest {Harvard Historical Studies, VI., 1897); and Nicolay and Hay, Abraham Lincoln: a History (1890), I., chaps, xv.-xviii., will be found useful. Of special value for the study of New York politics during the period of westward extension are John Stillwell Jenkins, Life of Silas Wright; and James D. Hammond, Life and Times of Silas Wright (1848), a continuation of the same author's History of Political Parties in the State of New York (2 vols., 1842).

ISTHMIAN DIPLOMACY

The most important authorities on this subject are Lindley M. Keasbey, The Nicaragua Canal and the Monroe Doctrine (1896); Ira Dudley Travis, The History of the Clayton - Bulwer Treaty (Michigan Political Science Association, Publications, II., No. 8, 1900); and Charles Henry Huberich, The Trans-Isthmian Canal: a Study in

« السابقةمتابعة »