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mode in which a thing should be properly done; although we give sufficient examples for imitation. Commencing with the simplest political gathering, we pass on to bodies of a legislative cast; and directly or incidentally touch on every thing which an American, anxious to participate in the public duties of a citizen, can know from mere precept. Part, however, of the dexterity and ease required of the man engaged in public business must come from practice. This work will not, of itself, make the reader a thorough debater, or an unsurpassed manager in a public convocation. But, having the knowledge the volume imparts, added to common sense and a fair capacity, the reader needs only to engage in public business of any kind, to soon become proficient.
This manual is collated and condensed from the "Finger-Post to Public Business." It contains all that is essential to instruct the uninitiated in the formulæ of public business generally; including, also, valuable information on all points necessary to constitute a lucid speaker and terse debater.
MODE OF PUBLIC BUSINESS.
THE business of a public nature likely to be engaged in partially, by those unacquainted with its rules, consists of organized associations, public meetings, public celebrations, and conventions. We shall commence with the most common of these, first.
I. Of Public Meetings.
A public meeting is the assemblage of a portion of the people, more for the expression of opinion upon matters of local or general concern, than for deliberation. The proceedings, therefore, are but few and simple; yet, to preserve order during its session, and to give effect to its action, the meeting has to be guided by defined rules from the time of its projection to the moment of its close.
Political meetings are the most common, and therefore we will choose one of these for an example.
James Clinton resides in the town of Blandon, and desires, just previous to an election, that a Democratic
meeting shall be held in his village. He, therefore, consults with Thomas Mayor, Francis Baldwin, and John Smith, whom he knows to belong to the same party with himself, and who have a certain prominence in the town. They agree upon a day and place. The next business is to give notice of the meeting, that all those who favor its purposes may attend. This is to be done by posting in public places, written or printed placards containing something like the following:
The citizens of Blandon, in favor of the policy of the Democratic party, are requested to meet on Saturday Evening, September 9th, at the house of John Pigeon, Main Street, at 7 o'clock, to take such measures as are deemed advisable to promote the success of the party in the coming election.
This notice is also published in the county newspaper, should there be one.
In the mean while, the proposers of the affair, either after a caucus, or individually, obtain the consent of some speaker, say a Mr. Andrew Butler, to be present and give his views on public topics. In that case, the advertisement closes with an announcement like this:
"Andrew Butler, Esq., has accepted an invitation to address the meeting."
The projectors meanwhile meet in caucus together, and agree upon officers. They select for chairman, Mr. John Brown, an old resident and a man of standing, and Mr. John Thompson, to act as secretary, and these gentlemen consent to take the positions assigned them.