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so many Lines together; for which Reason those of 4, 6, and 8 Verses are the most frequent. However we sometimes find some of 10 and 12; as in Cowley's Ode, which he calls Verses loft upon a Wager, where the Rhymes follow one another, but the Verses differin number of Syllables.
As soon bereafter will I Wagers lay
'Gainst what an Oracle shall say:
A Tongue lo us'd to Victory;
Tho' what you Jaid had not been true,
Tour Speech will govern Deftiny,
And Fate will change rather than you shall ije. Cowl. The same Poet furnishes us with an Example of a Stanza of 12 Verses in the Ode he calls The Prophet ; where the Rhymes are observ'd in the same Manner as in the formes Example
Teach me to love ! Go teach thy self more Wit :
I chief Professor am of it.
Teach Boldness to the Stews.
Teach Fire to burn, and Windsto blon,
Teach the dull Earth fixt to abide,
But prithee teach not me to love :
Of the Stanžas that consist of an odd Number of Verses.
E have also Stanzas that consist of odd Numbers of
Verses, as of 5, 7, 9, and 11; in all which it of neceffity follows, that three Verses of the Stanza rhyme to one another, or that one of them be a blank Verse.
In the Stanzas of s Verfes the ift and 3d may rhyme, and the ad and two laft; as,
Sees not my Love how Time resumes
Wall: Which is only a Stanza of 4 Verses in Alternate Rhyme, to which a sth Verse is added that rhymes to the ad and 4th.
See also an Instance of a Stanza of s Verses, where the Rhymes are intermix'd in the fame Manner as the former, but the ift and 3d Verses are compos'd but of 4 Syllables each.
Go lovely Rose,
That now she knows,
In the following Example the two first Verses rhyme, and the three laft.
'Tis well, 'tis well with them, said I,
For none can be unhappy, who
'Midst all his ills a Time does know, Tho' ne'er so long, when he shall not be fo.
In this Stanza, the two first and the last, and the 3d and 4th rhyme to one another.
It is enough, enough of Time and Pain
aft thou consum'd in vain : Leave, wretched Cowley, learve, Thy self with Shadows to deceive. Think that already left which thou must never Guir. Cowl: The Stanzas of 7 Verses are frequent enough in our Poetry, especially among the Ancients, who compos'd many of their Poems in this sort of Stanza : See the Example of one of them taken from Spencer in The; Ruines of Time, where the inst and 3d Verses rhyme to one another, the ad, 4th and sth, and the 2 last.
But Fame with golden Wings aloft does fly
Above the Reach of ruinous Decay,
Then whoso will with virtuous Deeds effay,
I have rather chosen to take notice of this Stanza, because that Poet and Chaucer have made use of it in many of their Poems, tho' they have not been follow'd in it by any of che Moderns; whose Stanzas of 7 Verses are generally compos'a as follows.
Either the Four first Verses are a Quadran in Alternate Rhyme, and the Three laft rhyme to one another; as,
Now by my Love, the greatest Oath that ug
None loves you half so well as I ;
I do not ask your Love for thes,
No Servant sure but did. deserve
And I'll ask no more Wages sho' I ftarve. Cowl. Or the Four first are Two Couplets, and the Three last a Trip let; as,
Indeed I must confess
'Till by Love In Heav'n at last,
Cowl. Or, on the contrary, the Three first may rhyme, and the Four Jaft be in Rhymes that follow one another ; as,
From Hate, Fear, Hope, Anger, and Envy free,
Since I have Love; and Love us all,
Cowl Or the ist may rhyme to the 2 last, the ad to the sth, and the 3d and 4th to one another ; as,
In vain thou drowsie God I thee invoke,
For thou who dost from Fumes arise,
Or Pasage of his Spirits to choak,
VVhose Flame's so pure, that it sends up no Smoak, Cowl. Or lastly, the Four first and Two last may be in following Rhyme, and the sth a Blank Verse; as,
Thou robb'st my Days of Bus'ness and Delights
of sleep thou'robb'st my Nights.
What, rob pre of Heav'n too!
And I with wild Idolatry
Cowi. The Stanzas of , and of ni Syllables are not so frequent as those of s and of 7. Spencer has compos’d bis Fairy Ducen in Stanzas of 9 Verses, where the ift rhymes to the 3d, the ad to the 4th sth and 7th, and the 6th to the two last. But this Stanza is very difficult to maintain, and the unlucký Choice of it reduc'd him often to the Necessity of making use of many exploded Words: Nor has he, I think, been follow'd in it by any of the Moderns, whose 6 first Verses of the Stanzas thác consist of 9, are generally in Rhymes that follow one another; and the Three last a Triplet ; as,
Beauty, Love's Scense and Masquerade,
Which light or base we find, when we
For tho' thy Being be but show,
"And chuse t’enjoy thee, when thon least art thost. Cowi. In the following Example the like Rhyme is observ'd, bui the Verses differ in Measure from che Former.
Beneath this gloomy Shade,
I'll spend thus Voice in Cries;
By Love fo vainly fed:
Ab wretched Youth ! said I ;.
Cowi. The Stanzas consisting of in Verses are yet less frequent than those of 9, and have nothing particular to be observ'd in them. Take an Example of one of them, where the 6 first are 3 Couplecs, the three next a Triplet, the two last a Couplet ; and where the 4th, the 7th, and the laft Verses ate of 10 Syllables cach, the others of 8.
No, to what Purpose should I speak?
She cannot love me if he would,
No, to the Grave thy Sorrows bear,
As silent as they will be there ;
So handsomly the thing contrive,
So perish, that her killing thee
SE C T. VII.
Of Pindarick Odes, and Poems in Blank Verse.
HE Stanzas of Pindarick Odes are neither confin'd to a
certain Number of Verses, nor the Verses to a certain Number of Syllables, nor the Rhyme to a certain Distance. Some Stanzas contain 5o Verses or more, others not above 10, and sometimes not so many: Some Verses 14, nay, 16 Syllables, others not above 4: Sometimes the Rhymes follow one another for several Couplets together, sometimes they are remov'd 6 Verses from each other; and all this in the same Stanza. Cowley was the first who introduc'd this sort of Poe. try into our Language : Nor can the Nature of it be better de. fcrib'd than as he bimself has done it, in one of the Stanzas of his Ode upon Liberty, which I will transcribe, not as an Example, for none can properly be given where no Rule can he prescrib’d, but to give an Idea of the Nature of this sort of Poetry.
If Life should a well-order'd Poem be,
In which he only hits the White,
Mine the Pindarick way I'll make: