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INTRODUCTORY ESSAY

vi PhiloSOPHY divided into three branches, 1.

Divine. 2. Natural. 3. Human

33

The trunk of all, a primitive or summary

PHILOSOPHICAL WORKS.

philosophy

33

OF THE PROFICIENCE AND ADVANCEMENT OF LEARN- Divine philosophy, or natural theology, relates

ING, DIVINE AND MORAL.

to the being and attributes of God; and the

nature of angels or spirits

34

Natural philosophy, divided into speculative

2

The objections against learning considered

34

and practical

The objections of divines

2 Speculative philosophy, or natural science,

The objections of politicians

4 divided into physics and metaphysics

35

Objections drawn from the fortune, manners, Physics divided into, 1. The doctrine of the prin-

or studies of learned men

6 ciples of things. 2. The doctrine of the

The diseases of learning

8

, The

13

36

The dignity of learning shown

Metaphysics divided into, 1. The doctrine of

forms. 2. The doctrine of final causes 36

Mathematics divided into, 1. Pure. 2. Mixed 38

Public obstacles to learning considered

23 Pure mathematics divided into geometry and

The distribution of knowledge into particular arithmetic

38

sciences

27 Mixed mathematics divided into perspective,

Knowledge divided, according to man's three

music, astronomy, cosmography, architec-

principal faculties, into, I. History, which

ture, enginery, &c.

relates to memory. II. Poesy, which flows

Practical philosophy, or natural prudence,

from the imagination. III. PHILOSOPHY, divided into experimental, philosophical, and

which is the produce of reasoning

27 magical

38

HISTORY divided into, 1. Natural. 2. Civil. Human philosophy has two parts, human and

3. Ecclesiastical. 4. Literary

28 civil

40

Natural history is of three sorts, 1. The his- Human doctrine divided into, l. The doctrine

tory of generations. 2. Of preter-genera- of the human body. 2. The doctrine of the

tions. 3. Of arts

28 human mind

40

Civil history divided into, 1. Memoirs. 2. Just The doctrine of the union of soul and body

history. 3. Antiquities

29

divided into, 1. The doctrine of notices.

Just history divided into chronicles, lives, and 2. The doctrine of impression

41

narratives or relations

29 The doctrine of the human body divided into,

History divided also into annals and journals 31 1. Medicine. 2. Cosmetics. 3. Athletics.
History ecclesiastical, divided into the history 4. Arts of elegance

41

of the church; the history of prophecy; The doctrine of the human mind divided into,

and the history of providence

31 1. The doctrine of the nature of the mind

Appendices to history : speeches, letters, or soul. 2. The doctrine of the faculties of

apophthegms

32 the soul

44

Poetry divided into, 1. Narrative. 2. Drama- Appendices to the doctrine of the soul. 1. Di-

tical. 3. Parabolical

32 vination. 2. Fascination

.

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The doctrine of the faculties of the soul divided

into, 1. Logics. 2. Ethics
The intellectual arts are four, 1. The art of in-

quiry or invention. 2. The art of examination.
3. The art of custody or memory. 4. The art

of elocution or tradition

Ethics divided into, 1. The doctrine of the image

of good. 2. The georgics or cultivation of the

mind

Good divided into simple and compound; Pri-

vate good, and the good of society
The cultivation of the mind regards, 1. Different

dispositions. 2. Affections. 3. Remedies
Civil doctrine divided into three kinds of doc-

trine or prudence. 1. Prudence in conversa-
tion. 2. Prudence in business. 3. Prudence
in government

.

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Of the lines in which sounds move

. 109

Of the lasting and perishing of sounds

109

Of straining or percolation, outward and inward 82 Of the passage in interception of sounds

Of motion upon pressure

83 Of the medium of sounds

110

Of separations of bodies liquid, by weight . 84 Of the figures of bodies yielding sounds

. 110

Of infusions, in water and air

84 Of mixture of sounds

111

Of the appetite of continuation in liquids 85 Of melioration of sounds

111

Of artificial springs

85 Of imitation of sounds

112

Of the venomous quality of man's flesh

85 | Of reflection of sounds

113

Of turning air into water

85 Of consent aud dissent between audibles and

Of helping or altering the shape of the body 86 visibles

Of condensing of air to yield weight or nourish- Of sympathy and antipathy of sounds

115

ment

86 Of hindering or helping of hearing

. 116

Of flame and air commixed

86 of the spiritual and fine nature of sounds 116

Of the secret nature of flame

87 Of orient colours in dissolutions of metals . 117

Of flame, in the midst, and on the sides 87 Of prolongation of life

117

Of motion of gravity

87 Of the appetite of union in bodies

Of contraction of bodies in bulk

88 Of the like operations of heat and time

117

Of making vines more fruitful

88 Of the differing operations of fire and time 117

of the several operations of purging medicines 88 Of motions by imitation

118

Of meats and drinks most nourishing

89 Of infectious diseases

118

Of medicines applied in order

91 Of the incorporation of powders and liquors

118

Of cure by custom

92 Of exercise of the body, and the benefits or evils

Of cure by excess

92 thereof

118

Of cure by motion of consent

92 of meats soon glutting, or not glutting

118

Of cure of diseases contrary to predisposition 92
Of preparation before and after purging

92
Of stanching blood

92
Of change of aliments and medicines

93 Of clarification of liquors, and the acceleration

Of diets

93 thereof

119

Of production of cold

93 Of maturation, and the accelerating thereof; and

Of turning air into water

94 of the maturation of drinks and fruits

120

Of induration of bodies

95 Of making gold

121

Of preying of air upon water

96 of the several natures of gold

122

Of the force of union

96 Of inducing and accelerating putrefaction. 122

Of making feathers and hairs of divers colours 96 Of prohibiting and preventing putrefaction 123

Of nourishment of young creatures in the egg, Of rotten wood shining

124

or womb

96 Of acceleration of birth

124

Of sympathy and antipathy

96 Of acceleration of growth and stature

124

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Of bodies sulphureous and mercurial

125 of ripening drink speedily

158

Of the chameleon

125 Of pilosity and plumage

158

Of subterrany fires

126 of the quickness of motion in birds

158

Of nitrous water

126 Of the clearness of the sea, the north wind

Of congealing of air

126 blowing

158

Of congealing of water into crystal

126 Of the different heats of fire and boiling water 158

Of preserving the smell and colour in rose leaves 126 of the qualification of heat by moisture 158

Of the lasting of flame

126 Of yawning

158

Of infusions or burials of divers bodies in earth 128 of the hiccough

159

Of the affects of men's bodies from several winds 128 of sneezing

159

Of winter and summer sicknesses

128 Of the tenderness of the teeth

159

Of pestilential years

128 | Of the tongue

159

Of epidemical diseases

128 Of the mouth out of taste

159

Of preservation of liquors in wells, or deep Of some prognostics of pestilential seasons 159

vaults.

128 Of special simples for medicines

159

Of stutting

129 Of Venus

159

Of sweet smells

129 Of the insecta, or creatures bred of putrefaction 160

Of the goodness and choice of waters

129 of leaping

161

Of temperate heats under the equinoctial . 130 of the pleasures and displeasures of hearing,

Of the coloration of black and tawny moors 130 and of the other senses

161

Of motion after the instant of death

130

CENTURY VIII.

CENTURY V.

Of veins of earth medicinal

. 162

Of accelerating or hastening forward getmina-

Of spunges

162

131 Of sea-fish in fresh water

. 162

Of retarding or putting back germination 132 Of attraction by similitude of substance 162

Of meliorating, or making better, fruits and Of certain drinks in Turkey

. 162

plants

133 Of sweat

163

Of compound fruits and flowers

137 of the glow-worm

163

Of sympathy and antipathy of plants

137 Of the impressions upon the body from several

Of making herbs and fruits medicinable 139 passions of the mind

163

Of drunkenness

165

Of the hurt or help of wine, taken moderately 165

Of caterpillars

165

Of curiosities about fruits and plants

140 ] Of the flies cantharides

. 166

Of the degenerating of plants, and of their trans-

Of lassitude

166

mutation one into another

142 | Of casting the skin, and shell, in some creatures 166

Of the procerity and lowness of plants, and of Of the postures of the body

. 166

artificial dwarfing them

. 143 Of pestilential years

166

of the rudiments of plants, and of the excres- Of some prognostics of hard winters

. 166

cences of plants, or super-plants

143 Of certain medicines that condense and relieve

of producing perfect plants without seed 146

the spirits

167

Of foreign plants

146 Of paintings of the body

. 167

Of the seasons of several plants

146 Of the use of bathing and anointing

167

Of the lasting of plants

147 of chambletting of paper

167

Of several figures of plants

148 Of cuttle ink

167

Of some principal differences in plants 148 Of earth increasing in weight

. 167

Of all manner of composts and helps for ground 149 Of sleep

168

Of teeth, and hard substances in the bodies of

living creatures

168

CENTURY VII.

