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النشر الإلكتروني

UBRARY

AND THE SCHOOL

BY

CHAUNCEY P. COLGROVE, A.M., Sc.D.

HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL INSTRUCTION IN THE IOWA STATE

TEACHERS COLLEGE, CEDAR FALLS, IOWA

OF THE

UNIVERSITY

OF

CALIFORNIA

NEW YORK
CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

1910

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TO MY WIFE, EMMA RIDLEY COLGROVE, FORMERLY PROFESSOR OF HISTORY IN THE IOWA STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, WHOSE HELP AND SYMPATHY HAVE BEEN MY CONSTANT ENCOURAGEMENT, THIS BOOK IS AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED

2085SS

UNIVERSITY

OF THE

OF

CALIFORNIA

PREFACE

EVERY human being ought to aspire to become something, to be somebody, to do some useful work, to earn an honest living.

It is taken for granted that the readers of this book are either teachers, or those who aspire to become such. For those who assume that teachers are born, not made, or believe themselves to be teachers “by the grace of God” through some process of pedagogical predestination, this book has no message. These pages are written for those who desire to become good teachers and always better teachers. Youth is no crime, and inexperience is no disgrace; but youth that does not aspire, and age that has not learned from experience are both a disgrace and a crime.

All instruction involves both learning and teaching, and there are three elements that always enter into these processes: (1) The subject-matter to be taught; (2) the consciousness and self-activity of the pupil; (3) the preparation and personality of the teacher.

To be a real teacher one must make preparation along three main lines. Teachers must know what they teach, how to teach, and whom they teach. Scholarship, professional training, and a knowledge of children are, therefore, essential to success as a teacher. "In place of the

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