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ances by which it is expected to avoid them. It is possible, we suppose, to lay down very sage maxims for regulating a child's diet, and giving it always the very quantity and quality of food most fitted for its condition; and yet it would be absurd to expect more than the average degree of health and vigour from such an anxious training. It is the same, we are persuaded, with the food of the mind. There is a vis medicatrix naturæ in both parts of the system, which enables us to resist and throw off the effect of little irregularities and disturbances,--and perhaps makes us stronger by the effort; so that we thrive just as well under an ordinary treatment as under an exquisite one, and may safely leave to Providence all that we cannot regulate without a great deal of trouble and contrivance.
The clear and well-digested statements and striking examples of such books as Miss E.'s, are of use, partly to caution the vee ry rash and ignorant against gross and palpable blunders, but chiefly to give courage and assurance to anxious and inexperienced parents in the discharge of a task which they would, after all, have got well enough through without them. There is no parent in the decent ranks of life-none who could think of reading books for his improvement—who does not know that his child should be taught habits of application and self-command, -to speak iruth-to avoid sensuality—to be obliging, considerate and firm; and, though they may not know very well how to explain the methods they pursue to obtain these ends, and may, consequently be sometimes in doubt whether they are the best or fittest methods, it will generally be found that no great practical error is ever committed by persons of ordinary judgment, and that natural affection and common sense do all that it is material or safe to do for their attainment. For the truth is, not only that there is an instinctive wisdom that guides them aright in the task which Nature has imposed on them, but that the world, and the course of living, works along with them in those laudable endeavours--and not only helps them forward, day by day, and hour by hour, when they are in the right, but counterworks their errors when they are wrong, and bears them back into the right tract as often as they attempt to leave it. The bad consequences of any absurd or vicious proceeding are too soon felt and observed to be long tolerated; and, even where the child has been spoiled by the folly or neglect of its natural guardians, it is generally pretty effectually unspoiled again by its first collision with general society--except in the case of princes of the blood, provincial grandees, female beauties, and other unfortunate persons who are exempted from this wholesome discipline, and destined to live on, the victims of flattery and self-illusion,
The pain of this corrective process is not, for the most part, very formidable; and its efficacy, especially when early applied, is such as to leave us very little anxiety about early mis. management, where it is not followed up by a continued course of ill example. · For these reasons, we are inclined to think but lightly of most elaborate and original plans of education-and to hold, that, even if they were to accomplish all they profess, the benefit would be too trifling to repay the trouble and anxiety of the execution. But, in reality, so far as we have ever seen, these exclusive and refined systems do not only fail of their promised end, but they are almost always attended with positive evils, of a nature at least as formidable as those they pretend to exclude. It is impossible to make young persons the object of any such peculiar and pretending method of instruction, without their being aware of it; and the consequence is, that, even where it succeeds the best, they are apt to look upon its peculiarities as so many titles to distinction, and to grow up with a preposterous conceit of their own superiority, and offensively to overrate the importance of any advantages it may have conferred on them a habit of thinking far more incurable and unfavourable to real improvement than any that is usually generated by mere neglect or want of judgment in the conduct of education. Something of this tendency we should be disposed to ascribe even to the corrected system of the Edgeworths; and if it have not rendered its pupils somewhat presumptuous, self-sufficient, and pragmatical, we think they must have been more indebted to the good dispositions they have inherited from their mothers, than to the training they have received from the other members of the family.
