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Again, a mechanic comes to the city with a new invention in his head, which may lead him to great toil and expense, and turn out, after all, an old one. A good library of reference would be of some use to him.

The interests of the newspaper press alone in the city require such an institution, liberally conducted, with complete series of the leading foreign and home journals, in good order; collections of statistical works in every department; the writers on Government, Political Economy, &c., &c. The certainty of finding the right book at any moment is indispensable to the usefulness of the library.

Another important point. Books can never be well kept, or in any decent order, unless they are guarded on the spot. A circulating library book is a greasy and unwholesome affair. The little relish it may get from being handled by the fingers of beauty in the boudoir is more than compensated by its odious transit back to the library again between the fingers of the scullion. It is notorious, too, that library books, as well as others, are not exempt from the perils of the nursery, that they come back mutilated of their plates (though sometimes, on the contrary, enhanced by the gorgeous hues of the infantine paint-box), and sometimes do not come back at all. There is very little motive in purchasing the best editions of books for a circulating library.

There is one of the institutions in the city which can afford to adopt this improvement-the Society Library. Its position and the character of its members demand the change. The Reading Room for the newspapers and periodicals of the month is, already, the most valued department of the Institution. Could not provision be made, at least gradually, for its conversion into a permanent Library of Reference, to be conducted on the plan of the British Museum-which is simply to provide complete collections of books on different subjects, attendants to furnish them, and suitable desks and tables, with pens and ink? One of the upper rooms of the building would provide the requisite accommodations. The catalogue would be there for consultation, and any one wanting a volume would furnish the attendant with the name of the volume, press mark, &c., and his own signature on a slip of paper. The book would be. preserved, and the signature, in the nature of a receipt, kept till the volume was handed back. The attendants would be continually passing backwards and forwards, and no book would be readily mutilated; if it were, the ticket would point out the offender.

There can be very little dignity or character in the Library till the circulating library feature is abolished. It promotes a demand for the poor novels and fugitive light literature of the day-to attend to which would engross the whole time of the Librarian. The books are continually suffering injury and loss, and the best books are not purchased. Besides, no one will make a donation of valuable books to a circulating library, an important consideration in the prosperity of such an institution.

The library of the Historical Society is constructed on different principles-as a Library of Reference. It is daily consulted for its particular branch of learning, and receives costly donations monthly. We are not aware of any important donations having been made, of late years, to the Society Library. As there is no annual report printed, an unfortunate omission, we have no means of exact information on the subject.

PEN AND INK SKETCHES BY A COSMO-
POLITAN.

DURING the last month several papers under this title have appeared in the Boston Atlas and been generally copied by the newspapers, being everywhere well received as a pleasant and plausible account of the literary men in England. They are eminently readable from the style and the subject matter, the one colored and flowing, the other including those personalities, the interest of which, relating to personages who have before interested us by their greater deeds, is almost inexhaustible. Any writer who can tell us a new anecdote about Byron, or Scott, or Coleridge, will be welcome. Our pen and ink sketcher, however, while we give him credit for his agreeable qualities, sometimes carries the thing too far in his zeal to please. He writes a little after the model of Silk Buckingham in his lectures, who thought there was nothing which could not be predicated of the ignorance of his audience. The Pen and Ink Sketcher opened with a very agreeable sketch of Sydney Smith, with a new anecdote of the Philadelphia Bonds, which he had himself listened to. It was well done. Who could be the writer was the question in literary circles. It must be Mr. Grattan, the Consul-but Mr. Grattan, on being appealed to, had not even seen the papers. It was then attributed to Mr. Choules, but there were some incidents soon set forth, of which Mr. Choules could have been no partaker-or any one else for that matter, for they were exceedingly apocryphal.

