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us to pay the printer promptly, we shall assume the honor of burying the oldest Col. lege Magazine in the country.
We expect to receive quite a number of subscribers from the alumni, especially from those who are recently from our midst. Should these lines meet the eye of one who is not a subscriber, he will consider himself invited to send us $2 with his name, in return for which he shall receive the Magazine for one year.
First OFFICERS OF THE LITERARY SOCIETIES.
Presidents. Joel S. Blatchley.
William H. Richards. Patrick C. Massie.
Vice Presidents. Oliver Brown.
Librarians. Silvanus S. Mulford.
William R. Bliss. James W. Poindexter.
Treasurers. David H. Bolles.
Newton S. Manross. Daniel Bonbright.
Secretaries. Richard J. Haldeman.
Vice Secretaries. Homer B. Sprague.
William W. Crapo. John B. Hendrickson.
PREMIUMS RECENTLY AWARDED.
Prizes for SOLUTIONS OF MATHEMATICAL PROBLEMS.
Class of 1851.
Class of 1852.
Prizes FOR ENGLISH COMPOSITION.-Class of 1851.
(E. J. Hawes, 1st Prize. E. W. Evans.
A. H. Carrier.
> W. W. Winthrop.. A. Hebard. B. F. Martin.
'N. N. Withington. SH. W. Brinsmade, G. W. Lyon.
J. F. Bingham.
C. M. Bliss.
J. G. Baird
HOWEVER difficult it may be to define eloquence, its end is perfectly manifest—it is, to sway men; not to please them, not to instruct, not to arouse in them the sentiments of justice and truth-but simply to sway them in accordance with the will of the speaker. This is accomplished by bringing the minds of his audience, as nearly as possi. ble, into the same state with the orator's, leading them to think as he thinks or pretends to think, to feel as he feels or affects to feel, in short, to adopt the conclusions which he himself either honestly or designedly maintains at the time. The facilities to such a result must be sought in three sources—the only sources of true eloquence—“ in the man, the subject, and in the occasion.” But as we propose to consider the eloquence of a definite era, rather than investigate its nature in general, it is proper that particular attention should be given to the influence of the occasion.
In ordinary periods, while human affairs wore a busy but every-day aspect, we have recognized the usual exercise of eloquence under the two forms of logic and address based on mingled argument and feeling; no third kind, springing from mere passion, has ever appeared worthy of the name. The power of the logician is undoubted. As he forges his solid chain of reasoning with the successive links of luminous statement and rigid induction, severe analysis and ingenious synthesis, all conflicting errors must vanish from the honest mind. It is, certainly, to the credit of civilization, that there is no want of this special elo. quence of the intellect at the bar and on the judicial bench, in the senVOL. XIV.
ate and the pulpit—and still more to the honor of human nature, that its power, in its appropriate province, is irresistible. But there are, even in the most ordinary times, questions of infinitely higher moment than those strictly pertaining to legal constructions, policy and creeds -questions addressing themselves not to any one faculty alone, but laying hold of the whole man. But so buried and corrupted are the general mass with low cares and lower desires, so intent on their own interests, so circumscribed in their sympathies, that these finer and spiritual claims pass by them “ as the idle wind” which they “regard not." Not so with the true orator. He is at once aroused and kindled, and with these sensations, receives the potent injunction to arouse and kindle others. This is his mission, and in its prosecution, he lays under tribute every power of his nature. He invades the mystic realms of the heart, as well as traverses the field of argument. He rolls logic upon passion, description upon sentiment, entreaty upon invective, till the awakened hearer rises to the full magnitude of the theme.
It is from efforts like these that truth is ever spreading its enlightening sway among men, that reforms from time to time spring up with revivifying energy, that the grand progress of society executes its gradual and secure advances. Their power, then, in the aggregate, is incalculable, since it is commensurate with the vast object to be attained —the development of humanity.
But a moment's attentive observation only is sufficient to show us that these triumphant results are due, not so much to the compulsive power of the eloquence which advocates them, as to their own obvious adaptation to the interests and requirements of man. They need only to be presented with full distinctness, when the good .sense and the good feelings, which happily can never be trampled out of the human bosom, slowly welcome and adopt them. Consider these displays of eloquence, as they appear in ordinary times. Visit the ablest legisla. tive body ;-you recognize a division upon some question vitally affecting the well-being and happiness of community—upon one side, you observe the force of long established law, custom and the general opinion of men—on the other, a band of eloquent advocates who throw around indisputable facts the clearest logic and the noblest sentiments. An unprejudiced observer, you await with eagerness the expected result. 'The issue is told, and in it are no traces of those eloquent pleadings—wo or three, perhaps, have changed their opinions, but the mea. sure is lost. Yet year after year, the public mind is plied at every point, the truth gradually makes its way over prejudice and ignorance, and ultimate success is certain. Thus slowly was the abolition of the slave trade accomplished in Great Britain, though Wilberforce, Pitt and Fox gave their combined energies to the cause. Again, approach another field, the noblest field of eloquence. Listen to the earnest annunciation of those truths which carry man forward into other worlds, exalting every moment into awful significance, making every act the hinge of an eternal destiny. What coldness, what indifference is en. graved upon the features of the audience !-some awakened listener is thrown, perhaps, into solemn meditation, but the majority rise only to