Art. VII. The Jacobite Relics of Scotland, being the Songs,
Airs, and Legends, of the Adherents to the House of Stuart. Collected and illustrated by James HogG, Author of the
Queen's Wake, &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 444. Edinburgh, 1819. W e gather, from some remarks in the Introduction to this
volume, that the undertaking was suggested at a meeting of the Highland Society of London, to which it is dedicated. Nothing can be more praiseworthy than the purpose of rescuing from the oblivion to which they were hurrying swiftly, the monuments raised by the poetical genius of our countrymen who had devoted themselves to the exiled family; and he must either be a squeamish politician, or a cold admirer of song, who can suffer the pernicious and absurd principles consecrated in those effusions of the Jacobite muse, to interfere with the wish common to every good Scotchman, that the literary merits of his country, in all ages, should meet with their full share of praise. At the same time, it cannot be denied, that the language held upon this subject by many persons among us in the present times, is peculiarly reprehensible. The controversy between the two families and their partisans is wholly laid at rest, by the course of nature, indeed, as well as of political events; and long ago it ceased to be at all a practical question. Yet do we find a strange sort of spirit lately sprung up-a sort of speculative Jacobitism, not wholly romantic, neither, we are afraid, but connected with the events of the times, and a sort of twin brother to the newfangled doctrine of legitimacy. The praises of the Cavaliers are lavishly chanted; the devotion of the Stuart partisans is consecrated as something more than human; the exiled house is represented in the most false and favourable lights; and the Whigs are vilified in an equal proportion, and with no kind of discrimination. Now the men who show their zeal in this truly preposterous manner, run no risk, much less do they make the smallest sacrifice; yet they seem to exult in the disinterested gallantry and constancy of the old and real Jacobites, as if they belonged themselves to the caste. In a sound, skin, they publish what, even half a century ago, would have cost them either ear; and they would fain persuade themselves that they have a right to glory in the romantic purity of their honest zeal for a beaten cause. Now all this is not mere folly and affectation; nor is it all enthusiasm. The persons who indulge in this lofty strain have some things in common with, that party whose personal attachment, gallantry, and contempt of danger, they have no pretension to share. Like them, they hate the cause of popular principles; they dislike a free and rational government; they had rather see a king unfettered by a parliament; a judge unchecked by a jury; and a press free to praise only the stronger side, and restrained from palliating all abuses save those of power. To promulgate such doctrines openly, even at this time of day, and large as the strides are which have been made within a few years, might not be altogether safe; and accordingly their advocates are eager in seizing every opportunity of crying up those who were the victims of such principles in a former age, and of stamping with every mark of opprobrium and ridicule the great men to whom we owe the whole blessings of the English constitution.
Mr Scott's avowed writings are not entirely free from this imputation; and those still more popular works which are so generally ascribed to him, abound with instances of the spirit of which we are speaking. But not only are such things far less reprehensible in works of pure fiction; Mr Scott is an artist of far greater delicacy than his imitators; and a sly hint, or a joke, or an incidental remark, may be allowed to pass unnoticed, while we turn with disgust from the clumsy matter-of-fact state ments of Jacobite doctrine which others have not scrupled to put forth. Of these we know none more deserving of censure than the compiler of the volume before us, and, before touching upon its literary merits, we must be suffered to prefix a word or two upon its politics.
If Mr Hogg had confined himself to the praises which the poetical merit of the Jacobite poetry so often calls forth with justice; if he had only extolled that side of the question as beyond comparison the most smit with the love of sacred song;' or if he had contented himself with giving the misguided adherents of the cause their due applause for disinterested. valour, no one could have blamed him, even if, like a truly able and successful defender of those bad principles, David Hume, he had contrived to make the worse appear the better reason by dexterity of statements and skilful narrative. But his is not that judicious abstinence, which gains what greediness never can reach, that delicate hand which feels its way, and gains admittance where brute force knocks in vain. See the plain undisguised manner in which he lays down the most offensive propositions, until he scares those who, by more lenient methods, might have been favourably disposed to him. “They (the songs) are the un! masked effusions of a bold and primitive race, who hated and • despised the overturning innovations that prevailed in Church ! and State, and held the abettors of these as dogs, or some! thing worse-drudges in the lowest and foulest paths of per
dition--beings too base to be spoken of with any degree of
patience and forbearance.' (p. viii.) Nor can this writer shelter himself under the pretext that he meant here only to describe the light in which the illustrious founders of English liberty were viewed by their adversaries. Throughout the whole book he identifies himself with them; and, in the Introduction, he even brings forward his principles under a .sanction which would excite no little surprise, were there the smallest reason to - doubt that he has himself been most grossly deceived. Had it ( not,' he says, 'been rendered necessary for our kings of the House
of Brunswick to maintain the sovereignty to which they were ? called by the prevailing voice of the nation, they seem never ! to haye regarded those the law denominated rebels otherwise
than with respect.' The absurdity of this passage is sufficiently glaring. George I. and George II., it seems, would have Fespected the Balmerinos and the Lovats, had they not been
115 Timis. S T U
A a III. 1 s !
NDLY H 2x I ach IIMTIS SUIS DII141980
that we terete zeer heard venture to resign as he ears in these admisie:chan t ilitas • jesty having been told of a genraman
o ran • in Perthshire, who had non eniy rotsel terade this will
allegiance to him, but had seer promotions in Lithua*** • be named as lice in his present Carry my op inie • him,' said the king, but-what-stopnjohin dan M
haps not receive my compliments as King of F land within • him the Elec:it of Hanur's current and tell u that
he respects the steadiness of his principles. Now, we will at once take upon us to affirm, from internal evidence that