Of the generation, and bearing of living crea-

Of the affinities and differences between plants tures in the womb,

169

and bodies inanimate

150 Of species visible

170

Of affinities and differences between plants and Of impulsion and percussion

170

living creatures, and of the confiners and Of titillation

170

participles of both

150 Of scarcity of rain in Egypt

170

Of plants experiments promiscuous

151 Of clarification

171

of the healing of wounds

157 | Of plants without leaves

171

Of fat diffused in flesh.

158 of the materials of glass

. 171

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Of prohibition of putrefaction, and the long Of certain cements and quarries

182

conservation of bodies

171 Of the altering of colours in hairs and feathers 183

Of abundance of nitre in certain sea-shores 171 Of the difference of living creatures, male and

Of bodies borne up by water

171 female

183

Of fuel consuming little or nothing

172 Of the comparative magnitude of living creatures 183

Of cheap fuel

172 Of producing fruit without core or stone

183

Of gathering of wind for freshness

172 Of the melioration of tobacco

183

Of trials of air

172 Of several heats working the same effects 184

Of increasing milk in milch beasts

172 Of swelling and dilatation in boiling

184

Of sand of the nature of glass

172 Of the dulcoration of fruits

184

Of the growth of coral

172 Of flesh edible and not edible

184

Of the gathering of manna

172 Of the salamander

184

Of the correcting of wines

173 Of the contrary operations of time on fruits and

Of bitumen, one of the materials of wild-fire 173 liquors

185

Of plaister growing as hard as marble

173 Of blows and bruises

185

Of the cure of some ulcers and hurts

173

Of the orrice root

185

Of the healthfulness or unhealthfulness of the Of the compression of liquors

185

southern wind

173 Of the working of water upon air contiguous 185

Of wounds made with brass, and with iron 173 Of the nature of air

185

Of mortification by cold

173 Of the eyes and sight

185

Of weight

173 Of the colour of the sea, or other water

186

Of supernatation of bodies

174 Of shell-fish

186

Of the flying of unequal bodies in the air 174 Of the right side, and the left

186

Of water, that it may be the medium of sounds 174 Of frictions

186

Of the flight of the spirits upon odious objects 174 Of globes appearing flat at distance

187

Of the super-reflection of echos

174 Of shadows

187

Of the force of imagination imitating that of the Of the rolling and breaking of the seas

187

174 Of the dulcoration of salt water

187

Of preservation of bodies

174 Of the return of saltness in pits upon the sea-

Of the growth or multiplying of metals 175 shore

187

Of the drowning the more base metal in the Of attraction by similitude of substance 187

more precious

175 Of attraction

187

Of fixation of bodies

175

Of heat under earth

187

Of the restless nature of things in themselves, Of flying in the air

188

and their desire to change

175 Of the scarlet dye

188

Of maleficiating

188

Of the rise of water by means of flame

188

Of the influences of the moon

188

Of perception in bodies insensible, tending to

Of vinegar

189

natural divination or subtile trials

176 Of creatures that sleep all winter

189

Of the nature of appetite in the stomach 178 Of the generating of creatures by copulation, and

Of sweetness of odour from the rainbow 178 by putrefaction

189

Of sweet smells

179
Of the corporeal substance of smells

179
Of fetid and fragrant odours

179
Of the causes of putrefaction

180 Of the transmission and influx of immateriate

Of bodies unperfectly mixt.

180 virtues, and the force of imagination

190

Of concoction and crudity

180 Of the emission of spirits in vapour, or exhala-

Of alterations, which may be called majors 180 tion, odour-like

192

Of bodies liquefiable, and not liquefiable

180 Of emission of spiritual species which affect the

Of bodies fragile and tough

181

193

Of the two kinds of pneumaticals in bodies 181 Of emissions of immateriate virtues, from the
Of concretion and dissolution of bodies

181 minds and spirits of men, by affections,

Of bodies hard and soft

181* imagination, or other impressions

194

Of ductile and tensile

181 Of the secret virtue of sympathy and antipathy 197

Of several passions of matter, and characters of Of secret virtues and proprieties

. 201

bodies

182 Of the general sympathy of men's spirits

201

Of induration by sympathy

182

Of honey and sugar

. 182

New Atlantis

. 202

Of the finer sort of base metals

182 Mr. Bacon in Praise of Knowledge

216

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CENTURY IX.

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CENTURY X.

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