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Churutmsco battle, 250.

Civil service, Harrison opposes
political activity, 49, 51;
scramble (1841), 52.

Claims against Mexico, breach
over (1836), 188-191; num-
ber and character, 191, 194;
action of Congress (1837),
192; Van Buren's demand,
193; commissioners to arbi-
trate, 193; action of com-
missioners, 194; failure to
pay adjusted, 195; futile
new conventions (1843), 195.
196; amount, 196; and
cession of territory, 213-215;
settlement by treaty of Gua-
dalupe-Hidalgo, 251.

Clay, Henry, why not nominat-
ed (1840), 44; and Harrison's
nomination, 45, 53; and
Harrison as president, 53;
attitude towards Tyler, 54,
58, 65; bill to repeal sub-
treasury law, 57, 177; reso-
lution on necessary legisla-
tion, 58, 66, 175, 186; first
national-bank bill, 60; and
reaction against Whigs(i84i),
65; resigns from Senate, 66;
opposes Texas annexation
treaty, 120, 124; nominated
for president, 128; Raleigh
and Alabama letters on Tex-
as, 13s; defeated, 137; causes
of defeat, 137; compromise
resolutions (1850), 320;
speech on them, 322; in
committee of thirteen, 328.

Clayton, J. M., Clayton-Bulwer
treaty, 291; and interpreta-
tion of it, 292; Clayton Com-
promise, 304.

Clayton, Thomas, and war with
Mexico, 205.

Clayton-Bulwer treaty, provi-
sions, 291; interpretation,
292.

Clayton Compromise, 304.

Clifford, Nathan, and desire for
whole of Mexico, 253.

Coahuila and Texas, 28, 100,
101, 105.

Cobb, Howell, speakership con-
test, 318.

Colombia. See New Granada.

Columbia River, christened, 34,
158; mouth discovered, 158.

Commerce, Oregon fur-trade,
35—37; with Mexican Cali-
fornia, 40; Oregon ocean,

„ iS9. .

Compromise of 1850, Clays
resolutions, 320; debate in
Senate, 321; Clay's speech,
322; Calhoun's speech, 323;
Webster's speech, 324—327;
Seward's speech, 326; Chase's
speech, 326; compromise
bills, 328; favoring circum-
stances, 329; passage, 330;
extent of compromise, 331;
bibliography, 34^5.

Congress, recognition of Texas
(1837), 91; attempted an-
nexation of Texas (1838),
and Oregon (1824), 161; and
claims on Mexico (1837), 192.
Twenty-seventh: extra ses-
sion called, 52; Whigs and
Tyler, 54, 58, 63-65, 174-176.
181, 183; message, 56; repeal
of sub-treasury, 57, 177;
Clay's programme, 58, 66,
175, 180; first national-bank
bill, 58-61; veto of it, 61;
second bill, 61-63; second
veto, 63-65; Oregon, 163;
carrying out of programme,
175; Tyler on compromise
tariff, 179; tariff act of 1841,
180; distribution of public-
lands proceeds, 180, 182-184;
Tyler asks for heavier duties
(1842), 181; temporary tariff
act, 182; veto of it, 182;
veto of permanent act, 183;
act of 1842, 184.

Twenty-eighth: Texas an-
nexation treaty, 119-121;
complexion, 123; Tyler's Tex-
as message, 142, 143; com-
plexion on Texas question,
143; action on Texas before
election of 1844, 144; Tyler's
last annual message Oh Tex-
as, 145; House annexation
resolutions, 146, 152; resolu-
tion in Senate, 152; final
passage of resolution, 133.

Twenty-ninth: admits Tex-
as, 156; Oregon, 169-171;
sub-treasury, 177; tariff, 185,
186; war legislation, 204,
205; executive sessions on
pre - annexation appropria-
tion, 257-259! public dis-
cussion of pre - annexation
appropriation, Wilmot Pro-
viso, 259-263; debate on
the war and proviso, 263-
366; Oregon and slavery,
301.

Thirtieth: Oregon, 302-
305; Clayton Compromise,
304; executive government
in New Mexico, 305-307;
organisation of California and
New Mexico, 307-309; sla-
very in the District, 309-311;
fugitive-slave law, 311; south-
ern caucus and address, 311;
problems left by, 313.

Thirty-first: Taylor's mes-
sage, 317; speakership con-
test, 318; problem of Cali-
fornia and New Mexico, 319;
Clay's compromise resolu-
tions, 320; debate on them,
321; Clay's speech, 322;
Calhoun's speech, 323; Web-
ster's speech, 3 2 4-3 2 7; Sew-
ard's speech, 326; Chase's
speech, 326; compromise
bills, 328; passage of them,

329-331.
Conner, David, protection for

Texas, 117; before Vera
Cruz, 212, 213, 244, 247.

Constitution, extension over
new territory, 296, 297; Sew-
ard and Chase on, and sla-
very, 326, 327.

Contreras battle, 250.

Convention of 1818, northern
boundary, 74; Oregon, 160.

Cook, James, and Oregon, 158.

