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"The artist who excels in sculpture or painting,” says a living genius, “ must be altogether animated or inspired with one great and in-dwelling idea, which occupies bis whole soul.” If this be true as regards the artist, the same intensity and individuality of sentiment and conception, must belong in general to every man whose mind is voluntarily devoted to mental labour. The author or the artist may be more or less elevated; but the same individuality of feeling, and the same individuality of pursuit, are peculiar to both. And, even in the humblest sphere of literature, there will be found a central point, round which either the feelings of the heart or the intellect of the man continually revolve; to which all other occupations are made subordinate, and of which the “writings wherein he embodies his spirit, are but the ministers, interpreters, and tools."
It is the consciousness of this sentiment, less vividly felt, indeed, than the author whom we have quoted has expressed it, which must form our apology for the compilation of an abbreviated history of the empire of Assyria. Whaterer stands connected with the volume of inspirationthe centre round which the Christian's thoughts revolve-or with the divine administration of . providence, whether in the earlier or later ages of the world, presents subjects of most interesting
investigation to the pious students and that booki which is the perpetual fountain of his hopes, con 1 tains within itsell the elements of the history of, so many nations, that there is a kind of necessity laid upon ihim to examine all other annals, before helcan arrive at the complete lelucidation of (obro jects[which, in their nature, possess tan ; eternal and exhaustless interest, iol 911 ni nujnih risdt . To the Christian --accustomed to the continual contemplation of eternity as the object of his des sires-the end of his being the destiny of his spirit--the past; however remote, assumes à nearn ness and proximity, which, in comparison of the eternal future, is as nothing I He delights to rely cur to the earliest operations of God in vprovis dence, and wonders at that sleepless eye which watched over all the doings of the mighty and the merciless of old; and adorest that great Beingi who, in the exercise of supreme rule,“gave (ils rael for a spoil, and Jacob to the robbers, but who also brought again their captivity as streams in the south.Kw; .16124110 ,1101111110'i ni lacete -51 But we shall not here anticipate the reflections which will naturally boccur in the course of our narrative, further than to say, that it is as the fate of Israel and Judah stands connected with the Assyrian) empire, that we have chosen this portion of ancient history as a fit subject for the instruction of ioux young readerpusWe have no claim ita iany preference for our little iwork, over athore (authors from whom othe facts it contains - have been derived; exceptrani endeavoutato prewent thená ibna mores popular formaz(dixestedsof many of the technicalities of antiquarianismitandi freed from the various reasonings and intrictions withriwhich move dignified historians necessarily lqaid their learned lucubrationsoit retroiisa puno os of the captivity of the Jews, in the earlier periode of their historyylillustrates the doctrines of the dovenants of grace jag pointedly and explicitly asi their dispersion, in the later period of their exist tendentriflustrates theo truth-of divine prophecy. And the same sentiments of inconsolablé sorrow for their banishment to Babylon, and "absence from Jerusalem, which were felt in the days of Jedonias and Bedekiah, are still characteristie of the nation, inlanléxile, whichini comparison of the severity years captivity, has been as seventy timési seven oli It is this hereditary and eternal devotion of heart towards his native country, which has given to the Jew, in every stage of his wretch: euness, a sublimity of moral fecling, that eventin his loweso depths has still made him [exalted est einformas: been gaidzi that the Roman people por sessed in common, one great and magnificent idea whiclpstamped upon all their writings something of the grandeur and dignity tof the subject; and that this one idea was the majesty of Rome, se for ever remarkable for the universal Idominion with which she ruled the world:19 But thoughoute conrede to the Romanst this perpetualoadulation of their country this unceasinguidolatry of her power and glory, wercannot permit then ito boast of an exclusive patriotismsThe vererbtion of the Wetemat city, bas it has been impiously dehominitatéd,tehas passed away in bero degradation wirite
a people wllo made 'nob suelripresumptuous pret delibione to the dominion of the whole world, still say, aftertmany a century of exile, 14df I forget thee 0 Jerusalem huu!!tu But the supposition is Morellible lo Phe thought is jnsapportablelusid
There was another city on the earth Ithat wonde boasted as splendid an empire as the later mistress of the world,-as wide a sway, as mighty a dominions and, though noti one vestige of her literature or her arts are visible or intelligible to man, the bistory of her achievements is still extant and as in her pride, voluptuousness, and idolatry, she symbolizes with datholic Rome, her fate may teach a monitory lesson,+2that the same moral elements will eventually issue in the same irremediable ruin. bi se posebne orgd
This city so long forgotten, whs by her own mighty monarch denominated the great Babylon, built for the glory of his kingdom, and the hon? our of his majesty, ni The Jewish prophets des signated her as the golden eity--the lady of kingdoms Lthe glory of kingdoms--the beauty of the Chaldge's excellency. And, while Hebrew poetry has apostrophiked or ilepicted her ruler una der every figure of power, and majesty- and splendour; and terrorist has also portrayed him by many a similitude of inimitable, beauty : Bes hold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fairi branches and with a sladowing shroud, and of an high stature and his top was among the thick boughs. All the fowls of heaven made their nerts in his houghs, and under his branches did alto the beastst of the field bring forth their
young and under his shadow dwelt all, groat ang tions, hi-The bedars in the garden of God could not Iride tbim : the fir trees were not like bis boughs, and the chesnut-trees were not like his branches, not any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.” ?.... !
From the testimony of Scripture alone, thereforé, had history been altogether silent on the subject, there can no reasonable doubt be enters, tained of the magnificence and magnitude of the Assyrian) dominion. As an empire, she ruled over the whole extent of Asia from the Meditera ranean to the Indus; and over Egypt from Migdol to Syene. And though geographers have defined the limits of some of her provinces, they bave been unable to define the boundaries of her wide extended rule. o our own !'
The details of the stupendous works for which Babylon was celebrated, have been either cousidered as greatly exaggerated, or as altogether fabulous. On this subject, though we would not presume to-hazard any new theory, we may be permitted simply to express our opinion. We conceive that the objection generally made do the truth of these details, contains in itself the only legitimate reason for believing them, name, ly, the nearness of their erection to the era of the deluge. Por is it not probable that the inhabit tants of the antideluvian world, whose separate existences tardily evolved through the days and years of many a century, would necessarily elle gage in works of gigantic and colossal magnitude, to occupy the time and attention of a period of