"A Literary Breakfast at Samuel Rogers" was the feather to break the back of the giant. It was the most wonderful breakfast ever put upon record. The characters who met there, and the things they did and said, presented a splendid array of impossibilities. In the first place a bank note story was a serious draft on the public credulity, which could no more be met and accepted than the bank note itself. A bank note for a million sterling uncalled in, and good for that amount at any moment on presentation, hanging up in a gilt frame in Rogers's parlor, and the poet, the magician, ready" at a word to transform it into a golden shower, and render it all powerful for good or evil." Think of that, a poet with five millions of dollars over at the bank, to say nothing of any incidental small balances.

In the way of the guests assembled too, there has been nothing so numerable since the meeting of six kings at a Café in Candide. There were together-Crofton Croker, of the Fairy Legends; Jerdan, of the Literary Gazette; Dr. W. Cook Taylor, the Irishman in London; Thomas Miller, the basket maker; Theodore Hook, the diner out; W. Harrison Ainsworth, of the Newgate Calendar; George Cruikshank; Sharon Turner; Leigh Hunt; Barry Cornwall; Sergeant Talfourd; Thomas Babington Macauley; Sir David Wilkie; Sir Francis Chantrey; honest Allen Cunningham; Samuel Warren, the Diary of a Physician; James Smith, of the Rejected Addresses; Martin, the painter; Turner; Etty; Maclise; the prolific James; Coleridge, and-the writer himself. A pleasant liberty apparently of the writer to bring this heterogeneous assembly together in the somewhat narrow apartments of the fastidious Rogers. And a peculiarity of the personages was that they all looked exactly like the familiar prints of them in the shop windows, Leigh Hunt and Cruikshank particularly, and that they were very confidential, making exactly the same communications with regard to themselves which have latterly appeared in print in various English publications. Mr. James, in the course "of a brief conversation," informed the sketcher, that

"he frequently dictated two novels at once to two amanuenses"—a fact, which, a few months ago, transpired to the readers of Horne's Spirit of the Age. The gossip on Theodore Hook may be found in a late number of the Quarterly Review, and the particulars of Mr. Rogers's publication of his Poems in the Pictorial Times.We doubt whether the writer has as authentic confirmation of his subsequent story of Brougham's writing the article which killed Keats in the Quarterly-a mistake probably for the Edinburgh Review, and the review of Byron's Hours of Idleness which, it is said, Brougham did write. The anecdote of Robert Hall's marriage has an odd appearance. "His marriage was a singular one. One day while alighting at a friend's door, for the purpose of dining with him, he was joked on his bachelorhood. He said nothing, but while at table, was observed to take particular notice of the servant girl who came in to replenish the fire. After dinner, he went into the garden, sent for the young woman, and asked her to marry him. In her astonishment she ran away and said she believed Mr. Hall had gone mad again (he had been once deranged). Her master, like herself, was surprised, and on his speaking with Mr. Hall on the subject, the latter declared his intention of marrying the girl, who, he said, had taken his fancy, by the manner in which she put the coals on. They were married and lived happily together." The story of Robert Hall lighting his pipe, after preaching, at the pulpit lamps, reminds us of the old story related we believe in the Doctor-of the sexton out of tobacco who smoked the bell ropes-good arguments both of them for the sanctity of smokers.

Altogether, these are very agreeable sketches of what a man, an Asmodeus, a Bottle Imp, or some other ubiquity, might have seen and heard-and put in the mouth of a diner out of a long memory at a dinner party in a novel, would be just the thing. With this understanding, and the least grain in the world of hesitancy of belief, they are excellent summer reading-when the imagination, like the at'mosphere, is readily expanded.

NEW YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

AN adjourned meeting of the N. Y. Historical Society was held at its rooms in the N. Y. University, on the 13th day of May, 1845.

Present,-Hon. Luther Bradish, 1st Vice-President, in the chair.

The Domestic Corresponding Secretary read the following communications, received since the last meeting:

1. From J. J. Abert, Esq., acknowledging his election as a Corresponding member of the Society.

2. From H. R. Schoolcraft, explanatory of the price of earthen pottery presented by him at the last meeting. Also,

3. Communications relating to the Report of the Committee on a national name, from Eben Clapp, Jr., Corresponding Secretary of the Dorchester Antiquarian and Historical Society, W. B. Hodgson, Hon. Joseph Storey, and Hon. Henry Clay.