Corwin, Thomas, elected sena-
tor, 152; and pre-annexation
appropriation (1846), 259;
on Mexican War, 265.

Cotton, sectional development
of manufactures, 15.

Cotton-gin and slavery ques-
tion, 14.

Crittenden, J. J., and war with
Mexico, 205.

Dallas, G. M., nominated for

vice-president, 130.
Dana, R. H., on Americans in

California, 41.
Davis, John, and war with

Mexico, 205; and Wilmot

Proviso, 260.
Davis, R. D., and annexation

of Texas, 153.
Dearborn, A. S., nominated for

vice-president, 270.
De Bow's Review as source,

33*.

Debt, Federal, loan of 1842, 66,
182.

Dellet, James, and annexation
of Texas, 153.

Democracy and expansion, 5-8.

Democratic party, Jackson as
cement, 43; adopts two-
thirds rule, 129; and tariff
(1844), 185; and Wilmot
Proviso, 256, 267; Hunkers
and Barnburners, 271-274;
Barnburners and Free Soil
party, 281, 282; and popular
sovereignty, 277, 300. See
also Elections.

Dickinson, D. S.,. and popular
sovereignty, 300.

District of Columbia, agitation
over slavery and slave-trade
in. 309-311; Clay's com-
promise resolution on, 320;
slave-trade prohibited, 329,

33°.

Dodge, Henry, nominated for
vice-president, 281; declines,
282.

Dolores, settlement and juris-
diction, 102.

Doniphan, A. W., Chihuahua
expedition, 240.

Dorr Rebellion, 7.

Douglas, S. A., and annexation
of Texas, 147; and extension
of Missouri Compromise to
Texas, 151; and origin of
popular sovereignty, 300; bill
on California and New Mex-
ico (1848), 308.

Drake, Francis, and Oregon,

157.
Duncan, James, quarrel with
Scott, 243.

Earle, Thomas, nominated for
vice-president, 48.

Economic conditions, causes of
sectionalization, 11-13; sec-
tional differentiation, 13-17;
contrast in the West, 18. See
also Finances.

Edwards, P. L., in Oregon, 38.

Edwards, T. O., bill on slave-
trade in the District, 310.

Elections, 1840: Whig conven-
tion, 44-46; nomination of
Harrison, 44; nomination of
Tyler, 45; question of bar-

Sain, 46; no platform, 46;
>emocratic convention, 46,
47; platform, 46; VanBuren
renominated, 47; no vice-
president nominated, 47; Ab-
olitionist convention, 47;
Whig enthusiasm, 48, 49;

issues dodged, 48; Whig
success, 49; significance, 50.

1844: Texas as issue, 123,
136; Van Buren and Clay
oppose annexation, 124; Jack-
son on Van Buren's candida-
cy and annexation, 124—126,
129; Liberty convention,
127; Whig convention, nom-
ination of Clay and Freling-
huysen, 128; platform, 128;
Van Buren's prospects dimin-
ish, 129; Democratic con-
vention, 129-133; two-thirds
rule, 129; balloting, 129;
nomination of Polk, 130;
Wright refuses vice-presiden-
tial nomination, Dallas nomi-
nated, 130; Polk as candi-
date, 130; platform, 131-
133, 184; incidents of the
convention, 133; Tyler con-
vention, 133; Tyler 'with-
draws, 134; campaign en-
thusiasm, 134; Clay hedges
on Texas, 13 5; vote, popular
verdict for Texas, 137; charges
of fraud, 138; Plaquemines
fraud considered, 139.

1848: Democratic disaffec-
tion, 269; convention of
Native Americans, 270; Lib-
erty party convention, 270;
Liberty League convention,
271; "industrial congress"
convention, 271; meeting of
Democratic convention, 271;
Hunkers and Barnburners,
271-274; Democratic nomi-
nations, 275; Cass as candi-
date, 275; platform, 276-
278; Whig convention, can-
didates, 278; nomination of
Taylor, 279; and Fillmore,
280; no platform, 280; Tay-
lor as candidate, 280; Barn-
burners' convention, 281;
Free Soil convention, 281;
nomination of Van Buren

and Adams, 28a; platform,
282; slogan, 283; vote, Whig
success, 283; congressional re-
sults, 284; contest without an
issue, 284; bibliography, 344.

Ellis, Powhatan, and claims
against Mexico, 189, 190.

Escand6n, Jos^ de, conquest in
northeast Mexico, 102.

Evans, George, and war with
Mexico, 205.

Ewing, Thomas, secretary of
treasury, and national-bank

bill, 57-59. 67.
Expansion. See Territory.
Explorations, Oregon, 38, 157-

159, 163; Fremont's, 235.

Ferrelo, Bartolome, and Ore-
gon, 157, 158.

Fillmore, Millard, nominated
for vice-president, 280; elect-
ed, 283; president, 329; and
Texas claim to New Mexico,

33°.

Finances, distribution of pub-
lic-lands revenue, 66, 180,
182-184; chaotic condition
under Tyler, 174, 177, 181;
bankruptcy act, 181; loan of
1842, 182; bibliography, 345.
See also National bank, Sub-
treasury, Tariff.

Flores revolt, 234.

Floyd, John, and Oregon, 35,

37. l61.

Foote, C. E., nominated for
vice-president, 271.

Forsyth, John, and Caroline
affair, 69; and annexation of
Texas, 92; and claims against
Mexico, 189, 192.

Forward, Walter, on public-
lands proceeds, 182.

Foster, E. H., and annexation
of Texas, 150.

France, and Texas, 96, no,
154; Democratic platform
on Revolution of 1848, 277.

VOL. XVII.—23

Free Soil party, preliminaries
to call of convention, 281;
convention and candidates,
282; platform, 282; slogan,
283; holds balance of power
m House, 284; and speaker-
ship contest (1849), i1^.

Frelinghuysen, Theodore, nomi-
nated for vice-president, 128.

Fremont, J. C, share in Bear
Flag revolt, 234; expeditions,
235; and local Mexican gov-
ernment, 235; instructions
through Gillespie and policy,
236; and beginning of re-
volt, 237, 238; at Sonoma,
238; major and governor,
239; court-martialed, re-
signs, 239; and Benton's
advice to California, 307.

Frontier in 1840, 9.

Fuca, Juan de, and Oregon, 158.

Fugitive-slave law, movement
to strengthen (1849), 311;
Clay's compromise resolution
on, 321; Clay on, 323; Sew-
ard on, 326; bill of 1850, 328,
329; enacted, 330.

Fundy, Bay of, controversy, 73,
74.

Fur-trade in Oregon, 35-37.

Gaines, E. P., and Texan
revolution, 87-89; in Mexi-
can War, 241.

Gallatin, Albert, and northern
boundary controversy, 78.

Ghent, treaty of, boundary
commissions, 74-78; and
Oregon, 160.

Giddings, J. R., and Wilmot
Proviso, 265; and slavery in
the District, 310.

Gillespie, A. H., in California,
233; and Flores revolt, 234;
and Fremont, 236; com-
mand, 239.

Goliad settled, op.

Gorostiza, M. E. de, Mexican.

minister, and United States
and Texan revolution, 87, 89;
withdraws, 88; pamphlet,
88; disavowal of pamphlet
demanded, 193.

Gott, Daniel, and slave-trade
in the District, 310, 311.

Gray, Robert, on Columbia
River, 34, 158.

Gray, W. H., in Oregon, 39.

Great Britain, problem of ex-
pansion at expense of, 31;
recognizes Texas, 96; United
States fears influence in Tex-
as, no; and slavery in
Texas, in; American cor-
respondence on Texas, 117;
ready to guarantee Texan
independence, 154; and Cali-
fornia, 197, 309, 225; Central
American interests, 286, 291-
293. See also Canada, North-
eastern, Oregon.

Green, Duff, on British influ-
ence in Texas, 113.

Grey town, Nicaragua renounces
claim, 287.

Guadalupe-Hidalgo treaty, 251.

Guerrero, Vicente, decree on
slavery in Texas, 27^

Gutierrez, Bernardo, invasion
of Texas, 24.

Hale, J. P., and annexation of
Texas, 153; nominated by
Liberty party (1848), 270;
withdraws, 271; candidacy
in Free Soil convention, 282.

Hannegan, E. A., on Polk and
Oregon, 170.

Harmanson, J. H., on Mexican
War, 264.

Harrison, W. H., nominated for
president, 45; opposes politi-
cal activity of office-holders,
49, 51; elected, 49; and
office-seekers, 52; death, 52;
calls extra session, 52; and
Clay, 53.

Haywood, W. H., on Polk and
Oregon, 170.

Heceta, Bruno, discovers Co-
lumbia River, 158.

Henderson, J. P., Texan minis-
ter, instructions on annexa-
tion, 93; concludes a treaty,
11$.

Henderson, John, favors Tex-
as annexation treaty, 120;
and annexation resolution,

153.

Henry, Fort, in Columbia Val-
ley, 36.

Herfera, J. J. de, decrees
against annexation of Texas,
201; and Slidell, 218—222;
overthrow, 232.

Herrera, Simon de, Neutral
Ground treaty, 105.

"Higher law," Seward on, 326,
328.

Hise, Elijah, draught treaty
with Nicaragua, 200.

Hittell, T. H., on Fremont in
California, 236, 238.

Honduras, Tigre Island affair,
291.

Houston, J. W., and Wilmot
Proviso, 263.

Houston, Sam, and annexation
of Texas, 96, 109; and the
treaty of annexation, 114-
116; Jackson's interest, 126;
and annexation resolution,

Hudson Bay Company and
Oregon, 37.

Hunkers, Democratic faction in
New York, career, 271-273.

Hunt, Memucan, Texan minis-
ter, annexation negotiations,
92; and annexation by act of
Congress, 93, 94.

Ide, W. B., Bear Flag revolt,

237. 238.
Immigration, amount before
1830, 6; (1830-1850), 8;

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