The Librarian then reported the donations received since the meeting of the Society held on the first Tuesday of April; among which was a collection of Maps presented by Mr. Depeyster on behalf of Richard Varick De Witt-in connection with which Mr. Depeyster, after a few explanatory remarks, offered the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted :

"Resolved, That the thanks of the Society be returned to Richard Varick De Witt, Esq., for the valuable Maps presented by him from the collection made by his father, the late Simeon De Witt, who, at the time of his death, was Surveyor-General of this State, and, during the Revolutionary War, Geographer to the Army." "

The following resolution, offered by P. G. Stuyvesant, Esq., was likewise adopted :

"Resolved, That the Librarian forthwith cause the Maps now presented to the Society by Richard Varick De Witt, Esq., to be bound up in an atlas and denominated the De Witt Atlas.'"

The Chairman of the Executive Committee reported favorably upon the nominations referred to them at the last meeting, whereupon the following gentlemen were declared duly elected :

As Corresponding Members: Mason T. Cogswell, M. D., Albany; Rev. Asahel Davis, Batavia, Genesee County, N. Y.; Rev. D. McLean, Freehold, New Jersey, and Prof. Renwick, of Hamilton, N. Y. As Residents: Wm. Bailey, W. W. Gilbert, Richard B. Kimball, George M. Root, and George W. Betts.

On motion of Gen. Wetmore, the Report of the Executive Committee on the Monthly Bulletin was re-committed to the Executive Committee.

The report of the committee on a national name being the special order for the evening and next in order of business, the first resolution was read by the Chair and submitted to the Society for disposition.

D. D. Field, Esq., addressed the Society in favor of the resolution, and was followed by

Wm. B. Lawrence, Esq., who moved to strike out all after the word "Resolved" in the resolution before the Society and to insert the following:

"Resolved, That the name of the United States of America, identified with the memory of the great and good men, who, in the cabinet and the field, accomplished the glorious achievement of our national independence, and which is already consecrated by the history of more than two-thirds of a century, during which period the people of this Union have attained to a rank second to none among the nations of the world, is regarded by this Society, in common with their fellow-citizens at large, a heritage which they are bound to transmit to their remotest descendants.

"Resolved, That the United States of America is a name peculiarly adapted to our country, from the nature of our political organization; and, that in the happy combination of the federative representative system, which leaves to the people of every State the powers of selfgovernment for all local matters and limits the operation of the Federal Government to foreign intercourse, we have the means of extension, which may ere long make the political denomination of America co-extensive at least with the geographical appellation of the northern division of our continent:

"Resolved, That the terms 'America' and Americans' are only applicable in a national sense to the United States, and that it is therefore inexpedient to suggest any other name to denominate our territory or our citizens, and that all difficulty in confounding the people and the physical productions of the other portions of the continent with those of our country may be obviated by giving to them their distinctive appellations."

The Society was addressed, upon this motion, by Philip Hone, Esq., Prof. Mason, E. C. Benedict, Esq., C. F. Hoffman, J. W. Chancey, John Duer, Esq., Judge Jones and Gen. Talmadge.

Prof. McVickar then moved that the report and resolutions lie upon the table until the first meeting in Autumn. The motion was supported by Hon. B. F. Butler, and, on division, was lost.

After some other remarks by Mr. Depeyster and the Rev. Dr. Matthews, it was decided by the Chair that the motion of Mr. Lawrence was divisible, and that the first question for the consideration of the Society arose on the motion to strike out all the resolution of the committee after the word Resolved. It was carried in the affirmative.

The motion to insert Mr. Lawrence's resolutions, being then put by the Chair, was decided in the negative.

The question next arising on the disposition of the second, third and fourth resolutions, they were unanimously rejected.

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